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If x ≠ 1, what is the value of (-|x| - 1)/(x - 1) ?

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If x ≠ 1, what is the value of (-|x| - 1)/(x - 1) ?  [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2018, 00:08
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GMAT CLUB'S FRESH QUESTION



If x ≠ 1, what is the value of \(\frac{-|x| - 1}{x - 1}\)?


(1) \(\sqrt{x^6} > x^3\)

(2) \(\frac{|x|}{16} + \frac{x}{8} + \frac{|x|}{4} + \frac{x}{2} = -1\)

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Re: If x ≠ 1, what is the value of (-|x| - 1)/(x - 1) ?  [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2018, 00:36
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Bunuel wrote:

GMAT CLUB'S FRESH QUESTION



If x ≠ 1, what is the value of \(\frac{-|x| - 1}{x - 1}\)?


(1) \(\sqrt{x^6} > x^3\)

(2) \(\frac{|x|}{16} + \frac{x}{8} + \frac{|x|}{4} + \frac{x}{2} = -1\)


The data is sufficient if we get a unique value for the expression \(\frac{-|x| - 1}{x - 1}\)
A quick info about this expression. If x is negative then the expression will have a unique value, which is 1.
If x is 0, it will have a unique value, which is 1.
If x is positive it will have multiple values. For instance, if x = 2, the value of the expression is -3. If x = 3, the value of the expression -2.

So, at some level if we can establish that x is not positive, we will have a unique value. Else we will not have a unique value.

Statement 1: \(\sqrt{x^6} > x^3\)
\(\sqrt{x^6}\) is non negative for real x and will be |x^3|.
For instance \(\sqrt{2^6}\) = 8 and \(\sqrt{{(-2)^6}\) will also be 8.
But 2^3 will be 8 and (-2)^3 will be -8.
So, if we know that \(\sqrt{x^6} > x^3\), we can infer that x is negative.

If x is negative, the value of \(\frac{-|x| - 1}{x - 1}\) will be 1. Take any negative x and check it. Negative integer, negative non integer. It will work for all values.

So, statement 1 ALONE is sufficient.

Statement 2:\(\frac{|x|}{16} + \frac{x}{8} + \frac{|x|}{4} + \frac{x}{2} = -1\)
We can rewrite the expression as |x| + 2x + 4|x| + 8x = -16
5|x| + 10x = -16.
The sum of the expression is -16, which is negative.
5|x| cannot be negative. So, 10x has to be negative if the sum is -16 => x has to be negative.

If x is negative, the expression \(\frac{-|x| - 1}{x - 1}\) has a unique value which is 1.

Statement 2 ALONE is sufficient.

Each statement is INDEPENDENTLY sufficient.
Choice D.
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If x ≠ 1, what is the value of (-|x| - 1)/(x - 1) ?  [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2018, 00:55
\(\frac{-|x| - 1}{x - 1}\)

Looking at the question, we can identify that any positive number will yield different values for the expression(such as 2, 4, 6). But any non-positive number will always yield the answer 1(such as 0, -0.5, -1, -4 ). Hence if we are able to find out that x is non-positive, we can sufficiently get the answer


Statement 1: -

\(\sqrt{x^6} > x^3\)

Therefore \(|x^3| > x^3\)

This tells us that x is negative. Hence it is SUFFICIENT

Statement 1: -

\(\frac{|x|}{16} + \frac{x}{8} + \frac{|x|}{4} + \frac{x}{2} = -1\)

Taking LCM, we can reduce the equation to

\(\frac{|x|+2x+4|x|+8x}{16} = -1\)

5|x| +10x + 16 =0

case 1 : - Now if x is positive, then the equation above will never be 0

case 2 : - Now if x is negative, then the equation above will be 0 for a value of x

Hence, this option is also SUFFICIENT

Answer is D
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Re: If x ≠ 1, what is the value of (-|x| - 1)/(x - 1) ?  [#permalink]

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New post 15 May 2018, 14:32
pikolo2510 wrote:
\(\frac{-|x| - 1}{x - 1}\)

Looking at the question, we can identify that any positive number will yield different values for the expression(such as 2, 4, 6). But any non-positive number will always yield the answer 1(such as 0, -0.5, -1, -4 ). Hence if we are able to find out that x is non-positive, we can sufficiently get the answer


Statement 1: -

\(\sqrt{x^6} > x^3\)

Therefore \(|x^3| > x^3\)

This tells us that x is negative. Hence it is SUFFICIENT

Statement 1: -

\(\frac{|x|}{16} + \frac{x}{8} + \frac{|x|}{4} + \frac{x}{2} = -1\)

Taking LCM, we can reduce the equation to

\(\frac{|x|+2x+4|x|+[highlight]8[}{highlight]/16} = -1\)

5|x| +2x + 24 =0

case 1 : - Now if x is positive, then the equation above will never be 0

case 2 : - Now if x is negative, then the equation above will be 0 for a value of x

Hence, this option is also SUFFICIENT

Answer is D


Hi, You missed to multiply 8 by x. This will change the shape of the equation to be

5|x| +10x =-16
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Re: If x ≠ 1, what is the value of (-|x| - 1)/(x - 1) ?  [#permalink]

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New post 15 May 2018, 20:00
Mo2men wrote:
pikolo2510 wrote:
\(\frac{-|x| - 1}{x - 1}\)

Looking at the question, we can identify that any positive number will yield different values for the expression(such as 2, 4, 6). But any non-positive number will always yield the answer 1(such as 0, -0.5, -1, -4 ). Hence if we are able to find out that x is non-positive, we can sufficiently get the answer


Statement 1: -

\(\sqrt{x^6} > x^3\)

Therefore \(|x^3| > x^3\)

This tells us that x is negative. Hence it is SUFFICIENT

Statement 1: -

\(\frac{|x|}{16} + \frac{x}{8} + \frac{|x|}{4} + \frac{x}{2} = -1\)

Taking LCM, we can reduce the equation to

\(\frac{|x|+2x+4|x|+[highlight]8[}{highlight]/16} = -1\)

5|x| +2x + 24 =0

case 1 : - Now if x is positive, then the equation above will never be 0

case 2 : - Now if x is negative, then the equation above will be 0 for a value of x

Hence, this option is also SUFFICIENT

Answer is D


Hi, You missed to multiply 8 by x. This will change the shape of the equation to be

5|x| +10x =-16


Thanks for pointing that typo out. Edited my original solution :-)
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Re: If x ≠ 1, what is the value of (-|x| - 1)/(x - 1) ?  [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2018, 10:23
What is the value of \(\frac{-|x| - 1}{x - 1}\)
if x<0, = \(\frac{x-1}{x-1}\) = 1
if x>0, \(\frac{-x-1}{x-1}\), the value depends on value of x

Statement 1) \(\sqrt{x^6} > x^3\)
it is clear that x is negative, because if x is non negative, \(\sqrt{x^6} = x^3\)
So, x is negative and \(\frac{x-1}{x-1}\) = 1
SUFFICIENT

Statement 2) \(\frac{|x|}{16} + \frac{x}{8} + \frac{|x|}{4} + \frac{x}{2} = -1\)
Since RHS is negative, We can straight away say that x is NEGATIVE, as all terms in LHS are in addition, we cant have the additions of positive terms = negative. (There is no need to solve the equation)
So x is negative and and \(\frac{x-1}{x-1}\) = 1
SUFFICIENT

Answer D

Bunuel wrote:

GMAT CLUB'S FRESH QUESTION



If x ≠ 1, what is the value of \(\frac{-|x| - 1}{x - 1}\)?


(1) \(\sqrt{x^6} > x^3\)

(2) \(\frac{|x|}{16} + \frac{x}{8} + \frac{|x|}{4} + \frac{x}{2} = -1\)

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Re: If x ≠ 1, what is the value of (-|x| - 1)/(x - 1) ?  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2018, 01:19
Bunuel wrote:

GMAT CLUB'S FRESH QUESTION



If x ≠ 1, what is the value of \(\frac{-|x| - 1}{x - 1}\)?


(1) \(\sqrt{x^6} > x^3\)

(2) \(\frac{|x|}{16} + \frac{x}{8} + \frac{|x|}{4} + \frac{x}{2} = -1\)


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Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


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Re: If x ≠ 1, what is the value of (-|x| - 1)/(x - 1) ?  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Dec 2018, 21:08
Bunuel wrote:

GMAT CLUB'S FRESH QUESTION



If x ≠ 1, what is the value of \(\frac{-|x| - 1}{x - 1}\)?


(1) \(\sqrt{x^6} > x^3\)

(2) \(\frac{|x|}{16} + \frac{x}{8} + \frac{|x|}{4} + \frac{x}{2} = -1\)


Statement 1) \(\sqrt{x^6} > x^3\) implies x is negative because square root is always positive so, square root of x^6 is positive and x^3 is negative. Only in the case of x being negative, this statement holds true. So, if x is negative. -|x|=x as |x| will be -x and -(-x)=x. The expression reduces to \(\frac{x - 1}{x - 1}\)=1. Sufficient.

Statement 2) \(\frac{|x|}{16} + \frac{x}{8} + \frac{|x|}{4} + \frac{x}{2} = -1\). Simplifying, we get \(\frac{5*|x|}{16} + \frac{5*x}{8}= -1\) or \(\frac{5*|x|}{16} + \frac{10*x}{16}= -1\). Further simplyfying, \(5*|x| + 10*x= -16\). Now, |x| will always be positive, so, x has to be negative to equate to -16 on RHS. Also, multiple of x is higher than of multiple of |X|, so, x has to be negative in order to total to -16. If x is positive, the expression won't hold true. Following the logic in Statement 1, if x is negative, the expression in the problem reduces to \(\frac{x - 1}{x - 1}\)=1. Sufficient.

Hence, D is the correct answer.
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