Bunuel wrote:
ronr34 wrote:
In right triangle ABC, BC is the hypotenuse. If BC is 13 and AB + AC = 15, what is the area of the triangle?
A. 2√7
B. 2√14
C. 14
D. 28
E. 56
I have a question regarding this.
If Bc is the hypotenuse, and the triangle is a right triangle,
that means that the other two side must be 5:12:13....
How can it be stated that the other sides sum to be 15?
Please explain.
thanks
You assume with no ground for it that the lengths of the sides are integers. Knowing that hypotenuse equals to 13 DOES NOT mean that the sides of the right triangle necessarily must be in the ratio of Pythagorean triple - 5:12:13. Or in other words: if \(a^2+b^2=13^2\) DOES NOT mean that \(a=5\) and \(b=12\), certainly this is one of the possibilities but definitely not the only one. In fact \(a^2+b^2=13^2\) has infinitely many solutions for \(a\) and \(b\) and only one of them is \(a=5\) and \(b=12\).
For example: \(a=1\) and \(b=\sqrt{168}\) or \(a=2\) and \(b=\sqrt{165}\) ...
Hope it's clear.
BACK TO THE ORIGINAL QUESTION:
In right triangle ABC, BC is the hypotenuse. If BC is 13 and AB + AC = 15, what is the area of the triangle? A. 2√7
B. 2√14
C. 14
D. 28
E. 56
Since ABC is a right triangle and BC is hypotenuse then the area is \(\frac{1}{2}*AB*AC\).
\(AB + AC = 15\) --> square it: \(AB^2 + 2*AB*AC + AC^2=225\).
Also, since BC is the hypotenuse, then \(AB^2 + AC^2=BC^2=169\).
Substitute the second equation in the first: \(169+ 2*AB*AC=225\) --> \(2*AB*AC=56\) --> \(AB*AC=28\).
The area = \(\frac{1}{2}*AB*AC=14\).
Answer: C.
I think the difficulty in this question lies in the fact that you cannot use the Pythagorean Theorem to solve for sides AB and BA, or alternatively the individual values of X and Y. The objective of this question, as posted, is to solve for the product of X and Y. It isn't necessary to know the individual values of X and Y in order to solve the question- the area of right triangle is
Area = (1/2) Base * H
Yet in this problem the product of sides AB and BA, or again X and Y, can be substituted for (Base * Height).
The only thing I'd like to know about this problem is, well, what are the values of sides AB and BA? The factors of 28 are 1, 2, 4 , 7 , 14, and 28
28, 14, 2 and 1 are out because 28 and 14 are larger numbers then the hypotenuse- though
7^2 + 4^2 does not equal 13^2?