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# GMAT Prep RC: Anthropologists studying the Hopi people

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GMAT Prep RC: Anthropologists studying the Hopi people  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 05 Dec 2017, 11:32
Question 1
00:00

based on 166 sessions

79% (02:56) correct 21% (03:18) wrong

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Question 2
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based on 166 sessions

67% (01:05) correct 33% (01:03) wrong

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Question 3
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based on 166 sessions

64% (00:50) correct 36% (00:57) wrong

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Question 4
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based on 113 sessions

87% (01:03) correct 13% (00:55) wrong

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New GMAT Prep RC Project: 1 RC Every day. Don't forget to time yourself with the stopwatch below to earn kudos.

Anthropologists studying the Hopi people of the southwestern United States often characterize Hopi society between 1680 and 1880 as surprisingly stable,considering that it was a period of diminution in population and pressure from contact with outside groups, factors that might be expected to cause significant changes in Hopi social arrangements. The Hopis’ retention of their distinctive socio-cultural system has been attributed to the Hopi religious elite’s determined efforts to preserve their religion and way of life, and also to a geographical isolation greater than that of many other Native American groups, an isolation that limited both cultural contact and exposure to European diseases. But equally important to Hopi cultural persistence may have been an inherent flexibility in their social system that may have allowed preservation of traditions even as the Hopis accommodated themselves to change. For example,the system of matrilineal clans was maintained throughout this period, even though some clans merged to form larger groups while others divided into smaller descent groups. Furthermore, although traditionally members of particular Hopi clans appear to have exclusively controlled particular ceremonies, a clan’s control of a ceremony might shift to another clan if the first became too small to manage the responsibility. Village leadership positions traditionally restricted to members of one clan might be similarly extended to members of other clans, and women might assume such positions under certain unusual conditions.

1) The author of the passage would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements about the explanation outlined in the highlighted text?
A. It fails to take into account the effect of geographical circumstances on Hopi culture.
B. It correctly emphasizes the role of the religious elite in maintaining the system of matrilineal clans.
C. It represents a misreading of Hopi culture because it fails to take into account the actual differences that existed among the various Hopi clans.
D. It underestimates the effect on Hopi cultural development of contact with other cultural groups.
E. It is correct but may be insufficient in itself to explain Hopi socio-cultural persistence.

2) Which of the following can be inferred from the passage about the Hopis’ geographic situation between 1680 and 1880?
A. It prevented the Hopis from experiencing a diminution in population.
B. It helped to promote flexibility within their social system.
C. It limited but did not eliminate contact with other cultural groups.
D. It reinforced the religious elite’s determination to resist cultural change.
E. It tended to limit contact between certain Hopi clans.

3) The passage is primarily concerned with
A. reassessing a phenomenon in light of new findings
B. assessing the relative importance of two factors underlying a phenomenon
C. examining the assumptions underlying an interpretation of a phenomenon
D. expanding on an explanation of a phenomenon
E. contrasting two methods for evaluating a phenomenon

4. The author of the passage mentions the control of ceremonies by particular Hopi clans most likely in order to
A. provide an example of the way in which the religious elite protected their position within Hopi society
B. note an exception to a larger pattern evident in many Native American cultures
C. explain the connection in Hopi culture between religious and political leadership
D. illustrate how the Hopis combined flexibility with tradition
E. cite evidence that counters a common misconception about the structure of Hopi society

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Originally posted by souvik101990 on 06 Jun 2016, 08:44.
Last edited by Skywalker18 on 05 Dec 2017, 11:32, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: GMAT Prep RC: Anthropologists studying the Hopi people  [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2016, 08:45

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GMAT Prep RC: Anthropologists studying the Hopi people  [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2016, 09:11
1
1 . E - It is correct but may be insufficient in itself to explain Hopi socio-cultural persistence.- This can be inferred from the lines following the highlighted text.
"But equally important to Hopi cultural persistence may have been an inherent flexibility in their social system that may have allowed preservation of traditions even as the Hopis accommodated themselves to change "

2) Which of the following can be inferred from the passage about the Hopis’ geographic situation between 1680 and 1880?
C. It limited but did not eliminate contact with other cultural groups. It can be inferred from the lines -
also to a geographical isolation greater than that of many other Native American groups, an isolation that limited both cultural contact and exposure to European diseases.

3) The passage is primarily concerned with
D. expanding on an explanation of a phenomenon. Correct

4. The author of the passage mentions the control of ceremonies by particular Hopi clans most likely in order to
(D) illustrate how the Hopis combined flexibility with tradition
But equally important to Hopi cultural persistence may have been an inherent flexibility in their social system that may have allowed preservation of traditions even as the Hopis accommodated themselves to change.

All the 3 correct in 7 mins 15 seconds , took 2 mins and 40 seconds to read the passage (Latest attempt -- All correct(including the newly added Q4)in 8 mins , including 3 mins 10 seconds to read )
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Re: GMAT Prep RC: Anthropologists studying the Hopi people  [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2016, 15:11
4:52 and all correct

1) E is correct as the highlighted part is correct, but 'But equally important to Hopi cultural' after the highlighted part indicates something else to contribute in addition to the highlighted part.

2) C is correct as it is mentioned 'an isolation that limited both cultural contact and exposure '

3) D is correct because the passage explains why the Hopi society was surprisingly stable
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Re: GMAT Prep RC: Anthropologists studying the Hopi people  [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2016, 01:09
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~5 mins. All correct. Neat and easy passage. Others have already posted the explanation, so skipping that part.
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Re: GMAT Prep RC: Anthropologists studying the Hopi people  [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2018, 05:06
Took 6:45 min and got 4/4 correct!
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Re: GMAT Prep RC: Anthropologists studying the Hopi people  [#permalink]

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17 Jan 2019, 20:30
Can you please brief Q3 ?
I couldn't solve it. I didn't know how to proceed with it
Re: GMAT Prep RC: Anthropologists studying the Hopi people   [#permalink] 17 Jan 2019, 20:30
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