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If n is a positive integer and n^2 is divisible by 72, then

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Re: If n is a positive integer and n^2 is divisible by 72, then  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Dec 2017, 13:56
ScottTargetTestPrep wrote:
amitvmane wrote:
If n is a positive integer and n^2 is divisible by 72, then the largest positive integer that must divide n is

A. 6
B. 12
C. 24
D. 36
E. 48


We are given that n^2/72 = integer or (n^2)/(2^3)(3^2) = integer.

However, since n^2 is a perfect square, we need to make 72 or (2^3)(3^2) a perfect square. Since all perfect squares consist of unique primes, each raised to an even exponent, the smallest perfect square that divides into n^2 is (2^4)(3^2) = 144.

Since n^2/144 = integer, then n/12 = integer, and thus the largest positive integer that must divide n is 12.

Answer: B


Hey Scott,

I think we may have covered it buy why can't we make n=72 therefore n^2 = (72)(72) ... why are we trying to use the SMALLEST perfect square .. using n=72 follows the rules set out in the question... ???
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Re: If n is a positive integer and n^2 is divisible by 72, then  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Dec 2017, 20:42
YYZ wrote:
ScottTargetTestPrep wrote:
amitvmane wrote:
If n is a positive integer and n^2 is divisible by 72, then the largest positive integer that must divide n is

A. 6
B. 12
C. 24
D. 36
E. 48


We are given that n^2/72 = integer or (n^2)/(2^3)(3^2) = integer.

However, since n^2 is a perfect square, we need to make 72 or (2^3)(3^2) a perfect square. Since all perfect squares consist of unique primes, each raised to an even exponent, the smallest perfect square that divides into n^2 is (2^4)(3^2) = 144.

Since n^2/144 = integer, then n/12 = integer, and thus the largest positive integer that must divide n is 12.

Answer: B


Hey Scott,

I think we may have covered it buy why can't we make n=72 therefore n^2 = (72)(72) ... why are we trying to use the SMALLEST perfect square .. using n=72 follows the rules set out in the question... ???


The question asks to find the largest positive integer that MUST divide n. So, which ALWAYS divides n, if n^2 is divisible by 72. Now, while n COULD be divisible by any integer, for example, by by 48, 72, 1,000,000, ... it MUST be divisible only by factors of 12. Why? Because the least value of n for which n^2 is divisible by 144 is 12.

Hope it's clear.
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Re: If n is a positive integer and n^2 is divisible by 72, then  [#permalink]

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New post 12 May 2018, 09:16
ScottTargetTestPrep wrote:
asyahamed wrote:
If n is a positive integer and n^2 is divisible by 72, then the largest positive integer that must divide n is?

A. 6
B. 12
C. 24
D. 36
E. 48


We are given that n^2/72 = integer, or n^2/[(2^3)(3^2)] = integer.

However, since n^2 is a perfect square, we need to make 72, or (2^3)(3^2), a perfect square. Since all perfect squares consist of unique primes, each raised to an even exponent, the smallest perfect square that divides into n^2 is (2^4)(3^2) = 144.

Since n^2/144 = integer, n/12 = integer, and thus the largest positive integer that must divide n is 12.

Answer: B


Hi ScottTargetTestPrep, really good explanation. There's just one thing that's confusing me. If the question had asked what would be smallest integer, how would we proceed about it then?

Thanks!
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Re: If n is a positive integer and n^2 is divisible by 72, then  [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2018, 07:18
asfandabid wrote:
ScottTargetTestPrep wrote:
asyahamed wrote:
If n is a positive integer and n^2 is divisible by 72, then the largest positive integer that must divide n is?

A. 6
B. 12
C. 24
D. 36
E. 48


We are given that n^2/72 = integer, or n^2/[(2^3)(3^2)] = integer.

However, since n^2 is a perfect square, we need to make 72, or (2^3)(3^2), a perfect square. Since all perfect squares consist of unique primes, each raised to an even exponent, the smallest perfect square that divides into n^2 is (2^4)(3^2) = 144.

Since n^2/144 = integer, n/12 = integer, and thus the largest positive integer that must divide n is 12.

Answer: B


Hi ScottTargetTestPrep, really good explanation. There's just one thing that's confusing me. If the question had asked what would be smallest integer, how would we proceed about it then?

Thanks!


They will not ask that since the smallest positive integer that divides another number is always 1.
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Re: If n is a positive integer and n^2 is divisible by 72, then &nbs [#permalink] 14 May 2018, 07:18

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