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In many nations, criminal law does not apply to corporations, but in t

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Joined: 19 Jun 2016
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Re: In many nations, criminal law does not apply to corporations, but in t [#permalink]

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New post 23 Feb 2017, 10:48
In many nations, criminal law does not apply to corporations, but in the United States today, a corporation commits a crime whenever one of its employees commits a crime, if the employee acted within the scope of his or her authority and if the corporation benefited as a result.

A. a corporation commits a crime whenever one of its employees commits a crime, if the employee acted correct

B. a corporation is committing a crime whenever one of its employees committed a crime, if those employees were acting

C. corporations commit a crime whenever one of its employees does, on the condition that the employee acts

D. corporations commit crimes whenever an employee of those corporations commit a crime, if it was while acting

E. the corporation whose employees commit a crime, commits a crime, whenever the employee acted wordy


"acted" and "benefited" are parallel to each other so ignore option B,C & D

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Re: In many nations, criminal law does not apply to corporations, but in t [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2017, 01:26
Hi mikemcgarry,
I have no objection with the correct answer.
However,can you please elaborate more on the shift of tense in option (A).
IMHO,the second part after "but" explains the condition of criminal law.If this condition is met,something happens.
Why the tense are not all in present tense in this part?

Thanks :-)

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Magoosh GMAT Instructor
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Re: In many nations, criminal law does not apply to corporations, but in t [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2017, 10:31
sleepynut wrote:
Hi mikemcgarry,
I have no objection with the correct answer.
However,can you please elaborate more on the shift of tense in option (A).
IMHO,the second part after "but" explains the condition of criminal law.If this condition is met,something happens.
Why the tense are not all in present tense in this part?

Thanks :-)

Dear sleepynut

I'm happy to respond. :-)

This is a somewhat unusual construction. It sounds perfectly natural to a native speaker, but I can see that it would be puzzling to a non-native speaker.

The basic idea is that there's a time lag between the actions and the evaluation of the actions. You see, if someone steal a car or breaks into a house, these actions are unambiguously crimes, and so the crime is the same as the action and they both happen at the same time. With a complex corporate situation, it's much more ambiguous. Several actors are doing several different things, some responding to direct orders, some responding to company protocols, some acting on their own initiative. A set of consequences arises from all these actions that fall outside what ordinarily would result from legal behavior. Somebody has to investigate, and it may be weeks or months later before this investigator reaches the conclusion that what happened much earlier constituted a crime. The verbs "commits" are in the present, because the judgment that it is a crime is in the present: really, it's a general rule, which is always spoken in the present. The verbs after the comma, about the individual actions themselves, are in the past because invariably they happened long before any judgment is rendered.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: In many nations, criminal law does not apply to corporations, but in t [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2017, 19:28
B is wrong because V-ing ins stricted in gmat
C is out because of verb agreement, "corporations" and "its employees"
D is incorrect because of unclear and wrong pronoun "if it was while", this also sounds aliened.
E first discusses "employees", then talks about "the employee", so E cannot be the answer.

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Re: In many nations, criminal law does not apply to corporations, but in t [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2017, 06:17
Hello Experts,

This sentence has the below formation in Option A. I am assuming it is a valid construction - right?

Prepositional Phrase, Independent Clause, Prepositional Phrase, Independent Clause , Dependent Clause

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Re: In many nations, criminal law does not apply to corporations, but in t   [#permalink] 27 Sep 2017, 06:17

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