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If x is a positive integer and 4^x – 3 = y, which of the following CAN

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If x is a positive integer and 4^x – 3 = y, which of the following CAN  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2018, 00:14
1
11
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

95% (00:55) correct 5% (01:05) wrong based on 751 sessions

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Re: If x is a positive integer and 4^x – 3 = y, which of the following CAN  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2018, 03:31
5
3

Solution



Given:
    • x is a positive integer
    • \(4^x – 3 = y\)

To find:
    • From the given options, which one cannot be the value of y

Approach and Working:

Apart from checking with the options, there is one more way of figuring out the correct answer
From the given expression \(4^x – 3 = y\),
    • \(4^x = y + 3\)

Now, for any value of x, \(4^x\) will always end with either 4 of 6
    • Hence, y must be ending with either 1 or 3

From the given options, only option B is not ending with either 1 or 3

Hence, the correct answer is option B.

Answer: B
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Re: If x is a positive integer and 4^x – 3 = y, which of the following CAN  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2018, 00:26
If x=1: 4^1 - 3 = 1
If x=2: 4^2 - 3 = 13
If x=3: 4^3 - 3 = 61
If x=4: 4^4 - 3 = 253

The only value that y cannot take is 7.

The correct answer is B.
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Re: If x is a positive integer and 4^x – 3 = y, which of the following CAN  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2018, 01:29
OG 2019? very interesting
Has "bb" already made an excel spreadsheet about it?
If yes, please give me the link
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Re: If x is a positive integer and 4^x – 3 = y, which of the following CAN  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2018, 02:15
1
1
4x-3 = y => 4x = y+3

This implies that y+3 should be a multiple of 4. Quickly scanning the options reveal that for option B, 7+3 = 10 is not a multiple of 4.

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If x is a positive integer and 4^x – 3 = y, which of the following CAN  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2018, 02:16
Bunuel wrote:
If x is a positive integer and \(4^x – 3 = y\), which of the following CANNOT be a value of y ?


A. 1

B. 7

C. 13

D. 61

E. 253



NEW question from GMAT® Official Guide 2019


(PS04797)



Note:

x = positive integer

Given,

\(4^x\)-3=y

we are asked to find out which can't be the value of y. No specific value of x is given.

Trail and error is the way to get the correct answer. Assume the value of x = 1 , 2 , 3 , 4. All the option matches except B.

\(4^1\)-3=1
\(4^2\)-3=13
\(4^3\)-3=61
\(4^4\)-3=253

Thus , B is the correct answer.
GMAT Club Bot
If x is a positive integer and 4^x – 3 = y, which of the following CAN   [#permalink] 22 Jun 2018, 02:16
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