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# In studying pre-industrial Europe, these historians have focused on

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Manager
Joined: 15 Dec 2016
Posts: 100
In studying pre-industrial Europe, these historians have focused on  [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2017, 17:35
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Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

51% (01:31) correct 49% (01:30) wrong based on 126 sessions

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In studying pre-industrial Europe, these historians have focused on only the 2 or 3 percent of the population that comprised the political and social elite, but they have generally overlooked the rest, thereby failing to understand European civilization as a whole.

(A) In studying pre-industrial Europe, these historians have focused on

(B) Studies of pre-industrial Europe by these historians have been focused on

(C) Studying pre-industrial Europe, these historians have had as a focus

(D) These historical studies of pre-industrial Europe have had as a focus

(E) In their study of pre-industrial Europe, historians have been focusing on

Per the official solution, "they" refers to historians .... but how can we be sure "They" refers to historians and not studies ...

Also -- how would you go about solving this problem ?

I chose B but that isnt right
Current Student
Joined: 18 Jan 2017
Posts: 82
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Economics
GMAT 1: 700 Q50 V34
Re: In studying pre-industrial Europe, these historians have focused on  [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2017, 22:38
While solving such question you need to first analyze the original sentence and understand the meaning

As per the Option A

In studying pre-industrial Europe, these historians have focused on only the 2 or 3 percent of the population that comprised the political and social elite, but they have generally overlooked the rest, thereby failing to understand European civilization as a whole.

3 facts have been mentioned about the historians
1) They have been studying pre-industrial Europe
2) In doing so they have focused on only the 2 or 3 percent of the population
3) But they have generally overlooked the rest

Thus we can see that "they" correctly refers to "historians" and there is no other logical antecedent for "they"

Option B (minus the grammatical errors) however changes the original intended meaning shifting the focus to studies. We need to fit grammar into logic and not vice-versa. A sentence may be grammatically correct but if it does not convey the original intended meaning then it is not the correct option.

Hope this helps!
Manager
Joined: 12 Nov 2016
Posts: 70
Re: In studying pre-industrial Europe, these historians have focused on  [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2017, 23:46
B is incorrect since it changes the meaning of the sentence...As per original sentence, historians have focussed on the population however as per option B studies have focussed on the population....hence A is correct.

All other options are incorrect as per highlighted text below....Pls give kudos!!1

In studying pre-industrial Europe, these historians have focused on only the 2 or 3 percent of the population that comprised the political and social elite, but they have generally overlooked the rest, thereby failing to understand European civilization as a whole.

(A) In studying pre-industrial Europe, these historians have focused on
(B) Studies of pre-industrial Europe by these historians have been focused on
(C) Studying pre-industrial Europe, these historians have had as a focus
(D) These historical studies of pre-industrial Europe have had as a focus
(E) In their study of pre-industrial Europe, historians have been focusing on - the sentence is in past tense as per non-underlined position however this makes it present continuous as if its still happening
Intern
Joined: 13 Dec 2016
Posts: 6
Re: In studying pre-industrial Europe, these historians have focused on  [#permalink]

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25 Jun 2017, 13:51
In studying pre-industrial Europe, these historians have focused on only the 2 or 3 percent of the population that comprised the political and social elite, but they have generally overlooked the rest, thereby failing to understand European civilization as a whole.

Things to notice before moving on to the options :
1) but they have generally....... pronoun 'they' must refer to an antecedent , which is plural.
2) parallelism eg. Scientists have studied the climate, but they have overlooked the global warming.

(A) In studying pre-industrial Europe, these historians have focused on-- seems correct .. let's save it for the end.

(B) Studies of pre-industrial Europe by these historians have been focused on.. 'they' can refer to the studies as well as historians. And also, studies cannot 'fail' to understand the European civilization, but the historians are failing to understand European civilization.

(C) Studying pre-industrial Europe, these historians have had as a focus
(D) These historical studies of pre-industrial Europe have had as a focus
(E) In their study of pre-industrial Europe, historians have been focusing on - this option clearly breaks the parallelism as mentioned above.

In studying pre-industrial Europe, these historians have focused on only the 2 or 3 percent of the population that comprised the political and social elite, but they have generally overlooked the rest, thereby failing to understand European civilization as a whole.
Current Student
Joined: 15 Apr 2012
Posts: 9
Location: India
GMAT 1: 690 Q48 V37
GPA: 3.7
Re: In studying pre-industrial Europe, these historians have focused on  [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2017, 11:38
In studying pre-industrial Europe, these historians have focused on only the 2 or 3 percent of the population that comprised the political and social elite, but they have generally overlooked the rest, thereby failing to understand European civilization as a whole.

(A) In studying pre-industrial Europe, these historians have focused on
(correct, historians is the subject)
(B) Studies of pre-industrial Europe by these historians have been focused on
(passive voice error)
(C) Studying pre-industrial Europe, these historians have had as a focus
(past perfect error)
(D) These historical studies of pre-industrial Europe have had as a focus
(past perfect error)
(E) In their study of pre-industrial Europe, historians have been focusing on
(present perfect progressive error)
Intern
Joined: 09 Dec 2018
Posts: 1
Re: In studying pre-industrial Europe, these historians have focused on  [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2019, 12:50
Historians have... But they have... Parallel only in option 'A'

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Re: In studying pre-industrial Europe, these historians have focused on   [#permalink] 05 Mar 2019, 12:50
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