It is currently 17 Feb 2018, 17:00

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

In 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 24 Jun 2013
Posts: 61
Schools: ISB '16, NUS '15
Reviews Badge
Re: In 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Nov 2015, 22:38
Hi E-GMAT,

i have a doubt related to the sentence structure. The opening sentence is an prepositional phrase ,"In 1995 Richard Stallman". So How could Richard Stallman can be the subject of the verb "testified". Although the other options were stands incorrect.

Thanks
Nitin Singh
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 21 Jan 2013
Posts: 46
Concentration: General Management, Leadership
Schools: LBS
GPA: 3.82
WE: Engineering (Computer Software)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: In 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Nov 2015, 05:00
sandalphon wrote:
In 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent system, testified in Patent Office hearings that, to test the system, a colleague of his had managed to win a patent for one of Kirchhoff's laws, an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and now included in virtually every textbook of elementary physics.

(A) laws, an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and
(B) laws, which was an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and it is
(C) laws, namely, it was an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and
(D) laws, an observation about electric current first made in 1845, it is
(E) laws that was an observation about electric current, first made in 1845, and is

Official Guide 12 Question

GMAT Official Guide 12

Question: 40
Page: 41
Difficulty: 600

Find All Official Guide Questions

Video Explanations:


b) ..1845 and it is ... : a dependent clause starting here without a proper connector...
c) laws, namely, it was an observation .... : again I see a dependent clause starting here with "it was .." without a proper connector - namely cannot be a clause connector
d) antecedent to "it" is suspect - one of the laws? observation ? current ?
e) try hiding the non-essential modifier "first made in 1845" the sentence reads : observation about electric current and is now included in every text book ... ; now included should've been parallel to first made in 1845 , not with "observation about electric current"
_________________

--

Consider +1 Kudos if you find my post useful

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 21 Jan 2013
Posts: 46
Concentration: General Management, Leadership
Schools: LBS
GPA: 3.82
WE: Engineering (Computer Software)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: In 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Nov 2015, 07:43
Nitinaka19 wrote:
Hi E-GMAT,

i have a doubt related to the sentence structure. The opening sentence is an prepositional phrase ,"In 1995 Richard Stallman". So How could Richard Stallman can be the subject of the verb "testified". Although the other options were stands incorrect.

Thanks
Nitin Singh


@Nitanika19

the prepositional phrase is "In 1995" - Richard Stallman starts after the prepositional phrase and not part of it.
_________________

--

Consider +1 Kudos if you find my post useful

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 21 Jan 2013
Posts: 46
Concentration: General Management, Leadership
Schools: LBS
GPA: 3.82
WE: Engineering (Computer Software)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: In 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Nov 2015, 07:47
Johnjojop wrote:
gmat2015p wrote:
sandalphon wrote:
In 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent system, testified in Patent Office hearings that, to test the system, a colleague of his had managed to win a patent for one of Kirchhoff's laws, an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and now included in virtually every textbook of elementary physics.

(A) laws, an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and
(B) laws, which was an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and it is
(C) laws, namely, it was an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and
(D) laws, an observation about electric current first made in 1845, it is
(E) laws that was an observation about electric current, first made in 1845, and is

Official Guide 12 Question

GMAT Official Guide 12

Question: 40
Page: 41
Difficulty: 600

Find All Official Guide Questions

Video Explanations:


B - 'which' refers to plural 'laws', but has a singular verb 'was'
C - The sentences/clauses are not connected properly
D - Same as C
E - 'that' refers to plural 'laws', but has a singular verb 'was'

Hence A is right

Hi,
If 'which' was referring to 'laws' in option B, then in option A, the modifier - 'an observation.....' also modifies laws. If in that case - 'an observation' cannot refer to 'laws'.
What am I missing here? Please help!
I humbly request @e-gmat / mikemcgarry to share your views.
Thanks!



which refers to "one of Kirchoff's Laws" --> which can jump over a prepositional phrase modifying a noun ; essentially which can modify a preceding noun phrase.
observation also refers to "one of Kirchoff's Laws"
_________________

--

Consider +1 Kudos if you find my post useful

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 17 Mar 2014
Posts: 166
Location: United States
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Leadership
GPA: 3.97
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: In 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Dec 2015, 07:24
In 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent system, testified in Patent Office hearings that, to test the system, a colleague of his had managed to win a patent for one of Kirchhoff's laws, an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and now included in virtually every textbook of elementary physics.

(A) laws, an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and
(B) laws, which was an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and it is
(C) laws, namely, it was an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and
(D) laws, an observation about electric current first made in 1845, it is
(E) laws that was an observation about electric current, first made in 1845, and is

>> I was down to A and D - because in the underlined part - we are describing a law/laws - which is/are still valid, thus past usage is incorrect. However, OA does not mention this particular aspect in their answer explanation. any thoughts?????
_________________

KUDOS!!!, I need them too :)

1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 25 Sep 2015
Posts: 144
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 700 Q48 V37
GPA: 3.26
Reviews Badge
Re: in 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Dec 2015, 22:22
1
This post received
KUDOS
[quote="wininblue"]in 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent system, testified in Patent Office hearings that, to test the system, a colleague of his had managed to win a patent for one of Kirchhoff's laws, an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and now included in virtually every textbookof elementary physics.


A laws, an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and - Correct.

B laws, which was an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and it is - which not used correctly, no comma after 1845.

C laws, namely, it was an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and - wrong 'namely' is not used correctly.

D laws, an aobservation about electric current first made in 1845, it is - wrong there cannot be two independent clauses in a sentence without a connector.

E laws that was an observation about electric current, first made in 1845, and is - wrong seems like the electric current was made in 1845.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 19 Nov 2015
Posts: 7
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: In 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Jan 2016, 08:24
Hello guys,I fill D as correct. If I am wrong ,please,explain
1 KUDOS received
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 10 Feb 2016
Posts: 9
WE: Sales (Consulting)
Re: in 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Feb 2016, 16:31
1
This post received
KUDOS
A laws, an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and - Correct.

B laws, which was an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and it is - AFTER AND IT IS PLACD WRONGLY

C laws, namely, it was an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and - wrong 'namely' is not used correctly.

D laws, an aobservation about electric current first made in 1845, it is - wrong there cannot be two independent clauses in a sentence without a connector.

E laws that was an observation about electric current, first made in 1845, and is - wrong seems like the electric current was made in 1845.
Chat Moderator
avatar
P
Joined: 04 Aug 2016
Posts: 596
Location: India
Concentration: Leadership, Strategy
GPA: 4
WE: Engineering (Telecommunications)
Premium Member
Re: In 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Jul 2017, 12:32
Can we say that options B,C and E have a meaning shift?

an observation about X - this is still true and hence was an observation - seems incorrect

General truth is expressed using present tense in simple form.
Board of Directors
User avatar
V
Status: Aiming MBA
Joined: 18 Jul 2015
Posts: 3065
Location: India
Concentration: Healthcare, Technology
GPA: 3.65
WE: Information Technology (Health Care)
Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: In 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Jul 2017, 00:05
manohar0265 wrote:
Hello guys,I fill D as correct. If I am wrong ,please,explain


D cannot be the answer because it is grammatically incorrect.

warriorguy wrote:
Can we say that options B,C and E have a meaning shift?

an observation about X - this is still true and hence was an observation - seems incorrect

General truth is expressed using present tense in simple form.


I would never prefer to go for meaning aspect when I can see that the options are grammatically incorrect.

(B) laws, which was an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and it is --> which must refer to laws. Laws are plural. Hence, using "was" is incorrect.

(C) laws, namely, it was an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and --> Fragment. Two ICs are joined with a comma.

(E) laws that was an observation about electric current, first made in 1845, and is --> Same as B
_________________

How I improved from V21 to V40! ?


How to use this forum in THE BEST way?

Chat Moderator
avatar
P
Joined: 04 Aug 2016
Posts: 596
Location: India
Concentration: Leadership, Strategy
GPA: 4
WE: Engineering (Telecommunications)
Premium Member
In 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Jul 2017, 03:43
abhimahna wrote:

I would never prefer to go for meaning aspect when I can see that the options are grammatically incorrect.



I feel both meaning and grammar are important - but the intended meaning of my question was apart from the errors (mentioned in all other posts), I see a meaning shift in the options mentioned.
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 20 Jul 2012
Posts: 32
Re: In 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Jul 2017, 10:13
A. seems correct.
B. which was - unnecessary wordy, it is ----again not needed
C. namely, it was --redundant
D. it is .....not clear what it is
E. that was .....is not required.... ,...., is not required
VP
VP
User avatar
P
Status: Learning
Joined: 20 Dec 2015
Posts: 1130
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Marketing
GMAT 1: 670 Q48 V36
GRE 1: 314 Q157 V157
GPA: 3.4
WE: Manufacturing and Production (Manufacturing)
CAT Tests
Re: In 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Jul 2017, 10:28
sandalphon wrote:
In 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent system, testified in Patent Office hearings that, to test the system, a colleague of his had managed to win a patent for one of Kirchhoff's laws, an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and now included in virtually every textbook of elementary physics.

(A) laws, an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and
(B) laws, which was an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and it is
(C) laws, namely, it was an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and
(D) laws, an observation about electric current first made in 1845, it is
(E) laws that was an observation about electric current, first made in 1845, and is

Official Guide 12 Question

GMAT Official Guide 12

Question: 40
Page: 41
Difficulty: 600

Find All Official Guide Questions

Video Explanations:


Answer is A
It is choice B is ambiguous.
D has severe flaw in meaning and it is ambiguous
E is also not correct and is wordy and that refers to laws so plural verb should come.
_________________

We are more often frightened than hurt; and we suffer more from imagination than from reality

Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 29 Jun 2017
Posts: 241
Re: In 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Jul 2017, 01:37
sandalphon wrote:
In 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent system, testified in Patent Office hearings that, to test the system, a colleague of his had managed to win a patent for one of Kirchhoff's laws, an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and now included in virtually every textbook of elementary physics.

(A) laws, an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and
(B) laws, which was an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and it is
(C) laws, namely, it was an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and
(D) laws, an observation about electric current first made in 1845, it is
(E) laws that was an observation about electric current, first made in 1845, and is

Official Guide 12 Question

GMAT Official Guide 12

Question: 40
Page: 41
Difficulty: 600

Find All Official Guide Questions

Video Explanations:


E is wrong because "that was..." is wrong. it should be "that is...". one of the laws is an observation. this is timeless fact.
his law is an observation about photons. this is timeless fact. present simple is used for a timeless fact or a condition which , we think , exist indefinitely.
Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 26 Jun 2017
Posts: 138
Location: Russian Federation
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
WE: Information Technology (Other)
Re: In 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Sep 2017, 05:51
sandalphon wrote:
In 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent system, testified in Patent Office hearings that, to test the system, a colleague of his had managed to win a patent for one of Kirchhoff's laws, an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and now included in virtually every textbook of elementary physics.

(A) laws, an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and
(B) laws, which was an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and it is
(C) laws, namely, it was an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and
(D) laws, an observation about electric current first made in 1845, it is
(E) laws that was an observation about electric current, first made in 1845, and is



I have read the thread.
So what is the main problem in D?
1. It - is used wrong. (Frankly speaking do not see big problem in it).
2. There has to be ";" between "1845" and "it"?
3. Or A is just more concise? "it is" is redundant and we can use "and".
Mannheim Thread Master
User avatar
S
Status: It's now or never
Joined: 10 Feb 2017
Posts: 289
Location: India
GMAT 1: 650 Q40 V39
GPA: 3
WE: Consulting (Consulting)
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: In 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Sep 2017, 12:03
Eliminated "C", "D", and "E" initially; from the choices between 'A' and 'B', eliminated "B" as "which" is refers to one or to laws. Thus, 'A' is a correct choice - The sentence is using parallel structure appropriately.
_________________

2017-2018 MBA Deadlines

Threadmaster for B-school Discussions
Class of 2019: Mannheim Business School
Class 0f 2020: HHL Leipzig

Manager
Manager
User avatar
S
Status: Aiming MBA!!
Joined: 19 Aug 2017
Posts: 155
Location: India
GMAT 1: 620 Q49 V25
GPA: 3.75
WE: Web Development (Consulting)
Reviews Badge CAT Tests
In 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Oct 2017, 02:26
sandalphon wrote:
In 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent system, testified in Patent Office hearings that, to test the system, a colleague of his had managed to win a patent for one of Kirchhoff's laws, an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and now included in virtually every textbook of elementary physics.



I just wanted to highlight on the structure of the correct sentence.

(A) laws, an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and
If we separate both the modifiers, it will appear as follows,

Kirchhoff's laws, an observation about electric current first made in 1845
Kirchhoff's laws, now included in virtually every textbook of elementary physics

Both of them makes perfect sense.
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 29 Jun 2017
Posts: 241
Re: In 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Oct 2017, 05:52
sandalphon wrote:
In 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent system, testified in Patent Office hearings that, to test the system, a colleague of his had managed to win a patent for one of Kirchhoff's laws, an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and now included in virtually every textbook of elementary physics.

(A) laws, an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and
(B) laws, which was an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and it is
(C) laws, namely, it was an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and
(D) laws, an observation about electric current first made in 1845, it is
(E) laws that was an observation about electric current, first made in 1845, and is

Official Guide 12 Question

GMAT Official Guide 12

Question: 40
Page: 41
Difficulty: 600

Find All Official Guide Questions

Video Explanations:


I want to talk about choice E.
the first thing, was and is, why to make two tenses.
the second.
to show a condition which, we think, exist indefinite, forever, we use simple present. "was" in e is wrong.
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 03 Dec 2017
Posts: 3
Re: In 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Jan 2018, 00:46
daagh wrote:
B states that laws which was an observation; laws is plural and was is singular . Secondly, the pronoun it has no antecedent. Does it refer to the observation or one of the laws or the patent or what? Therefore B is ruled out


daagh
Sir,
can you please help me understand why 'it' is wrong --understandably it is not clear what it refers to (observation / laws )

1) can it not simply refer to the closest antecedent ? -- if the meaning n logic stays intact
..... he got a patient n it is now included in every textbook

2) Also, the use of 'now' is confusing me --can you please help with that as well ?

In 1995 Richard Stallman, testified in Patent Office hearings that, to test the system, a colleague of his had managed to win a patent for one of Kirchhoff's laws, an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and now

In 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent system, testified in Patent Office hearings that, to test the system, a colleague of his had managed to win a patent for one of Kirchhoff's laws, an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and now included in virtually every textbook of elementary physics.

A laws, an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and
B laws, which was an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and it is
C laws, namely, it was an observation about electric current first made in 1845 and
D laws, an aobservation about electric current first made in 1845, it is
E laws that was an observation about electric current, first made in 1845, and is
Re: In 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent   [#permalink] 02 Jan 2018, 00:46

Go to page   Previous    1   2   3   [ 59 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

In 1995 Richard Stallman, a well-known critic of the patent

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.