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Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 56304
If x, y, and z are different positive integers, is x prime?  [#permalink]

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Difficulty:   45% (medium)

Question Stats: 66% (01:36) correct 34% (01:18) wrong based on 168 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics If x, y, and z are different positive integers, is x prime?

(1) xyz = 30
(2) z < x < y

Kudos for a correct solution.

_________________
Manager  Joined: 17 Dec 2013
Posts: 56
GMAT Date: 01-08-2015
Re: If x, y, and z are different positive integers, is x prime?  [#permalink]

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1
1
Quote:
If x, y, and z are different positive integers, is x prime?

(1) xyz = 30
(2) z < x < y

y=/=x=/=z but all >0 and int.
(1) -> x could be 15 (z=1 and y=2) or 3 (z=5 and y=2) , its insuff.
(2) -> 100<200<300 (no prime) or 1<2<3 (prime!) -> insuff.

(1/2) -> we need 3 distinct factors of 30 -> 1/2/15 or 1/5/6 or 2/3/5 or 1/3/10 . every middle number is a prime, and since z is the smallest pos. int. and y the biggest pos. int., x is a prime number.

C
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 7764
If x, y, and z are different positive integers, is x prime?  [#permalink]

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ans C..
1) it tells us that x is a divisor of 30..... x,y,z can be 1,2,3,5,6,10,15
2) insufficient..tells us x is middle value
combined it tells us that x can be only 2,3,5 or 1,3,10, or 1,2,15 or 1,5,6 or .. so sufficient
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Re: If x, y, and z are different positive integers, is x prime?  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
If x, y, and z are different positive integers, is x prime?

(1) xyz = 30
(2) z < x < y

Kudos for a correct solution.

Not sufficient

2) Not sufficient

1+2) x is every time going to be a prime number. Sufficient

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Manager  Joined: 27 Oct 2013
Posts: 203
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Re: If x, y, and z are different positive integers, is x prime?  [#permalink]

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1
Here we go:

x, y, and z are different positive integers

St1: xyz = 30

30 = 2*3*5

x = 2, y = 3 and z = 5 (Is X prime? -> true)
x = 1, y = 6 and z = 5 (Is X prime? -> false)

Not sufficient

St2: z < x < y

Clearly not sufficient

Combining both

z = 2, x = 3, y = 5 (Is X prime? -> true)
z = 1, x = 2, y = 15 (Is X prime? -> true)
z = 1, x = 5, y = 6 (Is X prime? -> true)
z = 1, x = 3, y = 10 (Is X prime? -> true)

Manager  G
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GPA: 3.9
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Re: If x, y, and z are different positive integers, is x prime?  [#permalink]

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1
Bunuel wrote:
If x, y, and z are different positive integers, is x prime?

(1) xyz = 30
(2) z < x < y

Kudos for a correct solution.

from stem: x,y and z are positive integers

from 1: xyz = 30, prime factors of 30 are 1,2,3 and 5
consider xyz = 2*3*5 = 30 => x is prime, consider xyz = 6*5*1 = 30, x is not prime, 2 answers NSF
from 2: z<x<y, considering only this statement, nohing is known, so NSF

1+2:
z<x<y, the possible multiples are (note that z, x and y are written accordingly below)
1*2*15 = 30
1*5*6 = 30
1*3*10 = 30
2*3*5 = 30
are the only possible solutions and for all the solutions x is prime, so sufficient.
C
Intern  Joined: 18 Oct 2014
Posts: 7
GMAT 1: 750 Q48 V44 Re: If x, y, and z are different positive integers, is x prime?  [#permalink]

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2
Quote:
If x, y, and z are different positive integers, is x prime?

(1) xyz = 30
(2) z < x < y

1) X*Y*Z = 30 so X*Y*Z must be two factors of 30 * 1
X = 5, Y = 6, Z = 1: Yes X is prime
X = 6, Y = 5, Z = 1: No X is not prime

2) Z<X<Y
Z = 1 < X = 2 < Y = 3: Yes X is prime
Z = 5 < X = 6 < Y = 7: No X is not prime

1+2) All possible pairs of factors of 30 are: (1,30) (2,15) (3,10) (5,6) but you can eliminate (1,30) from our choices because all numbers must be different. Thus ordered triples are:
Z = 1 < X = 2 < Y = 15
Z = 1 < X = 3 < Y = 10
Z = 1 < X = 5 < Y = 6
Z = 2 < X = 3 < Y = 5

X = 2, 3, or 5, all of which are Prime. X is Prime, so C.

Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 56304
Re: If x, y, and z are different positive integers, is x prime?  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
If x, y, and z are different positive integers, is x prime?

(1) xyz = 30
(2) z < x < y

Kudos for a correct solution.

VERITAS PREP OFFICIAL SOLUTION:

Solution: C

Let’s take statement (2) first: it gives us no values, so it’s INSUFFICIENT. Move on to statement (1). If three different positive integers have a product of 30, those integers must be one of the following sets:{ 1, 3, 10}; {2, 3, 5}; {1, 2, 15}; {1, 5, 6}. X could be prime or not prime; INSUFFICIENT. Combined, consider the four sets of possible integers. The median value is ALWAYS a prime number, so x must be prime. (C).
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Re: If x, y, and z are different positive integers, is x prime?  [#permalink]

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 xyz = 30 | NS because:
2*3*5 = 30, x prime
2*1*15 = 30, x prime
15*1*2 = 30, x not prime

 z<x<y | NS because:
2<3<6, x prime
3<8<10, x not prime

 and , S because:
1<1<30, x prime
1<2<15, x prime
1<3<10, x prime
2<3<5, x prime

So, there is no way for x not to be a prime, since, no matter what, y must be the greatest value of the 3 values that multilied together yield 30. Similarly, trying any factor of 30 (it has 8 factors: 1,2,3,5,6,10,15,30) there is no way that the middle one (x) will not be a prime.
Intern  B
Joined: 16 Aug 2018
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Concentration: General Management, Strategy
Schools: Guanghua"21 (A)
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V36 Re: If x, y, and z are different positive integers, is x prime?  [#permalink]

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chetan2u wrote:
ans C..
1) it tells us that x is a divisor of 30..... x,y,z can be 1,2,3,5,6,10,15
2) insufficient..tells us x is middle value
combined it tells us that x can be only 2,3,5.. so sufficient

1+2 combined: there should be 4 sets of combinations as stated in other posts. not just 2,3,5. Re: If x, y, and z are different positive integers, is x prime?   [#permalink] 22 Aug 2018, 20:53
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