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Federal tax evasion is a serious crime that places an unfair tax burde

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Federal tax evasion is a serious crime that places an unfair tax burde  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jan 2017, 01:18
3
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  15% (low)

Question Stats:

76% (01:28) correct 24% (01:57) wrong based on 170 sessions

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Federal tax evasion is a serious crime that places an unfair tax burden on those members of society who pay their fair share. To reduce the incidence of tax evasion, the government needs to prosecute a few high-profile individuals whose cases will receive substantial media attention.

The argument above relies on which of the following assumptions?

A. The tax system is so complicated that even people who try to comply with it may inadvertently not pay some of their taxes.

B. The average citizen will be less likely to evade taxes after he or she sees a high profile individual prosecuted for tax evasion.

C. Tax revenues collected from high-profile tax evaders will help to alleviate the unfair tax burden on honest citizens.

D. Although it is difficult to secure a conviction on a charge of tax evasion, if the government focuses its efforts on a small number of high-profile individuals, the odds of obtaining a conviction will increase.

E. While there is no universal measure for determining whether a taxation system is “fair” or “unfair,” the current system was constructed by Congress to represent the societal priorities and values of the American people.

Source: McGraw-Hills GMAT
Difficulty Level: 550

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Re: Federal tax evasion is a serious crime that places an unfair tax burde  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jan 2017, 07:10
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SajjadAhmad wrote:
Source: McGraw-Hills GMAT Book

Federal tax evasion is a serious crime that places an unfair tax burden on those
members of society who pay their fair share. To reduce the incidence of tax evasion, the
government needs to prosecute a few high-profile individuals whose cases will receive
substantial media attention.

The argument above relies on which of the following assumptions?

A. The tax system is so complicated that even people who try to comply with it may
inadvertently not pay some of their taxes.
B. The average citizen will be less likely to evade taxes after he or she sees a high profile individual prosecuted for tax evasion.
C. Tax revenues collected from high-profile tax evaders will help to alleviate the unfair
tax burden on honest citizens.
D. Although it is difficult to secure a conviction on a charge of tax evasion, if the
government focuses its efforts on a small number of high-profile individuals, the odds of
obtaining a conviction will increase.
E. While there is no universal measure for determining whether a taxation system is
“fair” or “unfair,” the current system was constructed by Congress to represent the
societal priorities and values of the American people.


Conclusion: Tax evasion will reduce.
Premise: High profile individuals will be persecuted and their cases will receive media attention:

Flow: Media will publicise tax evasion cases >>> Tax evasion will reduce.

The argument introduces a cause and effect relationship. We need something that connects the premise and conclusion.

Option B is the only choice which addresses the premise and conclusion.

Let's negate option B: The average citizen will NOT be less likely to evade taxes after he or she sees a high profile individual prosecuted for tax evasion.
Simplified: Average citizen is likely to continue evading taxes, DESPITE the media attention given to high profile cases.

This weakens the conclusion that media attention will lead to lower tax evasion.
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Re: Federal tax evasion is a serious crime that places an unfair tax burde  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jan 2017, 09:25
SajjadAhmad wrote:
Source: McGraw-Hills GMAT Book

Federal tax evasion is a serious crime that places an unfair tax burden on those
members of society who pay their fair share. To reduce the incidence of tax evasion, the
government needs to prosecute a few high-profile individuals whose cases will receive
substantial media attention.

The argument above relies on which of the following assumptions?

A. The tax system is so complicated that even people who try to comply with it may
inadvertently not pay some of their taxes.
B. The average citizen will be less likely to evade taxes after he or she sees a high profile individual prosecuted for tax evasion.
C. Tax revenues collected from high-profile tax evaders will help to alleviate the unfair
tax burden on honest citizens.
D. Although it is difficult to secure a conviction on a charge of tax evasion, if the
government focuses its efforts on a small number of high-profile individuals, the odds of
obtaining a conviction will increase.
E. While there is no universal measure for determining whether a taxation system is
“fair” or “unfair,” the current system was constructed by Congress to represent the
societal priorities and values of the American people.


going with B..
Pre thinking would be answering the question that why fed. want "media attention".
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Re: Federal tax evasion is a serious crime that places an unfair tax burde  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jan 2017, 01:04
aepmk wrote:
C


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POE is your friend

A. The tax system is so complicated that even people who try to comply with it may
inadvertently not pay some of their taxes.
- irrelevant
B. The average citizen will be less likely to evade taxes after he or she sees a high profile individual prosecuted for tax evasion.
C. Tax revenues collected from high-profile tax evaders will help to alleviate the unfair
tax burden on honest citizens.
- logic, irrelevant
D. Although it is difficult to secure a conviction on a charge of tax evasion, if the
government focuses its efforts on a small number of high-profile individuals, the odds of
obtaining a conviction will increase.
- logic, small number cannot really make a difference
E. While there is no universal measure for determining whether a taxation system is
“fair” or “unfair,” the current system was constructed by Congress to represent the
societal priorities and values of the American people.
- irrelevant, strong language w/ "no universal measure"

My guess:
Correct: B
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Re: Federal tax evasion is a serious crime that places an unfair tax burde  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jan 2017, 08:16
I am unable to choose answer from my cell...how does it work?


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Re: Federal tax evasion is a serious crime that places an unfair tax burde  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jan 2017, 00:04
I cannot really recall what you mean by that - What do you exactly mean? The pattern for how crossig answers out in general?


sony1000 wrote:
I am unable to choose answer from my cell...how does it work?


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Re: Federal tax evasion is a serious crime that places an unfair tax burde  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jan 2017, 09:58
Conclusion : To reduce the incidence of tax evasion, the
government needs to prosecute a few high-profile individuals whose cases will receive
substantial media attention.

A. The tax system is so complicated that even people who try to comply with it may inadvertently not pay some of their taxes.
B. The average citizen will be less likely to evade taxes after he or she sees a high profile individual prosecuted for tax evasion.
C. Tax revenues collected from high-profile tax evaders will help to alleviate the unfair
tax burden on honest citizens.
D. Although it is difficult to secure a conviction on a charge of tax evasion, if the
government focuses its efforts on a small number of high-profile individuals, the odds of
obtaining a conviction will increase.
E. While there is no universal measure for determining whether a taxation system is
“fair” or “unfair,” the current system was constructed by Congress to represent the
societal priorities and values of the American people.

B
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Re: Federal tax evasion is a serious crime that places an unfair tax burde  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Feb 2019, 23:42
This is a Cause and Effect type question.

Author's Conclusion is:
Cause:Prosecution of few high-profile individuals for tax evasion
Effect: Reduction in incidences of tax evasion

In what scenario will author's conclusion hold?
1) For the given cause there is given effect.
2) For no cause there is no effect
3) There is no other cause for given effect

Answer: B ...... This choice is line with assumption number (1) ie., for given cause there is given effect.
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Re: Federal tax evasion is a serious crime that places an unfair tax burde   [#permalink] 18 Feb 2019, 23:42
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