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Manager  Joined: 18 Feb 2015
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If x is a positive three-digit integar what is the tens digit of x  [#permalink]

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12 00:00

Difficulty:   45% (medium)

Question Stats: 69% (01:33) correct 31% (01:26) wrong based on 392 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics If x is a positive three-digit integer, what is the tens digit of x?

1) x is a multiple of 9
2) The hundreds digit of x is 9 times the units digit of x
Intern  Joined: 10 Jul 2016
Posts: 1
Re: If x is a positive three-digit integar what is the tens digit of x  [#permalink]

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To start we are given that x = positive 3 digit number, which means x = {a}{b}{c} (**Note: {a}{b}{c} are NOT variables in this problem, rather they are digit placeholders. This means that means that their individual values can only be between 1 through 9**)

I. x is a multiple of 9 (Insufficient)

There are numerous 3 digit options for x that are a multiple of 9, so eliminate choices A and D.

II. The hundreds digit of x is 9 times the units digit (Insufficient)

From our original breakdown of x = {a}{b}{c} (where {a}{b}{c} are digit place holders) we can formulate the following equation

{c} = 9 X {a}

c can only equal 1 (remember the problem says 3 digit integer so anything larger than 1 would make it a 4 digit integer. Try for yourself if you don't believe me by plugging in any other number larger than 1)

a can consequently only be 9

Therefore we are left with x=9{b}1 ({b} can still be any digit between 1 and 9, so the answer is insufficient: eliminate choice B)

I & II (Sufficient)

The statement says that x =9{b}1 and that it is a multiple of 9, meaning that the 9{b}1 is divisible by 9. The only value for b that fits the problem is {b}=8.

This makes x= 981 which fits both statements (Sufficient)

Hope that helps.
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Re: If x is a positive three-digit integar what is the tens digit of x  [#permalink]

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HarveyKlaus wrote:
If x is a positive three-digit integer, what is the tens digit of x?

1) x is a multiple of 9
2) The hundreds digit of x is 9 times the units digit of x

I am a bit confused here.

Can we have 0 in the tens place. Because 9 times of 0 is also 0.

So, we can have two numbers 891 and 900 both satisfying the above two statements.

If my understanding is correct, answer should be E. else I am good with C.

I will wait for experts to throw some light on it.
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I went with C for donerat of the same reasoning as above. Howevet, I also am curious whether 090 would be considered a three digit integer.

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Re: If x is a positive three-digit integar what is the tens digit of x  [#permalink]

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No. 090 is not a three digit number. But 900 is. Lets see what suggestions come.

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If x is a positive three-digit integar what is the tens digit of x  [#permalink]

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A=108,117,126......
B=901,911,921........981,991
C=981

In 900, hundreds digit is 9 which is not 9 times of the unit digit (zero).

(0x9=0 not 9)

Sent from my iPhone using GMAT Club Forum mobile app

Originally posted by BelalHossain046 on 14 Aug 2016, 13:26.
Last edited by BelalHossain046 on 14 Aug 2016, 15:08, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: If x is a positive three-digit integar what is the tens digit of x  [#permalink]

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abhimahna wrote:
No. 090 is not a three digit number. But 900 is. Lets see what suggestions come.

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But 0*9 = 0
So 900 is not possible. (IF the answer choice was hundreds digit and unit digit are divisible by 9 or multiples of 9 then 900 would work. But we are told that (Number=xyz) x=9z. Either both are zero(no longer a three digit number) or x=9 and z=1. 9 and 0 is not an option.

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Re: If x is a positive three-digit integar what is the tens digit of x  [#permalink]

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This is quite a simple question, but the trick is to not fall victim to statement carryover.

When evaluating statement 2 FORGET statement 1.
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GMAT 1: 470 Q30 V20 GMAT 2: 620 Q42 V33 Re: If x is a positive three-digit integar what is the tens digit of x  [#permalink]

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I hope it helps someone.

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If x is a positive three-digit integar what is the tens digit of x  [#permalink]

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felippemed wrote:
I hope it helps someone.

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Posted from my mobile device

Posted from my mobile device

Statement two says that the hundreds digit of x is 9 times the units digit. 999 does not fulfill that requirement. 981 is the number.
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Re: If x is a positive three-digit integar what is the tens digit of x  [#permalink]

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HarveyKlaus wrote:
If x is a positive three-digit integer, what is the tens digit of x?

1) x is a multiple of 9
2) The hundreds digit of x is 9 times the units digit of x

The question is not a +700 GMAT question.

The solution is pretty straightforward:
1) 9*12 = 108 & 9*111 = 999 --> 111-12 + 1 = 100 # of possible 3 digit # multiple of 6
2) say that X is 9y1, so 10 possible solution

1&2
Apply divisibility rule of 9: the sum of the digit must be divisible by 9 , so 9+y+1 = 18 --> y=8 --> x=981 exist only one solution
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Re: If x is a positive three-digit integar what is the tens digit of x  [#permalink]

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HarveyKlaus wrote:
If x is a positive three-digit integer, what is the tens digit of x?

1) x is a multiple of 9
2) The hundreds digit of x is 9 times the units digit of x

We can let the hundreds digit = A, the tens digit = B, and the units digit = C. We need to determine B.

Statement One Alone:

x is a multiple of 9

Just knowing that x is a multiple of 9 is not sufficient to answer the question. For example, x could equal 810 or 999 or many other values.

Statement Two Alone:

The hundreds digit of x is 9 times the units digit of x.

Using the information in statement two, we can create the following equation:

A = 9C

Since A and C are single digits, the only possible values for A and C are C = 1 and A = 9. Thus, x = 9B1. However, we still cannot determine B. Statement two alone is not sufficient to answer the question.

Statements One and Two Together:

Using statements one and two, we know that C = 1 and A = 9, and that x is a multiple of 9. Recall that for any number that is divisible by 9, the sum of its digits is also divisible by 9.

Thus, the sum of A, B, and C, or 1, 9, and B must be a multiple of 9. The only way for x to be a multiple of 9 is if B = 8, and therefore, x = ABC = 981.

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If x is a positive three-digit integar what is the tens digit of x  [#permalink]

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HarveyKlaus wrote:
If x is a positive three-digit integer, what is the tens digit of x?

1) x is a multiple of 9
2) The hundreds digit of x is 9 times the units digit of x

Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. In DS, Variable approach is the easiest and quickest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember equal number of variables and independent equations ensures a solution.

$$x = 100a + 10b + c$$ where $$a$$, $$b$$, $$c$$ are integers such that $$1 \le a \le 9$$, $$0\le b,c \le 9$$.
The question asks what the value of $$b$$.

There are 4 variables and 1 equation. Thus E is the answer most likely.

Condition 1) : $$a + b + c$$ is a multiple of 9.
This is not sufficient, since there are many combination of $$a$$, $$b$$ and $$c$$.
For example, $$a = b = c = 3$$ and $$a = b = c = 9$$.

Condition 2) $$a = 9c$$
We have $$a = 9$$ and $$c= 1$$ from this condition.
But we can not get anything else about $$b$$.

Condition 1) & 2)
There is a unique solution for these conditions, which is $$a = 9$$ and $$c= 1$$ and $$b = 8$$, since $$a + b + c$$ is a multiple of 9.
This is sufficient.

For cases where we need 3 more equations, such as original conditions with “3 variables”, or “4 variables and 1 equation”, or “5 variables and 2 equations”, we have 1 equation each in both 1) and 2). Therefore, there is 80 % chance that E is the answer, while C has 15% chance and A, B or D has 5% chance. Since E is most likely to be the answer using 1) and 2) together according to DS definition. Obviously there may be cases where the answer is A, B, C or D.
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