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In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the

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In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the  [#permalink]

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In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States trade deficit with Mexico declined by $500 million as a result of record exports to that country.

(A) In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States trade deficit with Mexico declined by $500 million as a result of record exports to that country.

(B) In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico, reducing its trade deficit by $500 million.

(C) When compared with ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico, reducing their trade deficit by $500 million.

(D) Compared with ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico, reducing the trade deficit by $500 million.

(E) Compared to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States record exports to Mexico caused a $500 million decline in trade deficit with that country.

Originally posted by CasperMonday on 26 Aug 2009, 13:59.
Last edited by hazelnut on 14 Oct 2017, 06:26, edited 5 times in total.
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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2013, 00:16
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A question of comparison! What is being compared is the trade imbalance of the US with those of China and Japan. It is improper to compare a trade imbalance or deficit with the some country. Except A, all other choices indulge in this mis-comparison. Hence A is the correct choice.
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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2009, 22:16
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Even i'll go with A

1) Correct
2) The trade imbalances are compared to exports.
3) Same as 2 + 'their' is reffering to singular United states.
4) 'Compared with' is used to show similarity/difference b/w two LIKE things. Wrongly used here.
5) 'Compared to' is used show similarity b/w to dissimilar things. Wrongly used here.

Hope my explanation is correct :teleport
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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Mar 2011, 17:38
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There is no typo here. This question is wrong according to me. You cannot compare trade deficit of japan and china with that of United states and mexico.

it should be United States' which indicates possessive form. I had to start with this damn question on my gmat powerprep and spent 4 minutes on it
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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Mar 2011, 21:13
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Casinoking wrote:
jn.mohit wrote:
Buddy A seems to be the best option.

What what is the OA ?


For "A" to be correct "United states" should be in possessive case. I think its a typo here."A" should be the answer


Hey ,
I don't think United States needs to be in possessive case. Here United states is acting as an adjective modifying trade deficits e.g.
a race horse , a love story ,a tennis ball ,a computer exhibition ,a bicycle shop
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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2013, 00:59
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daagh wrote:
A question of comparison! What is being compared is the trade imbalance of the US with those of China and Japan. It is improper to compare a trade imbalance or deficit with the some country. Except A, all other choices indulge in this mis-comparison. Hence A is the correct choice.

+1 & Agree with u..only one question-
which is the right usage- compared with or compared to..??
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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2013, 01:07
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Hi Pariearth,

Both can be correct, there is a subtle difference in usage.

Both prepositions, to and with, can be used following compare. Neither is more correct than the other, but a slight distinction can be made in meaning.

To has traditionally been preferred when the similarity between two things is the point of the comparison and compare means ‘liken’: I hesitate to compare my own works to those of someone like Dickens.

With, on the other hand, suggests that the differences between two things are as important as, if not more important than, the similarities: We compared the facilities available to most city-dwellers with those available to people living in the country; to compare like with like.
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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 01 May 2014, 09:48
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CasperMonday wrote:
In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with china and japan, the United states trade deficit with Mexico declined by $500 million as a result of record exports to that country

A- In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with china and japan, the United states trade deficit with Mexico declined by $500 million as a result of record exports to that country
B- In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan,the United states sold record exports to Mexico,reducing its trade deficit by $500million
C- When compared with ongoing trade imbalances with china and Japan, the United states sold record exports to Mexico, reducing their trade deficit by $500 million
D- Compared with ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan , the united states sold record exports to Mexico, reducing the trade deficit by $500million
E- Compared to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan,the United states record exports to mexico caused a $500 million decline in trade deficit with that country.

People say that this question is from GMATPrep. Has anyone come across it? What is the official answer, please? Honestly, I can't figure it out. Thank you for any explanations.


My point of view:

A- In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with china and japan, the United states trade deficit with Mexico declined by $500 million as a result of record exports to that country - RIGHT you are comparing trade imbalances and a trade imbalance of a country and the comparaison is correct (remember: you need to compare apples with apples)
B- In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan,the United states sold record exports to Mexico,reducing its trade deficit by $500million - You are comparing trad imbalance and a country
C- When compared with ongoing trade imbalances with china and Japan, the United states sold record exports to Mexico, reducing their trade deficit by $500 million - You are comparing trad imbalance and a country
D- Compared with ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan , the united states sold record exports to Mexico, reducing the trade deficit by $500million - You are comparing trad imbalance and a country
E- Compared to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United states record exports to mexico caused a $500 million decline in trade deficit with that country. - You are comparing trad imbalance and a country and that country is wordy

Hope it helps!
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Originally posted by Paris75 on 10 Nov 2013, 07:03.
Last edited by Paris75 on 01 May 2014, 09:48, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Nov 2013, 15:56
maaadhu wrote:
FTGNGU wrote:
CasperMonday wrote:
In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with china and japan, the United states trade deficit with Mexico declined by $500 million as a result of record exports to that country

A- Same
B- In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan,the United states sold record exports to Mexico,reducing its trade deficit by $500million
C- When compared with ongoing trade imbalances with china and Japan, the United states sold record exports to Mexico, reducing their trade deficit by $500 million
D- Compared with ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan , the united states sold record exports to Mexico, reducing the trade deficit by $500million
E- Compared to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan,the United states record exports to mexico caused a $500 million decline in trade deficit with that country.

People say that this question is from GMATPrep. Has anyone come across it? What is the official answer, please? Honestly, I can't figure it out. Thank you for any explanations.



its pretty hard crack question from GMATPREP... I have answered it wrongly with option B.


In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with china and japan, the United states trade deficit with Mexico declined by $500 million as a result of record exports to that country

In A, the phrase "that country" refers to mexico. I read somewhere that we cannot use "that" or "this" to refer to Nouns. i.e. Mexico. How come option A is correct?

Can anyone please explain?


Look at the meaning.

If you use that, it means that you have a trade deficit with a trade deficit of country X. This is not logic and not correct and wordy!

You have a trade deficit with country X ==> here it is a trade deficit with Mexico.

Hope it is clear!
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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Feb 2014, 18:01
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First look on what I wanted to test: Idiom (in contrast to x, y), comparison, misplaced modifier

a. In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States trade deficit with Mexico declined by $500 million as a result of record exports to that country. Correct - the comparison doesn't match exactly the idiom, so I checked for a better answer.

b. In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico, reducing its trade deficit by $500 million. Wrong - illogical comparison: trade imbalances and United States

c. When compared with ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico, reducing their trade deficit by $500 million. Wrong - "When compared" is not idiomatic. "Reducing their trade deficit" is so appealing that it's a trap sentence.

d. Compared with ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico, reducing the trade deficit by $500 million. Wrong - "Compared with" is not idiomatic.

e. Compared to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico caused a $500 million decline in the trade deficit of that country. Wrong - illogical comparison, same as above.

IMO A
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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Sep 2014, 00:45
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Got confused between A & E as the comparisons are

A) trade imbalances vs trade deficit
E) trade imbalances vs record export (Note carefully, we are not comparing trade imbalances with US but with US record export)
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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Feb 2016, 13:32
If you ask me, there's a couple of errors that haven't been mentioned:

a. In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States trade deficit with Mexico declined by $500 million as a result of record exports to that country.
Could be correct, although sounds complicated. It's worthwhile noticing that an "ongoing trade imbalance" is being compared to a "declining trade imbalance", so at least the comparison is apples to apples. Let's see other alternatives - CORRECT BY DISCARDING THE REST

b. In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico, reducing its trade deficit by $500 million.
Firstly, I'm not sure the US can sell "record exports". You can achieve record exports, your current year's exports sales could be record, but selling record exports is misleading. Also, the first part of the comparison (the trade imbalances with China and Japan) is being compared to what the US did (selling record exports), not to another trade imbalance/balance.

c. When compared with ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico, reducing their trade deficit by $500 million.
When compared with sounds awful, as a general rule use "when compared to" and "in comparison with". Again the selling "record exports". Again the comparison between a trade imbalance and a record sale (apples with oranges)

d. Compared with ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico, reducing the trade deficit by $500 million.
Again "with" instead of "to". Also, again apples and oranges. And yet again, "selling records"

e. Compared to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico caused a $500 million decline in the trade deficit of that country.
Now the "to" is correct, but it's now missing a "the" -> "Compared to the ongoing trade imbalances...". Also, again "selling records" and "apples and oranges".

So, despite being a tricky phrase, A) is still the most correct.
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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Feb 2016, 19:02
Tabur wrote:
If you ask me, there's a couple of errors that haven't been mentioned:

a. In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States trade deficit with Mexico declined by $500 million as a result of record exports to that country.
Could be correct, although sounds complicated. It's worthwhile noticing that an "ongoing trade imbalance" is being compared to a "declining trade imbalance", so at least the comparison is apples to apples. Let's see other alternatives - CORRECT BY DISCARDING THE REST

b. In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico, reducing its trade deficit by $500 million.
Firstly, I'm not sure the US can sell "record exports". You can achieve record exports, your current year's exports sales could be record, but selling record exports is misleading. Also, the first part of the comparison (the trade imbalances with China and Japan) is being compared to what the US did (selling record exports), not to another trade imbalance/balance.

c. When compared with ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico, reducing their trade deficit by $500 million.
When compared with sounds awful, as a general rule use "when compared to" and "in comparison with". Again the selling "record exports". Again the comparison between a trade imbalance and a record sale (apples with oranges)

d. Compared with ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico, reducing the trade deficit by $500 million.
Again "with" instead of "to". Also, again apples and oranges. And yet again, "selling records"

e. Compared to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico caused a $500 million decline in the trade deficit of that country.
Now the "to" is correct, but it's now missing a "the" -> "Compared to the ongoing trade imbalances...". Also, again "selling records" and "apples and oranges".

So, despite being a tricky phrase, A) is still the most correct.



Moreover, I find that country ambiguous. Unless one knows what trade deficit means, it is difficult to determine whether that country refers to United States or to Mexico. I also have serious doubt about the usage imbalances with China and Japan ; imbalances between China and Japan would probably be better.
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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Feb 2016, 20:42
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Quote:
In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States trade deficit with Mexico declined by $500 million because of record exports to that country.


The intended meaning here is that the trade imbalance with china and the imbalance with Japan were enlarging while the imbalance with Mexico declined due to record exports. Otherwise, the contrast will not hold water in the given context. Therefore, the trade imbalance of the US with other countries is under consideration here and not the trade imbalances between China and Japan, which is of no importance to the US.
Secondly, when exports hit the roof to a particular country, the imbalance with that county alone goes down. Therefore, as the text has indicated, the imbalance with Mexico has declined, implying that the exports to Mexico drove the imbalances down and not to some other country, be it Japan or China.

Takeaway: The intended meaning may not be explicit in higher level meaning –based questions.
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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2017, 18:57
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CasperMonday wrote:
In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with china and japan, the United states trade deficit with Mexico declined by $500 million as a result of record exports to that country

A- Same
B- In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan,the United states sold record exports to Mexico,reducing its trade deficit by $500million
C- When compared with ongoing trade imbalances with china and Japan, the United states sold record exports to Mexico, reducing their trade deficit by $500 million
D- Compared with ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan , the united states sold record exports to Mexico, reducing the trade deficit by $500million
E- Compared to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan,the United states record exports to mexico caused a $500 million decline in trade deficit with that country.

People say that this question is from GMATPrep. Has anyone come across it? What is the official answer, please? Honestly, I can't figure it out. Thank you for any explanations.


A. Correct.
B. "Trade imbalances" are incorrectly compared to a country.
C. "Trade imbalances" are incorrectly compared to a country.
D. "Trade imbalances" are incorrectly compared to a country.
E. B. "Trade imbalances" are incorrectly compared to "record exports" instead of other trade deficits.
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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2017, 00:01
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It is common that the trade deficit of a particular country with another country will shrink when exports to that another country go up. Here the exporter is the US and the importer is Mexico. Therefore, exports to 'that' country will only mean exports to Mexico; After all, can the US have a trade deficit with itself?
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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2017, 22:25
IMO A
B- In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan,the United states sold record exports to Mexico,reducing its trade deficit by $500million use of it ambiguous.
C- When compared with ongoing trade imbalances with china and Japan, the United states sold record exports to Mexico, reducing their trade deficit by $500 million use of their is wrong also use of when is wrong as there is no timeline.
D- Compared with ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan , the united states sold record exports to Mexico, reducing the trade deficit by $500million wrong comparison between trade imbalances and a country.[/color]
E- Compared to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan,the United states record exports to mexico caused a $500 million decline in trade deficit with that country. [color=#00a651]wrong comparison between trade imbalances and a country.

Also compared with is used to show similarity between two similar things
compared with is used to show similarity between two dissimilar things.

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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2017, 11:02
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HKD1710 wrote:
Why is there no " 'S " in choice A --- "the United State's trade deficit" (please notice " 's ").

Please help on this.

It would definitely be wrong to write "the United State's" here, since the country's full name is "the United States" with an "s" on the end. (Similar: if we're trying to say that some weirdo named Charles has a huge appetite, it would be wrong to refer to "Charle's huge appetite.")

Beyond that: well, there's some grey area with the possessive here, but it's completely irrelevant on the GMAT. The GMAT will never test you on the correct placement of an apostrophe for a possessive noun that already ends in "s." The GMAT really doesn't care if you'd write "Charles's amazing appetite" (correct), "Charles' amazing appetite" (often considered incorrect a generation ago, but generally accepted now), or "Charle's amazing appetite" (definitely wrong). The test has more important things to worry about.

If we're talking about the trade deficit of the United States, though, we have a funny habit of omitting the apostrophe completely. I'm not sure why we do that, to be honest. We would talk about "Mexico's economy" (with an apostrophe to indicate that "Mexico" is possessive) or "the Mexican economy" (with "Mexican" functioning as an adjective), but we tend to just say "the United States economy" or "the United States trade deficit." Technically, an apostrophe would be fine for those last two, but we tend to omit it.

But again: this isn't anything to worry about, since it's not ever going to be a deciding factor on a GMAT question.

I hope this helps!
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In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2017, 08:47
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The structure here is: In contrast to X, Y...

Keep in mind that X and Y must be comparable. A is the only correct answer if you apply this rule. ("the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan" and "the U.S. trade deficit with Mexico" are comparable)

Moreover, "When compared with" and "Compared with" are awkward. "Compared to" is acceptable but in this case, E is wrong.
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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2017, 09:01
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pra1785 wrote:
Compared with is used to show similarity/difference b/w two LIKE things
Compared to is used show similarity b/w to dissimilar things.

Can someone give examples for the above? Where can I find more information on this?


Hi pra1785,

The difference quoted is not ideal to choose between two choices. GMAT will not give you two choices that only differes in the usage of COMPARED TO & COMPARED WITH. Both compared to and compared with are correct.

For more on this, you can watch RON's explanation (Watch the video at 01:16 hrs) -

P.S. - Do the questions on your own before watching RON explaining the answers for them. That way you'll learn this concept quickly :)

Hope it helps!
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