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Manager  Joined: 10 Nov 2010
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Gears X and Y are interconnected within and power  [#permalink]

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Difficulty:   55% (hard)

Question Stats: 64% (02:24) correct 36% (02:13) wrong based on 235 sessions

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Gears X and Y are interconnected within and power

Attachments gear X nd Y.JPG [ 23.47 KiB | Viewed 5580 times ]

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Re: Gears X and Y are interconnected within and power  [#permalink]

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6
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GMATD11 wrote:
How to approach such type of question?

Such questions are based on the concept of variation.

The no of revolutions made depends on the circumference of the circle. Circumference depends on the radius of the circle.
If radius is greater, lesser number of revolutions will be completed in the same time if the gears are interconnected.
Since ratio of radius of X:Y is 4:10 = 2:5, No of revolutions made by X and Y will be in the ratio 5:2 (revolutions made are inversely proportional to the radius)

3000 revolutions/min = 50 revolutions/sec
So gear Y will make 20 revolutions/sec
Difference = 30
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Re: Gears X and Y are interconnected within and power  [#permalink]

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1
Such problems can be quickly solved with a little visualization!

Gear X:

Circumference = 8 pi

Revolutions per minute = 3000
Revolutions per second = 3000/60 = 50

For any point x on the circumference of gear x, distance travelled in one second = 50 * 8 pi

Gear Y:

Circumferenec = 20 pi
For any point y on the circumference of gear y, the distance travelled in one second = 50 * 8 pi

Therefore, revolutions per second = 50 * 8 pi / 20 pi = 20

Question: What is the difference between the number of revolutions per second...

Ans: 50 - 20 = 30

Therefore, 'E'
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Re: Gears X and Y are interconnected within and power  [#permalink]

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1 min:
4 inches-> 3000 rev
1 inch-> 3000* 4 rev
10 inch -> 3000*4/10 = 1200 rev

4 inch:
1 min -> 3000 rev
1 sec-> 3000/60 = 50 rev

10 inch:
1 min -> 1200 rev
1 sec -> 1200/60 = 20 rev

Diff: 50-20 = 30

Ans: "E"
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Re: Gears X and Y are interconnected within and power  [#permalink]

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Let y be the number of revs / sec by gear Y. The assumption is revs are inversely proportional to the diameter of the wheel. ---------(1)
3000 revs/sec = 50 revs / sec
From (1) 50 * 4 = y * 10
y = 20
Difference = 50 - 20 = 30 revs / sec
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Re: Gears X and Y are interconnected within and power  [#permalink]

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VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
GMATD11 wrote:
How to approach such type of question?

Such questions are based on the concept of variation.

The no of revolutions made depends on the circumference of the circle. Circumference depends on the radius of the circle.
If radius is greater, lesser number of revolutions will be completed in the same time if the gears are interconnected.
Since ratio of radius of X:Y is 4:10 = 2:5, No of revolutions made by X and Y will be in the ratio 5:2 (revolutions made are inversely proportional to the radius)

3000 revolutions/min = 50 revolutions/sec
So gear Y will make 20 revolutions/sec
Difference = 30

Doesn't this state that the diameters of X and Y are 4 and 10, respectively? So shouldn't we be using 2 and 5 for the radii?
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Gears X and Y are interconnected within and power  [#permalink]

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First convert the frequency from revolutions per minute to revolutions per second.

$$\frac{3000}{60 seconds}=\frac{50}{second}$$

Since the diameter is directly proportional to the length of the circumference, and the circumference is inversely proportional to the frequency, the diameter is inversely proportional to the frequency

$$\frac{1}{4}:50=\frac{1}{10}:X \Rightarrow X=20$$

The difference of the two frequencies is $$50-20=30$$

Originally posted by ngie on 21 Mar 2015, 03:29.
Last edited by ngie on 21 Mar 2015, 07:24, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Gears X and Y are interconnected within and power  [#permalink]

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Simple question. I dont think this can be 700 questions especially when compared to several 700 levels questions that I saw in GMAT club.

the solution

4 inches gear makes- 3000
10 inches gear makes- X

apply chain rule.

you will 4X3000/10 = 1200 (number of revs that 10 inch gear makes)

Finally divide 3000 and 1200 by 60, you will get 50 and 20 respectively answer= 30.

The only that I doubt in this question is, Is there a valid reason to think that a larger gear makes fewer revolutions.

GMATD11 wrote:
Gears X and Y are interconnected within and power

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GMAT 1: 800 Q51 V49 GRE 1: Q170 V170 Re: Gears X and Y are interconnected within and power  [#permalink]

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Hi shriramvelamuri,

This prompt is based on multi-shape Geometry, which is a category that consistently ranks at the 'higher end' of the difficulty spectrum on the GMAT. If you think that it's easy, then that's great, but most Test Takers would NOT find this question to be so simple.

The prompt also involves rates; since the larger gear has a larger circumference, it has to turn through "more space" to complete a full rotation. By definition it will have fewer revolutions because its rate is based on the rate of the smaller gear (which has a smaller circumference and has to turn through "less space" to complete a full rotation).

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Re: Gears X and Y are interconnected within and power  [#permalink]

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metskj127 wrote:
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
GMATD11 wrote:
How to approach such type of question?

Such questions are based on the concept of variation.

The no of revolutions made depends on the circumference of the circle. Circumference depends on the radius of the circle.
If radius is greater, lesser number of revolutions will be completed in the same time if the gears are interconnected.
Since ratio of radius of X:Y is 4:10 = 2:5, No of revolutions made by X and Y will be in the ratio 5:2 (revolutions made are inversely proportional to the radius)

3000 revolutions/min = 50 revolutions/sec
So gear Y will make 20 revolutions/sec
Difference = 30

Doesn't this state that the diameters of X and Y are 4 and 10, respectively? So shouldn't we be using 2 and 5 for the radii?

Note that we are talking about the RATIO of the radii. The ratio of the radii will be the same as the ratio of the diameters. If the diameter of one circle is twice the diameter of another, then its radius will also be twice the radius of the other.
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Re: Gears X and Y are interconnected within and power  [#permalink]

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shriramvelamuri wrote:
Simple question. I dont think this can be 700 questions especially when compared to several 700 levels questions that I saw in GMAT club.

the solution

4 inches gear makes- 3000
10 inches gear makes- X

apply chain rule.

you will 4X3000/10 = 1200 (number of revs that 10 inch gear makes)

Finally divide 3000 and 1200 by 60, you will get 50 and 20 respectively answer= 30.

The only that I doubt in this question is, Is there a valid reason to think that a larger gear makes fewer revolutions.

GMATD11 wrote:
Gears X and Y are interconnected within and power

what is the chain rule here?I am messing up the calculation when i use the normal unitary method to find the number of revolutions made by 10 inch wheel and ending up with (3000*10)/4.
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Re: Gears X and Y are interconnected within and power  [#permalink]

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Ralphcuisak wrote:
shriramvelamuri wrote:
Simple question. I dont think this can be 700 questions especially when compared to several 700 levels questions that I saw in GMAT club.

the solution

4 inches gear makes- 3000
10 inches gear makes- X

apply chain rule.

you will 4X3000/10 = 1200 (number of revs that 10 inch gear makes)

Finally divide 3000 and 1200 by 60, you will get 50 and 20 respectively answer= 30.

The only that I doubt in this question is, Is there a valid reason to think that a larger gear makes fewer revolutions.

GMATD11 wrote:
Gears X and Y are interconnected within and power

what is the chain rule here?I am messing up the calculation when i use the normal unitary method to find the number of revolutions made by 10 inch wheel and ending up with (3000*10)/4.

You will multiply 3000 by 4/10 because a larger gear will make fewer revolutions. Since you want to reduce 3000, you will multiply it by 4/10 (a number smaller than 1).

For more on this, check: http://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2013/02 ... variation/
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Gears X and Y are interconnected within and power  [#permalink]

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tricky one!
X makes 3000/60 -> 50 revolutions
Circumference is 2pi * r => circumference for gear X is 8pi and for Y is 20pi
now we know that gear x makes 50 revolutions per second, or a total distance of 8pi*50, and this is the total distance gear y makes. to find how many revolutions gear y makes, divide 8pi*50/20pi -> simplify pi's, 10,s and 2 with 4, and get 20. Gear Y makes 20 revolutions. Difference is thus 50-20=30.

P.S. the proportion way of solving the problem is very interesting!!!
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Re: Gears X and Y are interconnected within and power  [#permalink]

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gear X makes 50 rps
ratio of gear X to gear Y circumferences=4⫪/10⫪= 2/5
(2/5)(50)=20
50-20=30 rps difference between gear X and Y
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Re: Gears X and Y are interconnected within and power  [#permalink]

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GMATD11 wrote:
Gears X and Y are interconnected within and power

My reasoning if it helps anyone:

The stem says the two gears are interconnected. This means that the distance covered by both gears will be equal to each other.

Gear 1 travels 4pi units every revolution and rotates at $$\frac{50 revolutions}{second}$$
Gear 2 travels 10pi units every revolution and rotates a $$\frac{x revolutions}{second}$$

We can divide out pi and set the equation as such:

$$4 * 50 = 10 *x$$
$$x = 20$$
Thus difference between the two speeds can be solved $$50 - 20 = 30$$ Re: Gears X and Y are interconnected within and power   [#permalink] 20 Jan 2019, 17:12
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