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In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the

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Intern
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B
Joined: 06 May 2018
Posts: 6
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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2018, 07:17
I am unable to find subject-verb pair in this sentence.
Correct ans A seems a fragment to me.. so I rejected it.
Please explain is it not necessary for every sentence to have at least one independent clause in GMAT.
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Director
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Joined: 27 Mar 2010
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Location: Bangalore, India
Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2018, 09:19
Hi Pallavi, of course every complete sentence must have at least one Independent clause. In option A, following is the Independent clause (with declined being the main verb)

the United States trade deficit with Mexico declined by $500 million as a result of record exports to that country.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses Clauses, their application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.
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Ashish
EducationAisle, Bangalore

Sentence Correction Nirvana available on Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

Intern
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Joined: 06 May 2018
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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2018, 09:48
EducationAisle wrote:
Hi Pallavi, of course every complete sentence must have at least one Independent clause. In option A, following is the Independent clause (with declined being the main verb)

the United States trade deficit with Mexico declined by $500 million as a result of record exports to that country.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses Clauses, their application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.


Is'nt declined a verb-ed modifier.
"United States trade deficit is declined" ---> make sense --> therefore modifier
"United States trade deficit declined something" --> doesnot make sense --> therefore not a verb

Please explain
Director
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Joined: 27 Mar 2010
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Location: Bangalore, India
Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2018, 10:08
Hi Pallavi, the core of the sentence is:

Deficit declined.

Hopefully it is clear that deficit is the subject and declined is the verb. This is similar to:

Inflation declined.

Again, inflation is the subject and declined is the verb.

Please note that all verbs don't necessarily need an object. So, deficit declined something is not required.

On the other hand, if the sentence is:

Michael declined the offer.

Here, the offer is the object (declined still continues to be the verb).
_________________

Thanks,
Ashish
EducationAisle, Bangalore

Sentence Correction Nirvana available on Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

GMAT Club Bot
Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the &nbs [#permalink] 27 Sep 2018, 10:08

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