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# Having forfeited her severance package in order to keep the rights to

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Manager
Joined: 05 Jul 2011
Posts: 54
Having forfeited her severance package in order to keep the rights to  [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2011, 07:02
00:00

Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

70% (00:43) correct 30% (00:53) wrong based on 132 sessions

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"When the modifier begins with having, the verb needs to be had been."

I cant digest this explanation and need some elaboration on this. Please help. This one from Kaplan 800- SC.

OPEN DISCUSSION OF THIS QUESTION IS HERE: https://gmatclub.com/forum/having-forfe ... 73142.html

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Manager
Joined: 24 Nov 2010
Posts: 174
Location: United States (CA)
Concentration: Technology, Entrepreneurship
Schools: Ross '15, Duke '15
Re: Having forfeited her severance package in order to keep the rights to  [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2011, 07:12
RohitKalla wrote:
"When the modifier begins with having, the verb needs to be had been."

I cant digest this explanation and need some elaboration on this. Please help. This one from Kaplan 800- SC.

A - 'it was believed by the employee..' is too verbose
B - It's not clearly who 'She' is here
C- Correct - Active voice is preferable and more concise
D -sounds awkward
E- 'the moral victory was won' sounds awkward
Manager
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Re: Having forfeited her severance package in order to keep the rights to  [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2011, 07:26
RohitKalla wrote:
"When the modifier begins with having, the verb needs to be had been."

I cant digest this explanation and need some elaboration on this. Please help. This one from Kaplan 800- SC.

Where does this rule come from? I think C is the best choice here. Which other choice do you think could be right in this question?
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Senior Manager
Status: Prep started for the n-th time
Joined: 29 Aug 2010
Posts: 474
Re: Having forfeited her severance package in order to keep the rights to  [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2011, 18:08
1
C for me as well.

When a sentence begins with a modifier (Here Having...clause is trying to modify the employee), restructure the sentence by bringing the subject in front of the modifier.
eg

The employee, having for......... , believed that she had won a moral victory.

This exercise itself eliminates A, B and D. E is out as it is passive and the employee is the subj.ect and not moral victory.

So its a straight C.

You just need to remember the rule in bold .

Crick
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Re: Having forfeited her severance package in order to keep the rights to  [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2011, 18:40
C makes more sense than any other. The reasons are
-Right combination of Past tense and past perfect tense,
-Right placement of the subject of the sentence
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Re: Having forfeited her severance package in order to keep the rights to  [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2011, 20:39
between B, C- B changes a little the intent so C looks more promising
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Manager
Joined: 22 Apr 2011
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Re: Having forfeited her severance package in order to keep the rights to  [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2012, 22:06
i pick C here. pronoun error exists in A and B. D and E are out because they are unnecessarily passive. correct me if i am wrong
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Manager
Joined: 17 Mar 2015
Posts: 86
Re: Having forfeited her severance package in order to keep the rights to  [#permalink]

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07 Apr 2018, 09:59
I have a doubt regarding the usage of had in the second part of the sentence. Please elaborate a little on this
Intern
Joined: 03 Apr 2018
Posts: 4
Re: Having forfeited her severance package in order to keep the rights to  [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2018, 11:06
whenever a sentence is starting with verb+ing( modifier) modifies the subject of the clause after comma.
like here the subject of the clause of after comma is the employees, So having will modify the employees here.
Senior Manager
Joined: 17 Mar 2014
Posts: 439
Re: Having forfeited her severance package in order to keep the rights to  [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2018, 18:36
mikemcgarry, could you explain this SC problem. I am not able to understand what does this sentence intend to say ? Is usage of "Had" in option C correct ?

Thanks,
Amm
Director
Joined: 29 Jun 2017
Posts: 524
Re: Having forfeited her severance package in order to keep the rights to  [#permalink]

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17 Apr 2018, 08:50
though sc test clearness, apart from logic, it seldom test choice b. I think.
Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 53066
Re: Having forfeited her severance package in order to keep the rights to  [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2019, 23:35
RohitKalla wrote:
"When the modifier begins with having, the verb needs to be had been."

I cant digest this explanation and need some elaboration on this. Please help. This one from Kaplan 800- SC.

OPEN DISCUSSION OF THIS QUESTION IS HERE: https://gmatclub.com/forum/having-forfe ... 73142.html
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Re: Having forfeited her severance package in order to keep the rights to   [#permalink] 15 Jan 2019, 23:35
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# Having forfeited her severance package in order to keep the rights to

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