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Freedman’s survey showed that people living in small towns and rural

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Freedman’s survey showed that people living in small towns and rural  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 30 Aug 2019, 02:18
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A
B
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D
E

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Project SC Butler: Day 23: Sentence Correction (SC2)


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Freedman’s survey showed that people living in small towns and rural areas consider themselves no happier than do people living in big cities.

(A) no happier than do people living

(B) not any happier than do people living

(C) not any happier than do people who live

(D) no happier than are people who are living

(E) not as happy as are people who live


Spoiler: :: nytimes article
https://www.nytimes.com/1979/12/16/archives/health-the-big-city-has-no-corner-on-mental-illness-health.html

Similar results were derived from a survey by Dr. Jonathan L. Freedman of Columbia University's psychology department. People in small towns and rural areas, he found, consider themselves no happier than do people living in big cities. And both common sense and Dr. Srole's studies indicate that there is a positive correlation between levels of general happiness and of mental health.

Originally posted by ugimba on 02 Apr 2009, 11:18.
Last edited by Bunuel on 30 Aug 2019, 02:18, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Freedman’s survey showed that people living in small towns and rural  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2018, 08:41
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aragonn wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 23: Sentence Correction (SC2)


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Freedman’s survey showed that people living in small towns and rural areas consider themselves no happier than do people living in big cities.

(A) no happier than do people living

(B) not any happier than do people living

(C) not any happier than do people who live

(D) no happier than are people who are living

(E) not as happy as are people who live

The best/excellent answers get kudos, which will be awarded after the answer is revealed.
There may be no best/excellent answers, or a there may be a few excellent answers!

Official Explanation:


Choice A is best. In B, C, and E, the phrases beginning with not inplace of no are wordy and unidiomatic. In D and E, the use of are presents a verb substitution problem: are cannot take the place of the verb consider, as do can in A, because consider is something that people do, not something that they are.D and E thus fail to compare the attitudes of the two groups of people, referring instead only to how those in small towns and rural areas consider themselves. E also distorts the intended meaning by saying that people living in small towns and rural areas consider themselves less happy than people living in big cities.
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Re: Freedman’s survey showed that people living in small towns and rural  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Apr 2009, 16:31
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ugimba wrote:
317. Freedman’s survey showed that people living in small towns and rural areas consider themselves no happier than do people living in big cities.
(A) no happier than do people living
(B) not any happier than do people living
(C) not any happier than do people who live
(D) no happier than are people who are living
(E) not as happy as are people who live


please explain your choices ...

and explain 'no happier' versus 'not any happier' also....



1) "not any happier than'' is not idiomatic, "no hammer than' is idiomatic.....so we are left with a) and d).
2) "are people who are leaving" - wordier and "are people" cannot be used here it requires "do people".
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Re: Freedman’s survey showed that people living in small towns and rural  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2014, 23:40
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Sentence is having parallelism issue

People living in small towns and rural areas consider themselves .......than people living for parallelism

So C,D, and E are incorrect

Not any happier :-Not a correct idiom So A is correct!!!
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Re: Freedman’s survey showed that people living in small towns and rural  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jul 2014, 12:33
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It seems the confusion is between no happier and not any happier. The difference becomes apparent if we insert the word more, which is implicit. The second form is actually not any more happier which conveys the same meaning as no happier. As happier is the comparative form of happy, so we don't need a second comparative any more.

For eg.
X is not taller than Y. - concise
X is not any (more) taller than Y. - too verbose
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Re: Freedman’s survey showed that people living in small towns and rural  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Feb 2016, 13:37
tonebeeze wrote:
Freedman's survey showed that people living in small towns and rural areas consider themselves no happier than do people living in big cities.

a. no happier than do people living
b. not any happier than do people living
c. not any happier than do people who live
d. no happier than are people who are living
e. not as happy as are people who live


In D and E we have wrong comparison (happiness vs people). In C and B "not any happier" is wordy, i think. Hence correct choice is A
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Re: Freedman’s survey showed that people living in small towns and rural  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Feb 2016, 02:41
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Konstantin1983 wrote:
tonebeeze wrote:
Freedman's survey showed that people living in small towns and rural areas consider themselves no happier than do people living in big cities.

a. no happier than do people living
b. not any happier than do people living
c. not any happier than do people who live
d. no happier than are people who are living
e. not as happy as are people who live



In D and E we have wrong comparison (happiness vs people). In C and B "not any happier" is wordy, i think. Hence correct choice is A


Konstantin1983

The simplified structure of the sentence is as follows:

X consider themselves happier than Y consider themselves.

The comparison is between how happy X consider themselves and how happy Y consider themselves.

You may replace the second verb consider with do, but not with are.

If you use are instead of do, the comparison would be between how happy X consider themselves and how happy Y actually are. This meaning is not intended.
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Re: Freedman’s survey showed that people living in small towns and rural  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Feb 2016, 14:05
It is also interesting to note that E changes the meaning. “Not as happy” is not the same as “no happier”. Eliminate E. “No happier” is better than “not any happier”. Eliminate B and C. The simplified sentence structure is “people A consider themselves happier than people B consider themselves”. To eliminate repetition of “consider” you can use the auxiliary verb “do”. Eliminate D. A is the answer. To simplify the sentence by breaking it down to its essential structure is a very valuable tool in sentence correction.
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Re: Freedman’s survey showed that people living in small towns and rural  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2018, 09:14
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Freedman’s survey showed that people living in small towns and rural areas consider themselves no happier than do people living in big cities.

(A) no happier than do people living ( Correct, people living in small towns and rural areas is parallel to people living in big cities)

(B) not any happier than do people living( not any is awkward)

(C) not any happier than do people who live( not any is awkward, who live is not parallel to living)

(D) no happier than are people who are living(then are people is incorrect, who are living is not required living is sufficient)

(E) not as happy as are people who live ( who live is not parallel to living)

Will go with choice A

Thanks
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Re: Freedman’s survey showed that people living in small towns and rural  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2018, 07:19
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(A) no happier than do people living - Hold as no error

(B) not any happier than do people living - Wrong - not happier than is correct - not any happier is wrong and awkward

(C) not any happier than do people who live - same error as B and added " who live " should be " who living " to be parallel

(D) no happier than are people who are living - Error with the use of are before people which is awkward, 'do' should be used instead of 'are' there

(E) not as happy as are people who live- not parallel with living

So will go with Option A
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Re: Freedman’s survey showed that people living in small towns and rural  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Dec 2018, 06:34
sonusaini1 wrote:
Freedman’s survey showed that people living in small towns and rural areas consider themselves no happier than do people living in big cities.

(A) no happier than do people living ( Correct, people living in small towns and rural areas is parallel to people living in big cities)

(B) not any happier than do people living( not any is awkward)

(C) not any happier than do people who live( not any is awkward, who live is not parallel to living)

(D) no happier than are people who are living(then are people is incorrect, who are living is not required living is sufficient)

(E) not as happy as are people who live ( who live is not parallel to living)

Will go with choice A

Thanks


I went for B. what's the rule for not any /no ..? could you please clarify a bit? "no" is used in what grammatical sense?
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Re: Freedman’s survey showed that people living in small towns and rural  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Dec 2018, 07:36
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faltan wrote:

I went for B. what's the rule for not any /no ..? could you please clarify a bit? "no" is used in what grammatical sense?


Please go through this link the idea will be crystal clear forever - https://www.englishforums.com/English/H ... w/post.htm
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Re: Freedman’s survey showed that people living in small towns and rural  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Dec 2018, 08:35
Hello,

Could someone please help me to understand why the comparison of happier-do is correct? I was under the impression that one must "be" happy, not "do" happy.

Any input would be greatly appreciated! Thanks!


aragonn wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 23: Sentence Correction (SC2)


For SC butler Questions Click Here


Freedman’s survey showed that people living in small towns and rural areas consider themselves no happier than do people living in big cities.

(A) no happier than do people living

(B) not any happier than do people living

(C) not any happier than do people who live

(D) no happier than are people who are living

(E) not as happy as are people who live

The best/excellent answers get kudos, which will be awarded after the answer is revealed.
There may be no best/excellent answers, or a there may be a few excellent answers!
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Re: Freedman’s survey showed that people living in small towns and rural  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Dec 2018, 08:45
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KHow - This post covers your doubt. for hint - consider is something that people do, not something that they are.

https://gmatclub.com/forum/freedman-s-s ... l#p2181558
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Re: Freedman’s survey showed that people living in small towns and rural  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jan 2019, 16:36
Can anyone please clearly tell why no is correct and not "not". Also the role of "do" here in the sentence.
Thanks :)
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Re: Freedman’s survey showed that people living in small towns and rural  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jan 2019, 19:08
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Rakeshtewatia - this question is not about no/not . and probably GMAT will never ask a question around this. Following post will resolve your concern though.

https://www.englishforums.com/English/H ... w/post.htm
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Re: Freedman’s survey showed that people living in small towns and rural  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jan 2019, 06:21
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Rakeshtewatia , KHow, karnaidu, faltan

Comparison: consideraton of ppl in small twn n rural to consideration of ppl in big cities

A) 'do' acts for 'consider' ---> Perfectly parallel Compare consideration to consideration
B) Not any is not preffered
C) Not any is not preffered and the choice is too wordy
D) compares consideration to Living conditions ( are denotes the living conditions) --> Incorrect
E) compares consideration to Living conditions ( are denotes the living conditions) --> Incorrect

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Re: Freedman’s survey showed that people living in small towns and rural  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Aug 2019, 02:08
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Freedman’s survey showed that people living in small towns and rural   [#permalink] 30 Aug 2019, 02:08
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