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# Historian: In the Drindian Empire, censuses were conducted annually to

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Historian: In the Drindian Empire, censuses were conducted annually to  [#permalink]

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12 May 2015, 05:48
11
00:00

Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

68% (02:29) correct 32% (02:40) wrong based on 487 sessions

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Historian: In the Drindian Empire, censuses were conducted annually to determine the population of each village. Village census records for the last half of the 1600’s are remarkably complete. This very completeness makes one point stand out; in five different years, villages overwhelmingly reported significant population declines. Tellingly, each of those five years immediately followed an increase in a certain Drindian tax. This tax, which was assessed on villages, was computed by the central government using the annual census figures. Obviously, whenever the tax went up, villages had an especially powerful economic incentive to minimize the number of people they recorded; and concealing the size of a village’s population from government census takers would have been easy. Therefore, it is reasonable to think that the reported declines did not happen.

In the historian’s argument, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) The first presents a finding to support the position the historian seeks to establish; the second is a consideration that has been used to argue against that position.

(B) The first provides a context for certain evidence that supports the position that the historian seeks to establish; the second is the judgement advanced to support that position.

(C) The first is a position that the historian seeks to establish; the second is evidence that has been used to argue against that position.

(D) The first is an assumption that the historian explicitly makes in support of a certain position; the second is that position.

(E) The first is the claim that the historian rejects; the second is a conclusion drawn to justify that rejection.

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Re: Historian: In the Drindian Empire, censuses were conducted annually to  [#permalink]

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12 May 2015, 05:51
Screen shot of the question that the question is from QP 1.
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Re: Historian: In the Drindian Empire, censuses were conducted annually to  [#permalink]

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12 May 2015, 05:57
Historian: In the Drindian Empire, censuses were conducted annually to determine the population of each village. Village census records for the last half of the 1600’s are remarkably complete. This very completeness makes one point stand out; in five different years, villages overwhelmingly reported significant population declines. Tellingly, each of those five years immediately followed an increase in a certain Drindian tax. This tax, which was assessed on villages, was computed by the central government using the annual census figures. Obviously, whenever the tax went up, villages had an especially powerful economic incentive to minimize the number of people they recorded; and concealing the size of a village’s population from government census takers would have been easy. Therefore, it is reasonable to think that the reported declines did not happen.

In the historian’s argument, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A) The first presents a finding to support the position the historian seeks to establish ; the second is a consideration that has been used to argue against that position.
The first is a fact which is used to establish author's position.The second actually supports that position

B) The first provides a context for certain evidence that supports the position that the historian seeks to establish ; the second is the judgement advanced to support that position -> Correct

C) The first is a position that the historian seeks to establish ; the second is evidence that has been used to argue against that position.
First is a fact and second is author's view point or a judgement.

D) The first is an assumption that the historian explicitly makes in support of a certain position ; the second is that position.
The first is a fact and can be verified by anyone.

E) The first is the claim that the historian rejects ; the second is a conclusion drawn to justify that rejection.
The first is used to establish the historian's position
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Re: Historian: In the Drindian Empire, censuses were conducted annually to  [#permalink]

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19 May 2015, 13:55
kinjiGC wrote:
Historian: In the Drindian Empire, censuses were conducted annually to determine the population of each village. Village census records for the last half of the 1600’s are remarkably complete. This very completeness makes one point stand out; in five different years, villages overwhelmingly reported significant population declines. Tellingly, each of those five years immediately followed an increase in a certain Drindian tax. This tax, which was assessed on villages, was computed by the central government using the annual census figures. Obviously, whenever the tax went up, villages had an especially powerful economic incentive to minimize the number of people they recorded; and concealing the size of a village’s population from government census takers would have been easy. Therefore, it is reasonable to think that the reported declines did not happen.

In the historian’s argument, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A) The first presents a finding to support the position the historian seeks to establish ; the second is a consideration that has been used to argue against that position. The author doesn't argue against his position

B) The first provides a context for certain evidence that supports the position that the historian seeks to establish ; the second is the judgement advanced to support that position. Correct.

C) The first is a position that the historian seeks to establish ; the second is evidence that has been used to argue against that position. The same as A

D) The first is an assumption that the historian explicitly makes in support of a certain position ; the second is that position. The first bold part is not an assumption, this is fact.

E) The first is the claim that the historian rejects ; the second is a conclusion drawn to justify that rejection. The author doesn't reject the fact that surveys were remarkably complete.

This question is similar to : historian-in-the-drindian-empire-censuses-were-conducted-57912.html
But different bold faced is highlighted.

Tough question. But we can eliminate all incorrect answers. Hope it is clear
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Re: Historian: In the Drindian Empire, censuses were conducted annually to  [#permalink]

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26 May 2018, 07:37
Question Type: Bold Face

Conclusion: It is reasonable to think that the reported population declines in census did not actually happen.
BF1: Village census records for the last half of the 1600’s are remarkably complete - Surprising fact
BF2: Whenever the tax went up, villages had an especially powerful economic incentive to minimize the number of people they recorded - Conclusion of the argument is derived from BF2

(A) The first presents a finding to support the position the historian seeks to establish; the second is a consideration that has been used to argue against that position. - BF2 doesn't argue against the position that the historian seeks to establish.

(B) The first provides a context for certain evidence that supports the position that the historian seeks to establish; the second is the judgement advanced to support that position. - Correct.

(C) The first is a position that the historian seeks to establish; the second is evidence that has been used to argue against that position. - BF2 isn't against the position that the historian seeks to establish

(D) The first is an assumption that the historian explicitly makes in support of a certain position; the second is that position. - BF1 is not an assumption.

(E) The first is the claim that the historian rejects; the second is a conclusion drawn to justify that rejection. - The historian doesn't reject BF1.

Re: Historian: In the Drindian Empire, censuses were conducted annually to &nbs [#permalink] 26 May 2018, 07:37
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