GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 22 Oct 2019, 09:17

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Federal tax evasion is a serious crime that places an unfair tax burde

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Senior RC Moderator
Joined: 02 Nov 2016
Posts: 4136
GPA: 3.39
Federal tax evasion is a serious crime that places an unfair tax burde  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Jan 2017, 01:18
3
1
00:00

Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

75% (01:28) correct 25% (01:56) wrong based on 220 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Federal tax evasion is a serious crime that places an unfair tax burden on those members of society who pay their fair share. To reduce the incidence of tax evasion, the government needs to prosecute a few high-profile individuals whose cases will receive substantial media attention.

The argument above relies on which of the following assumptions?

A. The tax system is so complicated that even people who try to comply with it may inadvertently not pay some of their taxes.

B. The average citizen will be less likely to evade taxes after he or she sees a high profile individual prosecuted for tax evasion.

C. Tax revenues collected from high-profile tax evaders will help to alleviate the unfair tax burden on honest citizens.

D. Although it is difficult to secure a conviction on a charge of tax evasion, if the government focuses its efforts on a small number of high-profile individuals, the odds of obtaining a conviction will increase.

E. While there is no universal measure for determining whether a taxation system is “fair” or “unfair,” the current system was constructed by Congress to represent the societal priorities and values of the American people.

Source: McGraw-Hills GMAT
Difficulty Level: 550

_________________
Intern
Joined: 02 Oct 2016
Posts: 35
Schools: HEC Dec '17
Re: Federal tax evasion is a serious crime that places an unfair tax burde  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Jan 2017, 07:10
1
Source: McGraw-Hills GMAT Book

Federal tax evasion is a serious crime that places an unfair tax burden on those
members of society who pay their fair share. To reduce the incidence of tax evasion, the
government needs to prosecute a few high-profile individuals whose cases will receive
substantial media attention.

The argument above relies on which of the following assumptions?

A. The tax system is so complicated that even people who try to comply with it may
inadvertently not pay some of their taxes.
B. The average citizen will be less likely to evade taxes after he or she sees a high profile individual prosecuted for tax evasion.
C. Tax revenues collected from high-profile tax evaders will help to alleviate the unfair
tax burden on honest citizens.
D. Although it is difficult to secure a conviction on a charge of tax evasion, if the
government focuses its efforts on a small number of high-profile individuals, the odds of
obtaining a conviction will increase.
E. While there is no universal measure for determining whether a taxation system is
“fair” or “unfair,” the current system was constructed by Congress to represent the
societal priorities and values of the American people.

Conclusion: Tax evasion will reduce.
Premise: High profile individuals will be persecuted and their cases will receive media attention:

Flow: Media will publicise tax evasion cases >>> Tax evasion will reduce.

The argument introduces a cause and effect relationship. We need something that connects the premise and conclusion.

Option B is the only choice which addresses the premise and conclusion.

Let's negate option B: The average citizen will NOT be less likely to evade taxes after he or she sees a high profile individual prosecuted for tax evasion.
Simplified: Average citizen is likely to continue evading taxes, DESPITE the media attention given to high profile cases.

This weakens the conclusion that media attention will lead to lower tax evasion.
Director
Joined: 14 Nov 2014
Posts: 598
Location: India
GMAT 1: 700 Q50 V34
GPA: 3.76
Re: Federal tax evasion is a serious crime that places an unfair tax burde  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Jan 2017, 09:25
Source: McGraw-Hills GMAT Book

Federal tax evasion is a serious crime that places an unfair tax burden on those
members of society who pay their fair share. To reduce the incidence of tax evasion, the
government needs to prosecute a few high-profile individuals whose cases will receive
substantial media attention.

The argument above relies on which of the following assumptions?

A. The tax system is so complicated that even people who try to comply with it may
inadvertently not pay some of their taxes.
B. The average citizen will be less likely to evade taxes after he or she sees a high profile individual prosecuted for tax evasion.
C. Tax revenues collected from high-profile tax evaders will help to alleviate the unfair
tax burden on honest citizens.
D. Although it is difficult to secure a conviction on a charge of tax evasion, if the
government focuses its efforts on a small number of high-profile individuals, the odds of
obtaining a conviction will increase.
E. While there is no universal measure for determining whether a taxation system is
“fair” or “unfair,” the current system was constructed by Congress to represent the
societal priorities and values of the American people.

going with B..
Pre thinking would be answering the question that why fed. want "media attention".
Intern
Joined: 17 Dec 2016
Posts: 38
GMAT 1: 540 Q38 V26
Re: Federal tax evasion is a serious crime that places an unfair tax burde  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Jan 2017, 01:04
aepmk wrote:
C

Sent from my iPhone using GMAT Club Forum mobile app

A. The tax system is so complicated that even people who try to comply with it may
inadvertently not pay some of their taxes.
- irrelevant
B. The average citizen will be less likely to evade taxes after he or she sees a high profile individual prosecuted for tax evasion.
C. Tax revenues collected from high-profile tax evaders will help to alleviate the unfair
tax burden on honest citizens.
- logic, irrelevant
D. Although it is difficult to secure a conviction on a charge of tax evasion, if the
government focuses its efforts on a small number of high-profile individuals, the odds of
obtaining a conviction will increase.
- logic, small number cannot really make a difference
E. While there is no universal measure for determining whether a taxation system is
“fair” or “unfair,” the current system was constructed by Congress to represent the
societal priorities and values of the American people.
- irrelevant, strong language w/ "no universal measure"

My guess:
Correct: B
Manager
Joined: 31 May 2015
Posts: 129
Re: Federal tax evasion is a serious crime that places an unfair tax burde  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Jan 2017, 08:16
I am unable to choose answer from my cell...how does it work?

Sent from my SM-G550T using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
_________________
GMAT loosers are born not made !!!
Intern
Joined: 17 Dec 2016
Posts: 38
GMAT 1: 540 Q38 V26
Re: Federal tax evasion is a serious crime that places an unfair tax burde  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Jan 2017, 00:04
I cannot really recall what you mean by that - What do you exactly mean? The pattern for how crossig answers out in general?

sony1000 wrote:
I am unable to choose answer from my cell...how does it work?

Sent from my SM-G550T using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
Manager
Joined: 25 Mar 2013
Posts: 226
Location: United States
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Marketing
GPA: 3.5
Re: Federal tax evasion is a serious crime that places an unfair tax burde  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Jan 2017, 09:58
Conclusion : To reduce the incidence of tax evasion, the
government needs to prosecute a few high-profile individuals whose cases will receive
substantial media attention.

A. The tax system is so complicated that even people who try to comply with it may inadvertently not pay some of their taxes.
B. The average citizen will be less likely to evade taxes after he or she sees a high profile individual prosecuted for tax evasion.
C. Tax revenues collected from high-profile tax evaders will help to alleviate the unfair
tax burden on honest citizens.
D. Although it is difficult to secure a conviction on a charge of tax evasion, if the
government focuses its efforts on a small number of high-profile individuals, the odds of
obtaining a conviction will increase.
E. While there is no universal measure for determining whether a taxation system is
“fair” or “unfair,” the current system was constructed by Congress to represent the
societal priorities and values of the American people.

B
_________________
I welcome analysis on my posts and kudo +1 if helpful. It helps me to improve my craft.Thank you
Manager
Joined: 04 Dec 2017
Posts: 93
Location: India
Concentration: Other, Entrepreneurship
Schools: ISB '20 (D)
GMAT 1: 570 Q36 V33
GMAT 2: 620 Q44 V32
GMAT 3: 720 Q49 V39
GPA: 3
WE: Engineering (Other)
Re: Federal tax evasion is a serious crime that places an unfair tax burde  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Feb 2019, 23:42
This is a Cause and Effect type question.

Author's Conclusion is:
Cause:Prosecution of few high-profile individuals for tax evasion
Effect: Reduction in incidences of tax evasion

In what scenario will author's conclusion hold?
1) For the given cause there is given effect.
2) For no cause there is no effect
3) There is no other cause for given effect

Answer: B ...... This choice is line with assumption number (1) ie., for given cause there is given effect.
Re: Federal tax evasion is a serious crime that places an unfair tax burde   [#permalink] 18 Feb 2019, 23:42
Display posts from previous: Sort by