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In Δ PQR, if PQ = x, QR = x + 2, and PR = y, which of the three angles of Δ PQR has the greatest degree measure?

Important properties of a triangle. The shortest side is always opposite the smallest angle. The longest side is always opposite the largest angle.

The length of any side of a triangle must be larger than the positive difference of the other two sides, but smaller than the sum of the other two sides.

(1) y = x + 3 --> PR is the longest side, hence opposite the largest angle PQR. Sufficient. (2) x = 2 --> PQ=2 and QR=4 --> 2<PR<6. So, we cannot determine which side is the longest QR or PR. Not sufficient.

Re: In PQR, if PQ = x, QR = x + 2, and PR = y, which of the [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2013, 12:37

I've got a question. What if x=0.5 ? In that case, sum of PQ and QR would be 3 whereas PR would be 3.5 Wouldn't this invalidate (a) making (c) the right answer ? Or am I overreaching by questioning the validity of the triangle when it is stated that PQR is a triangle ?

I've got a question. What if x=0.5 ? In that case, sum of PQ and QR would be 3 whereas PR would be 3.5 Wouldn't this invalidate (a) making (c) the right answer ? Or am I overreaching by questioning the validity of the triangle when it is stated that PQR is a triangle ?

The length of any side of a triangle must be larger than the positive difference of the other two sides:

Re: In PQR, if PQ = x, QR = x + 2, and PR = y, which of the [#permalink]

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18 Nov 2013, 20:22

Buneul I believe that statement (2) should be interpreted as follows: firstly, if x=2 then PQ=x=2; also, QR= x+2=4. Now the possible values of the third side lie between (4-2=)2 and (4+2=)6 that is the third side PR can take the values 3,4 or 5. For (PQ,PR,QR)=(2,3,4) largest angle is P. Next for (2,4,4) angle P=Q=greatest. Lastly, for (2,5,4) largest angle is Q. As, we are getting three different answers this statement is clearly insufficient.

Buneul I believe that statement (2) should be interpreted as follows: firstly, if x=2 then PQ=x=2; also, QR= x+2=4. Now the possible values of the third side lie between (4-2=)2 and (4+2=)6 that is the third side PR can take the values 3,4 or 5. For (PQ,PR,QR)=(2,3,4) largest angle is P. Next for (2,4,4) angle P=Q=greatest. Lastly, for (2,5,4) largest angle is Q. As, we are getting three different answers this statement is clearly insufficient.

From my post above: (2) x = 2 --> PQ=2 and QR=4 --> 2<PR<6. So, we cannot determine which side is the longest QR or PR. Not sufficient.

Most of your reasoning is correct. What you did wrong is that you assumed that the length of PR must be an integer.
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Re: In PQR, if PQ = x, QR = x + 2, and PR = y, which of the [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2015, 23:39

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Re: In PQR, if PQ = x, QR = x + 2, and PR = y, which of the [#permalink]

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25 Aug 2016, 14:52

We start by sketching the triangle.

We need to determine the angle with the greatest degree measure. Remember that the angle with the greatest measure is always opposite the side of greatest length.

Statement One Alone:

y = x + 3

Since we know that y = x + 3, we know that PR is the longest side of the triangle. Thus, we know that angle PQR, the angle opposite side PR, is the angle with the largest measure. Statement one is sufficient to answer the question. We can eliminate answer choices B, C, and E.

Statement Two Alone:

x = 2

Only knowing the value of x is not sufficient to answer the question because we don’t know the value of y.

The answer is A.
_________________

Jeffrey Miller Jeffrey Miller Head of GMAT Instruction

gmatclubot

Re: In PQR, if PQ = x, QR = x + 2, and PR = y, which of the
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25 Aug 2016, 14:52

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