Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. In DS, Variable approach is the easiest and quickest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember equal number of variables and independent equations ensures a solution.
If x = 1! + 2! + 3! + ... + n! then what is the remainder when x is divided by 25?
(1) n > 8
(2) n < 10
In the original condition, there is 1 variable(n), which should match with the number of equations. So you need 1 equations. For 1) 1 equation, for 2) 1 equation, which is likely to make D the answer.
For 1), in n=9,10,11,12..., there is 5 more than twice after n=10. That is, the remainder when dividing with 25 is 0 and you only need to figure out when n=9, which is unique and sufficient.
For 2), as n=9,8..., there are many remainders, which is not unique and not sufficient.
Therefore, the answer is A.
For cases where we need 1 more equation, such as original conditions with “1 variable”, or “2 variables and 1 equation”, or “3 variables and 2 equations”, we have 1 equation each in both 1) and 2). Therefore, there is 59 % chance that D is the answer, while A or B has 38% chance and C or E has 3% chance. Since D is most likely to be the answer using 1) and 2) separately according to DS definition. Obviously there may be cases where the answer is A, B, C or E.
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