GMAT Changed on April 16th - Read about the latest changes here

It is currently 26 May 2018, 16:25

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

In many nations, criminal law does not apply to corporations, but in t

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Expert Post
Magoosh GMAT Instructor
User avatar
G
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4669
Re: In many nations, criminal law does not apply to corporations, but in t [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 Mar 2017, 11:31
sleepynut wrote:
Hi mikemcgarry,
I have no objection with the correct answer.
However,can you please elaborate more on the shift of tense in option (A).
IMHO,the second part after "but" explains the condition of criminal law.If this condition is met,something happens.
Why the tense are not all in present tense in this part?

Thanks :-)

Dear sleepynut

I'm happy to respond. :-)

This is a somewhat unusual construction. It sounds perfectly natural to a native speaker, but I can see that it would be puzzling to a non-native speaker.

The basic idea is that there's a time lag between the actions and the evaluation of the actions. You see, if someone steal a car or breaks into a house, these actions are unambiguously crimes, and so the crime is the same as the action and they both happen at the same time. With a complex corporate situation, it's much more ambiguous. Several actors are doing several different things, some responding to direct orders, some responding to company protocols, some acting on their own initiative. A set of consequences arises from all these actions that fall outside what ordinarily would result from legal behavior. Somebody has to investigate, and it may be weeks or months later before this investigator reaches the conclusion that what happened much earlier constituted a crime. The verbs "commits" are in the present, because the judgment that it is a crime is in the present: really, it's a general rule, which is always spoken in the present. The verbs after the comma, about the individual actions themselves, are in the past because invariably they happened long before any judgment is rendered.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
_________________

Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Image

Image

Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)

SVP
SVP
avatar
P
Joined: 12 Dec 2016
Posts: 1905
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V33
GPA: 3.64
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: In many nations, criminal law does not apply to corporations, but in t [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Jun 2017, 20:28
B is wrong because V-ing ins stricted in gmat
C is out because of verb agreement, "corporations" and "its employees"
D is incorrect because of unclear and wrong pronoun "if it was while", this also sounds aliened.
E first discusses "employees", then talks about "the employee", so E cannot be the answer.
BSchool Forum Moderator
avatar
G
Joined: 05 Jul 2017
Posts: 336
Location: India
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V36
GPA: 4
Re: In many nations, criminal law does not apply to corporations, but in t [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Sep 2017, 07:17
Hello Experts,

This sentence has the below formation in Option A. I am assuming it is a valid construction - right?

Prepositional Phrase, Independent Clause, Prepositional Phrase, Independent Clause , Dependent Clause
_________________

My journey From 410 to 700 :-)
Here's my experience when I faced a glitch in my GMAT Exam
Don't do this mistake when you give your GMATPrep Mock!

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 05 Sep 2016
Posts: 22
CAT Tests
Re: In many nations, criminal law does not apply to corporations, but in t [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Feb 2018, 00:07
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
mikemcgarry wrote:
Chemerical71 wrote:
In many nations, criminal law does not apply to corporations, but in the United States today, a corporation commits a crime whenever one of its employees commits a crime, if the employee acted within the scope of his or her authority and if the corporation benefited as a result.

A. a corporation commits a crime whenever one of its employees commits a crime, if the employee acted

B. a corporation is committing a crime whenever one of its employees committed a crime, if those employees were acting

C. corporations commit a crime whenever one of its employees does, on the condition that the employee acts

D. corporations commit crimes whenever an employee of those corporations commit a crime, if it was while acting

E. the corporation whose employees commit a crime, commits a crime, whenever the employee acted

Dear Chemerical71,
A great question! I'm happy to respond! :-)

A. a corporation commits a crime whenever one of its employees commits a crime, if the employee acted
This choice is flawless, a promising candidate.

B. a corporation is committing a crime whenever one of its employees committed a crime, if those employees were acting
The present progressive "is committing" is awkward, and it mismatches the tense of "committed"--those two should have the same tense, because they are simultaneous actions. This is incorrect.

C. corporations commit a crime whenever one of its employees does, on the condition that the employee acts
Mismatch between antecedent & pronoun: "corporations . . . its employees." This is incorrect.

D. corporations commit crimes whenever an employee of those corporations commit a crime, if it was while acting
This is is logically flaw: how can a single employee be an employee of multiple corporations? Also, after the comma, this one uses "it" to refer to the employee! This is incorrect.

E. the corporation whose employees commit a crime, commits a crime, whenever the employee acted
A logical mismatch: how many employees are committing crimes here? We have multiple criminal employees before the comma, but only a singular example after the comma. This is incorrect.

The only possible answer is (A).

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)


PLEASE HELP ME IN UNDERSTANDING THE STRUCTURE OF SENTENCE A??
Re: In many nations, criminal law does not apply to corporations, but in t   [#permalink] 09 Feb 2018, 00:07

Go to page   Previous    1   2   [ 24 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

In many nations, criminal law does not apply to corporations, but in t

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


cron

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.