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In recent years, most of the news stories in News Company's newspaper

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Joined: 26 Jul 2017
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In recent years, most of the news stories in News Company's newspaper  [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2018, 12:02
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55% (hard)

Question Stats:

62% (02:21) correct 38% (02:40) wrong based on 134 sessions

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In recent years, most of the news stories in News Company's newspaper have been licensed and reprinted from other news organizations. For its Sunday editions, News Company recently announced that it intends to decrease the amount of newspaper space devoted to news stories and increase the amount devoted to advertisements. News Company currently has more advertisers who want to place ads in its newspaper than it is able to accommodate, and the number of news stories written by News Company's own staff is increasing steadily. Thus, if current trends in news story writing and demand for advertising space continue, News Company's dependence on licensed, reprinted news stories is likely to decrease soon.

The answer to which of the following would be most useful in evaluating the argument?

1. When, if ever, will the amount of space filled by stories written by News Company's own staff exceed the amount of space filled by advertisements?
2. Is News Company among the news organizations that depend most on licensed and reprinted news stories?
3. What proportion of space in News Company's newspapers is filled by cartoons and other graphics?
4. Is News Company planning to increase, maintain, or decrease the total amount of space available in its newspaper?
5. Has the amount of space devoted to news stories been decreased and the amount devoted to advertisements been increased in any Sunday editions that have already been released?

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Re: In recent years, most of the news stories in News Company's newspaper  [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2018, 12:55
good question.
last line gives you enough hints to solve it.
read it once more and you can easily pick D as answer choice.
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Re: In recent years, most of the news stories in News Company's newspaper  [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2018, 22:34
concl: dependence on external stories will reduce if current trend of increase in the number of internal stories written and high demand for advertising space.

basis: there is more demand than supply for advertising space in the newspaper, for this newspaper intends to increase advertising space for its sunday edition...there's an uptrend in number of internal stories being written...

loopholes in reasoning: could there be a possibility of the newspaper wanting to increase both its news article space and is the current supply of news articles sufficient to ensure a reduction in dependence on external stories?

A. even if more space gets filled by internally written news articles it does not harm the argument because it will not affect the predicted reduction in sourcing news articles externally. even a decrease won't harm the argument, because we've been told that advertising demand on the newspaper is more than supply.

B. doesn't affect the argument because even if it reprints the most it does not affect the predicted reduction in sourcing news articles externally...

C.we're concerned only with space for articles

E.Has the amount of space devoted to news stories been decreased and the amount devoted to advertisements been increased in any Sunday editions that have already been released?
if the answer to this question is 'yes'...then it doesn't affect the predicted reduction is sourcing articles externally, because if space has been reduced then there's no need to source...
if the answer to this question is 'no' it means the space devoted to news articles is the same...the conclusion remains unharmed...

D. however if the news company plans to increase the space of the newspaper...then with the information given to us, we don't know if the current supply of internally articles will suffice to ensure a reduction in externally sourced articles...hence answer is D
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Re: In recent years, most of the news stories in News Company's newspaper  [#permalink]

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03 Mar 2019, 23:32
pun91 wrote:
In recent years, most of the news stories in News Company's newspaper have been licensed and reprinted from other news organizations. For its Sunday editions, News Company recently announced that it intends to decrease the amount of newspaper space devoted to news stories and increase the amount devoted to advertisements. News Company currently has more advertisers who want to place ads in its newspaper than it is able to accommodate, and the number of news stories written by News Company's own staff is increasing steadily. Thus, if current trends in news story writing and demand for advertising space continue, News Company's dependence on licensed, reprinted news stories is likely to decrease soon.

The answer to which of the following would be most useful in evaluating the argument?

1. When, if ever, will the amount of space filled by stories written by News Company's own staff exceed the amount of space filled by advertisements?
2. Is News Company among the news organizations that depend most on licensed and reprinted news stories?
3. What proportion of space in News Company's newspapers is filled by cartoons and other graphics?
4. Is News Company planning to increase, maintain, or decrease the total amount of space available in its newspaper?
5. Has the amount of space devoted to news stories been decreased and the amount devoted to advertisements been increased in any Sunday editions that have already been released?

Official Explanation

Conclusion: Thus, if current trends in news story writing and demand for advertising space continue, News Company's dependence on licensed, reprinted news stories is likely to decrease soon.

Premise: News Company…intends to decrease the amount of newspaper space devoted to news stories and increase the amount devoted to advertisements due to more advertisers who want to place ads in its newspaper than it is able to accommodate, and the number of news stories written by News Company's own staff is increasing steadily.

Assumptions: (1) It’s not a coincidence. The decrease must be due to a specific cause such as the amount of newspaper space. (2) There’s no other cause. The only things that affect space in the paper are the news stories and advertisements.

The phrase in the question stem most useful in evaluating, indicates that this is an evaluate question. The passage concludes reprinted news stories is likely to decrease soon because News Company…intends to decrease the amount of newspaper space devoted to news stories and increase the amount devoted to advertisements. As evidence, the passage cites the fact that there are more advertisers who want to place ads in its newspaper than it is able to accommodate, and the number of news stories written by News Company's own staff is increasing steadily. To evaluate the argument, the correct answer choice must convey information within the scope of the argument.

This passage contains a causality reasoning pattern because it states that the current trends in news story writing and demand for advertising space caused the decreased dependence on licensed, reprinted news stories. Because this is an evaluate question, the answers are in the form of questions. The correct answer will pose a question that if answered will assess the truth of the assumption. Information that rules out another cause will indicate that the assumption is true, which in turn will indicate the validity of the conclusion, while information that demonstrates another cause will indicate that the assumption is false, which in turn will indicate that lack of validity of the conclusion. Evaluate the answer choices.

Choice A: No. The question of When…will the amount of space filled by stories written by News Company's own staff exceed the amount of space filled by advertisements is out of scope because the conclusion mentions if current trends in news story writing and demand for advertising space continue, and the answer choice does not reference dependence on licensed, reprinted news stories.

Choice B: No. Other news organizations are out of scope. The argument discusses only News Company's newspaper.

Choice C: No. The mention of cartoons and other graphics is out of scope. The argument discusses only news stories and…advertisements.

Choice D: Correct. News Company’s plan to increase, maintain, or decrease the total amount of space available would help to determine the validity of the conclusion that News Company's dependence on licensed, reprinted news stories is likely to decrease soon. If the newspaper is going to stay the same size or get smaller, then the increase in space filled by advertisements as well as stories written by News Company's own staff will be enough to decrease the dependence on other sources. If the newspaper is going to get bigger, however, it might not.

Choice E: No. The mention of Sunday editions that have already been released is out of scope. The argument states News Company has recently announced that it intends to decrease the amount of newspaper space so changes that have already occurred would not help to evaluate the argument.

The correct answer is choice D.
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Re: In recent years, most of the news stories in News Company's newspaper   [#permalink] 03 Mar 2019, 23:32
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