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# Federal incentives now encourage investing capital in commercial offic

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Federal incentives now encourage investing capital in commercial offic  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 16 Dec 2018, 07:39
3
10
00:00

Difficulty:

35% (medium)

Question Stats:

67% (01:39) correct 33% (01:47) wrong based on 487 sessions

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Project SC Butler: Day 38: Sentence Correction (SC2)

Federal incentives now encourage investing capital in commercial office buildings despite vacancy rates in existing structures that are exceptionally high and no demand for new construction.

(A) investing capital in commercial office buildings despite vacancy rates in existing structures that are exceptionally high and

(B) capital investment in commercial office buildings, even though vacancy rates in existing structures are exceptionally high and there is

(C) capital to be invested in commercial office buildings even though there are exceptionally high vacancy rates in existing structures with

(D) investing capital in commercial office buildings even though the vacancy rates are exceptionally high in existing structures with

(E) capital investment in commercial office buildings despite vacancy rates in existing structures that are exceptionally high, and although there is

why is the the OA correct? It seems to me to be a run-on sentence ( Don't you need , before the conj. "and")? I find D quite attractive ... can someone explains?? Really confused now..

Originally posted by richardkliao on 18 Nov 2009, 00:48.
Last edited by aragonn on 16 Dec 2018, 07:39, edited 6 times in total.
Underlined relevant Part
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Re: Federal incentives now encourage investing capital in commercial offic  [#permalink]

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18 Nov 2010, 06:37
5
3
How do you go about in a complex situation such as this. Forget for while the investing capital or the capital investment part of it and let us try out other means.

It may be seen that logically vacancy rates in - existing structures - can not lie side by side with new constructions. Such expressions are oxymorons, which are incongruous in nature. May be this is not pure grammar but logic. So C and D are out.

Among the rest of A and B and E, to make life simple, A and E have modification problems. In A and E, the phrase - that are exceptionally high – seems to modify existing structures rather than vacancy rates. B is the only one with proper modifictaion and logic.

Now on to whether capital investment or investing capital: Normally encourage entails a noun such as person or action or an animal or even a gerund. By that score, we may prefer - encourage capital investment to investing capital, unless one seeks to argue that investing also is a kind of gerund. Investing being a transitive verb will need - investing of – to be a gerund
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Re: Federal incentives now encourage investing capital in commercial offic  [#permalink]

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18 Nov 2009, 05:42
2
richardkliao wrote:
293. Federal incentives now encourage investing capital in commercial office buildings despite vacancy rates in existing structures that are exceptionally high and no demand for new construction.
(A) investing capital in commercial office buildings despite vacancy rates in existing structures that are exceptionally high and
(B) capital investment in commercial office buildings, even though vacancy rates in existing structures are exceptionally high and there is
(C) capital to be invested in commercial office buildings even though there are exceptionally high vacancy rates in existing structures with
(D) investing capital in commercial office buildings even though the vacancy rates are exceptionally high in existing structures with
(E) capital investment in commercial office buildings despite vacancy rates in existing structures that are exceptionally high, and although there is

why is the the OA correct? It seems to me to be a run-on sentence ( Don't you need , before the conj. "and")? I find D quite attractive ... can someone explains?? Really confused now..

Using POE, the answer is B.
‘capital investment’ is preferable than ‘investing capital’ , so A, D out.

Also in (D): originally there are two reasons: 1 – high vacancy rates and 2 – no demand, and in this answer choice these two reasons become one “high vacancy rates in existing structures with no demand” and moreover, it is not very clear for me what "no demand" refers to: "vacancy rate" or "existing structures"

(C) – ‘encourage capital to be invested”, well, I can understand when we encourage students to study or children to be obedient, but I can’t imagine how can we encourage capital? C – out.

(E) - too wordy. “despite vacancy rates in existing structures that are exceptionally high, and although there is no demand”
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Re: Federal incentives now encourage investing capital in commercial offic  [#permalink]

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17 Nov 2010, 20:16
1
ajit257,

I don't want to give away the reasoning here because I think it's more valuable if you give it a try on your own and then ask others to help you check your thinking. That said, I'll point you in the right direction:

When I look at SC, I immediately scan vertically to see what I'll have to decide. Here, some of those splits include:

-investing capital vs. capital investing
-despite vs. even though
-there is vs. with

If I'm considering these splits, I know that the most black and white grammatical rule relates to the use of "there is" or "with."

I'll be notified as soon as you reply to this. Let me know where you take this problem and then I'll be back to help out as necessary.

Good luck!

Brett
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Re: Federal incentives now encourage investing capital in commercial offic  [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2011, 12:41
Federal incentives now encourage investing capital in commercial office buildings despite vacancy rates in existing structures that are exceptionally high and no demand for new construction.
(A) investing capital in commercial office buildings despite vacancy rates in existing structures that are exceptionally high and
(B) capital investment in commercial office buildings, even though vacancy rates in existing structures are exceptionally high and there is
(C) capital to be invested in commercial office buildings even though there are exceptionally high vacancy rates in existing structures with
(D) investing capital in commercial office buildings even though the vacancy rates are exceptionally high in existing structures with
(E) capital investment in commercial office buildings despite vacancy rates in existing structures that are exceptionally high, and although there is
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Re: Federal incentives now encourage investing capital in commercial offic  [#permalink]

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05 May 2014, 10:25
In A, "despite" is followed by "vacancy rates". The vacancy rates do not caution against investment; the "high" vacancy rates do. So "despite" should be followed by an adjective such as "high". You also need to replace "no" with "the lack of". Then the two factors that caution against investment become:
1. High vacancy rates
2. The lack of demand for new construction

Also, in A, "that" is incorrectly placed after "structures". The structures are not exceptionally high; the vacancy rates are.

In B, two related sentences are correctly joined by a conjunction.

D incorrectly suggests that the vacancy rates are high "only" in "existing structures with no demand for new construction", not in all existing structures. This construction also doesn't mention the second factor: lack of demand for new construction.

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Re: Federal incentives now encourage investing capital in commercial offic  [#permalink]

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02 Mar 2017, 18:53
2
1
Federal incentives now encourage investing capital in commercial office buildings despite vacancy rates in existing structures that are exceptionally high and no demand for new construction.
(A) investing capital in commercial office buildings despite vacancy rates in existing structures that are exceptionally high and (Vacancy rates are exceptionally high not existing structure)
(B) capital investment in commercial office buildings, even though vacancy rates in existing structures are exceptionally high and there is (Correct)
(C) capital to be invested in commercial office buildings even though there are exceptionally high vacancy rates in existing structures with (It seems that existing structures having no demand for new construction. It changes the meaning)
(D) investing capital in commercial office buildings even though the vacancy rates are exceptionally high in existing structures with (Same as C)
(E) capital investment in commercial office buildings despite vacancy rates in existing structures that are exceptionally high, and although there is (Same as A)

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Re: Federal incentives now encourage investing capital in commercial offic  [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2018, 13:37
aragonn wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 38: Sentence Correction (SC2)

Federal incentives now encourage investing capital in commercial office buildings despite vacancy rates in existing structures that are exceptionally high and no demand for new construction.

(A) investing capital in commercial office buildings despite vacancy rates in existing structures that are exceptionally high and

(B) capital investment in commercial office buildings, even though vacancy rates in existing structures are exceptionally high and there is

(C) capital to be invested in commercial office buildings even though there are exceptionally high vacancy rates in existing structures with

(D) investing capital in commercial office buildings even though the vacancy rates are exceptionally high in existing structures with

(E) capital investment in commercial office buildings despite vacancy rates in existing structures that are exceptionally high, and although there is

The best/excellent answers get kudos, which will be awarded after the answer is revealed.
There may be no best/excellent answers, or a there may be a few excellent answers!

There are two factors that the author is talking about - HIGH vacancy rates and the lack of demand for new construction.

"Federal incentives now encourage..." should be followed by noun as encourage is a noun and can only modify a noun. Investing Capital is wrong. Capital investment is the appropriate choice. Only B and E from the options seem to be the contenders.
Also options A and E suggest that structures are high and not the vacancy rates, which is wrong.
C is awkward as it uses passive voice.
D is incorrect because it should be "and" instead of "with" (Apart from the fact that encourage must be followed by a noun and not a verb.)

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Re: Federal incentives now encourage investing capital in commercial offic  [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2018, 21:32
aragonn wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 38: Sentence Correction (SC2)

Federal incentives now encourage investing capital in commercial office buildings despite vacancy rates in existing structures that are exceptionally high and no demand for new construction.

(A) investing capital in commercial office buildings despite vacancy rates in existing structures that are exceptionally high and

(B) capital investment in commercial office buildings, even though vacancy rates in existing structures are exceptionally high and there is

(C) capital to be invested in commercial office buildings even though there are exceptionally high vacancy rates in existing structures with

(D) investing capital in commercial office buildings even though the vacancy rates are exceptionally high in existing structures with

(E) capital investment in commercial office buildings despite vacancy rates in existing structures that are exceptionally high, and although there is

The best/excellent answers get kudos, which will be awarded after the answer is revealed.
There may be no best/excellent answers, or a there may be a few excellent answers!

Should be B.

capital investment in commercial office buildings, even though vacancy rates in existing structures are exceptionally high and even though there is
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Re: Federal incentives now encourage investing capital in commercial offic  [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2018, 21:52
There are 2 parts. A high vacancy rate AND no demand for new construction.

So there must be an “and”. Eliminate C,D and E.

In Answer A “and no demand for new construction” is not a complete sentence, so can be elimated as well.

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Re: Federal incentives now encourage investing capital in commercial offic  [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2018, 22:33
Federal incentives now encourage investing capital in commercial office buildings despite vacancy rates in existing structures that are exceptionally high and no demand for new construction.

(A) investing capital in commercial office buildings despite vacancy rates in existing structures that are exceptionally high and

(B) capital investment in commercial office buildings, even though vacancy rates in existing structures are exceptionally high and there is

(C) capital to be invested in commercial office buildings even though there are exceptionally high vacancy rates in existing structures with

(D) investing capital in commercial office buildings even though the vacancy rates are exceptionally high in existing structures with

(E) capital investment in commercial office buildings despite vacancy rates in existing structures that are exceptionally high, and although there is

Meaning: Right now, vacancy rates are high in "existing" structure, no demand for "new" construction. But Federal incentives encourage people to invest in commercial office buildings.

Eliminate (C) and (D) because of the word "with". These two options talk about "existing structures with no demand for new construction"
I think this is wrong. Demand for new construction should be different buildings than existing buildings.
(A) says, "structures that are exceptionally high and no demand". this is wrong as well.
(E) says, "despite ..., and although". This is poor sentence construction in my opinion

(B) is the best.

Ans: (B)
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Re: Federal incentives now encourage investing capital in commercial offic  [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2018, 23:04
Prateekj05 wrote:
aragonn wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 38: Sentence Correction (SC2)

Federal incentives now encourage investing capital in commercial office buildings despite vacancy rates in existing structures that are exceptionally high and no demand for new construction.

(A) investing capital in commercial office buildings despite vacancy rates in existing structures that are exceptionally high and

(B) capital investment in commercial office buildings, even though vacancy rates in existing structures are exceptionally high and there is

(C) capital to be invested in commercial office buildings even though there are exceptionally high vacancy rates in existing structures with

(D) investing capital in commercial office buildings even though the vacancy rates are exceptionally high in existing structures with

(E) capital investment in commercial office buildings despite vacancy rates in existing structures that are exceptionally high, and although there is

The best/excellent answers get kudos, which will be awarded after the answer is revealed.
There may be no best/excellent answers, or a there may be a few excellent answers!

There are two factors that the author is talking about - HIGH vacancy rates and the lack of demand for new construction.

"Federal incentives now encourage..." should be followed by noun as encourage is a noun and can only modify a noun. Investing Capital is wrong. Capital investment is the appropriate choice. Only B and E from the options seem to be the contenders.
Also options A and E suggest that structures are high and not the vacancy rates, which is wrong.
C is awkward as it uses passive voice.
D is incorrect because it should be "and" instead of "with" (Apart from the fact that encourage must be followed by a noun and not a verb.)

Prateekj05
"encourage" is not a noun ...it is a verb ...additionally ,if "encourage is a noun" ,the entire sentence is a fragmant ...here "encourage " is a verb
federal incentives(subject) encourage(verb) capital investemnet(object) ....
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Re: Federal incentives now encourage investing capital in commercial offic  [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2018, 03:08
aragonn wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 38: Sentence Correction (SC2)

Federal incentives now encourage investing capital in commercial office buildings despite vacancy rates in existing structures that are exceptionally high and no demand for new construction.

(A) investing capital in commercial office buildings despite vacancy rates in existing structures that are exceptionally high and

(B) capital investment in commercial office buildings, even though vacancy rates in existing structures are exceptionally high and there is

(C) capital to be invested in commercial office buildings even though there are exceptionally high vacancy rates in existing structures with

(D) investing capital in commercial office buildings even though the vacancy rates are exceptionally high in existing structures with

(E) capital investment in commercial office buildings despite vacancy rates in existing structures that are exceptionally high, and although there is

The best/excellent answers get kudos, which will be awarded after the answer is revealed.
There may be no best/excellent answers, or a there may be a few excellent answers!

__________________________________
Topics merged.
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Re: Federal incentives now encourage investing capital in commercial offic  [#permalink]

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16 Dec 2018, 07:36
richardkliao wrote:
Federal incentives now encourage investing capital in commercial office buildings despite vacancy rates in existing structures that are exceptionally high and no demand for new construction.

(A) investing capital in commercial office buildings despite vacancy rates in existing structures that are exceptionally high and

(B) capital investment in commercial office buildings, even though vacancy rates in existing structures are exceptionally high and there is

(C) capital to be invested in commercial office buildings even though there are exceptionally high vacancy rates in existing structures with

(D) investing capital in commercial office buildings even though the vacancy rates are exceptionally high in existing structures with

(E) capital investment in commercial office buildings despite vacancy rates in existing structures that are exceptionally high, and although there is

Project SC Butler: Day 38: Sentence Correction (SC2)

why is the the OA correct? It seems to me to be a run-on sentence ( Don't you need , before the conj. "and")? I find D quite attractive ... can someone explains?? Really confused now..

Official Explanation:

In choices A, C, and D, investing capital and capital-to be invested are awkward and imprecise; the verb encourage more appropriately takes a noun such as investment for its object. Moreover, these choices and choice E contain ambiguous wording: that are exceptionally high in A and E, and with (no demand) in C and D, illogically seem to modify existing structures. In A and E, despite vacancy rates does not allow for a grammatically complete sentence with parallel construction. Choice B is best: capital investment is the proper object for encourage, modifying phrases are placed so as to avoid ambiguity, and the construction even though vacancy rates ... are ... high and there is (no demand) is grammatically parallel.
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Re: Federal incentives now encourage investing capital in commercial offic  [#permalink]

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16 May 2019, 10:55
But in answer option B, what is the antecedent of there?
As I could not find any antecedent for there, I prefered D to B.
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Re: Federal incentives now encourage investing capital in commercial offic  [#permalink]

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17 May 2019, 07:33
angarg wrote:
But in answer option B, what is the antecedent of there?
As I could not find any antecedent for there, I prefered D to B.
But why? I'm sure that you're comfortable using there is/are/was... to discuss something about something.

Okay, that was not a very precise way to put it . But that's what sentences like the ones below do.

1. There is no train at that time.
2. There are two students in the classroom.

This is common usage. Option D on the other hand, has errors that are "worse" than any possible ambiguity introduced by the there.
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Re: Federal incentives now encourage investing capital in commercial offic  [#permalink]

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17 May 2019, 09:12
Bunuel san, Can you remove the 1000 series tag?
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Re: Federal incentives now encourage investing capital in commercial offic  [#permalink]

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17 May 2019, 09:38
Chethan92 wrote:
Bunuel san, Can you remove the 1000 series tag?

This question is SC-293 in 1000 series, so the tag is correct.
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Federal incentives now encourage investing capital in commercial offic  [#permalink]

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17 May 2019, 12:36
Hi,

Can anyone explain how parallelism is maintained in B? Even though vacancy rates in existing structures are exceptionally high vs Even though no demand for new construction.
Also why C and D are wrong? I don't see any meaning errors in these two options.
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Re: Federal incentives now encourage investing capital in commercial offic  [#permalink]

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17 May 2019, 21:37
krishnabalu wrote:
Hi,

Can anyone explain how parallelism is maintained in B? Even though vacancy rates in existing structures are exceptionally high vs Even though no demand for new construction.
Also why C and D are wrong? I don't see any meaning errors in these two options.
This is the sentence that option B leads to:

Federal incentives now encourage capital investment in commercial office buildings, even though vacancy rates in existing structures are exceptionally high and there is no demand for new construction.

(1) Federal incentives now encourage capital investment in commercial office buildings
even though
(2a) vacancy rates in existing structures are exceptionally high
and
(2b) there is no demand for new construction.

As for options C and D, we can't really say encourage money to be invested and encourage investing money. Also, existing structures with no demand makes it sound as if the existing structures don't have any demand.
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Re: Federal incentives now encourage investing capital in commercial offic   [#permalink] 17 May 2019, 21:37

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