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# In many scientific disciplines, scientists generally do not do highly

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Joined: 16 Jul 2009
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In many scientific disciplines, scientists generally do not do highly  [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2010, 07:49
2
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Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

81% (01:10) correct 19% (01:50) wrong based on 310 sessions

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In many scientific disciplines, scientists generally do not do highly creative work beyond the age of forty, a tendency that has normally been taken to show that aging carries with it a loss of creative capacity. However, by the age of forty most scientists have been working in their chosen field for at least fifteen years, so an alternative explanation is that spending too long in a single field reduces the opportunity for creative thought.

Investigating which of the following would be most useful in choosing between the competing explanations described above?

A. Whether among those scientists who do highly creative work beyond age forty a large proportion entered their field at an age considerably later age than is common.

B. Whether scientists’ choice of research projects tends to be influenced by their own belief that their most creative work will be done relatively early in their career.

C. Whether scientists who are older than forty tend to find more satisfaction in other activities, such as teaching and mentoring than they do in pursuing their own research.

D. Whether funding agencies are more inclined to award research grants to scientists who are veterans in their field than to scientists who are relative newcomers.

E. Whether there is a significant variation among scientific fields in the average age at which scientists working in those fields are at their most productive.

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Re: In many scientific disciplines, scientists generally do not do highly  [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2010, 08:47
1
P1: Many scientists do not do highly creative work after age 40
P2 : Scientists beyond 40 yrs would have spend 15 years or more in their fields. Spending too long in a particular field reduces the opportunity for creative thought.

Assumption : Most scientists who are creative entered their fields before age 40.

This argument ignores a vital point that if the scientists entered their field after age 40, they still be creative. They entered late in that field hence did not spent much time in that field. So there is still room for creative thought. Investigation of this point is vital in evaluating the argument.

A. Whether among those scientists who do highly creative work beyond age forty
a large proportion entered their field at an age considerably later age than is
B. Whether scientists’ choice of research projects tends to be influenced by their
own belief that their most creative work will be done relatively early in their
career. >> Choice of the project has no bearing
C. Whether scientists who are older than forty tend to find more satisfaction in
other activities, such as teaching and mentoring than they do in pursuing their
own research. >> Irrelevant. Whether they find satisfaction in OTHER fields is just a scope shift.
D. Whether funding agencies are more inclined to award research grants to
scientists who are veterans in their field than to scientists who are relative
newcomers. >> Irrelevant. Funding for research is not an issue
E. Whether there is a significant variation among scientific fields in the average
age at which scientists working in those fields are at their most productive. >> Irrelevant. The effects of scientific fields has no bearing on the argument
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Re: In many scientific disciplines, scientists generally do not do highly  [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2010, 09:35
Pretty straight forward to me actually.

Identified it was a strengthen question.

Identified that argument that B/C scientists spend a lot of time in their field, we can conclude that they have limited creative thought.

Prephrase - find some scientist who switched fields after 40? Was he creative?

A is similar - basically scientist entered at a later age.
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Posts: 119
Re: In many scientific disciplines, scientists generally do not do highly  [#permalink]

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27 Jul 2010, 23:17
A for me ........just wasted 2 mins seeing other options ...what a waste of time
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Joined: 02 Apr 2010
Posts: 66
Re: In many scientific disciplines, scientists generally do not do highly  [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2010, 22:20
A for me too. how to quickly confirm an answer beside reading all the other options? some of the other options prompted me to doubt my answer.
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Re: In many scientific disciplines, scientists generally do not do highly  [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2010, 09:49
OG Question. couldn't think! :D
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Re: In many scientific disciplines, scientists generally do not do highly  [#permalink]

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04 Mar 2016, 18:33
noboru wrote:
In many scientific disciplines, scientists generally do not do highly creative work beyond the age of forty, a tendency that has normally been taken to show that aging carries with it a loss of creative capacity. However, by the age of forty most scientists have been working in their chosen field for at least fifteen years, so an alternative
explanation is that spending too long in a single field reduces the opportunity for creative thought. Investigating which of the following would be most useful in choosing between the competing explanations described above?

A. Whether among those scientists who do highly creative work beyond age forty a large proportion entered their field at an age considerably later age than is common.
B. Whether scientists’ choice of research projects tends to be influenced by their own belief that their most creative work will be done relatively early in their career.
C. Whether scientists who are older than forty tend to find more satisfaction in other activities, such as teaching and mentoring than they do in pursuing their own research.
D. Whether funding agencies are more inclined to award research grants to scientists who are veterans in their field than to scientists who are relative newcomers.
E. Whether there is a significant variation among scientific fields in the average age at which scientists working in those fields are at their most productive.

difficult to comprehend..easy to crack..
only A discusses the subject...
B - belief of the scientists is out of scope
C - satisfaction is out of scope
D - funding agencies preference is out of scope
E - variation in different fields of the average age is irrelevant.
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Re: In many scientific disciplines, scientists generally do not do highly  [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2019, 12:00
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
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Re: In many scientific disciplines, scientists generally do not do highly &nbs [#permalink] 10 Jan 2019, 12:00
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