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In current historiography, the picture of a consistent, unequivocal de

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Re: In current historiography, the picture of a consistent, unequivocal de [#permalink]

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New post 28 Dec 2017, 08:55
Poorvasha wrote:
Hi thingocanhnguyen,
Q4 is an inference question. You will find texts directly in the passage to answer this.

4. It can be inferred from the passage that women did work in

(A) American cheesemaking at some point prior to industrialization- The passage states that "Their persistence in English cheese dairying contrasts with women’s early disappearance from arable agriculture in southeast England and from American cheese dairying.". This implies they disappeared from American cheese dairying and this means they were involved in this before, hence, the disappearance. This can be inferred.

(B) arable agriculture in northern England both before and after the agricultural revolution - The passage does not talk about arable agriculture in England so this can't be inferred.


(C) arable agriculture in southeast England after the agricultural revolution, in those locales in which cultural values supported their participation - The passage states "Their persistence in English cheese dairying contrasts with women’s early disappearance from arable agriculture in southeast England and from American cheese dairying". hence, this can also not be inferred.


(D) the sale of cheese at local markets in England even after the agricultural revolution - The passage states "Earlier, she maintained, women had concerned themselves with feeding cows, rearing calves, and even selling the cheese in local markets and fairs. Pinchbeck thought that the advent of specialization meant that women’s work in cheese dairying was reduced simply to processing the milk". Hence, their role was no longer in the sale of cheese and thus, this can't be inferred.

(E) some areas of American cheese dairying after industrialization- It is clearly mentioned as quoted in options above that women disappeared form American cheese dairying.

Hope this helped! Please consider Kudos if it did :-)

Thanks Poorvasha for the explanation!
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Kudos [?]: 122 [0], given: 57

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Re: In current historiography, the picture of a consistent, unequivocal de [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jan 2018, 05:33
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Poorvasha wrote:


Hi VeritasPrepKarishma,


Can you please explain question 1 ?

Thanks :-)



Here is what I make out from the passage:

Till now, there was a picture of a consistent, unequivocal decline in women’s status with the advent of capitalism and industrialization. This is exemplified through Pinchbeck's English cheese making in which women used to do everything in pre capitalist era but were confined to few tasks with the advent of capitalism.

It is now giving way to an analysis that not only emphasizes both change and continuity but also accounts for geographical and occupational variation. The cheese making is discussed again showing that women’s control seldom extended to the disposal of the proceeds of their work so pre capitalist era wasn't all that it is made out to be. Also, it is discussed that women did the most imp work even in capitalist era. Then examples of agriculture and American cheese making are discussed to show differences in case of different occupations.

Now we use elimination on the options of question 1:

The primary purpose of the passage is to

(A) present recently discovered evidence that supports a conventional interpretation of a historical period
No, the conventional interpretation is giving way to a new interpretation. So incorrect.

(B) describe how reinterpretations of available evidence have reinvigorated a once-discredited scholarly position
There is no "coming back to an old theory". There is an old theory which is giving way to a new one now. Incorrect.

(C) explain why some historians have tended to emphasize change rather than continuity in discussing a particular period
The historians are now emphasising "change AND continuity". Incorrect

(D) explore how changes in a particular occupation serve to counter the prevailing view of a historical period
Changes in English cheese making are discussed to show support for the view prevailing till now. It does not counter it.

(E) examine a particular area of historical research in order to exemplify a general scholarly trend
British cheese making is discussed to exemplify how historical picture is giving way to new analysis.

Answer (E)
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Kudos [?]: 18465 [1], given: 237

Re: In current historiography, the picture of a consistent, unequivocal de   [#permalink] 06 Jan 2018, 05:33

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