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Historian: In the Drindian Empire, censuses were conducted annually to

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Historian: In the Drindian Empire, censuses were conducted annually to [#permalink]

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New post 12 May 2015, 06:48
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  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

64% (01:45) correct 36% (01:57) wrong based on 300 sessions

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Historian: In the Drindian Empire, censuses were conducted annually to determine the population of each village. Village census records for the last half of the 1600’s are remarkably complete. This very completeness makes one point stand out; in five different years, villages overwhelmingly reported significant population declines. Tellingly, each of those five years immediately followed an increase in a certain Drindian tax. This tax, which was assessed on villages, was computed by the central government using the annual census figures. Obviously, whenever the tax went up, villages had an especially powerful economic incentive to minimize the number of people they recorded; and concealing the size of a village’s population from government census takers would have been easy. Therefore, it is reasonable to think that the reported declines did not happen.

In the historian’s argument, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) The first presents a finding to support the position the historian seeks to establish; the second is a consideration that has been used to argue against that position.

(B) The first provides a context for certain evidence that supports the position that the historian seeks to establish; the second is the judgement advanced to support that position.

(C) The first is a position that the historian seeks to establish; the second is evidence that has been used to argue against that position.

(D) The first is an assumption that the historian explicitly makes in support of a certain position; the second is that position.

(E) The first is the claim that the historian rejects; the second is a conclusion drawn to justify that rejection.

Similar Question : LINK
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Historian: In the Drindian Empire, censuses were conducted annually to [#permalink]

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New post 12 May 2015, 06:51
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Re: Historian: In the Drindian Empire, censuses were conducted annually to [#permalink]

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New post 12 May 2015, 06:57
Historian: In the Drindian Empire, censuses were conducted annually to determine the population of each village. Village census records for the last half of the 1600’s are remarkably complete. This very completeness makes one point stand out; in five different years, villages overwhelmingly reported significant population declines. Tellingly, each of those five years immediately followed an increase in a certain Drindian tax. This tax, which was assessed on villages, was computed by the central government using the annual census figures. Obviously, whenever the tax went up, villages had an especially powerful economic incentive to minimize the number of people they recorded; and concealing the size of a village’s population from government census takers would have been easy. Therefore, it is reasonable to think that the reported declines did not happen.

In the historian’s argument, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A) The first presents a finding to support the position the historian seeks to establish ; the second is a consideration that has been used to argue against that position.
The first is a fact which is used to establish author's position.The second actually supports that position

B) The first provides a context for certain evidence that supports the position that the historian seeks to establish ; the second is the judgement advanced to support that position -> Correct

C) The first is a position that the historian seeks to establish ; the second is evidence that has been used to argue against that position.
First is a fact and second is author's view point or a judgement.

D) The first is an assumption that the historian explicitly makes in support of a certain position ; the second is that position.
The first is a fact and can be verified by anyone.

E) The first is the claim that the historian rejects ; the second is a conclusion drawn to justify that rejection.
The first is used to establish the historian's position
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My Application Experience : http://gmatclub.com/forum/hardwork-never-gets-unrewarded-for-ever-189267-40.html#p1516961
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Re: Historian: In the Drindian Empire, censuses were conducted annually to [#permalink]

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New post 19 May 2015, 14:55
kinjiGC wrote:
Historian: In the Drindian Empire, censuses were conducted annually to determine the population of each village. Village census records for the last half of the 1600’s are remarkably complete. This very completeness makes one point stand out; in five different years, villages overwhelmingly reported significant population declines. Tellingly, each of those five years immediately followed an increase in a certain Drindian tax. This tax, which was assessed on villages, was computed by the central government using the annual census figures. Obviously, whenever the tax went up, villages had an especially powerful economic incentive to minimize the number of people they recorded; and concealing the size of a village’s population from government census takers would have been easy. Therefore, it is reasonable to think that the reported declines did not happen.

In the historian’s argument, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A) The first presents a finding to support the position the historian seeks to establish ; the second is a consideration that has been used to argue against that position. The author doesn't argue against his position

B) The first provides a context for certain evidence that supports the position that the historian seeks to establish ; the second is the judgement advanced to support that position. Correct.

C) The first is a position that the historian seeks to establish ; the second is evidence that has been used to argue against that position. The same as A

D) The first is an assumption that the historian explicitly makes in support of a certain position ; the second is that position. The first bold part is not an assumption, this is fact.

E) The first is the claim that the historian rejects ; the second is a conclusion drawn to justify that rejection. The author doesn't reject the fact that surveys were remarkably complete.

This question is similar to : historian-in-the-drindian-empire-censuses-were-conducted-57912.html
But different bold faced is highlighted.

Tough question. But we can eliminate all incorrect answers. Hope it is clear
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Re: Historian: In the Drindian Empire, censuses were conducted annually to [#permalink]

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New post 29 Dec 2017, 19:17
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Re: Historian: In the Drindian Empire, censuses were conducted annually to   [#permalink] 29 Dec 2017, 19:17
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Historian: In the Drindian Empire, censuses were conducted annually to

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