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In London that afforded its playwrights only two theaters, Alpha Behn

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In London that afforded its playwrights only two theaters, Alpha Behn  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Mar 2011, 12:22
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In London that afforded its playwrights only two theaters, Alpha Behn, by 1687, had 17 of her plays staged in as many years.

(A) In London that afforded its playwrights only two theatres

(B) In a London that afforded its playwrights only two theatres

(C) Even though London's playwrights only were afforded two theatres

(D) Only two theatres were afforded by London to its playwrights, and

(E) Two theatres only were afforded by London for its playwrights, and

https://www.nytimes.com/1986/12/11/garden/hers.html

APHRA BEHN was the first Englishwoman to become a professional writer. By 1687, she had had 17 plays staged in as many years - in a London that afforded its playwrights only two theaters. She wrote 13 novels and published several collections of poems and translations. Her novel ''Oroonoko'' was one of the first popular portrayals of the horrors of slavery.
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Re: In London that afforded its playwrights only two theaters, Alpha Behn  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Apr 2012, 15:38
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Don't worry - there is only one London :).

The "different Londons" is the city over time. For example:

In a London known for its abject poverty, 19th century author Charles Dickens was known for using such destitution as the backdrop for many of his novels.

In a London so transformed by multiculturalism, today's tourist, at times, feels as though he or she is walking through a suburb of New Delhi.


Hope that helps :).
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Re: In London that afforded its playwrights only two theaters, Alpha Behn  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Mar 2011, 13:06
Only B make sense. the sentence basically describes a time period in London when most playwrights could afford only 2 theaters.

In London that afforded its playwrights only two theaters, Alpha Behn, by 1967, had 17 of her plays staged in as many years.
A. In London that afforded its playwrights only two theatres -'London that afforded' does not sound right
B. In a London that afforded its playwrights only two theatres - this is describing the London presumably of the past where playwright got only 2 theaters
C. Even though London's playwrights only were afforded two theatres - 'Were afforded' is not idomatic
D. Only two theatres were afforded by London to its playwrights, and - 'were afforded by London' does not sound correct
E. Two theatres only were afforded by London for its playwrights, and - same reason as d
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Re: In London that afforded its playwrights only two theaters, Alpha Behn  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Mar 2011, 22:50
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the only way 'London' can be followed by 'that' is when the usage is preceded with an 'a': In a London that afforded. A is wrong.
afforded by London to its playwrights - awkward usage of passive form makes the sentences wordy and incorrect for each of the option c d and e
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Re: In London that afforded its playwrights only two theaters, Alpha Behn  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Mar 2011, 03:41
amritgodofwar wrote:
In London that afforded its playwrights only two theaters, Alpha Behn, by 1967, had 17 of her plays staged in as many years.
A. In London that afforded its playwrights only two theatres
B. In a London that afforded its playwrights only two theatres
C. Even though London's playwrights only were afforded two theatres
D. Only two theatres were afforded by London to its playwrights, and
E. Two theatres only were afforded by London for its playwrights, and



correctly answered above, B talks about a time period in the history
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Re: In London that afforded its playwrights only two theaters, Alpha Behn  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2013, 20:44
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Hesoyamgaurav wrote:
In London that afforded its playwrights only two theaters, Alpha Behn, by 1687, had 17 of her plays staged in as many years.

A) In London that afforded its playwrights only two theaters,

B) In a London that afforded its playwrights only two theaters,

C) Even though London's playwrights only afforded two theaters,

D) Only two theaters were afforded by London to its playwrights, and

E) Two theaters only were afforded by London for its playwrights, and


Please help me with this question.


The core of the sentence is "Alpha Behn had 17 plays staged (in 17 years)". This core has proper meaning when it's led by a subordinate clause that gives information about the difficulty of having plays staged in London. Answers D & E are independent clauses (using "and" to coordinate the 2 independent clauses), so those don't give the proper meaning and can be eliminated.

In answer choice C, the meaning of "afford" is changed. The meaning of the sentence seems to be that London afforded (or supplied/provided) only 2 theaters to its playwrights. In C, the playwrights are are the subject and they could only afford (or pay for) 2 theaters. That change in meaning is not justified and is also a bit illogical because the playwrights are staged at the theaters - they don't own the theaters.

The only difference between A & B is the "a" before London and that "a" is required to provide proper meaning. In choice A, the into phrase "In London" means "within London" and is a descriptive phrase, but as a descriptive phrase that clause is left without a subject. Eliminate A.

By saying "In a London" we now recognize that London is the subject of the clause and the city of London only afforded (or supplied) 2 theaters to its playwrights. Answer choice B is correct.

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Re: In London that afforded its playwrights only two theaters, Alpha Behn  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2014, 00:35
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This sentence features two constructions that people may not be familiar with:

1) "a London"
This is a way of saying "In London, at a time when . . . "
For instance, I might say "She lived in a London very different from the city I visited last year" even if the city I visited was London! I'm using it to talk about how London was at that particular moment.

2) "afforded"
Usually, we say "I can't afford that car" or "I can afford to splurge on this meal." What we see here is a different usage, meaning "provided [someone] with."

"The tight deadline afforded him little room for reflection."


So the sentence, as correctly written in (B), is basically saying this:

"In 1687, London only had two theaters where playwrights might have their work produced. Despite this, Aphra Behn had managed to have 17 of her plays staged there over the previous 17 years."

I hope this helps.
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Re: In London that afforded its playwrights only two theaters, Alpha Behn  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2014, 01:02
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The use of "only were" (vs. "were only") in (C) is not good, but there is also a meaning issue. Who is affording the playwrights two theaters? We don't know. It almost sounds like
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Re: In London that afforded its playwrights only two theaters, Alpha Behn  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Dec 2016, 09:34
i learn the following point from a verbal expert (in the question "in an america...", pls google to find"

a+proper noun is used to show an aspect of that noun. this is high point of grammar .

London have many aspect. but I want to say about the London which has an aspect A. in this context , there are many London, each of them having an aspect.

in a London A
in a london which provide playwrights only two theaters.
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Re: In London that afforded its playwrights only two theaters, Alpha Behn  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jan 2017, 04:32
Option B is the correct answer:

Here "a London" refers to a particular form of the city London.Consider this way: There are many forms of the city; out of them the form discussed in the sentence is the one that afforded its playwrights only two theaters
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Re: In London that afforded its playwrights only two theaters, Alpha Behn  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2017, 21:08
abhimahna wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
Option B is the correct answer:

Here "a London" refers to a particular form of the city London.Consider this way: There are many forms of the city; out of them the form discussed in the sentence is the one that afforded its playwrights only two theaters


Hi brother,

what does "Here "a London" refers to a particular form of the city London" mean?

I was not able to decode the meaning of this sentence and thus chose an incorrect answer.

Could you please elaborate how B is correct?



I think this question is very similar to one of the OG questions. In a Paris, xxxx. I believe it is an idiomatic way. Usually we would say London is blah blah but in a London where something is difficult, she achieved something -- so you bring out a contrast.

In a city where there is not enough space, she owns a penthouse.
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Re: In London that afforded its playwrights only two theaters, Alpha Behn  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Sep 2018, 03:04
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: In London that afforded its playwrights only two theaters, Alpha Behn &nbs [#permalink] 14 Sep 2018, 03:04
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