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Fifty years ago this November, Lyndon B. Johnson

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Fifty years ago this November, Lyndon B. Johnson [#permalink]

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Fifty years ago this November, Lyndon B. Johnson signed into law a bill that aimed to transform American higher education and that promised to make a college education more accessible to more Americans through federal grants, work-study jobs, and low-interest loans

A. that aimed to transform American higher education and that promised to make a college education more accessible to more Americans through
B. ,aimed to transform American higher education and promised to make a college education more accessible to more Americans by providing
C. that aimed to transform American higher education and promised to make a college education more accessible to more Americans providing
D. that aimed to transform American higher education promising to make a college education more accessible to more Americans through
E. that aims to transform American higher education and make a college education more accessible to more Americans through

OA and OE after three responses.

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Originally posted by daagh on 07 Nov 2015, 04:58.
Last edited by broall on 05 Jun 2017, 04:07, edited 1 time in total.
OA added
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Re: Fifty years ago this November, Lyndon B. Johnson [#permalink]

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New post 07 Nov 2015, 05:42
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daagh wrote:
Fifty years ago this November, Lyndon B. Johnson signed into law a bill that aimed to transform American higher education and that promised to make a college education more accessible to more Americans through federal grants, work-study jobs, and low-interest loans

A. that aimed to transform American higher education and that promised to make a college education more accessible to more Americans through
B. ,aimed to transform American higher education and promised to make a college education more accessible to more Americans by providing
C. that aimed to transform American higher education and promised to make a college education more accessible to more Americans providing
D. that aimed to transform American higher education promising to make a college education more accessible to more Americans through
E. that aims to transform American higher education and make a college education more accessible to more Americans through

OA and OE after three responses.


A... sentence is correct as it is.. however i think 'a' is incorrect in 'a college education'.

A. that aimed to transform American higher education and that promised to make a college education more accessible to more Americans through
B. ,aimed to transform American higher education and promised to make a college education more accessible to more Americans by providing
That is required
C. that aimed to transform American higher education and promised to make a college education more accessible to more Americans providing
D. that aimed to transform American higher education promising to make a college education more accessible to more Americans through
E. that aims to transform American higher education and make a college education more accessible to more Americans through
C, D and E change meaning by change in construction
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Re: Fifty years ago this November, Lyndon B. Johnson [#permalink]

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New post 07 Nov 2015, 06:08
A seems best: that aimed to transform American higher education and that promised to make a college education more accessible to more Americans through

faults in bold:
A. that aimed to transform American higher education and that promised to make a college education more accessible to more Americans through
B. ,aimed to transform American higher education and promised to make a college education more accessible to more Americans by providing ----->faulty parallelism
C. that aimed to transform American higher education and promised to make a college education more accessible to more Americans providing
D. that aimed to transform American higher education promising to make a college education more accessible to more Americans through
E. that aims to transform American higher education and make a college education more accessible to more Americans through
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Re: Fifty years ago this November, Lyndon B. Johnson [#permalink]

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New post 07 Nov 2015, 08:46
aditya8062 wrote:
A seems best: that aimed to transform American higher education and that promised to make a college education more accessible to more Americans through

Hello, isn't the correct idiom "aimed at"?
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Re: Fifty years ago this November, Lyndon B. Johnson [#permalink]

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New post 07 Nov 2015, 09:49
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A. that aimed to transform American higher education and that promised to make a college education more accessible to more Americans through --- Correct

B. ,aimed to transform American higher education and promised to make a college education more accessible to more Americans by providing -----, aimed is a participle and ‘promised’ is a past tense verb; so unparallel; In addition it is missing the ‘that’

C. that aimed to transform American higher education and promised to make a college education more accessible to more Americans providing –- ‘that’ is missing; in addition, Moe Americans providing distorts the meaning that it is the Americans who are providing

D. that aimed to transform American higher education promising to make a college education more accessible to more Americans through ----‘Higher education promising’ implies wrongly that it is the education is promising rather than the bill. There should be a comma before promising for it to modify the bill

E. that aims to transform American higher education and make a college education more accessible to more Americans through – ---- ‘aims’, a present tense verb is wrong in the context; ‘aimed’ is more fitting to denote something started at a particular time in the past. ‘aims’ will render it eternal, which is not true since the bill did not exist before 1965.

With regard to the use of 'a collegiate education', this is adopted from an article that appeared under the given URL,

http://www.newrepublic.com/article/1233 ... rld-stoner

The cited article says –– ‘to make a college education’ -. If that usage is good enough, we may as well take it, I believe.

Regarding idiom 'aim at' or 'aim to'

Aim to and aim at or even aim for or aim with are all ok depending upon the context.

1. Aim to is used as infinitive; followed by a verb to indicate a purpose. --- Every student aims to score 700+
2. aim at --- aim at something like a place or a thing; usually followed by a noun or gerund. ---- Arjuna aimed at the head of the bird.
3. aim with: The killer aimed with a gun; followed by a noun
4. aim for: He aimed for the Himalayas; followed by a noun

HTH
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Re: Fifty years ago this November, Lyndon B. Johnson [#permalink]

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New post 07 Nov 2015, 20:25
daagh wrote:
Regarding idiom 'aim at' or 'aim to'

Aim to and aim at or even aim for or aim with are all ok depending upon the context.

Thanks daagh. I have an idiom list (which I downloaded from somewhere long time back, so I don't remember from where). In that list, "aim at" is given as the correct idiom.

I searched on the net for an official question and found this: The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years followed a policy aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving the efficiency of its distribution system.

So, by any chance, have you come across an official example where "aim to" is correct? This will remove my confusion.
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Re: Fifty years ago this November, Lyndon B. Johnson [#permalink]

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New post 07 Nov 2015, 21:43
gmatgrl


I will tell when I find one.
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Re: Fifty years ago this November, Lyndon B. Johnson [#permalink]

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New post 07 Nov 2015, 22:09
daagh wrote:
gmatgrl


I will tell when I find one.



Hi,
gmatgrl may be correct in her assessment..
although in the avail choices, only 'aim to' was used..
the explanation by OG on the Q mentioned above is..
the infinitives to decrease and to improve, while parallel, are less idiomatic
than the prepositional phrase of decreasing ... and improving in modifying the noun aim.
..
it says that infinitive used with 'aim' is less idiomatic..
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Re: Fifty years ago this November, Lyndon B. Johnson [#permalink]

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New post 07 Nov 2015, 22:12
chetan

Avail choices ? which OG question are you referring to? can u pl give me the link?
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Re: Fifty years ago this November, Lyndon B. Johnson [#permalink]

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New post 07 Nov 2015, 22:48
hi daagh,
the q is
212. The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for
several years followed a policy aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving the efficiency of its
distribution system.
(A) aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving
(B) aimed at the decreasing of operating costs and to improve
(C) aiming at the decreasing of operating costs and improving
(D) the aim of which is the decreasing of operating costs and improving
(E) with the aim to decrease operating costs and to improve

the OE is..
The best choice, A, offers an adjective phrase unequivocally modifying policy and exhibiting grammatical
parallelism (decreasing ... and improving). In choice B, the gerund the decreasing is not grammatically
parallel with the infinitive to improve. Likewise, in C and D, the decreasing of... costs is not parallel with
improving the efficiency. In E, the infinitives to decrease and to improve, while parallel, are less idiomatic
than the prepositional phrase of decreasing ... and improving in modifying the noun aim. Also, with the aim...
improve can easily be construed as referring to the Baldrick Manufacturing Company and so does not refer
unequivocally to policy.
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Re: Fifty years ago this November, Lyndon B. Johnson [#permalink]

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New post 07 Nov 2015, 23:36
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chetan@

Incidentally, can you see the following threads to know MGMAT'sview on this.

https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/foru ... t4331.html
https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/foru ... t4627.html

The logical question is whether if one form of an idiom is only good in a particular context on OG, then should we consider the forms of idioms incorrect?
In other words, should we never use in GMAT anything other than 'aim at", whatever be the context? This process may lead us to de-learning I feel. Why the magazine used ' 'aim to' is beside the point. But the larger picture is about meaning and modification and parallelism.

Coming to the Baldrick Manufacturing Company, E in the given choice is definitely wrong. because of using the prepositional phrase ‘with' to start the modifier. When we use a preposition with, the noun that follows does not go well with the infinitive. May be ‘with the aim of ‘ will be more appropriate. In the fifty years case, all the choices use 'aim' in the meaning of a verb or participle. That is the reason I insist, we look at the context and decide

In addition as the OE says --- 'Also, with the aim... to improve' can easily be construed as referring to the Baldrick Manufacturing Company and so does not refer unequivocally to policy'. So there is a more serious grammatical error of ambiguous modification in the choice.

We cannot a compare wrong choice with the text under context.
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Re: Fifty years ago this November, Lyndon B. Johnson [#permalink]

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New post 08 Nov 2015, 03:13
daagh wrote:
chetan@

Incidentally, can you see the following threads to know MGMAT'sview on this.

https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/foru ... t4331.html
https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/foru ... t4627.html

The logical question is whether if one form of an idiom is only good in a particular context on OG, then should we consider the forms of idioms incorrect?
In other words, should we never use in GMAT anything other than 'aim at", whatever be the context? This process may lead us to de-learning I feel. Why the magazine used ' 'aim to' is beside the point. But the larger picture is about meaning and modification and parallelism.

Coming to the Baldrick Manufacturing Company, E in the given choice is definitely wrong. because of using the prepositional phrase ‘with' to start the modifier. When we use a preposition with, the noun that follows does not go well with the infinitive. May be ‘with the aim of ‘ will be more appropriate. In the fifty years case, all the choices use 'aim' in the meaning of a verb or participle. That is the reason I insist, we look at the context and decide

In addition as the OE says --- 'Also, with the aim... to improve' can easily be construed as referring to the Baldrick Manufacturing Company and so does not refer unequivocally to policy'. So there is a more serious grammatical error of ambiguous modification in the choice.

We cannot a compare wrong choice with the text under context.



Hi daagh,
I take the point and did go through the links fwd..
However, Can the MGMAT tell in this very example, what does aim at refer to as meaning: intend to or focused at..
"The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for
several years followed a policy aimed at focused at decreasing operating costs and improving the efficiency of its
distribution system." or
The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for
several years followed a policy aimed at intended to decrease operating costs and improve the efficiency of its
distribution system...
So aren't focused at and intended to interchangable... and thus aim at/to..
I did go through few more usage of aim to/at in OG, if not in SC, in CR and RC..
yes, both are being used and at places depend on the construction say..
The passage aims to provide...
The passage is aimed at providing..
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Re: Fifty years ago this November, Lyndon B. Johnson [#permalink]

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New post 08 Nov 2015, 05:49
blayel
Thanks for your deep research delving into British Dictionaries such Cambridge and Oxford. Your point of view that one should be careful about the voice of the verb before using ‘aimed at’ or ‘aimed to’ is understood. With that experience, now you should be able to confirm whether in the correct choice A in the “Fifty years case ago” case, the phrase ‘a bill that aimed to’ is used in the active voice or passive voice
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Fifty years ago this November, Lyndon B. Johnson [#permalink]

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New post 03 Mar 2018, 22:34
Hi GMATNinja VeritasPrepKarishma generis

Is this sentence testing parallelism?
A bill that did X and Y.

In (C) why are AIMED and PROMISED (both in simple past tense) not make sense and why we can't ASSUME 'THAT' before promised?

C Says:
Fifty years ago this November, Lyndon B. Johnson signed into law a bill
that aimed to transform American higher education ( that correctly refers to bill)
and promised to make a college education more accessible to more Americans providing federal grants, work-study jobs, and low-interest loans

I agree that providing is an incorrect modifier for Americans.
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Re: Fifty years ago this November, Lyndon B. Johnson [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2018, 03:57
daagh wrote:
Fifty years ago this November, Lyndon B. Johnson signed into law a bill that aimed to transform American higher education and that promised to make a college education more accessible to more Americans through federal grants, work-study jobs, and low-interest loans

A. that aimed to transform American higher education and that promised to make a college education more accessible to more Americans through
B. ,aimed to transform American higher education and promised to make a college education more accessible to more Americans by providing
C. that aimed to transform American higher education and promised to make a college education more accessible to more Americans providing
D. that aimed to transform American higher education promising to make a college education more accessible to more Americans through
E. that aims to transform American higher education and make a college education more accessible to more Americans through

OA and OE after three responses.



Not really a great question IMO-atleast not GMAT like. In A, how can a bill promise to make college education more accessible?
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Re: Fifty years ago this November, Lyndon B. Johnson [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2018, 05:36
adkikani wrote:
Hi GMATNinja VeritasPrepKarishma generis

Is this sentence testing parallelism?
A bill that did X and Y.

In (C) why are AIMED and PROMISED (both in simple past tense) not make sense and why we can't ASSUME 'THAT' before promised?

C Says:
Fifty years ago this November, Lyndon B. Johnson signed into law a bill
that aimed to transform American higher education ( that correctly refers to bill)
and promised to make a college education more accessible to more Americans providing federal grants, work-study jobs, and low-interest loans

I agree that providing is an incorrect modifier for Americans.


The second "that" is not essential.
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Fifty years ago this November, Lyndon B. Johnson [#permalink]

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New post 07 Mar 2018, 06:16
daagh wrote:
A. that aimed to transform American higher education and that promised to make a college education more accessible to more Americans through --- Correct

B. ,aimed to transform American higher education and promised to make a college education more accessible to more Americans by providing -----, aimed is a participle and ‘promised’ is a past tense verb; so unparallel; In addition it is missing the ‘that’


HI Daagh,

Please clarify,
1. How did you reach the conclusion that "promised" used here is a verb and not a participle?
2. Why cant we treat this option as a "Noun modifier"

Thanks
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Re: Fifty years ago this November, Lyndon B. Johnson [#permalink]

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New post 08 Mar 2018, 00:54
VeritasPrepKarishma

I chose option A and it looks like it is the correct option. But i am not sure whether the 'a college education' is correct in the option A.

Please advise.
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Re: Fifty years ago this November, Lyndon B. Johnson [#permalink]

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New post 08 Mar 2018, 22:52
akadiyan wrote:
VeritasPrepKarishma

I chose option A and it looks like it is the correct option. But i am not sure whether the 'a college education' is correct in the option A.

Please advise.


Many abstract nouns can be used in countable as well as uncountable forms. They are most often used as countable nouns when speaking about a specific entity that is not abstract.
We often use "a good education" too.
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Re: Fifty years ago this November, Lyndon B. Johnson   [#permalink] 08 Mar 2018, 22:52
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