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Globally, about a third of the food produced for human consumption

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Globally, about a third of the food produced for human consumption  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Sep 2018, 21:08
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51% (03:02) correct 49% (02:50) wrong based on 125

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51% (01:24) correct 49% (01:36) wrong based on 126

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36% (01:30) correct 64% (01:19) wrong based on 124

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+1 kudos to all the posts containing proper explanations for all questions

Globally, about a third of the food produced for human consumption goes to waste, implying that a third of the water, land use, energy and financial resources that go into producing it are also squandered. Yet people often think of food as environmentally benign because it is biodegradable, while label food packaging as a wasteful use of resources leading to nothing but more pollution, despite the reality that the energy that goes into packaging makes up a mere 10% of the total energy that goes into producing, transporting, storing and preparing food. Needless to say, their view ignores the negative impact of food production, supply, and consumption, and the benefits possible from the right kind of food packaging.

Indeed the dislike for food packaging is not all baseless. There is a lot of bad and wasteful packaging out there. But any assessment of its impact on the environment must take into account the benefits one can derive from packaging in the shape of reduced food waste that can be realized by protecting and dispensing food properly. For instance, two percent of the milk produced in the US goes bad on supermarket shelves before it can be purchased. This dairy waste can be avoided with packaging technology such as Tetra Pak that saves milk from spoiling, even without refrigeration. However, environmentally aware consumers tend to dislike Tetra Pak material because they think it cannot be recycled. The truth, however, is that it can be recycled, but the process is rather complicated. Irrespective of the recycling aspect, Tetra Pak is a good environmental bet because it can extend the shelf life of milk up to nine months, reducing the need for refrigeration — and reducing the amount of milk that goes bad on retail shelves. Clearly, the environmental benefit of the food-protection technology outweighs the negative impact of the packaging itself.

1. The author is primarily concerned with

A. presenting a more complete picture of a situation and suggesting a radical solution to the problem
B. citing an example of a belief that is not entirely baseless
C. summarizing the negative impacts of an industry, effects of which people are not fully aware
D. arguing against a popular belief
E. attacking a mindset that has no empirical basis



2. Which of the following statement can be derived from the passage?

A. The popularity of Tetra Pak in the packaging industry would increase manifold if the environmentally aware customers change their opinion about it.
B. The complexity involved in the process of recycling Tetra Pak is the reason behind the material’s limited popularity with environmentally aware consumers.
C. It is likely that developed countries, which use a lot more food packaging material than developing countries, have lower rates of food wastage than developing countries.
D. No biodegradable substance can be labelled as completely benign for the environment.
E. In some cases, the recyclability of a material is not the overriding factor in determining its impact on the environment.



3. Which of the following is the function of the first paragraph in the passage?

A. To introduce a view that is responsible for a significant proportion of wastage in an industry
B. To raise a few considerations against a popular belief
C. To contrast two views on a highly debated topic
D. To state a situation that has severe damaging effects on the environment
E. To highlight that a popular belief, although credible sometimes, does not take in to account the full situation



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Globally, about a third of the food produced for human consumption  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 06 Sep 2018, 11:11
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pkshankar wrote:
Can someone provide a detailed explanation for question 3 ?


The first para says that ppl have wrong belief. They believe that packages cause pollution but as per writer packaging cost less than 10% of the total energy that goes on packaging, transportation and etc. The writer says that they ignore negative impact of production, supply and consumption....thus the writer is arguing against a popular belief...let elaborate each option

A. To introduce a view that is responsible for a significant proportion of wastage in an industry----View? it talks against a belief....another word *significant proportion* is extreme too
B. To raise a few considerations against a popular belief---as i said it is against a popular belief...its the correct answer
C. To contrast two views on a highly debated topic---no such comparison is given
D. To state a situation that has severe damaging effects on the environment-----severe damaging effects? no such situation is given
E. To highlight that a popular belief, although credible sometimes, does not take in to account the full situation---as per writer tone, the popular belief didnt get any credits..in fact the entire passage was against that popular belief.
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Originally posted by sananoor on 06 Sep 2018, 10:40.
Last edited by sananoor on 06 Sep 2018, 11:11, edited 1 time in total.
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New post 05 Sep 2018, 22:11
Could someone explain answer to Q1?IMO A
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New post 06 Sep 2018, 03:27
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1. The author is primarily concerned with

A. presenting a more complete picture of a situation and suggesting a radical solution to the problem - The author does not give any solution he is just making his point about the benefits possible from the right kind of food packaging.
B. citing an example of a belief that is not entirely baseless - example of dairy packaging used but that does not cover whole purpose of passage
C. summarizing the negative impacts of an industry, effects of which people are not fully aware - no negative impacts have been talked in the passage
D. arguing against a popular belief - correct - Needless to say, their view ignores the negative impact of food production, supply, and consumption, and the benefits possible from the right kind of food packaging....
...Clearly, the environmental benefit of the food-protection technology outweighs the negative impact of the packaging itself.
E. attacking a mindset that has no empirical basis - empirical data not mentioned in passage..
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Re: Globally, about a third of the food produced for human consumption  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2018, 03:28
1
1. The passage states the following key points:
a. people often think of food as environmentally benign because it is biodegradable, while label food packaging as a wasteful use of resources leading to nothing but more pollution
b. their view ignores the negative impact of food production, supply, and consumption, and the benefits possible from the right kind of food packaging
C. any assessment of its impact on the environment must take into account the benefits one can derive from packaging in the shape of reduced food waste that can be realized by protecting and dispensing food properly

Here, the author gives us the information about the popular view of people concerning wastage and pollution in the food and packaging industry. Then he argues against this popular view. He proceeds to explain the gaps in this view and provides broader aspects of the issue.
Hence OA must be D

2. The passage states the following key points:

A. The view of people from the passage is that "label food packaging is a wasteful use of resources leading to nothing but more pollution"
B. The author argues that there are far more factors than recycling that affects the environment. He states " their view ignores the negative impact of food production, supply, and consumption, and the benefits possible from the right kind of food packaging"
C. further he concludes the passage by stating " the environmental benefit of the food-protection technology outweighs the negative impact of the packaging itself.".
Thus we can infer that in some cases recycling is not an overriding factor. Hence the answer should be E

3. Both B and E are close.
But we must understand that Consideration deals with the general theory that an author introduces in the passage. Here in paragraph 1, the author raises a theory and argues against a popular belief. Hence B
E is wrong because the author doesn't simply highlight an issue but rather provides an elaborate theory against an existing one.
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New post 06 Sep 2018, 05:42
2
Raksat wrote:
1. The passage states the following key points:
a. people often think of food as environmentally benign because it is biodegradable, while label food packaging as a wasteful use of resources leading to nothing but more pollution
b. their view ignores the negative impact of food production, supply, and consumption, and the benefits possible from the right kind of food packaging
C. any assessment of its impact on the environment must take into account the benefits one can derive from packaging in the shape of reduced food waste that can be realized by protecting and dispensing food properly

Here, the author gives us the information about the popular view of people concerning wastage and pollution in the food and packaging industry. Then he argues against this popular view. He proceeds to explain the gaps in this view and provides broader aspects of the issue.
Hence OA must be D

2. The passage states the following key points:

A. The view of people from the passage is that "label food packaging is a wasteful use of resources leading to nothing but more pollution"
B. The author argues that there are far more factors than recycling that affects the environment. He states " their view ignores the negative impact of food production, supply, and consumption, and the benefits possible from the right kind of food packaging"
C. further he concludes the passage by stating " the environmental benefit of the food-protection technology outweighs the negative impact of the packaging itself.".
Thus we can infer that in some cases recycling is not an overriding factor. Hence the answer should be E

3. Both B and E are close.
But we must understand that Consideration deals with the general theory that an author introduces in the passage. Here in paragraph 1, the author raises a theory and argues against a popular belief. Hence B
E is wrong because the author doesn't simply highlight an issue but rather provides an elaborate theory against an existing one.


Passage says that environmentally aware consumers tend to dislike and out of 100, i guess few are those who have no awareness about tetra pack technology...So i guess E refer to this limited info that in some cases recycling is overruled factor in determining its impact on environment.

In question Three i was confused between E and B but we can rule out E as it says To highlight that a popular belief, although credible sometimes, i guess that popular belief isnt acceptable to the writer as it is stated in last line of the first para Needless to say, their view ignores the negative impact of food production, supply, and consumption, and the benefits possible from the right kind of food packaging.

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New post 06 Sep 2018, 10:27
Can someone provide a detailed explanation for question 3 ?
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New post 06 Sep 2018, 10:44
sananoor wrote:
pkshankar wrote:
Can someone provide a detailed explanation for question 3 ?


The first para says that ppl have wrong belief. They believe that packages cause pollution but as per writer packaging cost less than 10% of the total energy that goes on packaging, transportation and etc. The writer says that they ignore negative impact of production, supply and consumption....thus the writer is arguing against a popular belief...let elaborate each option

A. presenting a more complete picture of a situation and suggesting a radical solution to the problem---NO situation is discussed....writer has discussed a common belief
B. citing an example of a belief that is not entirely baseless-----Which example?
C. summarizing the negative impacts of an industry, effects of which people are not fully aware----which industry...writer talks against a general belief...no single industry or its negative impact is discussed in the passage
D. arguing against a popular belief---yes this is what writer is trying to do
E. attacking a mindset that has no empirical basis---empirical base? attacking a mindset?


Thanks for your reply but I was looking for a detailed explanation for question 3
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Re: Globally, about a third of the food produced for human consumption  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2018, 10:56
1
1. The author is primarily concerned with


A. presenting a more complete picture of a situation and suggesting a radical solution to the problem

Incorrect: Out of Scope

Although the passage does make an effort to present a more complete picture of the effects of packaging on the environment, the author does not suggest any radical or extreme solution in the passage.

B. citing an example of a belief that is not entirely baseless

Incorrect: Inconsistent

The belief that is considered partly relevant by the author is the one held by the people that packaging is bad; however, the Tetra Pak example is given from the point of view of elucidating that there are certain benefits from food packaging. Also, the passage on the whole is not concerned with citing just this example.

C. summarizing the negative impacts of an industry, effects of which people are not fully aware

Incorrect: Irrelevant

The author does not discuss the negative impact any industry. The fact that one third of the food goes to waste is not a negative of the industry. It just is the nature of food.

D. arguing against a popular belief

Correct

This choice matches our pre-thought answer. The popular belief against which the author argues is that packaging is bad. The author dedicates most of the passage to showing how people’s belief is not fully justified and concludes that the negative effects of packaging are outweighed by its positive effects.

E. attacking a mindset that has no empirical basis

Incorrect: Inconsistent

The author does intend to attack a mindset but one cannot conclude that this mindset has no empirical basis. The author clearly awards some credibility to the belief of the people and agrees that there is a lot of bad and wasteful packaging out there.

2. Which of the following statement can be derived from the passage?


A. The popularity of Tetra Pak in the packaging industry would increase manifold if the environmentally aware customers change their opinion about it.

Incorrect: Out of Scope

Although we do know that the environmentally aware customers dislike Tetra Pak, there is no information given to us regarding how their dislike affects the overall popularity of Tetra Pak in the packaging industry.

B. The complexity involved in the process of recycling Tetra Pak is the reason behind the material’s limited popularity with environmentally aware consumers.

Incorrect: Opposite

The author clearly states that the reason that Tetra Pak is not popular with the environmentally aware consumers is that they think it is NOT recyclable.

C. It is likely that developed countries, which use a lot more food packaging material than developing countries, have lower rates of food wastage than developing countries.

Incorrect: Out of Scope

There is no comparison given regarding the overall food wastage done by developed and developing countries. So, this information cannot be concluded from the passage

D. No biodegradable substance can be labelled as completely benign for the environment.

Incorrect: Out of Scope

The author says that people treat food as benign since it is biodegradable, but they do not consider the negative impact of food wastage. This information does not give us any reason to draw a generalized, extreme statement such as the one drawn in this choice.

E. In some cases, the recyclability of a material is not the overriding factor in determining its impact on the environment.

Correct

This statement can be derived from the following portion of the passage:

Irrespective of the recycling debate around it, Tetra Pak is a good environmental bet because it can extend the shelf life of milk up to nine months, reducing the need for refrigeration — and reducing the amount of milk that goes bad on retail shelves.

Clearly, the author does not consider the recyclability of Tetra Pak as the most important factor in determining its impact on the environment.

3. Which of the following is the function of the first paragraph in the passage?

A. To introduce a view that is responsible for a significant proportion of wastage in an industry

Incorrect: Out of Scope

The author does mention people’s view regarding food in this paragraph but there is no cause and effect relationship drawn between this view and the mentioned wastage of resources.

B. To raise a few considerations against a popular belief

Correct

This choice matches our pre-thought answer. The reason the author shares facts about the food industry and packaging is to reason against the partial view held by the people.

C. To contrast two views on a highly debated topic

Incorrect: Out of Scope

There is no information given to conclude that any topic mentioned in the passage is “highly debated”.

D. To state a situation that has severe damaging effects on the environment

Incorrect: Partial scope

The author does state that a lot of resources are being wasted but this information does not form the full scope of the first paragraph. The author provides this information to show how people are not fully aware of the situation regarding the environmental impacts of food wastage and how their belief that packaging is wasteful and bad may not be always relevant.

E. To highlight that a popular belief, although credible sometimes, does not take in to account the full situation

Incorrect: Out of Scope

The author awards credibility to the people’s view in the second paragraph and not the first.
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Re: Globally, about a third of the food produced for human consumption  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2018, 11:13
pkshankar wrote:
sananoor wrote:
pkshankar wrote:
Can someone provide a detailed explanation for question 3 ?


The first para says that ppl have wrong belief. They believe that packages cause pollution but as per writer packaging cost less than 10% of the total energy that goes on packaging, transportation and etc. The writer says that they ignore negative impact of production, supply and consumption....thus the writer is arguing against a popular belief...let elaborate each option

A. presenting a more complete picture of a situation and suggesting a radical solution to the problem---NO situation is discussed....writer has discussed a common belief
B. citing an example of a belief that is not entirely baseless-----Which example?
C. summarizing the negative impacts of an industry, effects of which people are not fully aware----which industry...writer talks against a general belief...no single industry or its negative impact is discussed in the passage
D. arguing against a popular belief---yes this is what writer is trying to do
E. attacking a mindset that has no empirical basis---empirical base? attacking a mindset?


Thanks for your reply but I was looking for a detailed explanation for question 3



Sorry check my explanation again...while practicing RC i realized that even one single word can change the entire meaning of the option..so be careful while selecting the right option
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Re: Globally, about a third of the food produced for human consumption &nbs [#permalink] 06 Sep 2018, 11:13
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