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# In animal shelters there is an excess of cats and dogs that need homes

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Current Student
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In animal shelters there is an excess of cats and dogs that need homes  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 02 Sep 2017, 09:42
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95% (hard)

Question Stats:

20% (02:04) correct 80% (02:08) wrong based on 436 sessions

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In animal shelters there is an excess of cats and dogs that need homes. Meanwhile, there are also many senior citizens who live alone and experience more health problems than those who live with spouses or family members. A solution to these problems, which would benefit both animals and seniors, is to place these homeless animals with senior citizens who wish to own pets, and to provide assistance to those senior citizens who might not be able to take care of the pet on there own. Animals have been known to respond favorably to living with older people, who are more often able to provide more attention than younger people with families.

In evaluating the proposed solution, it would be most useful to have data regarding:-

A. whether most of the animals currently at the shelter would be suitable for adoption by the senior citizens

B. what the costs would be of instituting the program

C. whether senior citizens are capable of taking care of pet without assistance

D. whether family members and spouses who live with senior citizens tend to provide nursing care

E. whether there are other forms of companionship that might provide the same health benefit to the senior citizens

Source: 800score

Originally posted by Tan2017 on 02 Sep 2017, 08:18.
Last edited by Tan2017 on 02 Sep 2017, 09:42, edited 2 times in total.
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In animal shelters there is an excess of cats and dogs that need homes  [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2017, 09:30
I feel A is a pretty good answer.. What's the logic behind D?
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Re: In animal shelters there is an excess of cats and dogs that need homes  [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2017, 10:10
Tan2017 wrote:
In animal shelters there is an excess of cats and dogs that need homes. Meanwhile, there are also many senior citizens who live alone and experience more health problems than those who live with spouses or family members. A solution to these problems, which would benefit both animals and seniors, is to place these homeless animals with senior citizens who wish to own pets, and to provide assistance to those senior citizens who might not be able to take care of the pet on there own. Animals have been known to respond favorably to living with older people, who are more often able to provide more attention than younger people with families.

In evaluating the proposed solution, it would be most useful to have data regarding:-

A. whether most of the animals currently at the shelter would be suitable for adoption by the senior citizens

B. what the costs would be of instituting the program

C. whether senior citizens are capable of taking care of pet without assistance

D. whether family members and spouses who live with senior citizens tend to provide nursing care

E. whether there are other forms of companionship that might provide the same health benefit to the senior citizens

Source: 800score

Can you please post the OE?

Cheers!
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Re: In animal shelters there is an excess of cats and dogs that need homes  [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2017, 10:21
Official Explanation by 800score is as follows:-

The author makes an assumption that the connection between living with others and the health problems is a causal one and that it is the companionship of living with others, specifically, that provides the health benefits. If instead the benefit comes from those family members providing nursing care, then it is less likely living with pets would provide the same benefits as living with another person."

While this the official explanation I would still like an expert view for better clarity !
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Re: In animal shelters there is an excess of cats and dogs that need homes  [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2017, 14:03
Tan2017 wrote:
In animal shelters there is an excess of cats and dogs that need homes. Meanwhile, there are also many senior citizens who live alone and experience more health problems than those who live with spouses or family members.A solution to these problems, which would benefit both animals and seniors, is to place these homeless animals with senior citizens who wish to own pets, and to provide assistance to those senior citizens who might not be able to take care of the pet on there own. Animals have been known to respond favorably to living with older people, who are more often able to provide more attention than younger people with families.

In evaluating the proposed solution, it would be most useful to have data regarding:-

A. whether most of the animals currently at the shelter would be suitable for adoption by the senior citizens

B. what the costs would be of instituting the program

C. whether senior citizens are capable of taking care of pet without assistance

D. whether family members and spouses who live with senior citizens tend to provide nursing care

E. whether there are other forms of companionship that might provide the same health benefit to the senior citizens

Source: 800score

The passage discusses about the solution to the problems of senior citizens. Option D conveys that family members can provide nursing care to senior citizens as they suffer from health related problems. The point is can adoption of animals solve the health or nursing problem of senior citizens at all?

Option A is actually challenging the implicit assumption. The other way to think about is if Option A is true or false, does it any way solve health related problems of senior citizens. The answer is NO.

Hope this helps !!
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In animal shelters there is an excess of cats and dogs that need homes  [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2017, 16:01
hwgmat2015 wrote:
Tan2017 wrote:
In animal shelters there is an excess of cats and dogs that need homes. Meanwhile, there are also many senior citizens who live alone and experience more health problems than those who live with spouses or family members.A solution to these problems, which would benefit both animals and seniors, is to place these homeless animals with senior citizens who wish to own pets, and to provide assistance to those senior citizens who might not be able to take care of the pet on there own. Animals have been known to respond favorably to living with older people, who are more often able to provide more attention than younger people with families.

In evaluating the proposed solution, it would be most useful to have data regarding:-

A. whether most of the animals currently at the shelter would be suitable for adoption by the senior citizens

B. what the costs would be of instituting the program

C. whether senior citizens are capable of taking care of pet without assistance

D. whether family members and spouses who live with senior citizens tend to provide nursing care

E. whether there are other forms of companionship that might provide the same health benefit to the senior citizens

Source: 800score

The passage discusses about the solution to the problems of senior citizens. Option D conveys that family members can provide nursing care to senior citizens as they suffer from health related problems. The point is can adoption of animals solve the health or nursing problem of senior citizens at all?

Option A is actually challenging the implicit assumption. The other way to think about is if Option A is true or false, does it any way solve health related problems of senior citizens. The answer is NO.

Hope this helps !!

Correct me if I'm wrong, but the conclusion here is: A solution to these problems, which...on their own..

Negating A- most the the pets are NOT suitable for adoption clearly hurts the conclusion. Option B negates a premise? Meanwhile, there are also many senior citizens who live alone and experience more health problems than those who live with spouses or family members.
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Re: In animal shelters there is an excess of cats and dogs that need homes  [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2017, 20:27
okay wrote:
hwgmat2015 wrote:
Tan2017 wrote:
In animal shelters there is an excess of cats and dogs that need homes. Meanwhile, there are also many senior citizens who live alone and experience more health problems than those who live with spouses or family members.A solution to these problems, which would benefit both animals and seniors, is to place these homeless animals with senior citizens who wish to own pets, and to provide assistance to those senior citizens who might not be able to take care of the pet on there own. Animals have been known to respond favorably to living with older people, who are more often able to provide more attention than younger people with families.

In evaluating the proposed solution, it would be most useful to have data regarding:-

A. whether most of the animals currently at the shelter would be suitable for adoption by the senior citizens

B. what the costs would be of instituting the program

C. whether senior citizens are capable of taking care of pet without assistance

D. whether family members and spouses who live with senior citizens tend to provide nursing care

E. whether there are other forms of companionship that might provide the same health benefit to the senior citizens

Source: 800score

The passage discusses about the solution to the problems of senior citizens. Option D conveys that family members can provide nursing care to senior citizens as they suffer from health related problems. The point is can adoption of animals solve the health or nursing problem of senior citizens at all?

Option A is actually challenging the implicit assumption. The other way to think about is if Option A is true or false, does it any way solve health related problems of senior citizens. The answer is NO.

Hope this helps !!

Correct me if I'm wrong, but the conclusion here is: A solution to these problems, which...on their own..

Negating A- most the the pets are NOT suitable for adoption clearly hurts the conclusion. Option B negates a premise? Meanwhile, there are also many senior citizens who live alone and experience more health problems than those who live with spouses or family members.

Considering this is an "evaluate" question type you cant look at it with the same lens as you would for a "assumption" question type

Back to option A: Whether there are animals available or not does not affect the efficacy of the plan.

Even if most pets are not available for adoption, this plan could still work !
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Re: In animal shelters there is an excess of cats and dogs that need homes  [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2017, 15:05
I do not agree with the OE. The question clearly states "there are also many senior citizens who live alone." Option D takes care of senior citizens living with family members but what about the "many senior citizens" living alone?
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Re: In animal shelters there is an excess of cats and dogs that need homes  [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2017, 17:15
I do not agree with the OE. The question clearly states "there are also many senior citizens who live alone." Option D takes care of senior citizens living with family members but what about the "many senior citizens" living alone?

In evaluating the proposed solution, it would be most useful to have data regarding:-

I don't think the correct answer needs to encompass everything/or all aspects
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In animal shelters there is an excess of cats and dogs that need homes  [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2018, 07:52
Tan2017 wrote:
In animal shelters there is an excess of cats and dogs that need homes. Meanwhile, there are also many senior citizens who live alone and experience more health problems than those who live with spouses or family members. A solution to these problems, which would benefit both animals and seniors, is to place these homeless animals with senior citizens who wish to own pets, and to provide assistance to those senior citizens who might not be able to take care of the pet on there own. Animals have been known to respond favorably to living with older people, who are more often able to provide more attention than younger people with families.

In evaluating the proposed solution, it would be most useful to have data regarding:-

A. whether most of the animals currently at the shelter would be suitable for adoption by the senior citizens

B. what the costs would be of instituting the program

C. whether senior citizens are capable of taking care of pet without assistance

D. whether family members and spouses who live with senior citizens tend to provide nursing care

E. whether there are other forms of companionship that might provide the same health benefit to the senior citizens

Source: 800score

The correct answer is option D.
Living alone Vs living with a companion is being considered here. The argument suggests that living alone causes health problems and that companionship causes less health problems. The missing info. here is that humans are the reason for better health. Therefore, simply substituting the need for humans with dogs will not help in reducing the health problems.
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In animal shelters there is an excess of cats and dogs that need homes  [#permalink]

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22 Jan 2019, 20:15
In evaluating the plan, one of the options can be that what if dogs have contagious diseases that will affect the oldies. The option D is kind of deviating from the plan and changing the plan altogether. The author plan is not a good plan if there can be other best solutions available. But we need to find if authors plan would work or not.
Can anyone please explain the OA in detail
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In animal shelters there is an excess of cats and dogs that need homes  [#permalink]

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22 Jan 2019, 20:56
3
Tan2017 wrote:
In animal shelters there is an excess of cats and dogs that need homes. Meanwhile, there are also many senior citizens who live alone and experience more health problems than those who live with spouses or family members. A solution to these problems, which would benefit both animals and seniors, is to place these homeless animals with senior citizens who wish to own pets, and to provide assistance to those senior citizens who might not be able to take care of the pet on there own. Animals have been known to respond favorably to living with older people, who are more often able to provide more attention than younger people with families.

In evaluating the proposed solution, it would be most useful to have data regarding:-

A. whether most of the animals currently at the shelter would be suitable for adoption by the senior citizens

B. what the costs would be of instituting the program

C. whether senior citizens are capable of taking care of pet without assistance

D. whether family members and spouses who live with senior citizens tend to provide nursing care

E. whether there are other forms of companionship that might provide the same health benefit to the senior citizens

Source: 800score

Would like to know if my reasoning for eliminating answer A and accepting D is correct or not

A. whether most of the animals currently at the shelter would be suitable for adoption by the senior citizens

B. what the costs would be of instituting the program
Costs is not as per the scope of the argument -> Out

C. whether senior citizens are capable of taking care of pet without assistance
This is going against the scope of the argument, they are considering pets for people's help.

D. whether family members and spouses who live with senior citizens tend to provide nursing care

E whether there are other forms of companionship that might provide the same health benefit to the senior citizens
OOS, as this talking about other forms of companionship, not relevant to this argument

Now lets go over A and D
A. whether most of the animals currently at the shelter would be suitable for adoption by the senior citizens
Yes most of the animals currently at the shelter would be suitable for adoption by the senior citizens
This strengthens the conclusion.

No most of the animals currently at the shelter would not be suitable for adoption by the senior citizens
This means some will still be suitable, this again strengthens the argument, that felines should be given to senior citizens

D. whether family members and spouses who live with senior citizens tend to provide nursing care
Are my questions relevant
Initially i thought, why are we considering the family members in this scope??
Didn't we say that we are considering cats for helping the senior citizens ???

But now when i do the Yes No test on this

Yes family members and spouses who live with senior citizens tend to provide nursing care
This weakens the plan, by saying they are not required.

No family members and spouses who live with senior citizens tend to provide nursing care
This strengthens the plan, by saying they are required.

_________________
If you notice any discrepancy in my reasoning, please let me know. Lets improve together.

Quote which i can relate to.
Many of life's failures happen with people who do not realize how close they were to success when they gave up.
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Re: In animal shelters there is an excess of cats and dogs that need homes  [#permalink]

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22 Jul 2019, 08:58
I thought the problems here are having too many animals at the shelter and seniors living alone. Based on this,, option D would not stand. Can someone explain it?
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Re: In animal shelters there is an excess of cats and dogs that need homes  [#permalink]

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23 Jul 2019, 03:36
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Re: In animal shelters there is an excess of cats and dogs that need homes  [#permalink]

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23 Jul 2019, 04:14
even if D is considered the right answer it will solve the problem of only old people living alone what about excess of cats and dogs living in shelter that needs home . please explain
Re: In animal shelters there is an excess of cats and dogs that need homes   [#permalink] 23 Jul 2019, 04:14
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