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Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 55273
If the sum of two integers is 6, then it must be true that  [#permalink]

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8 00:00

Difficulty:   25% (medium)

Question Stats: 71% (01:07) correct 29% (01:30) wrong based on 299 sessions

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If the sum of two integers is 6, then it must be true that

(A) both integers are even
(B) both integers are odd
(C) both integers are positive
(D) if one integer is negative, the other is positive
(E) if one integer is positive, the other is negative

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CEO  V
Joined: 12 Sep 2015
Posts: 3726
Location: Canada
Re: If the sum of two integers is 6, then it must be true that  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
If the sum of two integers is 6, then it must be true that

(A) both integers are even
(B) both integers are odd
(C) both integers are positive
(D) if one integer is negative, the other is positive
(E) if one integer is positive, the other is negative

If one number is negative, then the ONLY way to get a sum of 6 is for the other number to be positive.
So, D must be true.

Cheers,
Brent
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CEO  V
Joined: 12 Sep 2015
Posts: 3726
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Re: If the sum of two integers is 6, then it must be true that  [#permalink]

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1
Bunuel wrote:
If the sum of two integers is 6, then it must be true that

(A) both integers are even
(B) both integers are odd
(C) both integers are positive
(D) if one integer is negative, the other is positive
(E) if one integer is positive, the other is negative

Another approach.

We're asked to find a statement that MUST be true. So, if we can find a case where a statement is false, we can ELIMINATE that answer choice.

(A) both integers are even : it could be the case that the numbers are 1 and 5. ELIMINATE A
(B) both integers are odd : it could be the case that the numbers are 2 and 4. ELIMINATE B
(C) both integers are positive : it could be the case that the numbers are -1 and 7. ELIMINATE C
(D) if one integer is negative, the other is positive : Can't think of a counterexample so KEEP D for now
(E) if one integer is positive, the other is negative : it could be the case that the numbers are 1 and 5. ELIMINATE E

By the process of elimination, the correct answer is D

Cheers,
Brent
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Retired Moderator V
Joined: 22 Jun 2014
Posts: 1111
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Technology
GMAT 1: 540 Q45 V20 GPA: 2.49
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Re: If the sum of two integers is 6, then it must be true that  [#permalink]

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In a must be true question my approach to find the right answer is to negate each choice. The correct choice would not be negated.

Suppose x & y are two integers such that x + y = 6

(A) both integers are even - Wrong
Can we have x + y = 6 when both are not even? Yes. (1+5=6)

(B) both integers are odd - Wrong
Can we have x + y = 6 when both are not odd? Yes. (2+4=6)

(C) both integers are positive - Wrong
Can we have x + y = 6 when only one is positive? Yes (7 + (-1) = 6)

(D) if one integer is negative, the other is positive - Correct
Can we have x + y = 6 when x is negative and y is also negative? No. ((-1) + 7 = 6), here 7 can not be -ve.

(E) if one integer is positive, the other is negative - wrong
Can we have x + y = 6 when x is positive and y is NOT negative? Yes. (7 + (-1) = 6)
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Re: If the sum of two integers is 6, then it must be true that  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
If the sum of two integers is 6, then it must be true that

(A) both integers are even
(B) both integers are odd
(C) both integers are positive
(D) if one integer is negative, the other is positive
(E) if one integer is positive, the other is negative

Since the sum of two integers is 6, the two integers can be either both even (e.g., 4 and 2) or both odd (e.g., 1 and 5). So, answer choices A and B DO NOT HAVE to be true. Let’s test the remaining answer choices:

C) both integers are positive

Both integers DO NOT HAVE to be positive. For instance, one integer could be 8 and the other -2.

D) if one integer is negative, the other is positive

Answer choice D is correct. Since two negative integers cannot sum to 6, if one of the integers is negative, the other MUST BE POSITIVE.

Answer: D
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Intern  Joined: 04 Feb 2019
Posts: 1
Re: If the sum of two integers is 6, then it must be true that  [#permalink]

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Hello everyone,

I agree A,B,C does not have to necessarily be true. However, I am having difficulty understanding why D and E are not the probable answer.

(D) if one integer is negative, the other is positive: This could have been (-1) + 7= 6
(E) if one integer is positive, the other is negative : This could have been 7 + (-1)= 6

I will appreciate a clarification.

Thank you
Intern  B
Joined: 22 Oct 2018
Posts: 1
Re: If the sum of two integers is 6, then it must be true that  [#permalink]

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((Hello everyone,

I agree A,B,C does not have to necessarily be true. However, I am having difficulty understanding why D and E are not the probable answer.

(D) if one integer is negative, the other is positive: This could have been (-1) + 7= 6
(E) if one integer is positive, the other is negative : This could have been 7 + (-1)= 6

I will appreciate a clarification.

Thank you))

^Same question! can someone please clarify?
Intern  B
Joined: 16 Jan 2019
Posts: 6
Re: If the sum of two integers is 6, then it must be true that  [#permalink]

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Can someone please clarify why D is correct but E isn't...aren't they basically the same?

What makes them different?

Thank you in advance!
Intern  B
Joined: 02 Mar 2017
Posts: 16
GMAT 1: 680 Q44 V38 Re: If the sum of two integers is 6, then it must be true that  [#permalink]

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In Option D it says that if one of the number is negative, eg. -1 then the other has to be positive to get the sum of positive 6
However, in case of option E, if one number is positive then the other number need not be negative, eg. a=4 then b=2 thus a+b=6. Hence option E is wrong Re: If the sum of two integers is 6, then it must be true that   [#permalink] 24 Apr 2019, 09:11
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# If the sum of two integers is 6, then it must be true that

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