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Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that su

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Re: Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that su  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Oct 2017, 02:20
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@Pikolo

The doubt is whether the modifier modifies the IC in front or the IC at the end.

Cue 1. There is a comma plus coordinate conjunction' 'but' before the modifier. We do not join a modifier with a conjunction; We splice a modifier with a comma. Therefore, the phrase starting with 'but' should modify the clause at the end.
Cue 2. However, indicates a contrast and there is nothing to indicate that the modifier is in contrast to the first IC. It should, therefore, be related to the second IC and in fact, it is quite rational to say he was not the originator but a follower. This confirms, that the modifier modifies the IC at the end
The presence of 'but' might confuse sometimes. 'But' is a genuine connector of the second part starting with the modifier phrase 'on hearing …" and followed by the essential main clause of the second part. The 'but' cursor reveals the subsequent part as an independent entity from the previous one.
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Re: Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that su  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Feb 2019, 11:26
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Re: Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that su  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2019, 20:40
egmat wrote:
Hi all.

Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, he quickly built his own device from an organ pipe and spectacle lenses.

Since it is not difficult to understand the meaning of this sentence, let’s quickly get into the error analysis:

1. Use of past perfect tense is correct because 1609, the telescope had been already made and after that Galileo made his own version of the instrument. So there are two past events and “had been” correctly denotes that telescope was first made and then Galileo came up with his own version.
2. “but” correctly presents the contrast.
3. No errors.

PoE:

a) Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, he: Correct for reasons stated above.

b) Galileo had not invented the telescope, but when he heard, in 1609, of such an optical instrument having been made, Incorrect.
1. Use of “had not invented” is incorrect because the sentence here just presents a general fact that should be written in simple past tense.
2. Use of “having been made” is also incorrect in this choice.
3. This choice also misses the subject “he” for the verb “built”.

c) Galileo, even though he had not invented the telescope, on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, he: Incorrect.
1. Same verb tense error as in Choice B.
2. Use of pronoun “he” after “even though” is incorrect because Galileo has already been mentioned in the beginning of the sentence. This construction makes Galileo hanging without a verb.
3. Use of “even though” is incorrect. This expression is used to present contrast in that it denotes two opposite situations. For example:
Even though he is poor, he has managed to go to a good B school.
However, this choice does not present opposite situations. It simply says that Galileo did not invent telescope but he later developed one. There is co opposite things going on in here.

d) Even though Galileo did not invent the telescope, on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made,: Incorrect.
1. Use of “even though” is incorrect as in Choice C.
2. Absence of “he” before “built” leaves this verb without any subject.

e) Even though Galileo did not invent the telescope, but when he heard, in 1609, of such an optical instrument being made, he: Incorrect.
1. Use of “even though” is incorrect.
2. Use of “but” is redundant because “even though” already presents the contrast.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
Shraddha



egmat - why is "having been made" wrong. Please share the reason. Is it because "Having been made" is used for sequencing?
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Re: Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that su  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Sep 2019, 04:24
chunjuwu wrote:
Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, he quickly built his own device from an organ pipe and spectacle lenses.


(A) Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, he

(B) Galileo had not invented the telescope, but when he heard, in 1609, of such an optical instrument having been made,

(C) Galileo, even though he had not invented the telescope, on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, he

(D) Even though Galileo did not invent the telescope, on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made,

(E) Even though Galileo did not invent the telescope, but when he heard, in 1609, of such an optical instrument being made, he


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hey guys i wanna know that in option b and e "but when he heard, in 1609 doesn't mean that he heard something for first time before that he might be deaf. Please let me know am i thinking in the right direction.
thanks in advance
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Re: Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that su   [#permalink] 24 Sep 2019, 04:24

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