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In many scientific disciplines, scientists generally do not do highly

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In many scientific disciplines, scientists generally do not do highly  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2019, 23:54
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In many scientific disciplines, scientists generally do not do highly creative work beyond the age of forty, a tendency that has normally been taken to show that aging carries with it a loss of creative capacity. However, by the age of forty most scientists have been working in their chosen field for at least fifteen years, so an alternative explanation is that spending too long in a single field reduces the opportunity for creative thought.

Investigating which of the following would be most useful in choosing between the competing explanations described above?


A. Whether among those scientists who do highly creative work beyond age forty a large proportion entered their field at a considerably later age than is common

B. Whether scientists' choice of research projects tends to be influenced by their own belief that their most creative work will be done relatively early in their career

C. Whether scientists who are older than forty tend to find more satisfaction in other activities, such as teaching and mentoring, than they do in pursuing their own research

D. Whether funding agencies are more inclined to award research grants to scientists who are veterans in their field than to scientists who are relative newcomers

E. Whether there is significant variation among scientific fields in the average age at which scientists working in those fields are at their most productive

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Re: In many scientific disciplines, scientists generally do not do highly  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2019, 23:06
As per my opinion, this is an evaluate CR type question.

For Choice A, "Whether among those scientists who do highly creative work beyond age forty a large proportion entered their field at a considerably later age than is common", think what if the number of scientists entering this creative field is not a large proportion. Will the conclusion by the author still hold true? That is, what if we say that only a few scientists entered the creative field at a later stage, then the conclusion, "spending too long in a single field reduces the opportunity for creative thought." breaks down.

Hence, A is the correct choice.
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Re: In many scientific disciplines, scientists generally do not do highly  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Apr 2019, 23:56
Bunuel wrote:
In many scientific disciplines, scientists generally do not do highly creative work beyond the age of forty, a tendency that has normally been taken to show that aging carries with it a loss of creative capacity. However, by the age of forty most scientists have been working in their chosen field for at least fifteen years, so an alternative explanation is that spending too long in a single field reduces the opportunity for creative thought.

Investigating which of the following would be most useful in choosing between the competing explanations described above?


A. Whether among those scientists who do highly creative work beyond age forty a large proportion entered their field at a considerably later age than is common
yes-than 2nd explanation is satisfied
No-1st explanation is satisfied.

B. Whether scientists' choice of research projects tends to be influenced by their own belief that their most creative work will be done relatively early in their career-no effect

C. Whether scientists who are older than forty tend to find more satisfaction in other activities, such as teaching and mentoring, than they do in pursuing their own research-not even relevant

D. Whether funding agencies are more inclined to award research grants to scientists who are veterans in their field than to scientists who are relative newcomers-same as B

E. Whether there is significant variation among scientific fields in the average age at which scientists working in those fields are at their most productive-if this exist than both the explanations are incorrect.


A

this question has been part of Official materials over the year in different formats

here it is an evaluate type question, now we have to find asking(on both extremes) which question we validity of conclusion increases of decreases
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Re: In many scientific disciplines, scientists generally do not do highly  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Apr 2019, 03:21
Hi Prateek1793

Quote:
For Choice A, "Whether among those scientists who do highly creative work beyond age forty a large proportion entered their field at a considerably later age than is common", think what if the number of scientists entering this creative field is not a large proportion. Will the conclusion by the author still hold true? That is, what if we say that only a few scientists entered the creative field at a later stage, then the conclusion, "spending too long in a single field reduces the opportunity for creative thought." breaks down.


I feel like your reasoning is not quite right.
The proportion of scientists who enter the field does not matter. What matters is at what time in their career are they entering the field and are they creative or not.

The fact that a large proportion of scientists who entered their field at a considerably later age means they have comparatively less experience in that field and are creative people.
-So if this fact is true, this strengthens the conclusion that indeed scientists who stayed long in their respective field are less creative.
-But if this fact is not true, then that means scientists who have lesser experience as well have less creativity, then this fact casts a doubt on the conclusion. We will start thinking that there must be some other factor that is causing reduced creativity.

The fact that If only a few scientists entered the creative field at a later stage without the information at what point in their career they entered does not impact the conclusion at all.

Anyway these are my thoughts. We can discuss if I am wrong.
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Re: In many scientific disciplines, scientists generally do not do highly  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Apr 2019, 03:51
Bunuel wrote:
In many scientific disciplines, scientists generally do not do highly creative work beyond the age of forty, a tendency that has normally been taken to show that aging carries with it a loss of creative capacity. However, by the age of forty most scientists have been working in their chosen field for at least fifteen years, so an alternative explanation is that spending too long in a single field reduces the opportunity for creative thought.

Investigating which of the following would be most useful in choosing between the competing explanations described above?


A. Whether among those scientists who do highly creative work beyond age forty a large proportion entered their field at a considerably later age than is common

B. Whether scientists' choice of research projects tends to be influenced by their own belief that their most creative work will be done relatively early in their career

C. Whether scientists who are older than forty tend to find more satisfaction in other activities, such as teaching and mentoring, than they do in pursuing their own research

D. Whether funding agencies are more inclined to award research grants to scientists who are veterans in their field than to scientists who are relative newcomers

E. Whether there is significant variation among scientific fields in the average age at which scientists working in those fields are at their most productive



This is a evaluation type question, wherein we need to check the option which if correct, strengthens/weaken the conclusion and if wrong, weakens/strengthens the conclusion.
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Re: In many scientific disciplines, scientists generally do not do highly   [#permalink] 19 Apr 2019, 03:51
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