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Intern  Joined: 21 Sep 2013
Posts: 6
If m and n are integers and x>0, what is value of x^m + x^n?  [#permalink]

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12 00:00

Difficulty:   15% (low)

Question Stats: 78% (01:37) correct 22% (01:51) wrong based on 347 sessions

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If m and n are integers and x > 0, what is the value of $$x^m + x^n$$?

(1) $$x^m = 81$$

(2) $$1 + x^{n-m} = 10$$
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 55172
Re: If m and n are integers and x>0, what is value of x^m + x^n?  [#permalink]

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2
1
If m and n are integers and x > 0, what is the value of $$x^m + x^n$$?

(1) $$x^m = 81$$. No info about n. Not sufficient.

(2) $$1 + x^{n-m} = 10$$ --> $$x^{n-m} = 9$$ --> $$\frac{x^n}{x^m}=9$$ --> $$x^n =9x^m$$ --> $$x^m + x^n=10x^m$$. Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) $$x^m + x^n=10x^m=10*81$$. Sufficient.

Answer: C.
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Senior Manager  Joined: 13 Jun 2013
Posts: 274
Re: If m and n are integers and x>0, what is value of x^m + x^n?  [#permalink]

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newbornmuse wrote:
If m and n are integers and x > 0, what is the value of $$x^m + x^n$$?

(1) $$x^m = 81$$

(2) $$1 + x^{n-m} = 10$$

x^m + x^n= x^m(1+x^n-m)---------------------------A)

st1 x^m=81 insufficient as no information about n is provided

st2 (1 + x^n-m) =10

as seen from 'A' we still need the value of x^m to calculate the value of x^m+x^n hence insufficient

combining 1 and 2 we can substitute the value of 1 + x^n-m and x^m in 'A' to calculate the total value which is 81*10=810 hence C
Manager  Joined: 24 May 2016
Posts: 141
If m and n are integers and x>0, what is value of x^m + x^n?  [#permalink]

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I concluded that statement 2 was sufficient.

This is what I did.

X^m + X^n = 1 + (X^n)/(X^m)

Statement 2: 1 + (X^n)*(X^-m) = 10 ---> 1 + (X^n)/(X^m) = 10

Hence: X^m + X^n = 1 + (X^n)/(X^m) = 10 ---> Sufficient.

Can anyone please explain me what am I doing wrong?

Thank you.
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 55172
Re: If m and n are integers and x>0, what is value of x^m + x^n?  [#permalink]

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EBITDA wrote:
I concluded that statement 2 was sufficient.

This is what I did.

X^m + X^n = 1 + (X^n)/(X^m)

Statement 2: 1 + (X^n)*(X^-m) = 10 ---> 1 + (X^n)/(X^m) = 10

Hence: X^m + X^n = 1 + (X^n)/(X^m) = 10 ---> Sufficient.

Can anyone please explain me what am I doing wrong?

Thank you.

How did you get the highlighted part?
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Manager  Joined: 24 May 2016
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If m and n are integers and x>0, what is value of x^m + x^n?  [#permalink]

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The question asks us for the value of: X^m + X^n

If we divide this expression by X^m, we get: 1 + (X^n)/(X^m)

Per statement 2: 1 + (X^n)/(X^m) = 10.

Hence, statement 2 allows us to know what is the value of the initial expression.

Where am I making the error?
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 55172
Re: If m and n are integers and x>0, what is value of x^m + x^n?  [#permalink]

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1
EBITDA wrote:
The question asks us for the value of: X^m + X^n

If we divide this expression by X^m, we get: 1 + (X^n)/(X^m)

Per statement 2: 1 + (X^n)/(X^m) = 10.

Hence, statement 2 allows us to know what is the value of the initial expression.

Where am I making the error?

I see what you are doing there but it's wrong. We need the value of x^m + x^n. When you divide this by x^m, you get the value of (x^m + x^n)/x^m, not x^m + x^n.
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Intern  B
Joined: 10 Mar 2015
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Re: If m and n are integers and x>0, what is value of x^m + x^n?  [#permalink]

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I choose C but I was wondering if my approach was correct?
Here is what I did :
1) insuff.
2) insuff.

C) Given 1+x^n−m=10 I rewrote as 1+ x^n/x^m = 10 then substitute x^m from 1)
I got 1+ x^n/81 = 10
81+x^n=810
x^n=729
So If I got x^n and x^m to answer the question.

But is it a correct way to arrive at solution?
thank you
Intern  B
Joined: 14 May 2016
Posts: 23
If m and n are integers and x>0, what is value of x^m + x^n?  [#permalink]

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This is how GMAT prep solved it and it makes sense:

Statement 1
X^m = 81 insufficient as there we need two equations for two variables (n & m), therefore insufficient

Statement 2
1 + x^n - m = 10
we can try to solve it and see what gives us
so... x^n-m = 10 -1
we get ...
x^n-m = 9
we can then separate both n-m by doing the reciprocals:
then we get x^n / x^m = 9. This is why statement 2 is not sufficient since we cannot find the value of "n". Therefore, not sufficient.

Now, we are left with statements 1 + 2 and see if the problem can be solved
Remember statement 1? x^m = 81

Remember your result from statement 2?

now you can replace x^m = 81 in your second statement where x^n / 81 = 9. Then we can take x^n = 9*81, which is 279.

Then we have as a result that x^n = 279 and x^m = 81. Now you only need to sum both.... 81 + 279 = 810. Therefore, the answer is "C" not because we got "810" but because the problem can be solved. This is what data sufficiency questions are asking you to determine...can the problem be solved? In this case only when both statements are combined the problem can be solved.

Anyone from Guatemala please say hello! Intern  S
Joined: 05 Oct 2017
Posts: 46
Location: Bangladesh
Concentration: Accounting, Social Entrepreneurship
If m and n are integers and x>0, what is value of x^m + x^n?  [#permalink]

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1
newbornmuse wrote:
If m and n are integers and x > 0, what is the value of $$x^m + x^n$$?

(1) $$x^m = 81$$

(2) $$1 + x^{n-m} = 10$$

Alternative approcach: $$NUMBER PICKING$$

given m and n are integers, and x is positive. we need to find the value of $$x^m + x^n$$?
the goal of number picking approach is try to prove insufficiency.
the statement will be insufficient if there are different values of the prompt question. if we are ending up with only one value (consistently) satisfying the statement then that will prove sufficiency.

statement 1: given $$x^m = 81$$,

since m and n are integer and x can not be negative then there are only two possibilities exist
either x=9 and y=2
or x=3 and y=4
clearly, we can see that there will be different values of the prompt question $$x^m + x^n$$? as there are different values for the x and y.
thus INSUFFICIENT.

statement 2: gives $$1 + x^{n-m} = 10$$

$$1 + x^{n-m} = 10$$

= $$x^{n-m} = 9$$

= $$x^{n-m} = 3^{2} or (-3)^{2}$$

since x can not be negative then there is only one possibility
that is x=3 and (n-m)=2
but here we can have different values of n and m individually. for instance, n=6 and m=4 or n=8 and m=6 etc.
clearly, we can see that there will be different values of n and m and thus different values of the prompt question $$x^m + x^n$$?
so, INSUFFICIENT

now together, we need to satisfy the both statements together.
here the only common case between both statements is x=3. so if x=3 then from statement (1), we know m has to be 4. and if m has to be 4, from the statement (2) we know n must be 6, because (n-m)=2

so there is only one case and thus there should be only one values of the prompt question.

NOW, we do not need to find the value. all we have to know is whether there are multiple value exist or one value exist for the prompt question.
thus together we can answer the question that there is only one value fro the prompt question.

Hope this will be helpful _________________
.... You are already NAKED. There is NO reason not to FOLLOW your heart. If m and n are integers and x>0, what is value of x^m + x^n?   [#permalink] 15 Jan 2019, 23:51
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