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If 200 lb of a mixture contain 80% husk and 20% sand. Then
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Updated on: 02 Dec 2013, 08:21
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If 200 lb of a mixture contain 80% husk and 20% sand. Then how much husk needs to be extracted in order to have 75% concentration of Husk? A. 1/4 B. 20/3 C. 1/2 D. 40 E. 60
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http://gmatclub.com/forum/countdownbeginshasended8548340.html#p649902
Originally posted by tejal777 on 13 Aug 2009, 03:27.
Last edited by Bunuel on 02 Dec 2013, 08:21, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic, edited the question and added the OA.




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Re: If 200 lb of a mixture contain 80% husk and 20% sand. Then
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22 Apr 2014, 02:46
Mixture has 160 lbs husk & 40 lbs sand After removal of husk, its percentage should be 75%, it means percentage of sand should be 25% 25% of What?? = 40 What comes out to be 160 200  160 = 40 40lbs husk should be removed to have its share 75% Answer = D Algebraic Method:Husk............ Sand........... Total 160............... 40.................. 200 Lets say quantity x husk is removed 160x ............. 40 .................. 200x Setting up the equation \(160x = \frac{75}{100} (200x)\) x = 40 Answer = D
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Re: concentration of Husk?
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13 Aug 2009, 05:10
tejal777 wrote: if 200 lb of a mixture contain 80% husk and 20%sand. Then how much husk needs to be extracted in order to have 75% concentration of Husk?
1/4 20/3 1/2 40 60
DETAILED SOLUTION PLEASE>>> We need to extract 40 lb of husk. 80 % of 200 = 160 20 % of 200 = 40 Now we have t remove husk to have 75 % of Husk ( key point sand is not supposed to be removed) Let X be the new quantity after removing husk So, 40 = 25 % of X X = 160 Husk will 120 lbs , hence we need to remove 1/4 of the total husk or 40 lbs



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Re: concentration of Husk?
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26 Aug 2009, 03:00
40 it is... ONE MORE WAY TO APPROACH ..ALTHOUGH CONCEPT IS SIMILAR....
(160x) = (200x)75/100
Solve for x... x = 40



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Re: concentration of Husk?
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26 Jan 2010, 22:50
Good question. When I first tried it, I kind of overlooked the word extracted. Once I realized the answer i came up with was not an answer choice...I decided to look at the question again. I need to figure out how to overcome this problem I sometimes have with reading a question and not catching certain key words.



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Re: concentration of Husk?
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27 Jan 2010, 02:11
I would suggest a generalized strategy: 1) reading the question in parts and not the whole in one go. 2) writing down the necessary numbers to make it simpler (i.e. converting the English into Numbers). In the above example, the key is to understand that 'sand' should not be extracted, which means that the 'sand' quantity in the mixture will not change. Only the proportion(% in terms of the mixture) will change. First 'sand' was 20% of the mixture i.e. 40lbs. Lateron this 40lbs 'sand' becomes 25% of the mixture. Now the rest 75% of the mixture will be 120lbs of husk. Which is a reduction of 40lbs of 'husk', which is your answer.



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Re: concentration of Husk?
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26 Jan 2011, 10:40
one more way to approach 200*80/100x=75/100*(200x) solve for x=40
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Re: concentration of Husk?
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12 Mar 2011, 02:49
160x/200x = 3/4 So x = 40 and the answer is D.
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Re: concentration of Husk?
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17 May 2011, 07:50
80% of 200 = 160 lb of husk > Total Husk in 200 lb. 75% concentration of total husk = 75% of 160 lb = (3/4) * 160 = 120 Total amount to be extracted = Initial Amount of Husk  75% concentration of Husk Total amount to be extracted = 160 lb  120 lb = 40 lb
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Re: concentration of Husk?
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17 May 2011, 11:55
(160x)/(200x) = 75/100=3/4 x=640600 = 40
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Re: concentration of Husk?
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17 May 2011, 16:53
let x be the removed husk quantity
=> \((80/100)(200)x = (75/100)(200x)\)
=> x = 40



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Re: If 200 lb of a mixture contain 80% husk and 20% sand. Then
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18 Apr 2014, 21:25
Total=200lb Husk=160 Other=40 Consider X is taken out. (160X) = .75 (200X) {Since the new solution has 75% conc.} X=40
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Re: If 200 lb of a mixture contain 80% husk and 20% sand. Then
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28 May 2014, 19:13
Easy approach:
From the question you know that Husk = 160lbs (80% of 200) Sand = 40lbs (20% of 200)
After removing some Husk the concentration will be 75%. We need to find how much Husk to remove
Remember that the quantity of sand doesn't change, we still have 40lbs of sand, but now they represent 25% of the new mix. If 25% = 40lbs, 75% equals 120lbs (simple math)
So we need to remove: 160120 lbs = 40!!



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Re: If 200 lb of a mixture contain 80% husk and 20% sand. Then
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01 Jun 2014, 21:51
PareshGmat wrote: Mixture has 160 lbs husk & 40 lbs sand
After removal of husk, its percentage should be 75%, it means
percentage of sand should be 25%
25% of What?? = 40
What comes out to be 160
200  160 = 40
40lbs husk should be removed to have its share 75%
Answer = D
Algebraic Method:
Husk............ Sand........... Total 160............... 40.................. 200
Lets say quantity x husk is removed
160x ............. 40 .................. 200x
Setting up the equation
\(160x = \frac{75}{100} (200x)\) x = 40
Answer = D One more method to setup the equation: \(40 = \frac{25}{100} * (200x)\) 160 = 200  x x = 40
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Re: If 200 lb of a mixture contain 80% husk and 20% sand. Then
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03 Aug 2015, 03:40
(160x/200x)*100=75
1000=25x => x=40
OR
0.8*(200)x=0.75*(200x)
10=0.25x => x=40
D



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Re: If 200 lb of a mixture contain 80% husk and 20% sand. Then
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25 Sep 2016, 09:28
200(80/100)  x = (200x)(75/100)
160  x = 150  3/4 (x)
10 = 3/4 (x) + 4/4
10 = 1/4 (x) > x = 40



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Re: If 200 lb of a mixture contain 80% husk and 20% sand. Then
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