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# If a person chooses to walk rather than drive, there is one

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If a person chooses to walk rather than drive, there is one  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 28 Mar 2017, 09:46
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If a person chooses to walk rather than drive, there is one less vehicle emitting pollution into the air than there would be otherwise. Therefore if people would walk whenever it is feasible for them to do so, then pollution will be greatly reduced.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A) Cutting down on pollution can be achieved in a variety of ways.
B) Taking public transportation rather than driving is not always feasible.
C) Walking is the only feasible alternative to driving that results in a reduction in pollution.
D) There are people who never drive but who often walk.
E) People sometimes drive when it is feasible to walk instead.

Originally posted by smashzone on 27 Nov 2009, 23:04.
Last edited by HKD1710 on 28 Mar 2017, 09:46, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: If a person chooses to walk rather than drive, there is one  [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2009, 01:31
It is C. Since here it is assumed as walking to be only soultion to driving to reduce pollution.
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Re: If a person chooses to walk rather than drive, there is one  [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2009, 02:37
yes..it makes sense as conclusion says

Therefore if people would walk whenever it is feasible for them to do so, then pollution will be greatly reduced.

if we negate C

Walking is the only feasible alternative to driving that results in a reduction in pollution
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Re: If a person chooses to walk rather than drive, there is one  [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2009, 04:18
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IMo it is E .
The conclusion states that if people choose to walk whenever it is feasible for them to do so ..
It means that there exist people who drive when they could walk ..

We are not considering other possible alternatves , the scope of the argument is limited to choosing between walking and driving ..
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Re: If a person chooses to walk rather than drive, there is one  [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2009, 12:21
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E is a classic shell game.

If people could walk whenever it is feasible, then pollution is greatly reduced.
walking alone reduces pollution? consider biking as well!!!!

So C is the answer, author is assuming that walking in the only way to reduce pollution. He is totally ill-concerned of other alternatives.
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Re: If a person chooses to walk rather than drive, there is one  [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2009, 21:03
Agree with E.
Can't be C because even if walking is not the only feasible alternative, the fact that walking can reduce pollution may be still true.
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Re: If a person chooses to walk rather than drive, there is one  [#permalink]

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30 Nov 2009, 07:06
smashzone wrote:
If a person chooses to walk rather than drive, there is one less vehicle emitting pollution into the air than there would be otherwise. Therefore if people would walk whenever it is feasible for them to do so, then pollution will be greatly reduced.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A) Cutting down on pollution can be achieved in a variety of ways.
B) Taking public transportation rather than driving is not always feasible.
C) Walking is the only feasible alternative to driving that results in a reduction in pollution.
D) There are people who never drive but who often walk.
E) People sometimes drive when it is feasible to walk instead.

E for sure.

A - Has nothing to do with driving.
B - This actually weakens the argument
C - "Only" is too strong a word and there is nothing stated in the premise or conclusion that assumes this
D - Weakens argument
E - Correct answer. Is closely related to the premise and the conclusion.
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Re: If a person chooses to walk rather than drive, there is one  [#permalink]

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25 Apr 2012, 03:43
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Negation for sometimes is never
People never drive when it is feasible to walk instead. Thus they already try to walk when they can but the polution has not decrease-> against the conclusion. Thus it is E
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Re: If a person chooses to walk rather than drive, there is one  [#permalink]

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03 May 2012, 23:51
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smashzone wrote:
If a person chooses to walk rather than drive, there is one less vehicle emitting pollution into the air than there would be otherwise. Therefore if people would walk whenever it is feasible for them to do so, then pollution will be greatly reduced.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A) Cutting down on pollution can be achieved in a variety of ways.
B) Taking public transportation rather than driving is not always feasible.
C) Walking is the only feasible alternative to driving that results in a reduction in pollution.
D) There are people who never drive but who often walk.
E) People sometimes drive when it is feasible to walk instead.

Ans Exp

Here the conclusion:- then pollution will be greatly reduced so in an assumption question we should always support the conclusion so we should prove that the pollution would be decreases if which of the following is done here i use Negation technique for each option

a. Cutting down on pollution can not be achieved in a variety of ways. so this statement is showing that pollution cannot be reduced which is quite opposite to the conclusion so eliminate it
b.Taking public transportation rather than driving is always feasible.i negated this choice by eliminating not so by negating this option states that taking public transportation system rather than driving is feasible so if people follow this then pollution get reduced but we don't know that people are following this so we cannot conclude that pollution reduces so eliminate this option.
c. Walking is the not only feasible alternative to driving that results in a reduction in pollution. so this statement after negation states that there are another methods to reduce pollution so by this we cannot definitely say that pollution can be reduced as we don't know that other ways are most effective ways to reduce pollution that walking so eliminate this.
d.There are people who never drive but who often don't walk so by negating this option says that some people will never drive and never walk so the pollution from such people will neither increase or decrease, so eliminate this option.
e.People sometimes don't drive when it is feasible to walk instead, so by negation this option states that when people have chance of walking they walk they use vehicle only when walking is not feasible so by such people the pollution can be reduced to some extent so which supports the conclusion so the Answer option is e.

Hope it's clear.
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Re: If a person chooses to walk rather than drive, there is one  [#permalink]

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04 May 2012, 15:08
Would not C be the classical shell game because it restates two parts of the premise and combines them in an answer.

IMO E
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Re: If a person chooses to walk rather than drive, there is one  [#permalink]

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04 May 2012, 15:44
smashzone wrote:
If a person chooses to walk rather than drive, there is one less vehicle emitting pollution into the air than there would be otherwise. Therefore walk wheneveif people would r it is feasible for them to do so, then pollution will be greatly reduced.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A) Cutting down on pollution can be achieved in a variety of ways.
B) Taking public transportation rather than driving is not always feasible.
C) Walking is the only feasible alternative to driving that results in a reduction in pollution.
D) There are people who never drive but who often walk.
E) People sometimes drive when it is feasible to walk instead.

HELLO
my analysis
this is a conditional statement if p then q
the conclusion is if people would walk whenever it is feasible for them to do so, then pollution will be greatly reduced.
evidences If a person chooses to walk rather than drive, there is one less vehicle emitting pollution into the air than there would be otherwise

A so what
B outside the scope we are talking about walking instead of driving as a pollution reduction
D OPPOSITE
C AND E ARE possible
BUT E the sometimes limits the possibilty of switching to walking
hence c Seems better

HOPE IT HELPS

best regards
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Re: If a person chooses to walk rather than drive, there is one  [#permalink]

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06 May 2012, 09:16
smashzone wrote:
If a person chooses to walk rather than drive, there is one less vehicle emitting pollution into the air than there would be otherwise. Therefore if people would walk whenever it is feasible for them to do so, then pollution will be greatly reduced.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A) Cutting down on pollution can be achieved in a variety of ways.
B) Taking public transportation rather than driving is not always feasible.
C) Walking is the only feasible alternative to driving that results in a reduction in pollution.
D) There are people who never drive but who often walk.
E) People sometimes drive when it is feasible to walk instead.

According to me C is the correct answer.
Explanation--> If there could have been or if there is any other way that could result in a reduction in pollution, then pollution reduced due to walking alone is of no use. On the other hand if walking is the only feasible alternative to driving that results in a reduction in pollution, then pollution would greatly be reduced by only walking.
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Re: If a person chooses to walk rather than drive, there is one  [#permalink]

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13 May 2012, 00:17
if people would walk whenever it is feasible for them to do so instead of driving, then pollution will be greatly reduced.

Possible Assumptions: (1)Like walking there is no other alternative that results greatly in a reduction in pollution (It means there are many alternatives but walking is the the best)
(2) It is feasible (at least for sometimes)for people to choose to walk instead of driving.

But, (C)Walking is the only feasible alternative to driving that results in a reduction in pollution. CROSS OUT
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Re: If a person chooses to walk rather than drive, there is one  [#permalink]

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20 May 2012, 00:53
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Wow..lot of mixed opinions on this one.

Everyone seems to agree that it cannot be A,B or D.

So, here are my 2 cents on C and E.

IMO it should be E since argument states:
1. Cars emit pollution
2. People drive cars.
2. People walk, pollution low.
3. If feasible for people to walk, pollution low.

So, the (1st) assumption that jumps out to me is: people don't always walk. So, E comes closest.

Now, why not C, the argument never ONCE stated that walking is the only solution, it just said pollution will be greatly reduced...NOT most reduced.

Always make a habit to avoid extreme cases such as this one in assumption choices.(Or atleast keep them in the back of your head).

Hope I helped.
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Re: If a person chooses to walk rather than drive, there is one  [#permalink]

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21 May 2012, 03:24
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A) Cutting down on pollution can be achieved in a variety of ways. - Too generalised statement to be an assumption - Incorrect
B) Taking public transportation rather than driving is not always feasible. - No mention of public transportation in the premise - Incorrect
C) Walking is the only feasible alternative to driving that results in a reduction in pollution. - Usage of word "only" is too strong in the present context. Cannot qualify to be an assumption - Incorrect
D) There are people who never drive but who often walk. - Passage is talking about the people who drive but not who does not - Incorrect
E) People sometimes drive when it is feasible to walk instead. - Author concludes that if people walk when it is feasible for them to do so, the pollution will be reduced substancially. To state this, it can be assumed that though people can walk small distances, they still tend to drive which contributes to the pollution. - Correct

Hope the explanation helps.
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Re: If a person chooses to walk rather than drive, there is one  [#permalink]

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22 May 2012, 11:31
in battle between C and E I chose the later.
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If a person chooses to walk rather than drive, there is one  [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2017, 10:45
A,C and D are out for sure.
B is right if this question has the causal relationship. Here, ones do not need to eliminate other possibilities.
E is left. E fills the gap and has direct link.
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If a person chooses to walk rather than drive, there is one  [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2018, 03:29
TIME TAKEN 1 MIN. 2 SEC

If a person chooses to walk rather than drive, there is one less vehicle emitting pollution into the air than there would be otherwise. Therefore if people would walk whenever it is feasible for them to do so, then pollution will be greatly reduced.

So the more number of people will walk, the less pollution will be.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A) Cutting down on pollution can be achieved in a variety of ways. ( out of scope is not mentioned)
B) Taking public transportation rather than driving is not always feasible. ( out of scope is not mentioned)
C) Walking is the only feasible alternative to driving that results in a reduction in pollution. ( You cant assume this. because riding a bike could also be a way to reduce pollution. Hence out of scope.

D) There are people who never drive but who often walk. ( it is not mentioned. out of scope.)
E) People sometimes drive when it is feasible to walk instead. ( correct. in the argument we know that some people walk. otherwise if there were not people who walk, then what is the point of discussing vehicles ?
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Re: If a person chooses to walk rather than drive, there is one  [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2019, 08:06
If i negate E, people never drive when it is feasible to walk. How will this destroy the argument?

Also confused between E and C.
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Re: If a person chooses to walk rather than drive, there is one  [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2019, 08:15
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mallya12 wrote:
If i negate E, people never drive when it is feasible to walk. How will this destroy the argument?

Also confused between E and C.

If you look at the conclusion, it's that "pollution will be greatly reduced." And the major premise to get there is essentially that "people can choose to walk instead of driving (which causes pollution)."

If you negate E and get "people never choose to drive when they could just walk instead" then there's no reduction in pollution - no one ever chooses to drive, so there is no driving-based pollution currently happening in those cases. People are already walking in every one of those situations, so the proposal in the argument won't lead to any reduction in pollution - all of that potential reduction is already factored in to the current level of pollution.
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Re: If a person chooses to walk rather than drive, there is one   [#permalink] 08 Feb 2019, 08:15

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