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If x is a prime number, what is the value of x + c?

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If x is a prime number, what is the value of x + c?  [#permalink]

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FRESH GMAT CLUB CHALLENGE PROBLEM



If x is a prime number, what is the value of x + c?


(1) \(|a + b + c - 2x| + \sqrt{(x^2 - a - b - c)^2} = - |c|\)

(2) \(\sqrt{(a + b + c - 1 + x)^2} + |\frac{1}{1-x}- a - b - c| + \sqrt{c^2}=0\)

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Re: If x is a prime number, what is the value of x + c?  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Dec 2018, 08:27
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If x is a prime number, what is the value of x + c?


(1) \(|a + b + c - 2x| + \sqrt{(x^2 - a - b - c)^2} = - |c|\)
The RHS - |c| can only be possible as 0, because the LHS has SUM of a modulus and a square root, both of which are positive. so it will be positive and -|c| cannot be positive
Now, the LHS, \(|a + b + c - 2x| + \sqrt{(x^2 - a - b - c)^2} =0\) , but since both terms are positive, they should be 0 themselves too..
so a + b + c - 2x=0......a+b+c=2x...(i)
Also \(\sqrt{(x^2 - a - b - c)^2} =0......=>x^2 - a - b - c=0.........x^2=a+b+c\)...(ii)
From (i) and (ii), we get \(a+b+c=2x=x^2........x^2-x=0....x(x-2)=0\), so x is 0 or 2
But x is a prime number, so x+c=2+0=2
sufficient

(2) \(\sqrt{(a + b + c - 1 + x)^2} + |\frac{1}{x-1}- a - b - c| + \sqrt{c^2}=0\)
All terms on LHS are positive, so their SUM can only be 0 when all terms are 0..
\(\sqrt{c^2}=0, so c=0.\)
\(|\frac{1}{x-1}- a - b - c|=0..............|\frac{1}{x-1}= a + b|\)...(i)
\(\sqrt{(a + b + c - x+1)^2}=0.........a + b + c - x+1 =0..........a+b=x-1.\)...(ii)
from (i) and (ii).. \(\frac{1}{x-1}= a + b=x-1........x-1=\frac{1}{x-1}......(x-1)^2=1\), so x can be 0 or 2
But x is prime number so 2
hence x+c=2+0=2
suff

D

Note:- Bunuel, there seems to be a typo in statement II.
Either it is 1/(1-x) and not 1/(x-1) or it is a+b+c-x+1 and not a+b+c-1+x...
Pl relook
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1) Absolute modulus : http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
2)Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html
3) effects of arithmetic operations : https://gmatclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-269413.html


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Re: If x is a prime number, what is the value of x + c?  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Dec 2018, 21:39
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chetan2u

Hi sir,

Isn't statement 2: a + b + c -1 + x = 0 => a + b = 1-x ?
if that holds true, we have: 1/ (x-1) = 1-x => no solution for the equation?

I'm a little bit confused here. Please help elaborate.

Thanks!
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Re: If x is a prime number, what is the value of x + c?  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Dec 2018, 05:26
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Lincoln1608 wrote:
chetan2u

Hi sir,

Isn't statement 2: a + b + c -1 + x = 0 => a + b = 1-x ?
if that holds true, we have: 1/ (x-1) = 1-x => no solution for the equation?

I'm a little bit confused here. Please help elaborate.

Thanks!


Hi..

You are correct in your observation. I too saw it and I took it as typo and answered accordingly. May be I'll request Bunuel to relook into it.
_________________

1) Absolute modulus : http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
2)Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html
3) effects of arithmetic operations : https://gmatclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-269413.html


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Re: If x is a prime number, what is the value of x + c?  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Dec 2018, 05:36
chetan2u wrote:
Lincoln1608 wrote:
chetan2u

Hi sir,

Isn't statement 2: a + b + c -1 + x = 0 => a + b = 1-x ?
if that holds true, we have: 1/ (x-1) = 1-x => no solution for the equation?

I'm a little bit confused here. Please help elaborate.

Thanks!


Hi..

You are correct in your observation. I too saw it and I took it as typo and answered accordingly. May be I'll request Bunuel to relook into it.


Yes. Kudos to you for solving correctly very hard question even with a typo in it.
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Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


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Re: If x is a prime number, what is the value of x + c?  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2018, 00:16
Bunuel wrote:

FRESH GMAT CLUB CHALLENGE PROBLEM



If x is a prime number, what is the value of x + c?


(1) \(|a + b + c - 2x| + \sqrt{(x^2 - a - b - c)^2} = - |c|\)

(2) \(\sqrt{(a + b + c - 1 + x)^2} + |\frac{1}{1-x}- a - b - c| + \sqrt{c^2}=0\)


Par of GMAT CLUB'S New Year's Quantitative Challenge Set


_________________

New to the Math Forum?
Please read this: Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | All You Need for Quant | PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

Resources:
GMAT Math Book | Triangles | Polygons | Coordinate Geometry | Factorials | Circles | Number Theory | Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets | PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders | GMAT Prep Software Analysis | SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) | Tricky questions from previous years.

Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


What are GMAT Club Tests?
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GMAT Club Bot
Re: If x is a prime number, what is the value of x + c? &nbs [#permalink] 24 Dec 2018, 00:16
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