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High-technology medicine is driving up the nation's health care costs.

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High-technology medicine is driving up the nation's health care costs.  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Feb 2017, 21:08
1
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A
B
C
D
E

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  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

75% (01:57) correct 25% (01:57) wrong based on 412 sessions

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High-technology medicine is driving up the nation's health care costs. Recent advances in cataract surgery illustrate why this is occurring. Cataracts are a major cause of blindness, especially in elderly people. Ten years ago, cataract surgery was painful and not always effective. Thanks to the new technology used in cataract surgery, the operation now restores vision dramatically and is less expensive. These two factors have caused the number of cataract operations performed to increase greatly, which has, in turn, driven up the total amount spent on cataract surgery.

Which one of the following can be inferred from the passage?

(A) Ten years ago, few people had successful cataract surgery.
(B) In the long run, the advantages of advanced medical technology are likely to be outweighed by the disadvantages.
(C) The total amount spent on cataract surgery has increased because the increased number of people electing to have the surgery more than
offsets the decrease in cost per operation.
(D) Huge increases in the nation's health care costs are due primarily to increased demand for surgery for older people.
(E) Ten years ago, cataract surgery was affordable for more people than it was last year.
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Re: High-technology medicine is driving up the nation's health care costs.  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Feb 2017, 23:14
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Is it D
as it is asking about inference
The passages main concern is increasing health care costs and option D does address it..
Whereas if we look at other options
A is just re stating the premise stated in the argument above..its not an inference
B out of scope ..we arnt concerned about advantages and disadvantages
C again is re stating the premise
E is opposite of what is mentioned in premise

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Re: High-technology medicine is driving up the nation's health care costs.  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Mar 2017, 11:52
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nailin16 wrote:
Is it D
as it is asking about inference
The passages main concern is increasing health care costs and option D does address it..
Whereas if we look at other options
A is just re stating the premise stated in the argument above..its not an inference
B out of scope ..we arnt concerned about advantages and disadvantages
C again is re stating the premise
E is opposite of what is mentioned in premise

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Disagree, "D" is too strong as it confines the reason for a medicine costs spike to eldelry people. Stimulus of the passage doesn't bring up anything similar to it.
"C" is not a restatement, it's an inference itself as nothing is mentioned in the stimulus that higher medicine costs is a consequence of more people to agree on surgery due to high efficiency and lower costs.

A very good question to train pre-thinking skills, as "C" is the 1st option that comes to mind while reading.
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New post 13 May 2017, 13:11
(A) Ten years ago, few people had successful cataract surgery. No comparison given hence INCORRECT

(B) In the long run, the advantages of advanced medical technology are likely to be outweighed by the
disadvantages.INCORRECT

(C) The total amount spent on cataract surgery has increased because the increased number of people electing to have
the surgery more than offsets the decrease in cost per operation.
CORRECT

(D) Huge increases in the nation's health care costs are due primarily to increased demand for surgery for older
people
.INCORRECT

(E) Ten years ago, cataract surgery was affordable for more people than it was last year. INCORRECT
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Re: High-technology medicine is driving up the nation's health care costs.  [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2017, 10:41
I think its D, as this option only that justifies why we the statement "High-technology medicine is driving up the nation's health care costs." is given in the passage and then followed by cost associated with treatment of disease Catract found in older people.
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New post 12 Nov 2018, 02:36
Hello experts,
I have a doubt in C and D
In C it is stated that surgery has increase bcz of people electing to have the surgery more than offsets the decrease in cost
where as in premise it is stated that decrease in cost makes people to choose do the surgery

In D I agree there is nothing mentioned about olderly people in the passage so we can't infer that right ?
But why is C correct ?
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Re: High-technology medicine is driving up the nation's health care costs.  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2018, 23:51
VeritasKarishma mam

Kindly guide

I am stuck in two answer choices in this question....C and D

I am unable to proceed further
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Re: High-technology medicine is driving up the nation's health care costs.  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Nov 2018, 23:19
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vikasp99 wrote:
High-technology medicine is driving up the nation's health care costs. Recent advances in cataract surgery illustrate why this is occurring. Cataracts are a major cause of blindness, especially in elderly people. Ten years ago, cataract surgery was painful and not always effective. Thanks to the new technology used in cataract surgery, the operation now restores vision dramatically and is less expensive. These two factors have caused the number of cataract operations performed to increase greatly, which has, in turn, driven up the total amount spent on cataract surgery.

Which one of the following can be inferred from the passage?

(A) Ten years ago, few people had successful cataract surgery.
(B) In the long run, the advantages of advanced medical technology are likely to be outweighed by the disadvantages.
(C) The total amount spent on cataract surgery has increased because the increased number of people electing to have the surgery more than
offsets the decrease in cost per operation.
(D) Huge increases in the nation's health care costs are due primarily to increased demand for surgery for older people.
(E) Ten years ago, cataract surgery was affordable for more people than it was last year.



Premises:
- Nation's health care costs are going up due to high tech medicine
- e.g. the cataract surgery is cheaper and more effective
- So more operations are getting done and total cost is increasing

So cataract surgery is getting cheaper but total cost is increasing because many more operations are getting done.

(A) Ten years ago, few people had successful cataract surgery.
Cannot infer. The argument only says that it was "not always effective". That doesn't tell us anything about the success rate. We just know that it was not 100%. Few implies a very low success rate. That we cannot say.

(B) In the long run, the advantages of advanced medical technology are likely to be outweighed by the disadvantages.
Irrelevant to the argument

(C) The total amount spent on cataract surgery has increased because the increased number of people electing to have the surgery more than
offsets the decrease in cost per operation.
Certainly makes sense. The total amount increased because more people got the surgery done. So the increase in number of people offset the decreased cost.
Say 10 yrs back 10 people used to get it done and cost was $100. So total cost was $1000.
Now the total cost has gone up to 1500 though the surgery cost has gone down to $50. Then it means that 300 people are getting it done. So increase in number of people is offsetting the reduced cost.

(D) Huge increases in the nation's health care costs are due primarily to increased demand for surgery for older people.
We are not given this. The author talks about increased health care costs due to better technology and then illustrates how using cataract example (which is a surgery usually for older people). He does not say that the increased health care costs are PRIMARILY due to surgery for older people. Cataract is just one example of how better technology is increasing health care costs.

(E) Ten years ago, cataract surgery was affordable for more people than it was last year.
No. Cataract surgery has become more affordable now than it was.

Answer (C)
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New post 26 Nov 2019, 17:36
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Re: High-technology medicine is driving up the nation's health care costs.   [#permalink] 26 Nov 2019, 17:36
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