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Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 58427
If a and b are integers and (2^a)(3^b) is a factor of 100^40, what is  [#permalink]

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Difficulty:   35% (medium)

Question Stats: 62% (01:19) correct 38% (01:51) wrong based on 167 sessions

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If a and b are integers and (2^a)(3^b) is a factor of 100^40, what is the largest possible value of ab?

A. 0
B. 5
C. 20
D. 40
E. 80

_________________
SVP  B
Joined: 06 Nov 2014
Posts: 1873
Re: If a and b are integers and (2^a)(3^b) is a factor of 100^40, what is  [#permalink]

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1
2
Bunuel wrote:
If a and b are integers and (2^a)(3^b) is a factor of 100^40, what is the largest possible value of ab?

A. 0
B. 5
C. 20
D. 40
E. 80

(2^a)(3^b) is a factor of 100^40
We need to find the largest possible value of ab.

We know that 100 = 2^2*5^2
Therefore 100^40 will have no powers of 3 in it.
Hence in (2^a)(3^b), b has to 0

Therefore value of ab = 0

Correct Option: A
Manager  B
Joined: 07 May 2015
Posts: 174
Location: India
GMAT 1: 660 Q48 V31 GPA: 3
Re: If a and b are integers and (2^a)(3^b) is a factor of 100^40, what is  [#permalink]

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100 has prime factors 2 and 5 so exponent of prime factor will be 0
thus irrespective of value of exponent value of 2 ab wil always be 0

ans: A
Board of Directors D
Status: QA & VA Forum Moderator
Joined: 11 Jun 2011
Posts: 4774
Location: India
GPA: 3.5
WE: Business Development (Commercial Banking)
Re: If a and b are integers and (2^a)(3^b) is a factor of 100^40, what is  [#permalink]

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1
Bunuel wrote:
If a and b are integers and (2^a)(3^b) is a factor of 100^40, what is the largest possible value of ab?

A. 0
B. 5
C. 20
D. 40
E. 80

Good one from Bunuel as usual

$$100^{40}$$ = $$10^{80}$$

$$10^{80}$$ = $${2*5}^{80}$$

From the above you get a = 80 ; but what about b ?

There is no 3 in 100^40 , so b will be 0

hence ab = 80*0 =>0

Answer will be (A)
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Abhishek....

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Manager  S
Joined: 22 Sep 2018
Posts: 240
Re: If a and b are integers and (2^a)(3^b) is a factor of 100^40, what is  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
If a and b are integers and (2^a)(3^b) is a factor of 100^40, what is the largest possible value of ab?

A. 0
B. 5
C. 20
D. 40
E. 80

I am so careless.. ended up choosing E.

There are 80 multiples of 2 in 100^40 and 0 multiples of 3

so 0 * 80 = 0. i need to make sure I am answering the question!!!!
Manager  S
Joined: 04 Dec 2017
Posts: 93
Location: India
Concentration: Other, Entrepreneurship
Schools: ISB '20 (D)
GMAT 1: 570 Q36 V33 GMAT 2: 620 Q44 V32 GMAT 3: 720 Q49 V39 GPA: 3
WE: Engineering (Other)
Re: If a and b are integers and (2^a)(3^b) is a factor of 100^40, what is  [#permalink]

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(100)^40 = { (2)^2 * (5)^2 }^40 = ( 2^80 * 5^80)

Given,

2^a * 3^b is a factor of (100)^40 (= ( 2^80 * 5^80)). This is possible for a=80 and b=0.

Hence, a*b = 80*0 = 0 Re: If a and b are integers and (2^a)(3^b) is a factor of 100^40, what is   [#permalink] 11 Jun 2019, 02:14
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If a and b are integers and (2^a)(3^b) is a factor of 100^40, what is

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