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# His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land,

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His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2003, 11:28
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This topic is now locked. Refer to his-studies-of-ice-polished-rocks-to-spot-adverb-166115.html for open discussion of this question.

His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, far outside the range of present-day glaciers, led Louis Agassiz in 1837 to propose the concept of an age in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas.

(A) in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas
(B) in which great ice sheets existed in what are now temperate areas
(C) when great ice sheets existed where there were areas now temperate
(D) when great ice sheets had existed in current temperate areas
(E) when great ice sheets existed in areas now that are temperate

[Reveal] Spoiler:
It's either B or E. Is it due to idioms( in which vs. when) or since the age is in the past; it is unlikely that the great ice sheets existed in areas now. I know diction is important on GMAT. In ( now) temperate areas , does now function as an adjective?

Victor
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2003, 21:42
Nope, "now" is not an adjective - the key to the sentence is the "in which."

If using the word "peroid, something has to exist in or within a period. That is why (B) is the best choice here.
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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02 Jul 2003, 00:22
Curly05 wrote:
What does now function as?
Victor

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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2004, 18:24
His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, far outside the range of present-day glaciers, led Louis Agassiz in 1837 to propose the concept of an age in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas.

(A) in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas
(B) in which great ice sheets existed in what are now temperate areas
(C) when great ice sheets existed where there were areas now temperate
(D) when great ice sheets had existed in current temperate areas
(E) when great ice sheets existed in areas now that are temperate

Last edited by kpadma on 16 Feb 2004, 09:36, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2004, 21:21
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I go with B on this one
A) now/currently is redundant
C) if you are talking about something "now temperate", the present tense "are" is needed. "were" is wrong
D) this is illogical. It is as though those ice sheets existed, but ceased to exist in the temperate areas of today.
E) syntax error. Adjective "now" should immediately precede "temperate" because it should be used in conjonction with "temperate" in order to describe the noun "areas"
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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16 Feb 2004, 01:55
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His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, far outside the range of present-day glaciers, led Louis Agassiz in 1837 to propose the concept of an age in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas.

(A) in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas
(B) in which great ice sheets existed in what are now temperate areas
(C) when great ice sheets existed where there were areas now temperate
(D) when great ice sheets had existed in current temperate areas
(E) when great ice sheets existed in areas now that are temperate

B is best

C,D,E change the meaning of the sentence..

it suggests that the proposal was made "when" the great ice sheets existed..thats incorrect

A .... now ..currently ...using the two together is redundant

B is best

praetorian
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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16 Feb 2004, 06:38
Can someone tell me the difference between "in which" and "when" in this context. I chose B by finding flaws other than when/in which in the other sentences. By being able to eliminate CDE on the basis that they use "when" would be much more simple.
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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25 Apr 2004, 07:39
His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home-
land, far outside the range of present-day glaciers,
led Louis Agassiz in 1837 to propose the concept of
an age in which great ice sheets had existed in now
currently temperate areas.

(A) in which great ice sheets had existed in now
currently temperate areas
(B) in which great ice sheets existed in what are
‍now temperate areas
(C) when great ice sheets existed where there were
‍areas now temperate
(D) when great ice sheets had existed in current
‍temperate areas
(E) when great ice sheets existed in areas now that
‍are temperate
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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25 Apr 2004, 09:41
A for me
A) makes clear that the ice sheets once existed in places that are now temperate
E) "areas now that are temperate" is a very awkward sentence construction to say the least. Also, past perfect tense is needed to convey that the "ice sheets" existed before the time Louis Agassiz made his research in 1837
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2004, 15:27
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Usage of when in this situation is incorrect. "in which" correctly qualifies the age.
So choice is between A and B.
vivek_dj's explanation is apropriate to rule out A.
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2004, 16:57
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mbamantra wrote:
His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home-
land, far outside the range of present-day glaciers,
led Louis Agassiz in 1837 to propose the concept of
an age in which great ice sheets had existed in now
currently temperate areas.

(A) in which great ice sheets had existed in now
currently temperate areas
(B) in which great ice sheets existed in what are
now temperate areas
(C) when great ice sheets existed where there were
areas now temperate
(D) when great ice sheets had existed in current
temperate areas
(E) when great ice sheets existed in areas now that
are temperate

1. "when" is incorrect because it suggests that Louis proposed the concept when great ice sheets had existed. This completely changes the original meaning.

2. "in which" correctly explains what that age was like.

3. "now currently" is incorrect...either use now or currently...using both of them is redundant usage.

That only leaves us Choice B and IMO, its the best answer
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2005, 23:24
His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alppine homeland, far outside the range of present-day glaciers, led Louis Agassiz in 1837 to propose the concept of an age in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas.
(A)
(B) in which great ice sheets existed in what are now temperate areas
(C) when great ice sheets existed where there were areas now temperate
(D) when great ice sheets had existed in currently temperate areas
(E) when great ice sheets existed in now that are temperate

Last edited by HongHu on 30 Jan 2005, 23:50, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2005, 23:42
A)in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas.

In which cannot be used to denote time!

(B) in which great ice sheets existed in what re now temperate areas

In which cannot be used to denote time!

(C) when great ice sheets existed where there were areas now temperate
ackward

(D) when great ice sheets had existed in currently temperate areas
OK. Nicely uses past perfect to denote an event before another event.

(E) when great ice sheets existed in now that are temperate
ackward
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2005, 09:07
(A) in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas
now currently, repetitive, wrong

(B) in which great ice sheets existed in what are now temperate areas
(C) when great ice sheets existed where there were areas now temperate
where there were areas wrong

(D) when great ice sheets had existed in currently temperate areas
(E) when great ice sheets existed in now that are temperate
in now that wrong

I still would like to hear some more discussions about why (D) is wrong and (B) is right.
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2005, 11:36
B is perfectly fine here.
Lets look at B & D

In D currently temperate areas is wrong
mainly because currently an adverb is modifying adjective temperate which in turn modifying noun areas leading to a complex and confusing structure. Instead we need a different format to modifying areas to indicate present time.

in B
what pronoun clearly refers to areas
what are now temperate areas makes right comparison between two time periods on the same area.

in which great ice sheets existed in what are now temperate areas
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Last edited by praveen_rao7 on 31 Jan 2005, 16:09, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2005, 12:48
OOPS .... I know why eliminated A and B mistakenly when I replied half asleep to the question

It is "where" that cannot be used for time not "In which". . In which is perfectly acceptable to describe a time or a time period

My bad. Sorry, if I confused anyone!
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2005, 18:27
His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside the range of present-day glaciers, led Louis Agassiz in 1837 to propose the concept of an age in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas.

(A) in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas
(B) in which great ice sheets existed in what are now temperate areas
(C) when great ice sheets existed where there were areas now temperate
(D) when great ice sheets had existed in current temperate areas
(E) when great ice sheets existed in areas now that are temperate
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2005, 19:58
B for me!
A - now currently is wrong. Also "had existed" doesn't sound right.
D - "had existed in current temperate areas"???
E - "areas now" is wrong.
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2005, 21:10
B for me.
A sounds redundant with now and currently
C: "areas now temperate" makes wrong grammatical arrangement.
D: just to point out grammatical mistake : "current" should be "currently" here as it modifies another adj . The logic of this sentence also sounds bad.
E:"now" should be put right after " are"
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2005, 21:18
A - disjointed feel to the sentence
C,D,E - the use of 'when' doesn't seem to be correct. We want to refer to a period during the ice age and 'in which' is more ideal

This leaves us with B
Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land,   [#permalink] 04 Oct 2005, 21:18

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