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In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the

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In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States trade deficit with Mexico declined by $500 million as a result of record exports to that country.

(A) In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States trade deficit with Mexico declined by $500 million as a result of record exports to that country.

(B) In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico, reducing its trade deficit by $500 million.

(C) When compared with ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico, reducing their trade deficit by $500 million.

(D) Compared with ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico, reducing the trade deficit by $500 million.

(E) Compared to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States record exports to Mexico caused a $500 million decline in trade deficit with that country.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by hazelnut on 14 Oct 2017, 06:26, edited 5 times in total.
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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the [#permalink]

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I am not seeing any mistake with the original, clearly trade imbalances with china and Japan are compared with trade deficits between USA and Mexico. That at the end is referring to Mexico

Please comment

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Even i'll go with A

1) Correct
2) The trade imbalances are compared to exports.
3) Same as 2 + 'their' is reffering to singular United states.
4) 'Compared with' is used to show similarity/difference b/w two LIKE things. Wrongly used here.
5) 'Compared to' is used show similarity b/w to dissimilar things. Wrongly used here.

Hope my explanation is correct :teleport

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New post 16 Sep 2009, 20:35
jn.mohit wrote:
Buddy A seems to be the best option.

What what is the OA ?


For "A" to be correct "United states" should be in possessive case. I think its a typo here."A" should be the answer

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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the [#permalink]

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There is no typo here. This question is wrong according to me. You cannot compare trade deficit of japan and china with that of United states and mexico.

it should be United States' which indicates possessive form. I had to start with this damn question on my gmat powerprep and spent 4 minutes on it

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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the [#permalink]

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Casinoking wrote:
jn.mohit wrote:
Buddy A seems to be the best option.

What what is the OA ?


For "A" to be correct "United states" should be in possessive case. I think its a typo here."A" should be the answer


Hey ,
I don't think United States needs to be in possessive case. Here United states is acting as an adjective modifying trade deficits e.g.
a race horse , a love story ,a tennis ball ,a computer exhibition ,a bicycle shop

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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2012, 10:23
CasperMonday wrote:
In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with china and japan, the United states trade deficit with Mexico declined by $500 million as a result of record exports to that country

A- Same
B- In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan,the United states sold record exports to Mexico,reducing its trade deficit by $500million
C- When compared with ongoing trade imbalances with china and Japan, the United states sold record exports to Mexico, reducing their trade deficit by $500 million
D- Compared with ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan , the united states sold record exports to Mexico, reducing the trade deficit by $500million
E- Compared to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan,the United states record exports to mexico caused a $500 million decline in trade deficit with that country.

People say that this question is from GMATPrep. Has anyone come across it? What is the official answer, please? Honestly, I can't figure it out. Thank you for any explanations.


Declined By.... Never seen this.. Yet, comparison is right only here... What a question :( !

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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the [#permalink]

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A question of comparison! What is being compared is the trade imbalance of the US with those of China and Japan. It is improper to compare a trade imbalance or deficit with the some country. Except A, all other choices indulge in this mis-comparison. Hence A is the correct choice.
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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the [#permalink]

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daagh wrote:
A question of comparison! What is being compared is the trade imbalance of the US with those of China and Japan. It is improper to compare a trade imbalance or deficit with the some country. Except A, all other choices indulge in this mis-comparison. Hence A is the correct choice.

+1 & Agree with u..only one question-
which is the right usage- compared with or compared to..??

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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the [#permalink]

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Hi Pariearth,

Both can be correct, there is a subtle difference in usage.

Both prepositions, to and with, can be used following compare. Neither is more correct than the other, but a slight distinction can be made in meaning.

To has traditionally been preferred when the similarity between two things is the point of the comparison and compare means ‘liken’: I hesitate to compare my own works to those of someone like Dickens.

With, on the other hand, suggests that the differences between two things are as important as, if not more important than, the similarities: We compared the facilities available to most city-dwellers with those available to people living in the country; to compare like with like.

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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the [#permalink]

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New post 09 Oct 2013, 17:12
jn.mohit wrote:
Buddy A seems to be the best option.

What what is the OA ?


I got this question in GmatPrep and Credited response if A

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CasperMonday wrote:
In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with china and japan, the United states trade deficit with Mexico declined by $500 million as a result of record exports to that country

A- In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with china and japan, the United states trade deficit with Mexico declined by $500 million as a result of record exports to that country
B- In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan,the United states sold record exports to Mexico,reducing its trade deficit by $500million
C- When compared with ongoing trade imbalances with china and Japan, the United states sold record exports to Mexico, reducing their trade deficit by $500 million
D- Compared with ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan , the united states sold record exports to Mexico, reducing the trade deficit by $500million
E- Compared to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan,the United states record exports to mexico caused a $500 million decline in trade deficit with that country.

People say that this question is from GMATPrep. Has anyone come across it? What is the official answer, please? Honestly, I can't figure it out. Thank you for any explanations.


My point of view:

A- In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with china and japan, the United states trade deficit with Mexico declined by $500 million as a result of record exports to that country - RIGHT you are comparing trade imbalances and a trade imbalance of a country and the comparaison is correct (remember: you need to compare apples with apples)
B- In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan,the United states sold record exports to Mexico,reducing its trade deficit by $500million - You are comparing trad imbalance and a country
C- When compared with ongoing trade imbalances with china and Japan, the United states sold record exports to Mexico, reducing their trade deficit by $500 million - You are comparing trad imbalance and a country
D- Compared with ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan , the united states sold record exports to Mexico, reducing the trade deficit by $500million - You are comparing trad imbalance and a country
E- Compared to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United states record exports to mexico caused a $500 million decline in trade deficit with that country. - You are comparing trad imbalance and a country and that country is wordy

Hope it helps!
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Last edited by Paris75 on 01 May 2014, 09:48, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the [#permalink]

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New post 12 Nov 2013, 13:31
CasperMonday wrote:
In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with china and japan, the United states trade deficit with Mexico declined by $500 million as a result of record exports to that country

A- Same
B- In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan,the United states sold record exports to Mexico,reducing its trade deficit by $500million
C- When compared with ongoing trade imbalances with china and Japan, the United states sold record exports to Mexico, reducing their trade deficit by $500 million
D- Compared with ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan , the united states sold record exports to Mexico, reducing the trade deficit by $500million
E- Compared to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan,the United states record exports to mexico caused a $500 million decline in trade deficit with that country.

People say that this question is from GMATPrep. Has anyone come across it? What is the official answer, please? Honestly, I can't figure it out. Thank you for any explanations.



its pretty hard crack question from GMATPREP... I have answered it wrongly with option B.

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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the [#permalink]

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New post 12 Nov 2013, 15:51
FTGNGU wrote:
CasperMonday wrote:
In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with china and japan, the United states trade deficit with Mexico declined by $500 million as a result of record exports to that country

A- Same
B- In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan,the United states sold record exports to Mexico,reducing its trade deficit by $500million
C- When compared with ongoing trade imbalances with china and Japan, the United states sold record exports to Mexico, reducing their trade deficit by $500 million
D- Compared with ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan , the united states sold record exports to Mexico, reducing the trade deficit by $500million
E- Compared to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan,the United states record exports to mexico caused a $500 million decline in trade deficit with that country.

People say that this question is from GMATPrep. Has anyone come across it? What is the official answer, please? Honestly, I can't figure it out. Thank you for any explanations.



its pretty hard crack question from GMATPREP... I have answered it wrongly with option B.


In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with china and japan, the United states trade deficit with Mexico declined by $500 million as a result of record exports to that country

In A, the phrase "that country" refers to mexico. I read somewhere that we cannot use "that" or "this" to refer to Nouns. i.e. Mexico. How come option A is correct?

Can anyone please explain?
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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the [#permalink]

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New post 12 Nov 2013, 15:56
maaadhu wrote:
FTGNGU wrote:
CasperMonday wrote:
In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with china and japan, the United states trade deficit with Mexico declined by $500 million as a result of record exports to that country

A- Same
B- In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan,the United states sold record exports to Mexico,reducing its trade deficit by $500million
C- When compared with ongoing trade imbalances with china and Japan, the United states sold record exports to Mexico, reducing their trade deficit by $500 million
D- Compared with ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan , the united states sold record exports to Mexico, reducing the trade deficit by $500million
E- Compared to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan,the United states record exports to mexico caused a $500 million decline in trade deficit with that country.

People say that this question is from GMATPrep. Has anyone come across it? What is the official answer, please? Honestly, I can't figure it out. Thank you for any explanations.



its pretty hard crack question from GMATPREP... I have answered it wrongly with option B.


In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with china and japan, the United states trade deficit with Mexico declined by $500 million as a result of record exports to that country

In A, the phrase "that country" refers to mexico. I read somewhere that we cannot use "that" or "this" to refer to Nouns. i.e. Mexico. How come option A is correct?

Can anyone please explain?


Look at the meaning.

If you use that, it means that you have a trade deficit with a trade deficit of country X. This is not logic and not correct and wordy!

You have a trade deficit with country X ==> here it is a trade deficit with Mexico.

Hope it is clear!
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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2013, 14:32
Paris,

Option A is the correct option and has this phrase at the end of the sentence
"as a result of record exports to that country" ...

My question was "that" referring to Mexico? If so, can "that" refer to nouns?

Your explanation is not addressing my question.

Can anyone please answer my question?
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Covered in Thursdays with Ron on December 5, 2013.

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First look on what I wanted to test: Idiom (in contrast to x, y), comparison, misplaced modifier

a. In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States trade deficit with Mexico declined by $500 million as a result of record exports to that country. Correct - the comparison doesn't match exactly the idiom, so I checked for a better answer.

b. In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico, reducing its trade deficit by $500 million. Wrong - illogical comparison: trade imbalances and United States

c. When compared with ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico, reducing their trade deficit by $500 million. Wrong - "When compared" is not idiomatic. "Reducing their trade deficit" is so appealing that it's a trap sentence.

d. Compared with ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico, reducing the trade deficit by $500 million. Wrong - "Compared with" is not idiomatic.

e. Compared to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico caused a $500 million decline in the trade deficit of that country. Wrong - illogical comparison, same as above.

IMO A

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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2014, 03:09
Paris75 wrote:
CasperMonday wrote:
In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with china and japan, the United states trade deficit with Mexico declined by $500 million as a result of record exports to that country

A- In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with china and japan, the United states trade deficit with Mexico declined by $500 million as a result of record exports to that country
B- In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan,the United states sold record exports to Mexico,reducing its trade deficit by $500million
C- When compared with ongoing trade imbalances with china and Japan, the United states sold record exports to Mexico, reducing their trade deficit by $500 million
D- Compared with ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan , the united states sold record exports to Mexico, reducing the trade deficit by $500million
E- Compared to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan,the United states record exports to mexico caused a $500 million decline in trade deficit with that country.

People say that this question is from GMATPrep. Has anyone come across it? What is the official answer, please? Honestly, I can't figure it out. Thank you for any explanations.


My point of view:

A- In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with china and japan, the United states trade deficit with Mexico declined by $500 million as a result of record exports to that country - RIGHT you are comparing trade imbalances and a trade imbalance of a country and the comparaison is correct (remember: you need to compare apples with apples)
B- In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan,the United states sold record exports to Mexico,reducing its trade deficit by $500million - You are comparing trad imbalance and a country
C- When compared with ongoing trade imbalances with china and Japan, the United states sold record exports to Mexico, reducing their trade deficit by $500 million - You are comparing trad imbalance and a country
D- Compared with ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan , the united states sold record exports to Mexico, reducing the trade deficit by $500million - You are comparing trad imbalance and a country
E- Compared to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United states record exports to mexico caused a $500 million decline in trade deficit with that country. - You are comparing trad imbalance and a country and that country is wordy

Hope it helps!

Further more in option B,C and D the phrase sold record exports is not making sense to me..

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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the [#permalink]

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Got confused between A & E as the comparisons are

A) trade imbalances vs trade deficit
E) trade imbalances vs record export (Note carefully, we are not comparing trade imbalances with US but with US record export)

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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the   [#permalink] 15 Sep 2014, 00:45

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