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Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that su

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Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that su  [#permalink]

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Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, he quickly built his own device from an organ pipe and spectacle lenses.


(A) Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, he

(B) Galileo had not invented the telescope, but when he heard, in 1609, of such an optical instrument having been made,

(C) Galileo, even though he had not invented the telescope, on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, he

(D) Even though Galileo did not invent the telescope, on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made,

(E) Even though Galileo did not invent the telescope, but when he heard, in 1609, of such an optical instrument being made, he


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Originally posted by chunjuwu on 23 Jan 2005, 05:47.
Last edited by Bunuel on 12 Dec 2018, 23:31, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that su  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Dec 2012, 15:57
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Hi all.

Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, he quickly built his own device from an organ pipe and spectacle lenses.

Since it is not difficult to understand the meaning of this sentence, let’s quickly get into the error analysis:

1. Use of past perfect tense is correct because 1609, the telescope had been already made and after that Galileo made his own version of the instrument. So there are two past events and “had been” correctly denotes that telescope was first made and then Galileo came up with his own version.
2. “but” correctly presents the contrast.
3. No errors.

PoE:

a) Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, he: Correct for reasons stated above.

b) Galileo had not invented the telescope, but when he heard, in 1609, of such an optical instrument having been made, Incorrect.
1. Use of “had not invented” is incorrect because the sentence here just presents a general fact that should be written in simple past tense.
2. Use of “having been made” is also incorrect in this choice.
3. This choice also misses the subject “he” for the verb “built”.

c) Galileo, even though he had not invented the telescope, on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, he: Incorrect.
1. Same verb tense error as in Choice B.
2. Use of pronoun “he” after “even though” is incorrect because Galileo has already been mentioned in the beginning of the sentence. This construction makes Galileo hanging without a verb.
3. Use of “even though” is incorrect. This expression is used to present contrast in that it denotes two opposite situations. For example:
Even though he is poor, he has managed to go to a good B school.
However, this choice does not present opposite situations. It simply says that Galileo did not invent telescope but he later developed one. There is co opposite things going on in here.

d) Even though Galileo did not invent the telescope, on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made,: Incorrect.
1. Use of “even though” is incorrect as in Choice C.
2. Absence of “he” before “built” leaves this verb without any subject.

e) Even though Galileo did not invent the telescope, but when he heard, in 1609, of such an optical instrument being made, he: Incorrect.
1. Use of “even though” is incorrect.
2. Use of “but” is redundant because “even though” already presents the contrast.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that su  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Dec 2010, 15:36
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Hey guys,

I've always liked this question. My approach:

First, whenever I see a question with a large portion underlined and without a clear (to me) decision point in that underline, I like to look at the first and last word of the answer choices to see if I can find a quick decision point. Very frequently the first or last words are different and you can determine whether you need one or the other.

Here, three use the last word "he" and two do not, so that became a first decision point for me. You'd need "he" in this case to refer back to Galileo unless the verb that follows "quickly built" is set up as a parallel verb to another past tense event before it. Because that doesn't happen in B or D, they're both incorrect.

The first words, either "Galileo" or "Even though Galileo", also note a decision to be made - here, you have to set up a transition between "did not invent the telescope" and "built one quickly after it was invented (paraphrase)". That can be done either with "Even though" at the beginning or "but" halfway through, but not with both. Therefore, E, which does both, is incorrect.

Keeping on that theme, check C for that transition - C uses "even though", but does so as a modifier to describe Galileo. Because modifiers separated by commas are nonessential information, you can remove them to check the rest of the sentence. Here, you'd then have:

Galileo he quickly built...

That's a redundant, unnecessary use of a pronoun and it's used without separation, so it's incorrect. A, although incredibly awkward to the ear, is the only one left standing without error, and is therefore correct.
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Re: Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that su  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jan 2005, 16:54
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The answer is A .
But for the qn what is wrong with two hads..
The invention is a one time activity and so past perfect tense shouldn't be used.
It should be ..he didn't invent..but not he had not invented(Its not continuing).
We are talking abt an instance of an event(invention), which didn't take place.

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Re: Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that su  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Nov 2005, 02:18
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B. no reason to use past perfect tense.
C. redundant subject - Galileo and he
D. subject not present
E. 1609 is wrong. we need a preposition.
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Re: Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that su  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Nov 2005, 03:38
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nakib77 wrote:
Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, he quickly built his own device from an organ pipe and spectacle lenses.

A. Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, he

B. Galileo had not invented the telescope, but when he heard, in 1609, of such an optical instrument having been made,

C. Galileo, even though he had not invented the telescope, on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, he

D. Even though Galileo did not invent the telescope, on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made,

E. Even though Galileo did not invent the telescope, but when he heard, 1609, of such an optical instrument being made, he


E: "even though" together with " but" is redundant--> out
D: "even though" forms two related clauses, we can't find the subject for th 2nd clause in D--> out.
B: yup, the use of past perfect is unsuitable here-->out
C: every part is disorderly displaced---> out.
A it is.
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Re: Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that su  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Apr 2008, 20:57
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neelesh wrote:
Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, he quickly built his own device from an organ pipe and spectacle lenses.

(A) Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, he
(B) Galileo had not invented the telescope, but when he heard, in 1609, of such an optical instrument having been made, he
(C) Galileo, even though he had not invented the telescope, on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, he
(D) Even though Galileo did not invent the telescope, on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made,
(E) Even though Galileo did not invent the telescope, but when he heard, in 1609, of such an optical instrument being made, he




Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, he quickly built his own device from an organ pipe and spectacle lenses.

1. "Galileo did not invent the telescope" is an independent clause.
2. "but on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made" is a dependent clause.
3. "he quickly built his own device from an organ pipe and spectacle lenses" is an independent clause.

Sequense of events: "such an optical instrument had been made" occured before "Galileo did not invent the telescope" and "he quickly built his own device from an organ pipe and spectacle lenses". so

1. "Galileo did not invent the telescope" is in past perfect tense.
2. "but on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made" is in simple past tense.
3. "he quickly built his own device from an organ pipe and spectacle lenses" is in simple past tense.

so choices other than A violets these rules and are incorrect....
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Re: Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that su  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2008, 15:36
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abhijit_sen wrote:
Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, he quickly built his own device from an organ pipe and spectacle lenses.

A. Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, he
B. Galileo had not invented the telescope, but when he heard, in 1609, of such an optical instrument having been made,
C. Galileo, even though he had not invented the telescope, on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, he
D. Even though Galileo did not invent the telescope, on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made,
E. Even though Galileo did not invent the telescope, but when he heard, in 1609, of such an optical instrument being made, he


I would go with A.

A: Correct
B: wrong use of verb tenses -- had not invented implies that he will invent the telescope in the future
C: Galileo, on hearing that such an optical instrument had been made, he -- totally wrong
D: missing "he" at the end
E: "even though" and "but" are redundant
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Re: Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that su  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2008, 21:13
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abhijit_sen wrote:
Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, he quickly built his own device from an organ pipe and spectacle lenses.

A. Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, he
B. Galileo had not invented the telescope, but when he heard, in 1609, of such an optical instrument having been made,
C. Galileo, even though he had not invented the telescope, on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, he
D. Even though Galileo did not invent the telescope, on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made,
E. Even though Galileo did not invent the telescope, but when he heard, in 1609, of such an optical instrument being made, he


B, D -- are out.. "he" is missing before "quicklly"
C -- Galileo,...,he .. he is redundant
E. eventhough .. but --> redundant and "being made" --> wrong

A -- looks better.

Galileo didn't invednted (pastense),... optical instrument had been made.(past perfect -- passive voice.)

pefect..
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Re: Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that su  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Feb 2010, 17:20
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Lets use POE

You need had been -because instrument was built first and then Galileo heard
so, B and E - gone

OK , A,C and D

D - I like D if there was a ' he ' in the end , without that this sentence goes for a toss

C is no good as well , if you remove all non-required clauses - you are left with Galileo and he . Also , this sentence uses two had been - not a good way to describe sequence of events - gone

A is the answer
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Re: Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that su  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2010, 16:20
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A.

I had a slightly different approach.

Besides C, D and E having all sorts of errors, I would eliminate C, D and E because even though would change the context slightly.
The original sentence emphasizes the fact that he wasn't the first person to invent the telescope. Inserting even though instead of but, the passage seems to emphasize the fact he did made the telescope and sounds more forgiving about the fact he wasn't the first.

Having been made on B is obviously wrong. so I went with A.

Does my reasoning make sense or valid? let me know.
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Re: Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that su  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Dec 2012, 23:45
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nikhilsrl wrote:
Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, he quickly built his own device from an organ pipe and spectacle lenses.

a) Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, he
b) Galileo had not invented the telescope, but when he heard, in 1609, of such an optical instrument having been made,
c) Galileo, even though he had not invented the telescope, on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, he
d) Even though Galileo did not invent the telescope, on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made,
e) Even though Galileo did not invent the telescope, but when he heard, in 1609, of such an optical instrument being made, he

OA is provided

Why not D?

The modifiers CANNOT modify across "and", "but" etc.
The modifier in the status quo is "but on hearing". So it will modify the clause that comes just after this modifier WHEREAS without "but" in modifier, it seems that "on hearing" can modify either side of it, creating ambiguity.
B implies that Galileo WAS the inventer because the other device was being made; lacks the subject; is a run on.
C and D have modifier ambiguity.; D lacks the subject.
E changes the meaning by implying that the other device was still being made WHEREAS the original intent says that the other device had already been made.
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Re: Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that su  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Feb 2013, 23:02
Answer: A


(A) Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, he quickly built his own device...

A is made up of two independent clauses interlinked by "BUT"
(1) Galileo did not invent the telescope
(2) On hearing that such an optical instrument had been made, he quickly built his own device.

The verb tenses are also parallel in the two interlinked independent clauses:
(1) did not invent (simple past)
(2) built (simple past)

The verb on the "that such an optical instrument had been made" is also correct because it uses "had been made" to emphasize that this is a past event before another past event "built"

"on hearing that such..." also correctly modifies the subject "he"

Why the other sentences are wrong?

1. (B) and (E) are out!

Notice the split up of the 5 sentences on the verb usage: (B) "having been made", (E) "being made", and
(A,C,D) "had been made". The making of the telescope happened in 1609 so this calls for a past tense. Hence, B and E are out.


2. (C) is also out!


SENTENCE: Galileo, even though he had not invented the telescope, on hearing, in 1609 that such an optical instrument had been made, he

Let's re-arrange. Even though he had not invented the telescope, Galileo on hearing in 1609 that such an optical instrument had been made, he built...

The only clause with the verb is "even though he had not, ... , he built..." What's wrong with this? "Galileo on hearing in 1609..." is a sentence fragment between a dependent clause and an independent clause. This is a distorted structure.

3. (D) is also wrong.

Even though..., on hearing that such ..., [HE] quickly built...

Let's say "Even though ..., on hearing, in 1609 that such ..." is the dependent clause. There should be an independent clause. But "quickly built..." has no subject "he"
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Re: Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that su  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Feb 2014, 18:36
Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, he quickly built his own device from an organ pipe and spectacle lenses.

A. Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, he Best choice - all verbs work together

B. Galileo had not invented the telescope, but when he heard, in 1609, of such an optical instrument having been made, Wrong - second clause is a fragment; no need for past participle + "invented" because the sentence is clear without it.

C. Galileo, even though he had not invented the telescope, on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, he Wrong - two subjects in the sentence; part participle + "invented" is not needed because there is no need to distinguish the past; wordy and awkward.

D. Even though Galileo did not invent the telescope, on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, Wrong - sentence is a fragment without a subject.

E. Even though Galileo did not invent the telescope, but when he heard, 1609, of such an optical instrument being made, he Wrong - multiple modifiers make the sentence wordy; "being made" indicates a progressive tense, altering the meaning of the sentence.

IMO A
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Re: Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that su  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2014, 11:59
Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, he quickly built his own device from an organ pipe and spectacle lenses.

A. Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, he : Correct Choice

B. Galileo had not invented the telescope, but when he heard, in 1609, of such an optical instrument having been made, - he absent from 2nd clause and having been made is wrong

C. Galileo, even though he had not invented the telescope, on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, he - Verb failed to show time sequence

D. Even though Galileo did not invent the telescope, on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, - He absent from 2nd clause

E. Even though Galileo did not invent the telescope, but when he heard,in 1609, of such an optical instrument being made, he - Use of Even though and but is redundant
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Re: Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that su  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2016, 19:54
"but" is a co-ordinating conjunction. So "but" should introduce an independent clause. So my question is:

but on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, he quickly built
Then the entire portion marked in bold acts as a modifier for the subject "he" and the verb "built". Is that it?
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Re: Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that su  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Aug 2016, 07:57
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martyjones wrote:
"but" is a co-ordinating conjunction. So "but" should introduce an independent clause. So my question is:

but on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, he quickly built
Then the entire portion marked in bold acts as a modifier for the subject "he" and the verb "built". Is that it?


"But" does not necessarily join two independent clauses. Like "and", it can be used to join nouns, verbs, participles, etc.

Not John, but Jack is responsible for the accident. (2 nouns joined)
I will not sleep but work during this night. (2 verbs are joined)

Nonetheless in option A two independent clauses are joined:
Galileo did not invent, but he quickly built.

("Eliminate middlemen" as Manhattan SC guide suggests.)

"on hearing......had been made" is a modifier.
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Re: Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that su  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 03 Sep 2017, 06:40
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If one is clear about fragmentation and redundancy in a sentence, then he or she can sail through most of this topic with ease.

A is flawless.

B Had not invented is not correct 2. The main clause in the complex sentence does not have a subject.

C has redundancy with two subjects Galileo and he and a fragmentation with no predicate for the subject Galileo.

D is a fragment with no subject for the main clause.

E has redundancy since the coordinator 'but' and the subordinator 'even though' bring about out the same effect.
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Re: Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that su  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2017, 20:13
I really hate it when people post on a forum discussing an answer and call the right answer "flawless" How does that help anyone? And "A" is not flawless. It's a very flawed correct answer, but I am not saying it isn't correct.

Let's analyze the sentence


"Galileo did not invent the telescope", Nothing wrong with this. Has a subject past verb and object



"but on hearing, in 1609," This is very awkward also it's very unclear that this is a coordinating conjunction at first. It only becomes clear after reading. Also it's sloppy to use a but clause and then use a subordinating conjunction right after in "That":


"that such an optical instrument had been made," . So sloppy to start a coordinating conjunction with a "that clause"

he quickly built his own device from an organ pipe and spectacle lenses. This makes sense only if we assume the but is a coordinating conjunction and the that began a subordinating conjunction therefore the "he" part doesn't make a double subject.


It's very easy to read the but as a comparison and not a coordinating. They do use a comma though to give you a hint. However, I would hardly call starting a coordinating conjunction with a subordinating as flawless writing. That is a crappy response. It's a very crappy sentence even if it's correct. And no one would write like this, where they use a past verb, a participle, a past perfect and a past.
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Re: Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that su  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Sep 2017, 14:34
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Hello Experts,

I wanted to understand the structure of this sentence.

Quote:
Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that such an optical instrument had been made, he quickly built his own device from an organ pipe and spectacle lenses


According to my understanding the structure is something like the below

Independent Clause, modifier, Independent clause

My question is, how do we identify that the modifier is not modifying the preceding clause but modifying the following one?

Can you put some light on this?
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Re: Galileo did not invent the telescope, but on hearing, in 1609, that su   [#permalink] 30 Sep 2017, 14:34

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