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# Experimental scientists are often awarded grants based on how much

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SC Moderator
Joined: 23 Sep 2015
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Experimental scientists are often awarded grants based on how much  [#permalink]

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23 Dec 2018, 09:43
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Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

63% (01:57) correct 37% (02:19) wrong based on 207 sessions

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Experimental scientists are often awarded grants based on how much research experience they have, and how successful their previously published papers regarding that research have been. Novice scientists are familiar with the most updated materials and thus conduct their research with knowledge of more modern approaches and theories. It is unfortunate for the future of scientific knowledge that these novice researchers are denied access to grants because of what amounts to a seniority system.

Which of the following serves as an assumption in the argument above?

A. Most novice scientists believe that the seniority system has a negative effect on scientific knowledge.
B. Most experienced scientists have no serious interest in adding to general scientific knowledge.
C. Novice researchers should be given their fair share of grant money.
D. Experienced scientists do not keep themselves informed of updated approaches and research methods.
E. The future of scientific knowledge relies only on the research of scientists.

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Re: Experimental scientists are often awarded grants based on how much  [#permalink]

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23 Dec 2018, 12:21
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Experimental scientists are often awarded grants based on how much research experience they have, and how successful their previously published papers regarding that research have been. Novice scientists are familiar with the most updated materials and thus conduct their research with knowledge of more modern approaches and theories. It is unfortunate for the future of scientific knowledge that these novice researchers are denied access to grants because of what amounts to a seniority system.

Which of the following serves as an assumption in the argument above?

A. Most novice scientists believe that the seniority system has a negative effect on scientific knowledge.
B. Most experienced scientists have no serious interest in adding to general scientific knowledge.
C. Novice researchers should be given their fair share of grant money.
D. Experienced scientists do not keep themselves informed of updated approaches and research methods.
E. The future of scientific knowledge relies only on the research of scientists.

Good question. If you stay close to the argument the assumption is there, fairly easy to spot.

D is the answer. The others are out of scope or far apart
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Experimental scientists are often awarded grants based on how much  [#permalink]

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23 Dec 2018, 12:25
D. Experienced scientists do not keep themselves informed of updated approaches and research methods.

D is the answer because it defends the argument from any type of attack that will if reversed state experienced scientist's too are informed of updated approaches and research methods which shatters the conclusion.
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Re: Experimental scientists are often awarded grants based on how much  [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2018, 09:12
Can someone please justify why E is wrong here .
My conclusion is : It is unfortunate for the future of scientific knowledge that these novice researchers are denied access to grants

negation of E shatters this
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Re: Experimental scientists are often awarded grants based on how much  [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2018, 10:06
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Experimental scientists are often awarded grants based on how much research experience they have, and how successful their previously published papers regarding that research have been. Novice scientists are familiar with the most updated materials and thus conduct their research with knowledge of more modern approaches and theories. It is unfortunate for the future of scientific knowledge that these novice researchers are denied access to grants because of what amounts to a seniority system.

Which of the following serves as an assumption in the argument above?

A. Most novice scientists believe that the seniority system has a negative effect on scientific knowledge.
B. Most experienced scientists have no serious interest in adding to general scientific knowledge.
C. Novice researchers should be given their fair share of grant money.
D. Experienced scientists do not keep themselves informed of updated approaches and research methods.
E. The future of scientific knowledge relies only on the research of scientists.

An assumption is an unstated premise which connects the conclusion of the argument with the other premises and justifies the conclusion.
Two types of assumption are: supporters and defenders. Supporters are those which support the conclusion by adding relevant bridge between the preminses and conclusion and a defender is the premise that negates any alternate reason other than those mentioned in the arguments.

in the Above argument option D is a supporter type assumption as it supports the conclusion by giving that only new scientist have new knowledge and old scientist do not have new information. Thus option D is correct.
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Re: Experimental scientists are often awarded grants based on how much  [#permalink]

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31 Dec 2018, 08:14
Siddharth120 wrote:
D. Experienced scientists do not keep themselves informed of updated approaches and research methods.

D is the answer because it defends the argument from any type of attack that will if reversed state experienced scientist's too are informed of updated approaches and research methods which shatters the conclusion.

same, can any experts help?

C and E both destroy this conclusion and also logically correct assumptions
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Re: Experimental scientists are often awarded grants based on how much  [#permalink]

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31 Dec 2018, 17:41
1
Careful, prototypevenom. There's no such thing as a "logically correct" assumption. The whole point of an assumption is that it is something missing from the argument that would be needed for it to succeed. We can't ever say that an assumption is correct.

As for C and E, while they might seem to line up with the author's sentiments, neither of them is needed for the argument to succeed because they go further than the argument requires.

C says that novice scientists should get their "fair share," but we don't really know what that means, or how that lines up with the author's proposal. While the author seems inclined to give new scientists a lot of money, we don't know what this should amount to proportionally. All the author asks is that novices not be DENIED ACCESS to grants. There's nothing there about enforcing a certain allocation.

E features the very restrictive word "only." It's not necessary for scientific progress to rely SOLELY on researchers for this argument to succeed. The author merely assumes that scientific research plays SOME role in scientific progress.
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Re: Experimental scientists are often awarded grants based on how much   [#permalink] 31 Dec 2018, 17:41
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