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If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up

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If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2015, 12:55
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If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up of the microorganisms in our body, may hold the cure to diseases that have long plagued humanity, amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine that has, until recently, all but ignored any such role of the microbiome.

A) humanity, amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine that has, until recently, all but
B) humanity, a discovery that amounts to a major oversight in Western medicine, which, until recently, had all but
C) humanity, a discovery amounting to a major oversight by Western medicine: until recently, Western medicine all but
D) humanity, amounting to a major oversight made by Western medicine, one that, until recently, all but
E) humanity, which amounts to a major oversight in Western medicine and until recently it all but
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up [#permalink]

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A question of misplaced modification and tense form, pronoun reference and idiom

A) humanity, amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine that has, until recently, all but--- ‘amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine’ modifies may hold the cure to diseases. This gives a wrong meaning that ‘may hold the cure’ itself is an oversight

B) humanity, a discovery that amounts to a major oversight in Western medicine, which, until recently, had all but—‘oversight in’ Western Medicine is inferior to ‘oversight by’—importantly, the past perfect ‘had all but ignored’ does not go well ‘with until recently’ . It entails a simple past such as ‘ignored’. In addition ‘oversight in’ is an inferior idiom to ‘oversight by’

C) humanity, a discovery amounting to a major oversight by Western medicine: until recently, Western medicine all but --- The correct choice; amends all faults of modification, tense and idiom.

D) humanity, amounting to a major oversight made by Western medicine, one that, until recently, all but --- same error as in A

E) humanity, which amounts to a major oversight in Western medicine and until recently it all but – Humanity does not amount to a major oversight; nor does the plural ‘diseases’ go in tandem with the singular ‘amounts to’
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Re: If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2015, 07:23
modifier errors. ing modifier can be used correctly when:
1 - present results of the first clause
2 - explain how happened the first clause.

using ing modifier here is not sufficient.
A/D - eliminated on this account.
E - which refers to closest noun, so it cannot be correct.

between B and C, C is better structured. B uses past perfect, which is not needed.
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If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up [#permalink]

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If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up of the microorganisms in our body, may hold the cure to diseases that have long plagued humanity, amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine that has, until recently, all but ignored any such role of the microbiome.

1. humanity, amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine that has, until recently, all but
2. humanity, a discovery that is amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine, which, until recently, had all but
3. humanity, a discovery amounting to a major oversight by Western medicine: until recently, it all but
4. humanity, amounting to a major oversight made by Western medicine, one that, until recently, all but
5. humanity, which amounts to a major oversight in Western medicine and until recently it all but

Last edited by broall on 27 Jun 2017, 02:16, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up [#permalink]

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New post 18 Apr 2017, 00:49
IMO B,
Discovery is appropriate and which modifies western medicine

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Re: If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up [#permalink]

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New post 18 Apr 2017, 01:05
maheshaero20 wrote:
If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up of the microorganisms in our body, may hold the cure to diseases that have long plagued humanity, amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine that has, until recently, all but ignored any such role of the microbiome.

1. humanity, amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine that has, until recently, all but
2. humanity, a discovery that is amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine, which, until recently, had all but
3. humanity, a discovery amounting to a major oversight by Western medicine: until recently, it all but
4. humanity, amounting to a major oversight made by Western medicine, one that, until recently, all but
5. humanity, which amounts to a major oversight in Western medicine and until recently it all but



C in my opinion as the clause after humanity correctly describes the preceding phrase..this eliminates A,D, E.. in B, use of which refers to major oversight. Tense is also wrong in B


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Re: If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up [#permalink]

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New post 18 Apr 2017, 06:10
Can anyone help to explain why A or B is wrong?
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Re: If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up [#permalink]

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New post 18 Apr 2017, 07:15
what does "all" refers to in the underlined portion and how eliminate between b & c
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Re: If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up [#permalink]

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If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up of the microorganisms in our body, may hold the cure to diseases that have long plagued humanity, amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine that has, until recently, all but ignored any such role of the microbiome.

1. humanity, amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine that has, until recently, all but --- The adverbial modifier--, amounting to --- is a problem. Now it modifies the microbiome holding a cure; One will appreciate holding a cure is not an oversight.

2. humanity, a discovery that is amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine, which, until recently, had all but---- Use of the past perfect - had all but ignored-- is a problem since there is no backup simple past.

3. humanity, a discovery amounting to a major oversight by Western medicine: until recently, it all but: The appositive --a discovery -- amply describes the theme that microbiome may hold the cure. The oversight is described in a simple past, as it is a completed phenomenon today.

All in the given context means completely or fully
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Re: If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up [#permalink]

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Bhanu kakkar wrote:
what does "all" refers to in the underlined portion and how eliminate between b & c


tcwity88 wrote:
Can anyone help to explain why A or B is wrong?


"All but" is an idiomatic phrase - you would not find an antecedent for "all" in the sentence. This phrase means somewhat as follows:, very closely, but not actually - the difference is so minor that it does not really matter. Here the meaning conveyed is that:
Western medicine has almost ignored, though may not have completely ignored -the difference does not matter whatsoever.

A: meaning issue - wrongly implies that the fact that human microbiome holds the cure to diseases amounts to an oversight. (The holding does not amount to oversight)
B: Present continuous tense "is amounting" is wrong.
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Re: If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2017, 02:35
sayantanc2k wrote:
Bhanu kakkar wrote:
what does "all" refers to in the underlined portion and how eliminate between b & c


tcwity88 wrote:
Can anyone help to explain why A or B is wrong?


"All but" is an idiomatic phrase - you would not find an antecedent for "all" in the sentence. This phrase means somewhat as follows:, very closely, but not actually - the difference is so minor that it does not really matter. Here the meaning conveyed is that:
Western medicine has almost ignored, though may not have completely ignored -the difference does not matter whatsoever.

A: meaning issue - wrongly implies that the fact that human microbiome holds the cure to diseases amounts to an oversight. (The holding does not amount to oversight)
B: Present continuous tense "is amounting" is wrong.


option c has a colon afetr medicine . Is the usage correct? it seems to be explaining western medicine
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Re: If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2017, 02:57
goforgmat wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
Bhanu kakkar wrote:
what does "all" refers to in the underlined portion and how eliminate between b & c


tcwity88 wrote:
Can anyone help to explain why A or B is wrong?


"All but" is an idiomatic phrase - you would not find an antecedent for "all" in the sentence. This phrase means somewhat as follows:, very closely, but not actually - the difference is so minor that it does not really matter. Here the meaning conveyed is that:
Western medicine has almost ignored, though may not have completely ignored -the difference does not matter whatsoever.

A: meaning issue - wrongly implies that the fact that human microbiome holds the cure to diseases amounts to an oversight. (The holding does not amount to oversight)
B: Present continuous tense "is amounting" is wrong.


option c has a colon afetr medicine . Is the usage correct? it seems to be explaining western medicine


According to MGMAT, colon can be used to give further information of its proceeding independent clause. We are talking about effects of this discovery on Western medicine as a whole and in option C, Western medicine is as close as possible to the colon and we have more information after colon about the same.
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Re: If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jun 2017, 03:07
daagh wrote:
If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up of the microorganisms in our body, may hold the cure to diseases that have long plagued humanity, amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine that has, until recently, all but ignored any such role of the microbiome.

1. humanity, amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine that has, until recently, all but --- The adverbial modifier--, amounting to --- is a problem. Now it modifies the microbiome holding a cure; One will appreciate holding a cure is not an oversight.

2. humanity, a discovery that is amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine, which, until recently, had all but---- Use of the past perfect - had all but ignored-- is a problem since there is no backup simple past.

3. humanity, a discovery amounting to a major oversight by Western medicine: until recently, it all but: The appositive --a discovery -- amply describes the theme that microbiome may hold the cure. The oversight is described in a simple past, as it is a completed phenomenon today.

All in the given context means completely or fully


daagh Sir,
Is the use of the "it" in option C unambiguous?
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Re: If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jun 2017, 04:59
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daagh Sir,
Is the use of the "it" in option C unambiguous?

Maybe structurally but not necessarily logically. 'It' cannot refer to the microbiome, to the humanity, to a discovery or to the oversight. It can only refer to the Western medicine.
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Re: If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jun 2017, 08:18
daagh wrote:
techiesam wrote
Quote:
daagh Sir,
Is the use of the "it" in option C unambiguous?

Maybe structurally but not necessarily logically. 'It' cannot refer to the microbiome, to the humanity, to a discovery or to the oversight. It can only refer to the Western medicine.


Sir, Sorry to bother you but can you please explain the use of It better. logically it does refer to Western Medicine but grammatically it can refer to any of the words quoted in your answer. I have been told that the correct answer should be grammatically unambiguous.

Also, I wanted to know if the sentence is ambiguous how do we decide in the exam which error is less preferred by GMAT. In this case I found both B and C incorrect and gave the benefit of doubt to B and got the answer incorrect.
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Re: If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jun 2017, 08:39
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Ambiguity arises only between or among grammatically eligible contenders. If a referent is ungrammatical, say a plural noun such as fruits for 'it', then the choice will not even be considered. Considering, therefore, grammatical correctness is a given, now the problem is to decide which of one of the contenders is logical. Therefore, logic is the supreme principle in deciding the reference of pronouns.

Real ambiguity arises when you have two logical contestants in a given choice. Then that choice has to be really discarded.
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If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2017, 23:45
If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up of the microorganisms in our body, may hold the cure to diseases that have long plagued humanity, amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine that has, until recently, all but ignored any such role of the microbiome.

(A) humanity, amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine that has, until recently, all but

(B) humanity, a discovery that amounts to a major oversight in Western medicine, which, until recently, had all but

(C) humanity, a discovery amounting to a major oversight by Western medicine: until recently, Western medicine all but

(D) humanity, amounting to a major oversight made by Western medicine, one that, until recently, all but

(E) humanity, which amounts to a major oversight in Western medicine and until recently it all but

Last edited by broall on 27 Jun 2017, 02:16, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2017, 01:56
If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up of the microorganisms in our body, may hold the cure to diseases that have long plagued humanity, amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine that has, until recently, all but ignored any such role of the microbiome.

(A) humanity, amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine that has, until recently, all but

(B) humanity, a discovery that amounts to a major oversight in Western medicine, which, until recently, had all but

(C) humanity, a discovery amounting to a major oversight by Western medicine: until recently, Western medicine all but

(D) humanity, amounting to a major oversight made by Western medicine, one that, until recently, all but

(E) humanity, which amounts to a major oversight in Western medicine and until recently it all but


got this wrong :/
can someone please provide a proper explanation.
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Re: If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2017, 04:07
Dear daagh,

Quote:
2. humanity, a discovery that is amounting to a major oversight in Western medicine, which, until recently, had all but---- Use of the past perfect - had all but ignored-- is a problem since there is no backup simple past.

Sorry, can't get what's exactly wrong with past perfect here. Shouldn't 'had .. ignored' mean that something had been ignored during uncertain period of time right until the moment in the past - 'until recently'?
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Re: If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2017, 22:35
Imo C
Wow it was a tough one
This is case of dangling modifier.
Amounting to a major oversight should modify the human microbiome .
B used had incorrectly
We need discovery before the modifier .


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Re: If medical researchers are correct, then the human microbiome, made up   [#permalink] 27 Jun 2017, 22:35

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