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Having forfeited her severance package in order to keep the rights to

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Having forfeited her severance package in order to keep the rights to  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Feb 2018, 20:00
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  15% (low)

Question Stats:

66% (00:52) correct 34% (00:57) wrong based on 143 sessions

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Having forfeited her severance package in order to keep the rights to her intellectual property, it was believed by the employee that she had won a moral victory.


(A) it was believed by the employee that she had won a moral victory

(B) she believed that she had won a moral victory

(C) the employee believed that she had won a moral victory

(D) the employee believed her moral victory to have been won

(E) the employee believed that the moral victory was won
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Re: Having forfeited her severance package in order to keep the rights to  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Feb 2018, 13:35
Hi aaba,

Another great question! Let's break down each answer to figure out which is the best answer.

First, let's get rid of any answers that use vague pronouns. The two that jumped out right away were A & B:

(A) it was believed by the employee that she had won a moral victory
This answer uses passive voice, which the GMAT discourages whenever possible. It's also not clear if the employee herself won, or if the employee believes some other woman won. Therefore we can rule this out as INCORRECT.

(B) she believed that she had won a moral victory
By using the pronoun "she" twice, it's unclear if this phrase is talking about one woman or two. Which "she" is the employee? The one who believes a victory was won, the one who actually won, or are they both referring to the same woman? Since the pronouns are unclear, this one is INCORRECT.

Now that we've narrowed down the answers to C, D, & E, let's look at whether or not each answer conveys the right meaning:

(C) the employee believed that she had won a moral victory
This is the CORRECT answer because it's the clearest and least wordy. We can easily see that the employee believed she herself won.

(D) the employee believed her moral victory to have been won
This is INCORRECT because it suggests that someone else won her victory for her - to have been won by WHOM?

(E) the employee believed that the moral victory was won
Again, this is INCORRECT because it suggests that the victory was won by some other person, not the employee herself.
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Re: Having forfeited her severance package in order to keep the rights to  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Aug 2018, 07:51
+1 for C.

(A) it was believed by the employee that she had won a moral victory

(B) she believed that she had won a moral victory

(C) the employee believed that she had won a moral victory --> Correct, rectifies modifier error, Verb-Tense error, and active voice makes the sentence more clear and concise

(D) the employee believed her moral victory to have been won

(E) the employee believed that the moral victory was won --> Use of Passive voice makes it redundant, "Sorry, who won again ?"

Hence, C.
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Re: Having forfeited her severance package in order to keep the rights to  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Aug 2018, 09:03
Bunuel wrote:
Having forfeited her severance package in order to keep the rights to her intellectual property, it was believed by the employee that she had won a moral victory.


(A) it was believed by the employee that she had won a moral victory
Modifier issue. "Having forfeited her severance package in order to keep the rights to her intellectual property" modifies -->It : Wrong.

(B) she believed that she had won a moral victory
Too many she :) Who is She ?? not Clear. --> Wrong.

(C) the employee believed that she had won a moral victory
"Having forfeited her severance package in order to keep the rights to her intellectual property" modifies --> Employee
"She" refer to Employee. Looks better.

(D) the employee believed her moral victory to have been won
Her ? who dindn't get the link between Her and Employee --> Wrong.
"to have been " change in tense / meaning as well.

(E) the employee believed that the moral victory was won

Twist the meaning and no information who won the moral victory. --> Wrong

So I bet for C.

OA please.

Please correct me if i got this wrong.
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Re: Having forfeited her severance package in order to keep the rights to  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2018, 01:27
Bunuel wrote:
Having forfeited her severance package in order to keep the rights to her intellectual property, it was believed by the employee that she had won a moral victory.


(A) it was believed by the employee that she had won a moral victory

(B) she believed that she had won a moral victory

(C) the employee believed that she had won a moral victory

(D) the employee believed her moral victory to have been won

(E) the employee believed that the moral victory was won


KAPLAN OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:



The initial sentence is not only wordy and passive but it also misuses modifiers. Since the initial, nonunderlined portion of the sentence modifies the employee, the employee needs to begin the underlined portion of the sentence. Eliminate (A), and you can take out (B) as well because, while it gives you a subject, it creates a pronoun error: nowhere in this sentence do we learn who she or her refers to. Of the remaining choices, (E) is grammatically incorrect because was is the wrong tense. Since the modifier begins with Having, the verb needs to be had been. Or, eliminate (E) and (D) because they include passive constructions while (C) is active and otherwise grammatically correct. (C) wins.
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Re: Having forfeited her severance package in order to keep the rights to   [#permalink] 14 Aug 2018, 01:27
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