GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 19 Jan 2019, 02:23

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

## Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in January
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
303112345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
272829303112
Open Detailed Calendar
• ### Free GMAT Strategy Webinar

January 19, 2019

January 19, 2019

07:00 AM PST

09:00 AM PST

Aiming to score 760+? Attend this FREE session to learn how to Define your GMAT Strategy, Create your Study Plan and Master the Core Skills to excel on the GMAT.
• ### FREE Quant Workshop by e-GMAT!

January 20, 2019

January 20, 2019

07:00 AM PST

07:00 AM PST

Get personalized insights on how to achieve your Target Quant Score.

# If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Retired Moderator
Joined: 06 Jul 2014
Posts: 1231
Location: Ukraine
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Technology
GMAT 1: 660 Q48 V33
GMAT 2: 740 Q50 V40
If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Aug 2015, 12:55
4
29
00:00

Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

28% (01:47) correct 72% (01:57) wrong based on 752 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up of the microorganisms in our body, may hold the cure to diseases that have long plagued humanity, amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine that has, until recently, all but ignored any such role of the microbiome.

A) humanity, amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine that has, until recently, all but
B) humanity, a discovery that amounts to a major oversight in Western medicine, which, until recently, had all but
C) humanity, a discovery amounting to a major oversight by Western medicine: until recently, Western medicine all but
D) humanity, amounting to a major oversight made by Western medicine, one that, until recently, all but
E) humanity, which amounts to a major oversight in Western medicine and until recently it all but

_________________
Retired Moderator
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4616
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Updated on: 06 Aug 2017, 01:19
3
2
A question of misplaced modification and tense form, pronoun reference and idiom

A) humanity, amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine that has, until recently, all but--- ‘amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine’ modifies may hold the cure to diseases. This gives a wrong meaning that ‘may hold the cure’ itself is an oversight

B) humanity, a discovery that amounts to a major oversight in Western medicine, which, until recently, had all but—‘oversight in’ Western Medicine is inferior to ‘oversight by’—importantly, the past perfect ‘had all but ignored’ does not go well ‘with until recently’ . It entails a simple past such as ‘ignored’. In addition ‘oversight in’ is an inferior idiom to ‘oversight by’

C) humanity, a discovery amounting to a major oversight by Western medicine: until recently, Western medicine all but --- The correct choice; amends all faults of modification, tense and idiom.

D) humanity, amounting to a major oversight made by Western medicine, one that, until recently, all but --- same error as in A

E) humanity, which amounts to a major oversight in Western medicine and until recently it all but – Humanity does not amount to a major oversight; nor does the plural ‘diseases’ go in tandem with the singular ‘amounts to’
_________________

you can know a lot about something but not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

Originally posted by daagh on 09 Aug 2015, 19:28.
Last edited by daagh on 06 Aug 2017, 01:19, edited 1 time in total.
Current Student
Joined: 28 Oct 2014
Posts: 33
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Operations
Schools: ISB '19 (A)
GMAT 1: 680 Q50 V30
GPA: 3.89
WE: Engineering (Aerospace and Defense)
If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Updated on: 27 Jun 2017, 02:16
1
6
If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up of the microorganisms in our body, may hold the cure to diseases that have long plagued humanity, amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine that has, until recently, all but ignored any such role of the microbiome.

1. humanity, amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine that has, until recently, all but
2. humanity, a discovery that is amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine, which, until recently, had all but
3. humanity, a discovery amounting to a major oversight by Western medicine: until recently, it all but
4. humanity, amounting to a major oversight made by Western medicine, one that, until recently, all but
5. humanity, which amounts to a major oversight in Western medicine and until recently it all but

Originally posted by maheshaero20 on 17 Apr 2017, 11:57.
Last edited by broall on 27 Jun 2017, 02:16, edited 1 time in total.
Merged post. Please search before posting
##### General Discussion
Board of Directors
Joined: 17 Jul 2014
Posts: 2599
Location: United States (IL)
Concentration: Finance, Economics
GMAT 1: 650 Q49 V30
GPA: 3.92
WE: General Management (Transportation)
Re: If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Nov 2015, 07:23
1
modifier errors. ing modifier can be used correctly when:
1 - present results of the first clause
2 - explain how happened the first clause.

using ing modifier here is not sufficient.
A/D - eliminated on this account.
E - which refers to closest noun, so it cannot be correct.

between B and C, C is better structured. B uses past perfect, which is not needed.
Intern
Joined: 12 Dec 2010
Posts: 42
Re: If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Apr 2017, 00:49
1
IMO B,
Discovery is appropriate and which modifies western medicine

Sent from my ONEPLUS A3003 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
Intern
Joined: 19 Dec 2016
Posts: 43
Location: Malaysia
GMAT 1: 630 Q49 V27
GMAT 2: 640 Q43 V34
GPA: 4
Re: If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Apr 2017, 01:05
maheshaero20 wrote:
If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up of the microorganisms in our body, may hold the cure to diseases that have long plagued humanity, amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine that has, until recently, all but ignored any such role of the microbiome.

1. humanity, amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine that has, until recently, all but
2. humanity, a discovery that is amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine, which, until recently, had all but
3. humanity, a discovery amounting to a major oversight by Western medicine: until recently, it all but
4. humanity, amounting to a major oversight made by Western medicine, one that, until recently, all but
5. humanity, which amounts to a major oversight in Western medicine and until recently it all but

C in my opinion as the clause after humanity correctly describes the preceding phrase..this eliminates A,D, E.. in B, use of which refers to major oversight. Tense is also wrong in B

Sent from my iPad using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
Intern
Joined: 09 Mar 2017
Posts: 3
Re: If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Apr 2017, 06:10
Can anyone help to explain why A or B is wrong?
Intern
Joined: 24 Jun 2016
Posts: 1
Re: If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Apr 2017, 07:15
what does "all" refers to in the underlined portion and how eliminate between b & c
Retired Moderator
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4616
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Apr 2017, 08:27
1
Top Contributor
If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up of the microorganisms in our body, may hold the cure to diseases that have long plagued humanity, amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine that has, until recently, all but ignored any such role of the microbiome.

1. humanity, amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine that has, until recently, all but --- The adverbial modifier--, amounting to --- is a problem. Now it modifies the microbiome holding a cure; One will appreciate holding a cure is not an oversight.

2. humanity, a discovery that is amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine, which, until recently, had all but---- Use of the past perfect - had all but ignored-- is a problem since there is no backup simple past.

3. humanity, a discovery amounting to a major oversight by Western medicine: until recently, it all but: The appositive --a discovery -- amply describes the theme that microbiome may hold the cure. The oversight is described in a simple past, as it is a completed phenomenon today.

All in the given context means completely or fully
_________________

you can know a lot about something but not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

Retired Moderator
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 2911
Location: Germany
Schools: German MBA
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
Re: If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Apr 2017, 02:22
2
Bhanu kakkar wrote:
what does "all" refers to in the underlined portion and how eliminate between b & c

tcwity88 wrote:
Can anyone help to explain why A or B is wrong?

"All but" is an idiomatic phrase - you would not find an antecedent for "all" in the sentence. This phrase means somewhat as follows:, very closely, but not actually - the difference is so minor that it does not really matter. Here the meaning conveyed is that:
Western medicine has almost ignored, though may not have completely ignored -the difference does not matter whatsoever.

A: meaning issue - wrongly implies that the fact that human microbiome holds the cure to diseases amounts to an oversight. (The holding does not amount to oversight)
B: Present continuous tense "is amounting" is wrong.
Senior Manager
Joined: 09 Feb 2015
Posts: 359
Location: India
Concentration: Social Entrepreneurship, General Management
GMAT 1: 690 Q49 V34
GMAT 2: 720 Q49 V39
GPA: 2.8
Re: If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Jun 2017, 02:35
sayantanc2k wrote:
Bhanu kakkar wrote:
what does "all" refers to in the underlined portion and how eliminate between b & c

tcwity88 wrote:
Can anyone help to explain why A or B is wrong?

"All but" is an idiomatic phrase - you would not find an antecedent for "all" in the sentence. This phrase means somewhat as follows:, very closely, but not actually - the difference is so minor that it does not really matter. Here the meaning conveyed is that:
Western medicine has almost ignored, though may not have completely ignored -the difference does not matter whatsoever.

A: meaning issue - wrongly implies that the fact that human microbiome holds the cure to diseases amounts to an oversight. (The holding does not amount to oversight)
B: Present continuous tense "is amounting" is wrong.

option c has a colon afetr medicine . Is the usage correct? it seems to be explaining western medicine
Intern
Joined: 14 Sep 2015
Posts: 13
Location: India
Re: If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Jun 2017, 02:57
goforgmat wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
Bhanu kakkar wrote:
what does "all" refers to in the underlined portion and how eliminate between b & c

tcwity88 wrote:
Can anyone help to explain why A or B is wrong?

"All but" is an idiomatic phrase - you would not find an antecedent for "all" in the sentence. This phrase means somewhat as follows:, very closely, but not actually - the difference is so minor that it does not really matter. Here the meaning conveyed is that:
Western medicine has almost ignored, though may not have completely ignored -the difference does not matter whatsoever.

A: meaning issue - wrongly implies that the fact that human microbiome holds the cure to diseases amounts to an oversight. (The holding does not amount to oversight)
B: Present continuous tense "is amounting" is wrong.

option c has a colon afetr medicine . Is the usage correct? it seems to be explaining western medicine

According to MGMAT, colon can be used to give further information of its proceeding independent clause. We are talking about effects of this discovery on Western medicine as a whole and in option C, Western medicine is as close as possible to the colon and we have more information after colon about the same.
https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/foru ... t2362.html
_________________

If you never try, you will never know.
A little progress each day adds to big results.

Manager
Joined: 01 Jun 2015
Posts: 216
Location: India
GMAT 1: 620 Q48 V26
Re: If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Jun 2017, 03:07
daagh wrote:
If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up of the microorganisms in our body, may hold the cure to diseases that have long plagued humanity, amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine that has, until recently, all but ignored any such role of the microbiome.

1. humanity, amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine that has, until recently, all but --- The adverbial modifier--, amounting to --- is a problem. Now it modifies the microbiome holding a cure; One will appreciate holding a cure is not an oversight.

2. humanity, a discovery that is amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine, which, until recently, had all but---- Use of the past perfect - had all but ignored-- is a problem since there is no backup simple past.

3. humanity, a discovery amounting to a major oversight by Western medicine: until recently, it all but: The appositive --a discovery -- amply describes the theme that microbiome may hold the cure. The oversight is described in a simple past, as it is a completed phenomenon today.

All in the given context means completely or fully

daagh Sir,
Is the use of the "it" in option C unambiguous?
Retired Moderator
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4616
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Jun 2017, 04:59
Top Contributor
techiesam wrote
Quote:
daagh Sir,
Is the use of the "it" in option C unambiguous?

Maybe structurally but not necessarily logically. 'It' cannot refer to the microbiome, to the humanity, to a discovery or to the oversight. It can only refer to the Western medicine.
_________________

you can know a lot about something but not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

Intern
Joined: 01 Feb 2017
Posts: 18
Re: If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Jun 2017, 08:18
daagh wrote:
techiesam wrote
Quote:
daagh Sir,
Is the use of the "it" in option C unambiguous?

Maybe structurally but not necessarily logically. 'It' cannot refer to the microbiome, to the humanity, to a discovery or to the oversight. It can only refer to the Western medicine.

Sir, Sorry to bother you but can you please explain the use of It better. logically it does refer to Western Medicine but grammatically it can refer to any of the words quoted in your answer. I have been told that the correct answer should be grammatically unambiguous.

Also, I wanted to know if the sentence is ambiguous how do we decide in the exam which error is less preferred by GMAT. In this case I found both B and C incorrect and gave the benefit of doubt to B and got the answer incorrect.
Retired Moderator
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4616
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Jun 2017, 08:39
Top Contributor
mailabhishekmathur

Ambiguity arises only between or among grammatically eligible contenders. If a referent is ungrammatical, say a plural noun such as fruits for 'it', then the choice will not even be considered. Considering, therefore, grammatical correctness is a given, now the problem is to decide which of one of the contenders is logical. Therefore, logic is the supreme principle in deciding the reference of pronouns.

Real ambiguity arises when you have two logical contestants in a given choice. Then that choice has to be really discarded.
_________________

you can know a lot about something but not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

Intern
Joined: 06 Feb 2016
Posts: 19
If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Updated on: 27 Jun 2017, 02:16
If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up of the microorganisms in our body, may hold the cure to diseases that have long plagued humanity, amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine that has, until recently, all but ignored any such role of the microbiome.

(A) humanity, amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine that has, until recently, all but

(B) humanity, a discovery that amounts to a major oversight in Western medicine, which, until recently, had all but

(C) humanity, a discovery amounting to a major oversight by Western medicine: until recently, Western medicine all but

(D) humanity, amounting to a major oversight made by Western medicine, one that, until recently, all but

(E) humanity, which amounts to a major oversight in Western medicine and until recently it all but

Originally posted by StaicyT on 26 Jun 2017, 23:45.
Last edited by broall on 27 Jun 2017, 02:16, edited 1 time in total.
Merged post. Please search before posting
Manager
Joined: 14 Sep 2016
Posts: 133
Re: If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Jun 2017, 01:56
If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up of the microorganisms in our body, may hold the cure to diseases that have long plagued humanity, amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine that has, until recently, all but ignored any such role of the microbiome.

(A) humanity, amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine that has, until recently, all but

(B) humanity, a discovery that amounts to a major oversight in Western medicine, which, until recently, had all but

(C) humanity, a discovery amounting to a major oversight by Western medicine: until recently, Western medicine all but

(D) humanity, amounting to a major oversight made by Western medicine, one that, until recently, all but

(E) humanity, which amounts to a major oversight in Western medicine and until recently it all but

got this wrong :/
can someone please provide a proper explanation.
Intern
Joined: 06 Feb 2016
Posts: 19
Re: If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Jun 2017, 04:07
Dear daagh,

Quote:
2. humanity, a discovery that is amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine, which, until recently, had all but---- Use of the past perfect - had all but ignored-- is a problem since there is no backup simple past.

Sorry, can't get what's exactly wrong with past perfect here. Shouldn't 'had .. ignored' mean that something had been ignored during uncertain period of time right until the moment in the past - 'until recently'?
VP
Status: Learning
Joined: 20 Dec 2015
Posts: 1041
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Marketing
GMAT 1: 670 Q48 V36
GRE 1: Q157 V157
GPA: 3.4
WE: Engineering (Manufacturing)
Re: If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Jun 2017, 22:35
Imo C
Wow it was a tough one
This is case of dangling modifier.
Amounting to a major oversight should modify the human microbiome .
We need discovery before the modifier .

Sent from my ONE E1003 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
_________________

Re: If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up &nbs [#permalink] 27 Jun 2017, 22:35

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 23 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by