GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 16 Nov 2018, 04:09

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Events & Promotions in November
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
28293031123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
2526272829301
Open Detailed Calendar
  • Free GMAT Strategy Webinar

     November 17, 2018

     November 17, 2018

     07:00 AM PST

     09:00 AM PST

    Nov. 17, 7 AM PST. Aiming to score 760+? Attend this FREE session to learn how to Define your GMAT Strategy, Create your Study Plan and Master the Core Skills to excel on the GMAT.
  • GMATbuster's Weekly GMAT Quant Quiz # 9

     November 17, 2018

     November 17, 2018

     09:00 AM PST

     11:00 AM PST

    Join the Quiz Saturday November 17th, 9 AM PST. The Quiz will last approximately 2 hours. Make sure you are on time or you will be at a disadvantage.

In Eastland, from 2000 to 2005, the total consumption of

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 17 Mar 2009
Posts: 243
In Eastland, from 2000 to 2005, the total consumption of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 27 Oct 2018, 03:32
5
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

65% (01:44) correct 35% (01:49) wrong based on 746 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

In Eastland, from 2000 to 2005, the total consumption of fish increased by 4.5 percent, and the total consumption of poultry products increased by 9.0 percent. During this time, the population of Eastland increased by 6 percent, in part due to new arrivals from surrounding areas.
Which of the following, if true, can one infer based on the statements above?

A. For new arrivals to Eastland between 2000 and 2005, fish was less likely to be a major part of families’ diet than was poultry.

B. In 2005, the residents of Eastland consumed twice as much poultry as fish.

C. The per capita consumption of poultry in Eastland was higher in 2005 than it was in 2000.

D. Between 2000 and 2005, both fish and poultry products were a regular part of the diet of a significant proportion of Eastland residents.

E. Between 2000 and 2005, the profits of wholesale distributors of poultry products increased at a greater rate than did the profits of wholesale distributors of fish.

Originally posted by crejoc on 15 Aug 2009, 01:10.
Last edited by gmat1393 on 27 Oct 2018, 03:32, edited 1 time in total.
Reformatted and added OA
Most Helpful Community Reply
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 30 Dec 2008
Posts: 24
Re: In Eastland, from 2000 to 2005, the total consumption of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Aug 2009, 03:54
15
A. is incorrect, since we only have info about the total consumption of poultry/fish. What if two families ate something like 2 tons of chicken and 1000 families ate something like 2 pounds of fish every day?

B. the passage does not provide info about the quantities of fish/poultry consumed, it just points out their respective gains.

C. is correct. Look at it mathematically:
population in 2000 = x
population in 2005 = 106% *x

poultry in 2000 = y
poultry in 2005 = 109% *y

per capita poultry consumption in 2000 = y/x
per capita poultry consumption in 2005 = 109%y/106%x = y/x * 109/106 > y/x

D. no info to establish this

E. profits are not discussed here. Indeed, the amount sold was greater, but what if costs increased significantly, say by 20%? Then the profits go down...
General Discussion
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 17 Mar 2009
Posts: 243
Re: In Eastland, from 2000 to 2005, the total consumption of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Aug 2009, 22:25
nicely explained dana... kudos..
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 26 Jul 2009
Posts: 302
Re: In Eastland, from 2000 to 2005, the total consumption of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Aug 2009, 21:08
2
seldom see such CRs... test on maths..
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 01 Aug 2008
Posts: 575
Re: In Eastland, from 2000 to 2005, the total consumption of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Aug 2009, 09:12
DanaJ wrote:
A. is incorrect, since we only have info about the total consumption of poultry/fish. What if two families ate something like 2 tons of chicken and 1000 families ate something like 2 pounds of fish every day?

B. the passage does not provide info about the quantities of fish/poultry consumed, it just points out their respective gains.

C. is correct. Look at it mathematically:
population in 2000 = x
population in 2005 = 106% *x

poultry in 2000 = y
poultry in 2005 = 109% *y

per capita poultry consumption in 2000 = y/x
per capita poultry consumption in 2005 = 109%y/106%x = y/x * 109/106 > y/x

D. no info to establish this

E. profits are not discussed here. Indeed, the amount sold was greater, but what if costs increased significantly, say by 20%? Then the profits go down...


nice explanation. thanks +1 for ya.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Status: D-Day is on February 10th. and I am not stressed
Affiliations: American Management association, American Association of financial accountants
Joined: 12 Apr 2011
Posts: 179
Location: Kuwait
Schools: Columbia university
In Eastland, from 2000 to 2005, the total consumption of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Nov 2011, 13:40
1
14
In Eastland, from 2000 to 2005, the total consumption of fish increased by 4.5 percent, and the total consumption of poultry products increased by 9.0 percent. During this time, the population of Eastland increased by 6 percent, in part due to new arrivals from surrounding areas.

Which of the following, if true, can one infer based on the statements above?
A)For new arrivals to Eastland between 2000 and 2005, fish was less likely to be a major part of families’ diet than was poultry.
B)In 2005, the residents of Eastland consumed twice as much poultry as fish.
C)The per capita consumption of poultry in Eastland was higher in 2005 than it was in 2000.
D)Between 2000 and 2005, both fish and poultry products were a regular part of the diet of a significant proportion of Eastland residents.
E)Between 2000 and 2005, the profits of wholesale distributors of poultry products increased at a greater rate than did the profits of wholesale distributors of fish.
_________________

Sky is the limit

Director
Director
avatar
Status: Prep started for the n-th time
Joined: 29 Aug 2010
Posts: 501
Re: In Eastland........  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Nov 2011, 17:01
This is a very good practice question.

According to the stimulus,

Total fish comsumption = 4.5 percent increase
Total consumption of poultry products = + 9.0 % increase
Total Population = 6 % increase.

Since all the values given in the stimulus are percent increases, and we do not know the base value in 2000, we can eliminate B and D. E is irrelevant because profit is not mentioned anywhere. We can eliminate A as it requires us to assume that most of the population increase was due to the new arrivals.

C is the correct answer and can be proven from the information in the stimulus.

Crick
Retired Moderator
avatar
Status: Flying over the cloud!
Joined: 16 Aug 2011
Posts: 633
Location: Viet Nam
Concentration: International Business, Marketing
GMAT Date: 06-06-2014
GPA: 3.07
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: In Eastland........  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Dec 2011, 00:19
1
109% consumption of poultry products/ 106 %population > consumption of poultry products/population = 1

So, choice C is the correct one.
_________________

CR: Focus of the Week: Must be True Question

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 27 Oct 2011
Posts: 141
Location: United States
Concentration: Finance, Strategy
GPA: 3.7
WE: Account Management (Consumer Products)
Re: In Eastland, from 2000 to 2005, the total consumption of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Jan 2012, 20:35
at first i thought it was D, but looking a it again we can see that the % increase in population is lower than the % increase in the consumption of poultry so we should see an increase in poultry consumption per capita.
Also, the stimulus only talks about percentages never actual numbers so our answer should reflect only based on percentages not actual figures.
_________________

DETERMINED TO BREAK 700!!!

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 28 Feb 2011
Posts: 43
Re: In Eastland, from 2000 to 2005, the total consumption of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Jan 2012, 22:08
In Eastland, from 2000 to 2005, the total consumption of fish increased by 4.5 percent, and the total consumption of poultry products increased by 9.0 percent. During this time, the population of Eastland increased by 6 percent, in part due to new arrivals from surrounding areas.
Which of the following, if true, can one infer based on the statements above?

A) For new arrivals to Eastland between 2000 and 2005, fish was less likely to be a major part of families’ diet than was poultry. Though percentage increase in Eastland's population (6%) is higher than percentage increase in fish consumption (4.5%), it is possible that some of existing population have reduced consumption of fish despite higher/same consumption of fish from new entrants in Eastland. Incorrect

B) In 2005, the residents of Eastland consumed twice as much poultry as fish.nothing in the stimulus state about relative amount of fish and poultry consumption. It states about percent increase in consumption which does not translate directly into amount. Incorrect

C) The per capita consumption of poultry in Eastland was higher in 2005 than it was in 2000. Suppose in year 2000, consumption of poultary was X while population was Y, thus percapita consumption was Y/X. Now in 2005 , Poultry consumption increased by 9 percent, thus amount poultry consumption was 1.09 X. Similarly, population increased by 6%, therefore new population is 1.06 Y. Combining these two data, in 2005, per capita consumption is 1.09X/1.06 Y > X/Y (IN 2000). IMO Correct answer

D) Between 2000 and 2005, both fish and poultry products were a regular part of the diet of a significant proportion of Eastland residents.nothing in the stimulus states this fact. Incorrect

E) Between 2000 and 2005, the profits of wholesale distributors of poultry products increased at a greater rate than did the profits of wholesale distributors of fish.out of scope. stimulus doesn't states profit anywhere.Incorect
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 22 Feb 2009
Posts: 173
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: In Eastland, from 2000 to 2005, the total consumption of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 Jul 2014, 23:08
C
Total consumption of poultry increase 9% > population increase 6%
If you divide two number, total consumption/ population = per capita consumption has to increase since 9% > 6%
_________________

.........................................................................
+1 Kudos please, if you like my post

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 15 Mar 2013
Posts: 48
Reviews Badge
Re: In Eastland, from 2000 to 2005, the total consumption of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Aug 2014, 07:52
Superb explanation DanaJ!

Really helped to crack the inference question.

This is how maths is used in inference CR.
_________________

'The best way to thank or appreciate efforts on this forum is to give Kudos.'

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 19 Sep 2014
Posts: 24
GPA: 3.96
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: In Eastland, from 2000 to 2005, the total consumption of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Jun 2015, 22:25
In Eastland, from 2000 to 2005, the total consumption of fish increased by 4.5 percent, and the total consumption of poultry products increased by 9.0 percent. During this time, the population of Eastland increased by 6 percent, in part due to new arrivals from surrounding areas.

Which of the following, if true, can one infer based on the statements above?
A)For new arrivals to Eastland between 2000 and 2005, fish was less likely to be a major part of families’ diet than was poultry.
B)In 2005, the residents of Eastland consumed twice as much poultry as fish.
C)The per capita consumption of poultry in Eastland was higher in 2005 than it was in 2000.
D)Between 2000 and 2005, both fish and poultry products were a regular part of the diet of a significant proportion of Eastland residents.
E)Between 2000 and 2005, the profits of wholesale distributors of poultry products increased at a greater rate than did the profits of wholesale distributors of fish.

Prethink inference-The per capita consumption of poultry was greater in 2005 than in 2005-109/106 in 2005 against 100/100 in 2000. only C matches this hence C is correct

other options
A)For new arrivals to Eastland between 2000 and 2005, fish was less likely to be a major part of families’ diet than was poultry-Likeliness/preference is not an issue here.It may be true but not always have to be true.
B)In 2005, the residents of Eastland consumed twice as much poultry as fish-Same as A
C)Between 2000 and 2005, both fish and poultry products were a regular part of the diet of a significant proportion of Eastland residents-Do not always have to be true same as option A
E)Between 2000 and 2005, the profits of wholesale distributors of poultry products increased at a greater rate than did the profits of wholesale distributors of fish-Profits is not the issue here hence out of scope
Current Student
User avatar
Joined: 21 Aug 2014
Posts: 138
GMAT 1: 610 Q49 V25
GMAT 2: 730 Q50 V40
Re: In Eastland, from 2000 to 2005, the total consumption of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Jun 2015, 22:36
1
A)For new arrivals to Eastland between 2000 and 2005, fish was less likely to be a major part of families’ diet than was poultry.
Nowhere it is mentioned that only the new arrivals were responsible for the increase in fish consumption.
It could be that the whole of increased population was responsible for the increase.

B)In 2005, the residents of Eastland consumed twice as much poultry as fish.
Yes, the total consumption increased but no where it is mentioned that the residents consumed it.
They could be buying fish to simply feed the bear, dog or just make cod liver oil from that.

C)The per capita consumption of poultry in Eastland was higher in 2005 than it was in 2000.
CORRECT.

D)Between 2000 and 2005, both fish and poultry products were a regular part of the diet of a significant proportion of Eastland residents.
Too many absolute modifiers here:
1) "regular part of the diet" Maybe they use it only during gatherings and functions.
2) "significant proportion" Maybe only a insignificant proportion consume a lot of fish and poultry?

E)Between 2000 and 2005, the profits of wholesale distributors of poultry products increased at a greater rate than did the profits of wholesale distributors of fish.
No mention about "profits". Incorrect
_________________

Please consider giving Kudos if you like my explanation :)

Board of Directors
User avatar
P
Joined: 17 Jul 2014
Posts: 2645
Location: United States (IL)
Concentration: Finance, Economics
GMAT 1: 650 Q49 V30
GPA: 3.92
WE: General Management (Transportation)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: In Eastland, from 2000 to 2005, the total consumption of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Feb 2016, 18:36
suppose we have 1,000,000 people
and we have 1 fish/person and 0.5 chicken per person. -> I agree, not a good way to look at it, but good to understand why C is bad.
we have 1 fish and 0.5 chicken per capita. 500k chicken

population increased by 6% we have 1,060,000 people. chicken 9% increase. 545,000 now.
545000/1060000 = 545/1050 slightly more than 1/2

C works fine.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
S
Joined: 21 Jul 2017
Posts: 191
Location: India
Concentration: Social Entrepreneurship, Leadership
GMAT 1: 650 Q47 V33
GPA: 4
WE: Project Management (Education)
Premium Member Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: In Eastland, from 2000 to 2005, the total consumption of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Sep 2017, 18:55
IMO C

a) we dont know that for sure. what if existing people stopped eating fish and started eating poultry.

b) we cannot infer anything from their amounts.

c) This is true, the per capita consumption of poultry products increased.

d) we cannot infer this.

e) profits is out of problem's scope.
SVP
SVP
avatar
P
Joined: 12 Dec 2016
Posts: 1674
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V33
GPA: 3.64
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
In Eastland, from 2000 to 2005, the total consumption of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Oct 2017, 13:18
this question is an easy one. It is also a common pattern.
GMAT Club Bot
In Eastland, from 2000 to 2005, the total consumption of &nbs [#permalink] 25 Oct 2017, 13:18
Display posts from previous: Sort by

In Eastland, from 2000 to 2005, the total consumption of

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.