Hi All,

DS questions are often built around distinct patterns (even if you don't immediately recognize that a pattern is there). Often, the way to prove that there's a pattern is to TEST VALUES and pay careful attention to the results.

Here, we're told that X is a POSITIVE INTEGER. We're asked if \sqrt{(X^2 + Y^2} is an integer. This is a YES/NO question.

Fact 1: \sqrt{(X+Y)} is an integer.

IF....

X = 1

Y = 0

Then \sqrt{1} IS an integer and the answer to the question is YES.

IF....

X = 1

Y = 3

Then \sqrt{10} is NOT an integer and the answer to the question is NO.

Fact 1 is INSUFFICIENT

Fact 2: 8(X^2) - Y^2 = 0

We can manipulate this equation into...

8(X^2) = Y^2

At first glance, you might not know if there's a pattern in this information, so let's TEST a few values and see if a pattern emerges....

IF...

X = 1

Y = +-\sqrt{8}

Then \sqrt{9} IS an integer and the answer to the question is YES

IF....

X = 2

Y = +-\sqrt{32}

Then \sqrt{36} IS an integer and the answer to the question is YES

IF....

X = 3

Y = +-\sqrt{72}

Then \sqrt{81} IS an integer and the answer to the question is YES

Looking at these first 3 examples, it appears that the resulting calculation will ALWAYS be a perfect square, so the answer to the question is ALWAYS YES.

Fact 2 is SUFFICIENT

Final Answer:

GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made,

Rich

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