GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 07 Dec 2019, 09:06 ### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

#### Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.  # If two sides of a triangle are 12 and 8, which of the

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager  Joined: 22 Dec 2011
Posts: 211
If two sides of a triangle are 12 and 8, which of the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

4
28 00:00

Difficulty:   65% (hard)

Question Stats: 53% (01:31) correct 47% (01:58) wrong based on 561 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

If two sides of a triangle are 12 and 8, which of the following could be the area of the triangle?

I. 35
II. 48
III. 56

A. I only
B. I and II only
C. I and III only
D. II and III only
E. I, II, and III
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 59588
Re: If two sides of a triangle are 12 and 8, which of the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

9
7
Jp27 wrote:
If two sides of a triangle are 12 and 8, which of the following could be the area of the triangle?

I. 35
II. 48
III. 56

A. I only
B. I and II only
C. I and III only
D. II and III only
E. I, II, and III

Given two sides of a triangle, the greatest area is obtained when there is 90 degrees between them.

Thus the area cannot be more than 12*8*1/2=48.

Look at the diagram below:
Attachment: Triangles.png [ 2.36 KiB | Viewed 46525 times ]
If we consider 12 as a base, then you can see that the greatest height is when it coincides with the second side. Now, if we rotate the second side we can make the height close to zero, thus we can have any height from 0 to 8, which implies that we can have any area more than 0 but not more than 48 (12*8*1/2=48).

As for other properties. Check Triangles chapter of Math Book: math-triangles-87197.html

Hope it helpsl
_________________
Manager  Joined: 22 Dec 2011
Posts: 211
Re: If two sides of a triangle are 12 and 8  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

2
5
Bunuel - I have few other questions related to this. Please correct me if Im wrong with any of the statements below.

1/ Given 2 sides of the triangle max area can be go by forming 90* between them?

2/ Given the hypotenuse of a right angle triangle I can find out the max area by forming isosceles traingle (I find the other 2 sides using the relationship x:x:x root 2)

3/For a given perimeter equilateral triangle has the largest area.
Perimeter = 3+4+5 = 12.
The area of an equilateral triangle = (s²/4)√3. (s = 12/3)

4/ For a given area equilateral triangle has the smallest perimeter.
Given area = 18 then smallest perimeter possible = 1/2 a^2 = 18
so a = 6 then perimeter 6+6+6 =18....

5/ sum of any 2 sides should be > than the 3side and diff should be < than 3rd side...

Are there any other relationship should I be aware of?
##### General Discussion
Intern  Joined: 14 Oct 2013
Posts: 43
Re: If two sides of a triangle are 12 and 8, which of the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Can you explain how we could get an area of 35? Base*Height would have to be equal to 70 right? How could we get B*H to be equal to 70 if the two sides are 12-8 which neither go into 70? Can we assume that the third side doesn't have to be an integer?
e-GMAT Representative V
Joined: 04 Jan 2015
Posts: 3158
Re: If two sides of a triangle are 12 and 8, which of the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

2
healthjunkie wrote:
Can you explain how we could get an area of 35? Base*Height would have to be equal to 70 right? How could we get B*H to be equal to 70 if the two sides are 12-8 which neither go into 70? Can we assume that the third side doesn't have to be an integer?

Hi healthjunkie,

Given two sides, the greatest area will be obtained when the sides are at right angle to each other i.e. they form a right angled triangle.
For any other type of triangle, the two sides will not form the base and the height, thus $$\frac{1}{2}$$ * multiplication of the sides will not give you the area of the triangle.

So for example, for a scalene triangle, one of the sides could be the base and then the height to that base from the opposite vertex would need to be calculated which may not be an integer.

Thus $$\frac{1}{2}$$ * base ( either 12 or 8) * height can be equal to 35

Hope this helps Regards
Harsh
_________________
EMPOWERgmat Instructor V
Status: GMAT Assassin/Co-Founder
Affiliations: EMPOWERgmat
Joined: 19 Dec 2014
Posts: 15661
Location: United States (CA)
GMAT 1: 800 Q51 V49 GRE 1: Q170 V170 Re: If two sides of a triangle are 12 and 8, which of the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

2
1
Hi healthjunkie,

This question is an off-shoot of a Triangle Inequality Theorem question - in those questions, you're given 2 of the sides of the triangle and you're asked for what the third side COULD be. The lengths of the 2 sides dictate the minimum and maximum possible values for the third side and that same logic can be used here.

To emphasize the logic, you should sketch out some quick pictures....

First, the greatest area will be formed when the two sides form a RIGHT angle. With sides of 8 and 12, you have an area of (1/2)(8)(12) = 48.

Next, draw a picture in which the "8 side" does NOT form a right angle with the "12 side"....put the "8 side" at an angle so that it's almost "on top of" the "12 side".... This area is clearly SMALLER than 48 (in fact, it's just a little greater than 0).

If you draw a picture with the "8 side" almost "in line, but going in the other direction" with the "12 side" (so that you form a really long, thin triangle), THAT area is also really small (just a little greater than 0).

These examples serve as proof that any area from "almost 0" up to 48, inclusive is possible. In this question, that means that 35 and 48 are possible areas.

GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made,
Rich
_________________
Intern  B
Joined: 03 Jul 2015
Posts: 10
Location: India
If two sides of a triangle are 12 and 8, which of the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

1
Jp27 wrote:
Bunuel - I have few other questions related to this. Please correct me if Im wrong with any of the statements below.

1/ Given 2 sides of the triangle max area can be go by forming 90* between them?

2/ Given the hypotenuse of a right angle triangle I can find out the max area by forming isosceles traingle (I find the other 2 sides using the relationship x:x:x root 2)

3/For a given perimeter equilateral triangle has the largest area.
Perimeter = 3+4+5 = 12.
The area of an equilateral triangle = (s²/4)√3. (s = 12/3)

4/ For a given area equilateral triangle has the smallest perimeter.
Given area = 18 then smallest perimeter possible = 1/2 a^2 = 18
so a = 6 then perimeter 6+6+6 =18....

5/ sum of any 2 sides should be > than the 3side and diff should be < than 3rd side...

Are there any other relationship should I be aware of?

I know trignometry is not expected in GMAT, but this particular problem becomes very easy if you know just 2 little concepts of trignometry.

I Concept: Area of a triangle = $$(1/2)a.b.sin(\alpha$$),
where $$a$$ and $$b$$ are any two sides of the triangle and $$\alpha$$ is the angle contained by these two sides.

II Concept: $$sin(\alpha$$) varies between $$0$$ and $$1$$ (becomes maximum at $$\alpha$$ $$=90∘$$)
So, in this case area will vary between $$0$$ and $$48$$.

In other words, all the values between 0 and 48 are possible.

There are few problems of area maximization in a triangle which are difficult to be visualized but can be dealt quickly by this method.
CEO  D
Status: GMATINSIGHT Tutor
Joined: 08 Jul 2010
Posts: 2977
Location: India
GMAT: INSIGHT
Schools: Darden '21
WE: Education (Education)
If two sides of a triangle are 12 and 8, which of the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Jp27 wrote:
If two sides of a triangle are 12 and 8, which of the following could be the area of the triangle?

I. 35
II. 48
III. 56

A. I only
B. I and II only
C. I and III only
D. II and III only
E. I, II, and III

CONCEPT:
- Maximum Area of the Triangle for given two sides will be obtained when the two sides are taken as perpendicular to each other
- Minimum Area of the Triangle for given two sides can always be as small as zero

i.e. $$Area_{Max} = (1/2)*12*8 = 48$$
i.e. $$Area_{Min} ≈ 0$$

_________________
Prosper!!!
GMATinsight
Bhoopendra Singh and Dr.Sushma Jha
e-mail: info@GMATinsight.com I Call us : +91-9999687183 / 9891333772
Online One-on-One Skype based classes and Classroom Coaching in South and West Delhi
http://www.GMATinsight.com/testimonials.html

ACCESS FREE GMAT TESTS HERE:22 ONLINE FREE (FULL LENGTH) GMAT CAT (PRACTICE TESTS) LINK COLLECTION

Originally posted by GMATinsight on 20 Jul 2015, 04:49.
Last edited by GMATinsight on 08 Oct 2017, 22:58, edited 1 time in total.
Intern  Joined: 08 Oct 2015
Posts: 14
Re: If two sides of a triangle are 12 and 8, which of the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

"any side must be smaller than the sum of the other sides and greater than their difference". I thought it was not possible to have a side way smaller. The properties are not applied in this case?

EMPOWERgmatRichC wrote:
Hi healthjunkie,

This question is an off-shoot of a Triangle Inequality Theorem question - in those questions, you're given 2 of the sides of the triangle and you're asked for what the third side COULD be. The lengths of the 2 sides dictate the minimum and maximum possible values for the third side and that same logic can be used here.

To emphasize the logic, you should sketch out some quick pictures....

First, the greatest area will be formed when the two sides form a RIGHT angle. With sides of 8 and 12, you have an area of (1/2)(8)(12) = 48.

Next, draw a picture in which the "8 side" does NOT form a right angle with the "12 side"....put the "8 side" at an angle so that it's almost "on top of" the "12 side".... This area is clearly SMALLER than 48 (in fact, it's just a little greater than 0).

If you draw a picture with the "8 side" almost "in line, but going in the other direction" with the "12 side" (so that you form a really long, thin triangle), THAT area is also really small (just a little greater than 0).

These examples serve as proof that any area from "almost 0" up to 48, inclusive is possible. In this question, that means that 35 and 48 are possible areas.

GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made,
Rich
EMPOWERgmat Instructor V
Status: GMAT Assassin/Co-Founder
Affiliations: EMPOWERgmat
Joined: 19 Dec 2014
Posts: 15661
Location: United States (CA)
GMAT 1: 800 Q51 V49 GRE 1: Q170 V170 Re: If two sides of a triangle are 12 and 8, which of the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Hi gabriela2015,

That rule applies to ALL triangles, regardless of what the question is asking about. Here though, we're NOT asked for the third side, we're asked for the possible AREAS when we have those two specific side lengths.

With a side of 8 and a side of 12, the third side would fall into the falling range:

4 < third side < 20

The range of the areas will still end up being:

0 < Area <= 48

GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made,
Rich
_________________
Intern  Joined: 13 Jun 2011
Posts: 21
Re: If two sides of a triangle are 12 and 8, which of the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

hello,

Can anyone tell how area of 0 is possible??as if height reaches 0 it wont be triangle at all right??please explain me how we got 0 as minimum area..may be by drawing some picture..thanks in advance
CEO  S
Joined: 20 Mar 2014
Posts: 2561
Concentration: Finance, Strategy
Schools: Kellogg '18 (M)
GMAT 1: 750 Q49 V44 GPA: 3.7
WE: Engineering (Aerospace and Defense)
Re: If two sides of a triangle are 12 and 8, which of the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

vaidhaichaturvedi wrote:
hello,

Can anyone tell how area of 0 is possible??as if height reaches 0 it wont be triangle at all right??please explain me how we got 0 as minimum area..may be by drawing some picture..thanks in advance

If you read EMPOWERgmatRichC 's reply above, he is not saying that the area can be = 0 (there is a "<" sign and not $$\leq$$sign next to 0). You are correct that if you bring height to 0 , then the triangle will no longer be a triangle.
Intern  B
Joined: 25 May 2015
Posts: 17
Re: If two sides of a triangle are 12 and 8, which of the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

EMPOWERgmatRichC wrote:
Hi gabriela2015,

That rule applies to ALL triangles, regardless of what the question is asking about. Here though, we're NOT asked for the third side, we're asked for the possible AREAS when we have those two specific side lengths.

With a side of 8 and a side of 12, the third side would fall into the falling range:

4 < third side < 20

The range of the areas will still end up being:

0 < Area <= 48

GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made,
Rich

Could you tell me please how you got the possible range of the third side (4<third side < 20)
Thanks
Intern  B
Joined: 25 May 2015
Posts: 17
Re: If two sides of a triangle are 12 and 8, which of the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

mohd_int wrote:
EMPOWERgmatRichC wrote:
Hi gabriela2015,

That rule applies to ALL triangles, regardless of what the question is asking about. Here though, we're NOT asked for the third side, we're asked for the possible AREAS when we have those two specific side lengths.

With a side of 8 and a side of 12, the third side would fall into the falling range:

4 < third side < 20

The range of the areas will still end up being:

0 < Area <= 48

GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made,
Rich

Could you tell me please how you got the possible range of the third side (4<third side < 20)
Thanks

I got the answer 12+8 =20 and 12-8 =4

Good luck
EMPOWERgmat Instructor V
Status: GMAT Assassin/Co-Founder
Affiliations: EMPOWERgmat
Joined: 19 Dec 2014
Posts: 15661
Location: United States (CA)
GMAT 1: 800 Q51 V49 GRE 1: Q170 V170 Re: If two sides of a triangle are 12 and 8, which of the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

1
Hi mohd_int,

There's a Geometry rule called the Triangle Inequality Theorem - and the rule is that the sum of ANY 2 sides of a triangle MUST be greater than the third side. Thus, if we call the 3 sides of a triangle A, B and C, then...

A+B > C
A+C > B
B+C > A

All 3 inequalities MUST exist for a triangle to exist. Here's a simple example to prove the point: Can you have a triangle with sides of 1, 1 and 100? Try drawing it. You would NOT have an actual triangle, you would have a really long line with 2 tiny lines attached at the ends (and those tiny lines would NOT meet).

So if you have one side of a triangle that is 12, then the other two sides MUST sum to a total that is GREATER than 12. If one of those two sides is an 8, then the third side must be GREATER than 4. In that same way, 12+8 = 20, so the third side must be LESS than 20.

GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made,
Rich
_________________
Intern  B
Joined: 25 May 2015
Posts: 17
Re: If two sides of a triangle are 12 and 8, which of the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

EMPOWERgmatRichC wrote:
Hi mohd_int,

There's a Geometry rule called the Triangle Inequality Theorem - and the rule is that the sum of ANY 2 sides of a triangle MUST be greater than the third side. Thus, if we call the 3 sides of a triangle A, B and C, then...

A+B > C
A+C > B
B+C > A

All 3 inequalities MUST exist for a triangle to exist. Here's a simple example to prove the point: Can you have a triangle with sides of 1, 1 and 100? Try drawing it. You would NOT have an actual triangle, you would have a really long line with 2 tiny lines attached at the ends (and those tiny lines would NOT meet).

So if you have one side of a triangle that is 12, then the other two sides MUST sum to a total that is GREATER than 12. If one of those two sides is an 8, then the third side must be GREATER than 4. In that same way, 12+8 = 20, so the third side must be LESS than 20.

GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made,
Rich

Thank you so much, sir
Non-Human User Joined: 09 Sep 2013
Posts: 13722
Re: If two sides of a triangle are 12 and 8, which of the  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
_________________ Re: If two sides of a triangle are 12 and 8, which of the   [#permalink] 06 Oct 2018, 21:21
Display posts from previous: Sort by

# If two sides of a triangle are 12 and 8, which of the  