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# Founded on the principles of free thought and equality, the Transcende

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SC Moderator
Joined: 23 Sep 2015
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Founded on the principles of free thought and equality, the Transcende  [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2019, 09:43
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Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

64% (00:51) correct 36% (00:58) wrong based on 143 sessions

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Project SC Butler: Day 82: Sentence Correction (SC2)

Founded on the principles of free thought and equality, the Transcendentalists began a society that promoted intellectual debate, literary achievement, and support for women's suffrage.

A. Founded on the principles of free thought and equality,
B. Founding it on the principles of free thought and equality,
C. With the principles of free thought and equality used as a foundation,
D. By the principles of free thought and equality, which they used,
E. Guided by the principles of free thought and equality,

The best/excellent answers get kudos, which will be awarded after the answer is revealed.
There may be no best/excellent answers, or a there may be a few excellent answers!

_________________

Thanks!
Do give some kudos.

Simple strategy:
“Once you’ve eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.”

GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 1| GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 2 | How to Improve GMAT Quant from Q49 to a Perfect Q51

My Notes:
Reading comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Absolute Phrases | Subjunctive Mood

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Re: Founded on the principles of free thought and equality, the Transcende  [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2019, 21:52
1
aragonn wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 82: Sentence Correction (SC2)

Founded on the principles of free thought and equality, the Transcendentalists began a society that promoted intellectual debate, literary achievement, and support for women's suffrage.

Meaning analysis:

Transcendentalists have some principles of free thought and equality, with this principles they began a society that promoted intellectual debate, literary achievement, and support for women's suffrage.

Error analysis:
While we tried to understand intended meaning of the sentence we noticed that opening v-ed modifier was wrong.
Principles "literally" cannot be found in the Transcendentalists, it's illogical.

POE

A. Founded on the principles of free thought and equality,

B. Founding it on the principles of free thought and equality,
("it" has no antecedent)

C. With the principles of free thought and equality used as a foundation,
("with" good beginning, but "used" refers to "equality" but it has to refer to "principles)

D. By the principles of free thought and equality, which they used,
("by" is not bad opening, but "which" also refers to "equality" but it has to refer to "principles)

E. Guided by the principles of free thought and equality,

_________________

(no one is ideal, please correct if you see any mistakes or gaps in my explanation, it will be helpful for both of us, thank you)

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Re: Founded on the principles of free thought and equality, the Transcende  [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2019, 23:19
Modifier founded must modify tracendalist but it was not founded it was guided to form a society so guided can correctly modify it

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SC Moderator
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Re: Founded on the principles of free thought and equality, the Transcende  [#permalink]

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28 Jan 2019, 15:06
aragonn wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 82: Sentence Correction (SC2)

Founded on the principles of free thought and equality, the Transcendentalists began a society that promoted intellectual debate, literary achievement, and support for women's suffrage.

A. Founded on the principles of free thought and equality,
B. Founding it on the principles of free thought and equality,
C. With the principles of free thought and equality used as a foundation,
D. By the principles of free thought and equality, which they used,
E. Guided by the principles of free thought and equality,

The best/excellent answers get kudos, which will be awarded after the answer is revealed.
There may be no best/excellent answers, or a there may be a few excellent answers!

Official Explanation:

Because the underlined portion of the sentence contains an introductory modifying phrase, check that this phrase correctly modifies the appropriate noun. As written, the phrase founded on the principles of free thought and equality, incorrectly modifies Transcendentalists (people, who cannot be founded) instead of correctly modifying society (a group, which can be founded). This is a misplaced modifier error, so eliminate choice A and look for obvious repeaters. There are no obvious repeaters, so evaluate the remaining answer choices individually, looking for reasons to eliminate each.

Choice B addresses the original misplaced modifier error by changing the construction of the introductory phrase, but in doing so it introduces a pronoun, it, which could refer to thought, debate, achievement, or society. This is a pronoun ambiguity error, so eliminate choice B. Choice C has the phrase, with the principles…as a foundation incorrectly modifying the Transcendentalists, which is a misplaced modifier error, so eliminate choice C. Choice D has the phrase, by the principles…they used, incorrectly modifying the Transcendentalists, which is a misplaced modifier error, so eliminate choice D. Choice E fixes the original misplaced modifier error by using the phrase, guided by the principles…equality to correctly modify the Transcendentalists, and it introduces no new errors, so keep choice E.

Choice A: No. The introductory phrase, Founded on…equality, incorrectly modifies the Transcendentalists. Misplaced modifier.

Choice B: No. The pronoun it could refer to thought, debate, achievement, or society. Pronoun ambiguity.

Choice C: No. The introductory phrase, With the principles…as a foundation, incorrectly modifies the Transcendentalists. Misplaced modifier.

Choice D: No. The introductory phrase, By the principles…which they used, incorrectly modifies the Transcendentalists. Misplaced modifier.

Choice E: Correct.
_________________

Thanks!
Do give some kudos.

Simple strategy:
“Once you’ve eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.”

GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 1| GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 2 | How to Improve GMAT Quant from Q49 to a Perfect Q51

My Notes:
Reading comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Absolute Phrases | Subjunctive Mood

Intern
Joined: 10 Sep 2013
Posts: 7
Re: Founded on the principles of free thought and equality, the Transcende  [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2019, 20:20
aragonn

Can you explain in depth Why C and D are wrong. i have marked E as correct answer yet I am still not convinced on how to eliminate C & D. IMO C can modify Transcendentalists.
For C -- With the principles of free thought and equality used as a foundation -- could be a property of Transcendentalists.
for D -- By the principles of free thought and equality, which they used,--Transcendentalists could be guided by the principles of free thought and equality.

SC Moderator
Joined: 23 Sep 2015
Posts: 1685
Re: Founded on the principles of free thought and equality, the Transcende  [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2019, 04:31
darshak1 - with comma before "the Transcendentalists", we know that underlined portion is modifying this. in C and D both have problems with modification. Moreover meaning related.

C - With the principles of free thought and equality used as a foundation, ---- think of use of the principles and Transcendentalists , More like society began with these principle.
D - this option is again making same meaning error. Usually guided is the right term for such cases, which is used in option E.
_________________

Thanks!
Do give some kudos.

Simple strategy:
“Once you’ve eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.”

GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 1| GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 2 | How to Improve GMAT Quant from Q49 to a Perfect Q51

My Notes:
Reading comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Absolute Phrases | Subjunctive Mood

Re: Founded on the principles of free thought and equality, the Transcende   [#permalink] 30 Jan 2019, 04:31
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