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Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both

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Re: CR: Gortland [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2007, 20:41
faifai0714 wrote:
Gortland has long been self -sufficient in both grain and meat.However, as per capita income in Gortland has risen toward the world average, per capita consumption of meat has also risen toward the world average, and it takes several pounds of grain to produce one pound of meat. Therefore, since per capita income continues to rise, whereas domestic grain production will not increase, Gortland will soon have to import either grain or meat or both.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

a) The total acreage devoted to grain production in Gortland will soon decrease.

b) Importing either grain or meat will not result in a significantly higher percentage of Gortlander's incomes being spent on food than is currently the case.

c) The per capita consumption of meat in Gortland is increaing at roughly the same rate across all income levels.

d) The per capita income of meat producers in Gortland is rising faster than the per capita income of grain producers.

e) People in Gortland who increase their consumption of meat will not radically decrease their consumption of grain.


another E
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New post 10 Apr 2007, 11:14
another E
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Most answers are either out-of-scope or are not really an assumption made to derive to the conclusion, except E.

Prod: production, Cons: consumption

Must be: Grain Prod + Meat Prod = Meat Cons + Grain Cons
Grain Prod : SAME
Grain Cons: NO IDEA
Meat Prod: SAME
Meat Cons: UP

In order for the equation to be valid, grain consumption must decrease. Since the author suggest importing grain or meat or both, then he must've assumed that grain consumption will not decrease to balance the equation of production and consumption.

ANSWER: E
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Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2007, 09:20
Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both grain and meat. However, as per capita income in Gortland has risen toward the world average, per capita consumption of meat has also risen toward the world average, and it takes several pounds of grain to produce one pound of meat. Therefore, since per capita income continues to rise, whereas domestic grain production will not increase, Gortland will soon have to import either grain or meat or both.
Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?
(A) The total acreage devoted to grain production in Gortland will not decrease substantially.
(B) The population of Gortland has remained relatively constant during the country’s years of growing prosperity.
(C) The per capita consumption of meat in Gortland is roughly the same across all income levels.
(D) In Gortland, neither meat nor grain is subject to government price controls.
(E) People in Gortland who increase their consumption of meat will not radically decrease their consumption of grain.


This question is from OG...

My issue is that in E..if the populate were to decrese, per capita income would still go up, and so would per capita consumption of meat...but if thats the case..there will still be sufficient grain ..since NET demand is falling..

I am not sure why B is wrong...

any takers?
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Re: CR: Gortland [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2007, 09:35
fresinha12 wrote:
Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both grain and meat. However, as per capita income in Gortland has risen toward the world average, per capita consumption of meat has also risen toward the world average, and it takes several pounds of grain to produce one pound of meat. Therefore, since per capita income continues to rise, whereas domestic grain production will not increase, Gortland will soon have to import either grain or meat or both.
Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?
(A) The total acreage devoted to grain production in Gortland will not decrease substantially.
(B) The population of Gortland has remained relatively constant during the country’s years of growing prosperity.
(C) The per capita consumption of meat in Gortland is roughly the same across all income levels.
(D) In Gortland, neither meat nor grain is subject to government price controls.
(E) People in Gortland who increase their consumption of meat will not radically decrease their consumption of grain.


This question is from OG...

My issue is that in E..if the populate were to decrese, per capita income would still go up, and so would per capita consumption of meat...but if thats the case..there will still be sufficient grain ..since NET demand is falling..

I am not sure why B is wrong...

any takers?


B cannot be right. The consumption of meat depends on the increase in income, not the actual number of population. Say that the population increases during the prosperity period, but those people are the ones with low income, then the consumption of meat will still be the same.
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Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both [#permalink]

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New post 12 May 2011, 07:29
Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both grain and meat. However, as per capita income in
Gortland has risen toward the world average, per capita consumption of meat has also risen toward the world
average, and it takes several pounds of grain to produce one pound of meat. Therefore, since per capita income
continues to rise, whereas domestic grain production will not increase, Gortland will soon have to import either
grain or meat or both.
Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?
(A) The total acreage devoted to grain production in Gortland will not decrease substantially.
(B) The population of Gortland has remained relatively constant during the country’s years of growing
prosperity.
(C) The per capita consumption of meat in Gortland is roughly the same across all income levels.
(D) In Gortland, neither meat nor grain is subject to government price controls.
(E) People in Gortland who increase their consumption of meat will not radically decrease their consumption of
grain.

oa after discussion , please post your timing too.
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New post 12 May 2011, 23:28
i got this right in 1:15 min, but will post the oa later on
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Re: og10 202 [#permalink]

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New post 12 May 2011, 23:38
Clean E, where negating it gives clear indication that if people stop reduce consumption of grains drastically,the country might not even Import either grains or meat.

E
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Re: og10 202 [#permalink]

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New post 16 May 2011, 00:08
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B and E are the ones to be considered. I chose E over B because on a second look at B,if the popultation growth is negated then we havt to consider both rise and fall in population, and these two may have different effects on the argument. For example, if population decreases while total meat consumed is same, the per capita consumption increases and if population groth increases while total meat consumed is same, the per capita consumption decreases.

E states that if both grains and fruits are consumed at an increasing rate, there will be a shortage making import of both necessary.
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New post 16 May 2011, 02:02
OA is E very clearly.
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New post 09 Sep 2011, 02:40
I got E within 1 min
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New post 09 Sep 2011, 14:26
I got E...It took me 2:08 minutes
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Re: og10 202 [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2011, 15:37
garimavyas wrote:
Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both grain and meat. However, as per capita income in
Gortland has risen toward the world average, per capita consumption of meat has also risen toward the world
average, and it takes several pounds of grain to produce one pound of meat. Therefore, since per capita income
continues to rise, whereas domestic grain production will not increase, Gortland will soon have to import either
grain or meat or both.
Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?
(A) The total acreage devoted to grain production in Gortland will not decrease substantially.
(B) The population of Gortland has remained relatively constant during the country’s years of growing
prosperity.
(C) The per capita consumption of meat in Gortland is roughly the same across all income levels.
(D) In Gortland, neither meat nor grain is subject to government price controls.
(E) People in Gortland who increase their consumption of meat will not radically decrease their consumption of
grain.

oa after discussion , please post your timing too.


E. If the meat consumption increases and grain consumption does not decrease, then it might push Gortland to import meat, grain or both.
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Re: og10 202 [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2011, 01:11
E. took 1:15 mins!
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Re: og10 202 [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2011, 06:48
imo E. 00:47
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Re: Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both [#permalink]

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New post 19 May 2012, 08:29
Between b and e. I choose b.

Per capita income: total income / population.
per capita consmuption : total consumption/ population.
Based on the above,
If population is constant, then we can safely assume that per capita income rise is due to real rise in income. If population has fallen drastically, then the per capita income consumption rise is due to lesser population and not because of consumption rise.

Hence, i chose b.

Time: 1.30

Please correct if i am wrong.
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Re: Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both [#permalink]

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New post 19 May 2012, 08:40
E for me

Because if the grain consumption falls because of a rise in meat consumption, then there will not be a shortage of grain. Since E clearly shows that grain consumption will not fall, hence it is critical for this argument
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New post 19 May 2012, 11:35
time - 1. 39
E?
per capita income increases per capita consumtion of meat, and grain is required to produce meat.
Assumption - people wont compromise on consumption of grain to produce more meat.
but nowhere is people consuming grain directly, will it be B?
well i chose E
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Re: Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both [#permalink]

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New post 19 May 2012, 19:46
gortland-has-long-been-narrowly-self-sufficient-in-both-grain-and-meat-12544.html

This question is already discussed on above link
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Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2012, 09:09
Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both grain and meat. However, as per capita income in Gortland has risen toward the world average, per capita consumption of meat has also risen toward the world average, and it takes several pounds of grain to produce one pound of meat. Therefore, since per capita income continues to rise, whereas domestic grain production will not increase, Gortland will soon have to import either grain or meat or both

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

(A) The total acreage devoted to grain production in Gortland will soon decrease.
(B) Importing either grain or meat will not result in a significantly higher percentage of Gortlanders' incomes being spent on food than is currently the case.
(C) The per capita consumption of meat in Gortland is increasing at roughly the same rate across all income levels.
(D) The per capita income of meat producers in Gortland is rising faster than the per capita income of grain producers.
(E) People in Gortland who increase their consumption of meat will not radically decrease their consumption of grain.
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Gortland has long been narrowly self-sufficient in both   [#permalink] 19 Jul 2012, 09:09

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