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In a new book about the antiparty feeling of the early political leade

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In a new book about the antiparty feeling of the early political leade  [#permalink]

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In a new book about the antiparty feeling of the early political leaders of the United States, Ralph Ketcham argues that the first six Presidents differed decisively from later Presidents because the first six held values inherited from the classical humanist tradition of eighteenth-century England. In this view, government was designed not to satisfy the private desires of the people but to make them better citizens; this tradition stressed the disinterested devotion of political leaders to the public good. Justice, wisdom, and courage were more important qualities in a leader than the ability to organize voters and win elections. Indeed, leaders were supposed to be called to office rather than to run for office. And if they took up the burdens of public office with a sense of duty, leaders also believed that such offices were naturally their due because of their social preeminence or their contributions to the country. Given this classical conception of leadership, it is not surprising that the first six Presidents condemned political parties. Parties were partial by definition, self-interested, and therefore serving something other than the transcendent public good.

Even during the first presidency (Washington's), however, the classical conception of virtuous leadership was being undermined by commercial forces that had been gathering since at least the beginning of the eighteenth century. Commerce—its profit-making, its self-interestedness, its individualism—became the enemy of these classical ideals. Although Ketcham does not picture the struggle in quite this way, he does rightly see Jackson's tenure (the seventh presidency) as the culmination of the acceptance of party, commerce, and individualism. For the Jacksonians, nonpartisanship lost its relevance, and under the direction of Van Buren, party gained a new legitimacy. The classical ideals of the first six Presidents became identified with a privileged aristocracy, an aristocracy that had to be overcome in order to allow competition between opposing political interests. Ketcham is so strongly committed to justifying the classical ideals, however, that he underestimates the advantages of their decline. For example, the classical conception of leadership was incompatible with our modern notion of the freedoms of speech and press, freedoms intimately associated with the legitimacy of opposing political parties.

1. The passage is primarily concerned with

(A) describing and comparing two theories about the early history of the United States

(B) describing and analyzing an argument about the early history of the United States

(C) discussing new evidence that qualifies a theory about the early history of the United States

(D) refuting a theory about political leadership in the United States

(E) resolving an ambiguity in an argument about political leadership in the United States




2. According to the passage, the author and Ketcham agree on which of the following points?

(A) The first six Presidents held the same ideas about political parties as did later Presidents in the United States.

(B) Classical ideals supported the growth of commercial forces in the United States.

(C) The first political parties in the United States were formed during Van Buren's term in office.

(D) The first six Presidents placed great emphasis on individualism and civil rights.

(E) Widespread acceptance of political parties occurred during Andrew Jackson's presidency.




3. It can be inferred that the author of the passage would be most likely to agree that modern views of the freedoms of speech and press are

(A) values closely associated with the beliefs of the aristocracy of the early United States

(B) political rights less compatible with democracy and individualism than with classical ideals

(C) political rights uninfluenced by the formation of opposing political parties

(D) values not inherent in the classical humanist tradition of eighteenth-century England

(E) values whose interpretation would have been agreed on by all United States Presidents




4. Which of the following, if true, provides the LEAST support for the author's argument about commerce and political parties during Jackson's presidency?

(A) Many supporters of Jackson resisted the commercialization that could result from participation in a national economy.

(B) Protest against the corrupt and partisan nature of political parties in the United States subsided during Jackson's presidency.

(C) During Jackson's presidency the use of money became more common than bartering of goods and services.

(D) More northerners than southerners supported Jackson because southerners were opposed to the development of a commercial economy.

(E) Andrew Jackson did not feel as strongly committed to the classical ideals of leadership as George Washington had felt.



5. The author of the passage would most likely to agree with which of following statements about Ketcham?

(A) He overemphasizes the influence of classical ideals on the first six Presidents of the United States.

(B) He fails to recognize that classical ideals had little influence on politics in the United States.

(C) He does not pay adequate attention to the negative aspects of the first six Presidents’ commitment to classical ideals.

(D) He inaccurately suggests that classical ideals gave rise to our modern notion of democracy.

(E) He underestimates the effect of ideologies other than the humanist tradition on the first six Presidents.




6. Which of the following best describes the attitude of the first six Presidents toward political parties as it is discussed in the passage?

(A). Political parties were essential to the notions of democracy on which the United States government was based.

(B). Personal character in leadership was as important as affiliation with a political party.

(C). Political parties were one way to ensure that government could meet the needs of all citizens.

(D). Political parties, though undesirable, were inevitable in a democratic political system.

(E). Political parties represented opposing political interests rather than the general public good.




Originally posted by goodyear2013 on 29 Mar 2014, 16:31.
Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 03 Aug 2019, 03:30, edited 18 times in total.
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Re: In a new book about the antiparty feeling of the early political leade  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2016, 01:15
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4. Which of the following, if true, provides the LEAST support for the author's argument about commerce and political parties during Jackson's presidency ?
A. Many supporters of Jackson resisted the commercialization that could result from participation in a national economy.
B. Protest against the corrupt and partisan nature of political parties in the United States subsided during Jackson's presidency.
C. During Jackson's presidency the use of money became more common than bartering of goods and services.
D. More northerners than southerners supported Jackson because southerners were opposed to the development of a commercial economy.
E. Andrew Jackson did not feel as strongly committed to the classical ideals of leadership as George Washington had felt.



The below is Ron's answer to the above question - https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/foru ... 11468.html

first, you have to figure out what the highlighted thing means. (in general, if a question prompt contains vague words, you must clarify the vague language before answering the question.)

the highlighted thing, from the passage, means:
"he does rightly see Jackson's tenure (the seventh presidency) as the culmination of the acceptance of party, commerce, and individualism. "

(A) RESISTED commerce -- there's your correct answer.
(B) they started to accept parties, i.e., part of the highlighted thing.
(C) they started to accept modern commerce, i.e., part of the highlighted thing.
(D) jackson's opponents opposed him because he supported commerce, i.e., part of the highlighted thing.
(E) the classical ideals were anti-parties, so jackson's drifting away from those ideals supports the highlighted thing.

here (a) is the clear favorite, since it's the only answer choice that directly contradicts the highlighted thing.
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Re: In a new book about the antiparty feeling of the early political leade  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 20 Jul 2015, 20:56
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Time taken 13 mins. Is it bad? <Updated time:10 mins>
1. The passage is primarily concerned with
B. describing and analyzing an argument about the early history of the United States
Argument first descibes the era of earlier leadership (first 6 presidents) .
From second para, it introduces the changes in the system since the era of later Presidents.Finally, it mentions it views on the pros and cons of both the eras.

2. According to the passage, the author and Ketcham agree on which of the following points?
A. The first six Presidents held the same ideas about political parties as did later Presidents in the United States.
B. Classical ideals supported the growth of commercial forces in the United States.
C. The first political parties in the United States were formed during Van Buren's term in office.
D. The first six Presidents placed great emphasis on individualism and civil rights.
E. Widespread acceptance of political parties occurred during Andrew Jackson's presidency.
>> For me it was between C &E. C is wrong bec arg says that Party found legal status but that doesn't mean they weren't formed before that.

3. It can be inferred that the author of the passage would be most likely to agree that modern views of the freedoms of speech and press are
D. values not inherent in the classical humanist tradition of eighteenth-century England
"the classical conception of leadership was incompatible with our modern notion of the freedoms of speech and press, freedoms intimately associated with the legitimacy of opposing political parties."

4. Which of the following, if true, provides the LEAST support for the author's argument about commerce and political parties during Jackson's presidency?
A. Many supporters of Jackson resisted the commercialization that could result from participation in a national economy.
"he does rightly see Jackson's tenure (the seventh presidency) as the culmination of the acceptance of party, commerce, and individualism. For the Jacksonians, nonpartisanship lost its relevance, "

5. The author of the passage would most likely to agree with which of following statements about Ketcham?
C. He does not pay adequate attention to the negative aspects of the first Presidents’ commitment to classical ideals.
"Ketcham is so strongly committed to justifying the classical ideals, however, that he underestimates the advantages of their decline. "

Originally posted by JarvisR on 12 Aug 2014, 08:18.
Last edited by JarvisR on 20 Jul 2015, 20:56, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: In a new book about the antiparty feeling of the early political leade  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Nov 2015, 04:01
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PiyushK wrote:
Here is another question associated with above passage:

Which of the following, if true, provides the LEAST support for the author's argument about commerce and political parties during Jackson's presidency?

(A) Many supporters of Jackson resisted the commercialization that could result from participation in a national economy.
(B) Protest against the corrupt and partisan nature of political parties in the United States subsided during Jackson's presidency.
(C) During Jackson's presidency the use of money became more common than bartering of goods and services.
(D) More northerners than southerners supported Jackson because southerners were opposed to the development of a commercial economy.
(E) Andrew Jackson did not feel as strongly committed to the classical ideals of leadership as George Washington had felt.



Author's argument about J's presidency is: During J's presidency, commerce became important. (I know this is vague approximation). - So, something happened which made commerce important. Let's see what was that.
A - If they resisted commerce, then commerce would not have become important during J's time. - So least support.
B - If the protests against corrupt (money) decreased, then commerce became important. (no resistance to commerce.)
C - If money became imp. then so did commerce.
D - Irrelevant.
E - If true, means J was modern, so more commerce.

ANS = A.
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Re: In a new book about the antiparty feeling of the early political leade  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2016, 00:56
Interesting passage , took a lot of time to solve 4th question , still got it incorrect :cry:
10 mins , including 3 mins to read

- antiparty feeling of the early political leaders of the United States - classical conception of leadership
- commercial forces - profit-making, its self-interestedness, its individualism--became the enemy of these classical ideals
- classical conception of leadership was incompatible with our modern notion of the freedoms of speech and press

1.
B. describing and analyzing an argument about the early history of the United States

2 . " Although Ketcham does not picture the struggle in quite this way, he does rightly see Jackson's tenure (the seventh presidency) as the culmination of the acceptance of party, commerce, and individualism."
Answer E

3. " the classical conception of leadership was incompatible with our modern notion of the freedoms of speech and press, freedoms intimately associated with the legitimacy of opposing political parties."
Answer D

5. Ketcham is so strongly committed to justifying the classical ideals, however, that he underestimates the advantages of their decline.
Answer C
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Re: In a new book about the antiparty feeling of the early political leade  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2016, 01:26
Another question from this passage:

The author of the passage would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements about Ketcham?

a) He overemphasizes the influence of classical ideals on the first six presidents of the US.
b) He fails to recognize that classical ideals has little influence on politics in the US.
c) He does not pay adequate attention to the negative aspects of the first six presidents' commitment to classical ideals.
d) He inaccurately suggests that classical ideals gave rise to our modern notion of democracy.
e) He underestimates the effect of ideology other than the humanist tradition on the first six president.

OA: C

I narrowed it down to A & C but ended up choosing A which was incorrect. I picked it because the passage says "Even during the first presidency (Washington's), however, the classical conception of virtuous leadership was being undermined by commercial forces that had been gathering since at least the beginning of the eighteenth century." So that's why thought that Ketcham had "overemphasized the influence of classical ideals" even since the first president.

In hindsight, I understand why C is correct but not clear enough for me to make the distinction on the actual test. Can you better explain why C is correct and how I can avoid picking an answer like A?

Thanks!
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Re: In a new book about the antiparty feeling of the early political leade  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jun 2017, 10:53
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Vyshak wrote:
Hi souvik101990 ,

Can you please break down this passage for me. I found the 2nd paragraph very tough to understand and relate it to the questions asked.


Can I do this please? :-D

Paragraph 1: One person differentiates how first six presidents differed decisively from others. It then describes those differences.

Paragraph 2: It says their leadership concept was undermined by some forces. Then it discusses how the 7th presidency on wards the changes were seen. And the negative impacts of new things(e.g. nonpartisanship lost its relevance, the culmination of the acceptance of party, commerce, and individualism.). Then at the end author said "NO Dude, you are overemphasizing those classical ideas. There were some benefits as well." Then at the end he gives an example to prove his point.

I hope it makes sense. Feel free to reach out in case of any concern. :)
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Re: In a new book about the antiparty feeling of the early political leade  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2017, 16:56
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abhimahna wrote:
Vyshak wrote:
Hi souvik101990 ,

Can you please break down this passage for me. I found the 2nd paragraph very tough to understand and relate it to the questions asked.


Can I do this please? :-D

Paragraph 1: One person differentiates how first six presidents differed decisively from others. It then describes those differences.

Paragraph 2: It says their leadership concept was undermined by some forces. Then it discusses how the 7th presidency on wards the changes were seen. And the negative impacts of new things(e.g. nonpartisanship lost its relevance, the culmination of the acceptance of party, commerce, and individualism.). Then at the end author said "NO Dude, you are overemphasizing those classical ideas. There were some benefits as well." Then at the end he gives an example to prove his point.

I hope it makes sense. Feel free to reach out in case of any concern. :)

Nice work, abhimahna!

Yes, the first paragraph explains that the first six presidents embraced the classical conception of leadership and the antiparty values inherited from the classical humanist tradition.

The second paragraph then explains how, since at least the beginning of the eighteenth century, the values and ideals embraced by the first six presidents were being undermined by the forces of commerce, which stressed profit-making, self-interestedness, and individualism. The decline in the values embraced by the first six presidents culminated in the tenure (or "term") of the seventh president, Jackson.

The author believes that Ketcham is too strongly committed to justifying the classical ideals upheld by the first six presidents -- and that Ketcham therefore fails to consider the advantages of the decline of those classical ideals.
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Re: In a new book about the antiparty feeling of the early political leade  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Nov 2017, 13:12
overdrive28 wrote:
Time: 8min 23 sec

Although if someone could explain Q2 in detail ?

Quote:
Q2
It can be inferred that the author of the passage would be most likely to agree that modern views of the freedoms of
speech and press are
A) values closely associated with the beliefs of the aristocracy of the early United States
B) political rights less compatible with democracy and individualism than with classical ideals
C) political rights uninfluenced by the formation of opposing political parties
D) values not inherent in the classical humanist tradition of eighteenth-century England
E) values whose interpretation would have been agreed on by all United States Presidents

Refer to the last sentence: "the classical conception of leadership was incompatible with our modern notion of the freedoms of speech and press, freedoms intimately associated with the legitimacy of opposing political parties."

This specifically tells us that modern views of the freedoms of speech and press are not compatible with the classical conception of leadership, which falls under the umbrella of the "classical humanist tradition of eighteenth-century England." Thus, the author would most likely agree that modern views of freedoms of speech and press are "values not inherent in the classical humanist tradition of eighteenth-century England" (D).
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Re: In a new book about the antiparty feeling of the early political leade  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jan 2018, 18:39
asthagupta wrote:
Could someone please tell why option A is incorrect for first question?

Quote:
Q1 The passage is primarily concerned with
(A) describing and comparing two theories about the early history of the United States
(B) describing and analyzing an argument about the early history of the United States
(C) discussing new evidence that qualifies a theory about the early history of the United States
(D) refuting a theory about political leadership in the United States
(E) resolving an ambiguity in an argument about political leadership in the United States

The passage does discuss two different types of leadership: the classical conception of leadership (embraced by the first 6 presidents) and the party system (embraced by Jacksonians), but it does not discuss two theories about the early history of the United States. Instead the passage only discusses Ralph Ketcham's argument ("that the first six Presidents differed decisively from later Presidents because the first six held values inherited from the classical humanist tradition of eighteenth-century England"). The author of the passage describes and analyzes Ketcham's view, pointing out the argument's strengths and weaknesses.

Thus, choice (B) is a better answer.
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Re: In a new book about the antiparty feeling of the early political leade  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jan 2018, 05:38
Skywalker18 wrote:
Interesting passage , took a lot of time to solve 4th question , still got it incorrect :cry:
10 mins , including 3 mins to read

- antiparty feeling of the early political leaders of the United States - classical conception of leadership
- commercial forces - profit-making, its self-interestedness, its individualism--became the enemy of these classical ideals
- classical conception of leadership was incompatible with our modern notion of the freedoms of speech and press

1.
B. describing and analyzing an argument about the early history of the United States

2 . " Although Ketcham does not picture the struggle in quite this way, he does rightly see Jackson's tenure (the seventh presidency) as the culmination of the acceptance of party, commerce, and individualism."
Answer E

3. " the classical conception of leadership was incompatible with our modern notion of the freedoms of speech and press, freedoms intimately associated with the legitimacy of opposing political parties."
Answer D

5. Ketcham is so strongly committed to justifying the classical ideals, however, that he underestimates the advantages of their decline.
Answer C



Hi Skywalker18 :-)

i was wondering if note taking helps during RC ? :? i tend to miss important details. for example q.#2 i answred incorrectly cause i missed important information , but once i answred i could find correct answer in the tesxt. is it lack of concentration or attention to details ? :)

thanks ! :)
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Re: In a new book about the antiparty feeling of the early political leade  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jan 2018, 11:12
1
dave13 wrote:
Skywalker18 wrote:
Interesting passage , took a lot of time to solve 4th question , still got it incorrect :cry:
10 mins , including 3 mins to read

- antiparty feeling of the early political leaders of the United States - classical conception of leadership
- commercial forces - profit-making, its self-interestedness, its individualism--became the enemy of these classical ideals
- classical conception of leadership was incompatible with our modern notion of the freedoms of speech and press

1.
B. describing and analyzing an argument about the early history of the United States

2 . " Although Ketcham does not picture the struggle in quite this way, he does rightly see Jackson's tenure (the seventh presidency) as the culmination of the acceptance of party, commerce, and individualism."
Answer E

3. " the classical conception of leadership was incompatible with our modern notion of the freedoms of speech and press, freedoms intimately associated with the legitimacy of opposing political parties."
Answer D

5. Ketcham is so strongly committed to justifying the classical ideals, however, that he underestimates the advantages of their decline.
Answer C



Hi Skywalker18 :-)

i was wondering if note taking helps during RC ? :? i tend to miss important details. for example q.#2 i answred incorrectly cause i missed important information , but once i answred i could find correct answer in the tesxt. is it lack of concentration or attention to details ? :)

thanks ! :)

dave13, there's a section in the Ultimate RC Guide for Beginners called "So what about note-taking?". See if that helps!
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Re: In a new book about the antiparty feeling of the early political leade  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Oct 2018, 01:23
New Question from the passage.

Which of the following best describes the attitude of the first six Presidents toward political parties as it is discussed in the passage?

A) Political parties were essential to the notions of democracy on which the United States government was based.

B) Personal character in leadership was as important as affiliation with a political party.

C) Political parties were one way to ensure that government could meet the needs of all citizens.

D) Political parties, though undesirable, were inevitable in a democratic political system.

E) Political parties represented opposing political interests rather than the general public good.
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Re: In a new book about the antiparty feeling of the early political leade  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2019, 22:11
HI GMATNinja, mikemcgarry, MagooshExpert (Carolyn), ccooley, GMATGuruNY, AjiteshArun, EducationAisle, generis

Quote:
5. The author of the passage would most likely to agree with which of following statements about Ketcham?

(A) He overemphasizes the influence of classical ideals on the first six Presidents of the United States.

(B) He fails to recognize that classical ideals had little influence on politics in the United States.

(C) He does not pay adequate attention to the negative aspects of the first six Presidents??? commitment to classical ideals.

(D) He inaccurately suggests that classical ideals gave rise to our modern notion of democracy.

(E) He underestimates the effect of ideologies other than the humanist tradition on the first six Presidents.


Quote:
Ketcham is so strongly committed to justifying the classical ideals, however, that he underestimates the advantages of their decline.


What makes A incorrect?
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New post 31 Aug 2019, 14:14
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JarvisR wrote:
Time taken 13 mins. Is it bad? <Updated time:10 mins>
1. The passage is primarily concerned with
B. describing and analyzing an argument about the early history of the United States
Argument first descibes the era of earlier leadership (first 6 presidents) .
From second para, it introduces the changes in the system since the era of later Presidents.Finally, it mentions it views on the pros and cons of both the eras.

2. According to the passage, the author and Ketcham agree on which of the following points?
A. The first six Presidents held the same ideas about political parties as did later Presidents in the United States.
B. Classical ideals supported the growth of commercial forces in the United States.
C. The first political parties in the United States were formed during Van Buren's term in office.
D. The first six Presidents placed great emphasis on individualism and civil rights.
E. Widespread acceptance of political parties occurred during Andrew Jackson's presidency.
>> For me it was between C &E. C is wrong bec arg says that Party found legal status but that doesn't mean they weren't formed before that.

3. It can be inferred that the author of the passage would be most likely to agree that modern views of the freedoms of speech and press are
D. values not inherent in the classical humanist tradition of eighteenth-century England
"the classical conception of leadership was incompatible with our modern notion of the freedoms of speech and press, freedoms intimately associated with the legitimacy of opposing political parties."

4. Which of the following, if true, provides the LEAST support for the author's argument about commerce and political parties during Jackson's presidency?
A. Many supporters of Jackson resisted the commercialization that could result from participation in a national economy.
"he does rightly see Jackson's tenure (the seventh presidency) as the culmination of the acceptance of party, commerce, and individualism. For the Jacksonians, nonpartisanship lost its relevance, "

5. The author of the passage would most likely to agree with which of following statements about Ketcham?
C. He does not pay adequate attention to the negative aspects of the first Presidents’ commitment to classical ideals.
"Ketcham is so strongly committed to justifying the classical ideals, however, that he underestimates the advantages of their decline. "





In question 5: the option C talks about the "negative aspects of the first Presidents’ commitment to classical ideals", whereas the passage talks about the advantages of the decline.
The passage did not mention about the negative aspects of the first president's commitment to classical ideas, and definitely not related to Ketcham.

Please let me know if I missed something.

Thanks !
Shivam
GMAT Club Bot
In a new book about the antiparty feeling of the early political leade   [#permalink] 31 Aug 2019, 14:14
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