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Intern  Joined: 11 May 2014
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If the area of Rectangle ABCD is 4√3, then what is the area of the  [#permalink]

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Difficulty:   45% (medium)

Question Stats: 70% (02:29) correct 30% (02:30) wrong based on 183 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics If the area of Rectangle ABCD is $$4\sqrt{3}$$, then what is the area of the square DEFG ?

A) $$\sqrt{3}$$
B) $$2\sqrt{3}$$
C) 4
D) $$4\sqrt{3}$$
E) 12

Attachment: Math.jpg [ 12.94 KiB | Viewed 2890 times ]
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor Joined: 23 Oct 2013
Posts: 144
Re: If the area of Rectangle ABCD is 4√3, then what is the area of the  [#permalink]

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1
Great question. This problem illustrates the need to be comfortable with common ratios in geometry (particularly with triangles), and also to be very attentive to details in the wording of problems. Triangle ACD is a 30-60-90 triangle, meaning that the lengths of the sides opposite the angles are in the proportions x, x*sqrt3, 2x. The area of rectangle ABCD is 4*sqrt3, which is equal to (x)*(x*sqrt3), because of the proportions just discussed. This means that X is equal to 2.

Triangle CDE is a similar and equal triangle to triangle ACD, meaning that the distance DE is equal to 2. Because the problem says that DEFG is a square, we know that all sides of DEFG must equal 2. Therefore we just multiply 2*2 and come to the conclusion that the area of square DEFG is 4.

With geometry problems, it is often helpful to start making any deductions that you can (even when you do not know why you are doing it!). A lot of times, the problem will end up unraveling nicely this way. Veritas does a great job of teaching methodologies that work great with problems like these.

I hope this helps!!!
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Brandon
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If you found this post helpful, please give me kudos!!! Save $100 on Veritas Prep GMAT Courses And Admissions Consulting Enroll now. Pay later. Take advantage of Veritas Prep's flexible payment plan options. Veritas Prep Reviews Intern  Joined: 29 Dec 2012 Posts: 23 Schools: Tuck '17 (M) GMAT 1: 680 Q45 V38 GMAT 2: 690 Q47 V38 GPA: 3.69 Re: If the area of Rectangle ABCD is 4√3, then what is the area of the [#permalink] Show Tags I actually think that the answer is 12. As Brandon said above, x=2, but the side that is shared with the 45-45-90 triangle is actually 2sqrt(3) because of the 1:1: sqrt2 ratios. Thus 2 sqrt(3) * 2 sqrt(3) is actually 12, not 4. Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor Joined: 23 Oct 2013 Posts: 144 Re: If the area of Rectangle ABCD is 4√3, then what is the area of the [#permalink] Show Tags Great catch vaj. That is absolutely correct. The triangle on the left is a 30-60-90 triangle, and the solution about how to get to the proportions is in my response above. The triangle on the right, however, is a 45-45-90 triangle (the other common ratio that you need to know). 45-45-90 triangles have sides that correspond to x-x-x*sqrt 2 (although for this problem you really only need to know that both sides opposite the 45 angles will be equal). In this example, the side opposite the 60 degree angle in the left triangle corresponds to one of the sides opposite a 45 degree angle in the right triangle. As stated above, the side opposite the 60 degree triangle will be equal to x*sqrt3. This means that both sides opposite the 45 degree angles in the right triangle will also be equal to x*sqrt 3, meaning that square DEFG has sides of x*sqrt 3. We know that X = 2, so squaring this we get X^2 * (sqrt3)^2, = 2^2 * (sqrt3)^2 = 4*3 = 12. Hope that helps. _________________ Brandon Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor If you found this post helpful, please give me kudos!!! Save$100 on Veritas Prep GMAT Courses And Admissions Consulting
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GMAT 1: 800 Q51 V49 GRE 1: Q170 V170 Re: If the area of Rectangle ABCD is 4√3, then area of the square DEFG is?  [#permalink]

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Hi amithyarli,

While this question is a multi-shape Geometry question, it's based on a few standard rules (that you probably already know), so you can solve it with some note-taking and math. I'm going to give you a few 'hints' so that you can attempt this question again:

1) What do you notice about Triangle ACD? What would you label its 3 sides?
2) The area formula for a triangle is Area = (1/2)(Base)(height). Using the sides you've just labeled, and the given area, you should be able to figure out the sides of that triangle.

3) What do you know about triangle CDE? From your prior work, you now have 1 of its sides. What do you now know about side DE?
4) Since DEFG is a square and you have DE, how do you figure out the area of that square?

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Re: If the area of Rectangle ABCD is 4√3, then what is the area of the  [#permalink]

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amithyarli wrote:
If the area of Rectangle ABCD is 4√3, then what is the area of the square DEFG ?

A) √3
B) 2√3
C) 4
D) 4√3
E) 12

This can be solved easily by following a systematic approach:

1. The area of the rectangle ABCD = 4 $$\sqrt{3}$$
Hence the area of triangle ACD would be half = $$2 \sqrt{3}$$

Now, we need to find the sides of the triangle.
We know that the angle ACD = 30.
Assuming CD as the base (b), we can say that CD (h) = $$\sqrt{3}$$ AD

Area of the triangle = (1/2)*b*h = $$2 \sqrt{3}$$
Hence we can find the value of b = $$2 \sqrt{3}$$

CD is a part of the triangle that is isosceles (two angles are same - this means two sides will be same)
Hence CD = DE (the side of the square)

Area of the square = DE*DE = $$2 \sqrt{3}$$*$$2 \sqrt{3}$$ =12
Option E
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If the area of Rectangle ABCD is 4√3, then what is the area of the  [#permalink]

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OptimusPrepJanielle wrote:
amithyarli wrote:
If the area of Rectangle ABCD is 4√3, then what is the area of the square DEFG ?

A) √3
B) 2√3
C) 4
D) 4√3
E) 12

This can be solved easily by following a systematic approach:

1. The area of the rectangle ABCD = 4 $$\sqrt{3}$$
Hence the area of triangle ACD would be half = $$2 \sqrt{3}$$

Now, we need to find the sides of the triangle.
We know that the angle ACD = 30.
Assuming CD as the base (b), we can say that CD (h) = $$\sqrt{3}$$ AD

Area of the triangle = (1/2)*b*h = $$2 \sqrt{3}$$
Hence we can find the value of b = $$2 \sqrt{3}$$

CD is a part of the triangle that is isosceles (two angles are same - this means two sides will be same)
Hence CD = DE (the side of the square)

Area of the square = DE*DE = $$2 \sqrt{3}$$*$$2 \sqrt{3}$$ =12
Option E

A 30-60-90 right angled triangle has ratio of sides as 1:sq rt 3 : 2
How did you reach to value of CD (h) = √3 AD ? [ Please explain why AD is being multiplied in √3 AD?]

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Re: If the area of Rectangle ABCD is 4√3, then what is the area of the  [#permalink]

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Manonamission wrote:
OptimusPrepJanielle wrote:
amithyarli wrote:
If the area of Rectangle ABCD is 4√3, then what is the area of the square DEFG ?

A) √3
B) 2√3
C) 4
D) 4√3
E) 12

This can be solved easily by following a systematic approach:

1. The area of the rectangle ABCD = 4 $$\sqrt{3}$$
Hence the area of triangle ACD would be half = $$2 \sqrt{3}$$

Now, we need to find the sides of the triangle.
We know that the angle ACD = 30.
Assuming CD as the base (b), we can say that CD (h) = $$\sqrt{3}$$ AD

Area of the triangle = (1/2)*b*h = $$2 \sqrt{3}$$
Hence we can find the value of b = $$2 \sqrt{3}$$

CD is a part of the triangle that is isosceles (two angles are same - this means two sides will be same)
Hence CD = DE (the side of the square)

Area of the square = DE*DE = $$2 \sqrt{3}$$*$$2 \sqrt{3}$$ =12
Option E

A 30-60-90 right angled triangle has ratio of sides as 1:sq rt 3 : 2
How did you reach to value of CD (h) = √3 AD ? [ Please explain why AD is being multiplied in √3 AD?]

A right triangle with 30-60-90 can be written as

a : a*sqrt(3) : 2a

Where 'a' is the side of the smallest length which is opposite to 30 degree

Area of rectangle ABCD = a*a*sqrt(3) = 4*sqrt(3)

Therefore a=2

CD=2*sqrt(3)= DE

Area of square = (2*sqrt(3))^2 = 12

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Re: If the area of Rectangle ABCD is 4√3, then what is the area of the  [#permalink]

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