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# In Ponoma College, a rule has been passed that permits students to coo

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In Ponoma College, a rule has been passed that permits students to coo  [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2011, 13:42
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Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

57% (01:17) correct 43% (01:20) wrong based on 452 sessions

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In Ponoma College, a rule has been passed that permits students to cook and serve their food, as well as to buy it.

A. permits students to cook and serve their food, as well as to buy it.
B. permits students to cook, serve and to buy their food.
C. permits students to cook, to serve and buy food.
D. will permit the student to cook, serve as well as to buy food.
E. will permit food to be cooked,served as well as bought by students
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Re: In Ponoma College, a rule has been passed that permits students to coo  [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2011, 19:51
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The important thing to note here is that once we have a hint of //ism being tested, we must decide the various arms of the //ism involved. There may be two arms or seemingly more than two arms and the last one of the series must be connected either by a conjunction ‘and’ or by a prepositional phrase such as ‘as well as’.

In this case, three are three things listed i.e., cook, serve and buy; are they all independent actions?. No, not all; ‘to cook and serve’ is one item, and ‘to buy’ is another item. You can’t disturb the structure of ‘to cook and serve’.

You must now see that ‘to cook and serve’ and ‘to buy’ or ‘as wells to buy’ are structurally and logically //.You can see only A does not split the ‘cook and serve’. All other choices consider ‘cook and serve’ as separate activities by dropping the ‘and’ between them. That is why they fall by the wayside.
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Re: In Ponoma College, a rule has been passed that permits students to coo  [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2011, 19:02
I'll go back to my old mantra here and say that you want to strive to identify the type of problem (based on the signal words in the passage) and then use what you know about that type of problem to make your decisions. In this problem, we have a list and the word "and" so we're clued in to this being a parallelism problem. So let's look for parallelism problems:

In Ponoma College, a rule has been passed that permits students to cook and serve their food, as well as to buy it.
A. permits students to cook and serve their food, as well as to buy it. - no parallelism problems here
B. permits students to cook, serve and to buy their food. - parallelism problem. You can't have the second "to" there since you don't have "to" before "serve."
C. permits students to cook, to serve and buy food. - parallelism problem. You can't have two items in the list with "to" and the third one without.
D. will permit the student to cook, serve as well as to buy food. - parallelism problem. If you want all three items to be parallel (which you do), you can't have the "as well as" there.
E. will permit food to be cooked,served as well as bought by students - parallelism problem. Same reasoning as above. The passive voice thing isn't technically a problem. It doesn't "sound right," but grammatically the passive voice isn't necessarily wrong.

When you do all problems, you should look for as many errors as you can so you learn as much as possible. However, when it comes right down to it, realize that the GMAT (and most if not all tests) write questions to test a certain principle or set of principles. If you can identify what they're trying to test, you have a leg up on your competition.

Brett
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Re: In Ponoma College, a rule has been passed that permits students to coo  [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2011, 19:38
That's exactly right, it does! Just goes to show that we can't look for what is right with SC -- we need to look to cross off wrong answers rather than justify right ones.
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Re: In Ponoma College, a rule has been passed that permits students to coo  [#permalink]

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02 Jun 2017, 09:43
In Ponoma College, a rule has been passed that permits students to cook and serve their food, as well as to buy it.
A. permits students to cook and serve their food, as well as to buy it. correct parallelism
B. permits students to cook, serve and to buy their food.
C. permits students to cook, to serve and buy food.
D. will permit the student to cook, serve as well as to buy food.
E. will permit food to be cooked,served as well as bought by students
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Re: In Ponoma College, a rule has been passed that permits students to coo  [#permalink]

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02 Jun 2017, 10:12
daagh wrote:
The important thing to note here is that once we have a hint of //ism being tested, we must decide the various arms of the //ism involved. There may be two arms or seemingly more than two arms and the last one of the series must be connected either by a conjunction ‘and’ or by a prepositional phrase such as ‘as well as’.

In this case, three are three things listed i.e., cook, serve and buy; are they all independent actions?. No, not all; ‘to cook and serve’ is one item, and ‘to buy’ is another item. You can’t disturb the structure of ‘to cook and serve’.

You must now see that ‘to cook and serve’ and ‘to buy’ or ‘as wells to buy’ are structurally and logically //.You can see only A does not split the ‘cook and serve’. All other choices consider ‘cook and serve’ as separate activities by dropping the ‘and’ between them. That is why they fall by the wayside.

Thanks for this reply. Aligns perfectly with my thoughts.
I chose B, however, because I thought (and) is implicit between cook and server by usage of comma between them. Could you help clarify if this assumption is always wrong?
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Re: In Ponoma College, a rule has been passed that permits students to coo  [#permalink]

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02 Jun 2017, 10:13
sevenplusplus wrote:
daagh wrote:
The important thing to note here is that once we have a hint of //ism being tested, we must decide the various arms of the //ism involved. There may be two arms or seemingly more than two arms and the last one of the series must be connected either by a conjunction ‘and’ or by a prepositional phrase such as ‘as well as’.

In this case, three are three things listed i.e., cook, serve and buy; are they all independent actions?. No, not all; ‘to cook and serve’ is one item, and ‘to buy’ is another item. You can’t disturb the structure of ‘to cook and serve’.

You must now see that ‘to cook and serve’ and ‘to buy’ or ‘as wells to buy’ are structurally and logically //.You can see only A does not split the ‘cook and serve’. All other choices consider ‘cook and serve’ as separate activities by dropping the ‘and’ between them. That is why they fall by the wayside.

Thanks for this reply. Aligns perfectly with my thoughts.
I chose B, however, because I thought (and) is implicit between cook and server by usage of comma between them. Could you help clarify if this assumption is always wrong?

permits students to cook, serve and to buy their food.
I assumed
permits students to cook + serve and to buy their food.
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Re: In Ponoma College, a rule has been passed that permits students to coo  [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2018, 01:31
vivgmat wrote:
In Ponoma College, a rule has been passed that permits students to cook and serve their food, as well as to buy it.

A. permits students to cook and serve their food, as well as to buy it.
B. permits students to cook, serve and to buy their food.
C. permits students to cook, to serve and buy food.
D. will permit the student to cook, serve as well as to buy food.
E. will permit food to be cooked,served as well as bought by students

MANHATTAN REVIEW OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:

This question deals with parallel structure. The important thing to realize here is that commas function differently from conjunctions in what they imply about parallel structure. If you say ‘to cook, serve’, you are not using parallel structure. If you say to cook and serve, you are using parallel structure. The ‘and’ carries the implied structure over, the comma does not. Choices B, D and E make this mistake. Choice C has a more straightforward mistake in parallel structure: it is missing the ‘to’ in ‘to buy’. D and E also use the wrong tense and therefore change the meaning. Choice A is the correct answer.
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Re: In Ponoma College, a rule has been passed that permits students to coo   [#permalink] 12 Sep 2018, 01:31
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