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He called on Russia to "respect both the letter and intentions" of

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He called on Russia to "respect both the letter and intentions" of [#permalink]

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New post 14 Sep 2017, 18:36
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He called on Russia to "respect both the letter and intentions" of the so-called Vienna Document, which commits Russia and Western nations to report all exercises with more than 13,000 troops or 300 tanks and to allow foreign observers to monitor those who do .

a. those who do
b. those
c. those that do
d. those which do
e. them

Source: NY Times
Experts, would you please explain this one? Would like to learn the meaning of content depicted by each option. This has got me confused.
sayantanc2k Your inputs please.

Thank you
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: He called on Russia to "respect both the letter and intentions" of [#permalink]

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New post 14 Sep 2017, 21:33
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TaN1213 wrote:
He called on Russia to "respect both the letter and intentions" of the so-called Vienna Document, which commits Russia and Western nations to report all exercises with more than 13,000 troops or 300 tanks and to allow foreign observers to monitor those who do .

a. those who do
b. those
c. those that do
d. those which do
e. them

Source: NY Times
Experts, would you please explain this one? Would like to learn the meaning of content depicted by each option. This has got me confused.
sayantanc2k Your inputs please.

Thank you


It should be C

a - those who do refers to countries that hold those exercises but the intent of the author is to highlight the said exercises.
b - those may refer to countries or exercises.
c - correctly emphasizes the exercises which match the description.
d - which is usually used with a comma and emphasizes the noun immediately preceding the comma. IIRC, when you do not have a comma, you need to use that.
e - them could refer to countries or exercises which leaves ambiguity.
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Kudos [?]: 97 [2], given: 489

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User avatar
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Joined: 09 Mar 2017
Posts: 259

Kudos [?]: 93 [0], given: 469

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Concentration: Marketing, Organizational Behavior
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: He called on Russia to "respect both the letter and intentions" of [#permalink]

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New post 15 Sep 2017, 01:42
jedit wrote:
TaN1213 wrote:
He called on Russia to "respect both the letter and intentions" of the so-called Vienna Document, which commits Russia and Western nations to report all exercises with more than 13,000 troops or 300 tanks and to allow foreign observers to monitor those who do .

a. those who do
b. those
c. those that do
d. those which do
e. them

Source: NY Times
Experts, would you please explain this one? Would like to learn the meaning of content depicted by each option. This has got me confused.
sayantanc2k Your inputs please.

Thank you


It should be C

a - those who do refers to countries that hold those exercises but the intent of the author is to highlight the said exercises.
b - those may refer to countries or exercises.
c - correctly emphasizes the exercises which match the description.
d - which is usually used with a comma and emphasizes the noun immediately preceding the comma. IIRC, when you do not have a comma, you need to use that.
e - them could refer to countries or exercises which leaves ambiguity.


Thank you for the reply.

I have thought about it and came to an understanding that the author's intent is to monitor the 'countries' involved with such activities.
Since, 'who' can't be used for 'countries', the correct usage is 'that' for 'countries'.
C. Those (countries) that do.

As per your understanding, if the author's intent is to highlight the exercises, then 'those' would refer to exercises and hence 'those (exercises) that do' don't make sense.


Trust the timing of your life!
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"Trust the timing of your life"
Hit Kudus if this has helped you get closer to your goal, and also to assist others save time. Tq :)

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He called on Russia to "respect both the letter and intentions" of [#permalink]

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New post 15 Sep 2017, 05:39
TaN1213 wrote:
He called on Russia to "respect both the letter and intentions" of the so-called Vienna Document, which commits Russia and Western nations to report all exercises with more than 13,000 troops or 300 tanks and to allow foreign observers to monitor those who do .

a. those who do
b. those
c. those that do
d. those which do
e. them

Source: NY Times
Experts, would you please explain this one? Would like to learn the meaning of content depicted by each option. This has got me confused.
sayantanc2k Your inputs please.



Thank you


I think we should stick to actual GMAT material . Sometimes the language in the real world in not representative of what the GMAT actually would prefer.
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Kudos [?]: 90 [0], given: 488

He called on Russia to "respect both the letter and intentions" of   [#permalink] 15 Sep 2017, 05:39
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